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Allegheny Center Allegheny West Allentown Arlington Arlington Heights Banksville Bedford Dwellings Beechview Beltzhoover Bloomfield Bluff (also known as Uptown or Soho) Bon Air Brighton Heights Brookline California-Kirkbride Carrick Central Business District (Downtown) (also known as The Golden Triangle) Central Lawrenceville Central Northside (including the Mexican War Streets) Central Oakland Chartiers Chateau Chinatown Crafton Heights Crawford-Roberts Duquesne Heights East Allegheny (also known as Deutschtown) East Carnegie East Hills East Liberty Elliott Esplen Fairywood Fineview Friendship Garfield Glen Hazel Greenfield Hays Hazelwood Highland Park Homewood North homewood South Homewood West Knoxville Larimer Lincoln–Lemington–Belmar Lincoln Place Lower Lawrenceville Manchester Marshall-Shadeland (also known as Brightwood) Middle Hill Morningside Mount Oliver (not to be confused with the neighboring borough Mount Oliver) Mount Washington New Homestead North Oakland North Point Breeze North Shore Northview Heights Oakwood Overbrook Panther Hollow (officially part of South Oakland) Perry North (also known as Observatory Hill) Perry South (also known as Perry Hilltop) Point Breeze Polish Hill Regent Square Ridgemont Saint Clair Shadyside Sheraden South Oakland Southshore South Side Flats South Side Slopes Spring Garden Spring Hill–City View Squirrel Hill Stanton Heights Strip District Summer Hill Swisshelm Park Terrace Village Troy Hill Upper Hill Upper Lawrenceville Washington's Landing (A sub-neighborhood of Troy Hill) West End West Oakland Westwood Windgap Ben Avon Sewickley Moon Township Emsworth Edgeworth Coraopolis Mt Nebo Avalon Perrysville Jesse Ventura Rage Against The Machine 2016 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People hides MASS GENOCIDE FOR ORGANS...MURDER FOR ORGANS UP ROCKEFELLER'S ASS...THE KITE RUNNER From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Page semi-protected National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Naacplogo.png Abbreviation NAACP Formation February 12, 1909 Purpose "To ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination." Headquarters Baltimore, Maryland Membership 300,000[1] Chairwoman Roslyn Brock President/CEO Cornell William Brooks Budget $27,624,433[2] Website naacp.org African American topics History[show] Culture[show] Religion[show] Political movements[show] Civic / economic groups[show] Sports[show] Ethnic subdivisions[show] Languages[show] Diaspora[show] Lists[show] Category: African American Portal icon African American portal v · t · e The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909.[3] Its mission is "to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination".[4] Its name, retained in accordance with tradition, uses the once common term colored people. The NAACP bestows the annual Image Awards for achievement in the arts and entertainment, and the annual Spingarn Medals for outstanding positive achievement of any kind, on deserving black Americans. It has its headquarters in Baltimore, Maryland.[5] Contents [hide] 1 Organization 2 Predecessor: The Niagara Movement 3 History 3.1 Formation 3.2 Anti-lynching campaigns 3.3 Jim Crow and disfranchisement 3.4 Legal Defense Fund 3.5 Desegregation 3.6 The 1990s 3.7 Lee Alcorn controversy 3.8 George W. Bush 3.9 Tax exempt status 3.10 LGBT rights 4 Current activities 4.1 Youth 4.1.1 Youth & College Division 4.1.2 ACT-SO program 5 Criticism 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links 9.1 Archives Organization The NAACP's headquarters is in Baltimore, with additional regional offices in California, New York, Michigan, Colorado, Georgia, Texas and Maryland.[6] Each regional office is responsible for coordinating the efforts of state conferences in the states included in that region. Local, youth, and college chapters organize activities for individual members. In the U.S., the NAACP is administered by a 64-member board, led by a chairperson. The board elects one person as the president and one as chief executive officer for the organization; Benjamin Jealous is its most recent (and youngest) President, selected to replace Bruce S. Gordon, who resigned in March 2007. Civil Rights Movement activist and former Georgia State Senator Julian Bond was chairman until replaced in February 2010 by health-care administrator Roslyn Brock.[7] Departments within the NAACP govern areas of action. Local chapters are supported by the 'Branch and Field Services' department and the 'Youth and College' department. The 'Legal' department focuses on court cases of broad application to minorities, such as systematic discrimination in employment, government, or education. The Washington, D.C., bureau is responsible for lobbying the U.S. government, and the Education Department works to improve public education at the local, state and federal levels. The goal of the Health Division is to advance health care for minorities through public policy initiatives and education. As of 2007, the NAACP had approximately 425,000 paying and non-paying members.[8] In 2011, the NAACP teamed up with the digital repository ProQuest to digitize and host the NAACP's archives, which includes over 2 million pages of "internal memos, legal briefings and direct action summaries from national, legal and branch offices throughout the country — charts NAACP's work and delivers a first-hand view into crucial issues: lynching, school desegregation, and discrimination in the military, the criminal justice system, employment, and housing, among others."[9] Modules are being added on a continual basis, with the NAACP Papers: Special Subjects being released in March 2014.[10] Predecessor: The Niagara Movement In 1905, a group of thirty-two prominent African-American leaders met to discuss the challenges facing people of color and possible strategies and solutions. They were particularly concerned by the Southern states' disfranchisement of blacks starting with Mississippi's passage of a new constitution in 1890. Through the early 1900s, legislatures dominated by white Democrats ratified new constitutions and laws creating barriers to voter registration and more complex election rules. Black voter registration and turnout dropped markedly in the South as a result. Men who had been voting for thirty years in the South were told they did not "qualify" to register. Because hotels in the U.S. were segregated, the men convened in Canada at the Erie Beach Hotel[11] on the Canadian side of the Niagara River in Fort Erie, Ontario. As a result, the group came to be known as the Niagara Movement. A year later, three whites joined the group: journalist William E. Walling, social worker Mary White Ovington, and social worker Henry Moskowitz, then Associate Leader of the New York Society for Ethical Culture. They met in 1906 at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, and in 1907 in Boston, Massachusetts.[12] The fledgling group struggled for a time with limited resources and internal conflict, and disbanded in 1910.[13] Seven of the members of the Niagara Movement joined the Board of Directors of the NAACP, founded in 1909.[12] Although both organizations shared membership and overlapped for a time, the Niagara Movement was a separate organization. Historically it is considered to have had a more radical platform than the NAACP. The Niagara Movement was formed exclusively by African Americans. The meeting that inspired the NAACP included three European Americans. History Crystal Clear app kedit.svg This section may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. You can help. The discussion page may contain suggestions. (January 2012) See also: African-American–Jewish relations Formation Founders of the NAACP: Moorfield Storey, Mary White Ovington and W.E.B. Du Bois. The Race Riot of 1908 in Abraham Lincoln's hometown of Springfield, Illinois, had highlighted the urgent need for an effective civil rights organization in the U.S. This event is often cited as the catalyst for the formation of the NAACP. Mary White Ovington, journalist William English Walling and Henry Moskowitz met in New York City in January 1909 and the NAACP was born.[14] Solicitations for support went out to more than 60 prominent Americans, and a meeting date was set for February 12, 1909. This was intended to coincide with the 100th anniversary of the birth of President Abraham Lincoln, who emancipated enslaved African Americans. While the meeting did not take place until three months later, this date is often cited as the founding date of the organization. The NAACP was founded on February 12, 1909, by a diverse group composed of W. E. B. Du Bois, Ida B. Wells, Archibald Grimké, Henry Moskowitz, Mary White Ovington, Oswald Garrison Villard, William English Walling (the last son of a former slave-holding family),[14][15] Florence Kelley, a social reformer and friend of Du Bois,[16] and Charles Edward Russell, a renowned muckraker and close friend of Walling who helped plan the NAACP and served as acting chairman of the National Negro Committee (1909), a forerunner to the NAACP.[17] On May 30, 1909, the Niagara Movement conference took place at New York City's Henry Street Settlement House, from which an organization of more than 40 individuals emerged, calling itself the National Negro Committee. Du Bois played a key role in organizing the event and presided over the proceedings. Also in attendance was African-American journalist and anti-lynching crusader Ida B. Wells-Barnett. At its second conference on May 30, 1910, members chose as the organization's name the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and elected its first officers, who were:[18] National President, Moorfield Storey, Boston Chairman of the Executive Committee, William English Walling Treasurer, John E. Milholland (a Lincoln Republican and Presbyterian from New York City and Lewis, NY) Disbursing Treasurer, Oswald Garrison Villard Executive Secretary, Frances Blascoer Director of Publicity and Research, Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois. The NAACP was incorporated a year later in 1911. The association's charter delineated its mission: To promote equality of rights and to eradicate caste or race prejudice among the citizens of the United States; to advance the interest of colored citizens; to secure for them impartial suffrage; and to increase their opportunities for securing justice in the courts, education for the children, employment according to their ability and complete equality before law. The conference resulted in a more influential and diverse organization, where the leadership was predominantly white and heavily Jewish American. In fact, at its founding, the NAACP had only one African American on its executive board, Du Bois himself. It did not elect a black president until 1975, although executive directors had been African-American. The Jewish community contributed greatly to the NAACP's founding and continued financing. Jewish historian Howard Sachar writes in his book A History of Jews in America of how, "In 1914, Professor Emeritus Joel Spingarn of Columbia University became chairman of the NAACP and recruited for its board such Jewish leaders as Jacob Schiff, Jacob Billikopf, and Rabbi Stephen Wise."[19] Early Jewish-American co-founders included Julius Rosenwald, Lillian Wald, Rabbi Emil G. Hirsch and Wise. According to Pbs.org "Over the years Jews have also expressed empathy (capability to share and understand another's emotion and feelings) with the plight of Blacks. In the early 20th century, Jewish newspapers drew parallels between the Black movement out of the South and the Jews' escape from Egypt, pointing out that both Blacks and Jews lived in ghettos, and calling anti-Black riots in the South "pogroms". Stressing the similarities rather than the differences between the Jewish and Black experience in America, Jewish leaders emphasized the idea that both groups would benefit the more America moved toward a society of merit, free of religious, ethnic and racial restrictions."[20] Pbs.org further states, "The American Jewish Committee, the American Jewish Congress, and the Anti-Defamation League were central to the campaign against racial prejudice. Jews made substantial financial contributions to many civil rights organizations, including the NAACP, the Urban League, the Congress of Racial Equality, and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. About 50 percent of the civil rights attorneys in the South during the 1960s were Jews, as were over 50 percent of the Whites who went to Mississippi in 1964 to challenge Jim Crow Laws."[20] As a member of the Princeton chapter of the NAACP, Albert Einstein corresponded with Du Bois, and in 1946 Einstein called racism "America's worst disease".[21][22] Du Bois continued to play a pivotal role in the organization and served as editor of the association's magazine, The Crisis, which had a circulation of more than 30,000. Moorfield Storey, who was white, was the president of the NAACP from its founding to 1915. Storey was a long-time classical liberal and Grover Cleveland Democrat who advocated laissez-faire free markets, the gold standard, and anti-imperialism. Storey consistently and aggressively championed civil rights, not only for blacks but also for Native Americans and immigrants (he opposed immigration restrictions). Anti-lynching campaigns Wiki letter w.svg This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (February 2014) Jim Crow and disfranchisement An African American drinks out of a segregated water cooler designated for "colored" patrons in 1939 at a streetcar terminal in Oklahoma City. In its early years, the NAACP concentrated on using the courts to overturn the Jim Crow statutes that legalized racial segregation. In 1913, the NAACP organized opposition to President Woodrow Wilson's introduction of racial segregation into federal government policy, offices, and hiring. By 1914, the group had 6,000 members and 50 branches. It was influential in winning the right of African Americans to serve as officers in World War I. Six hundred African-American officers were commissioned and 700,000 men registered for the draft. The following year, the NAACP organized a nationwide protest, with marches in numerous cities, against D. W. Griffith's silent movie Birth of a Nation, a film that glamorized the Ku Klux Klan. As a result, several cities refused to allow the film to open. The NAACP began to lead lawsuits targeting disfranchisement and racial segregation early in its history. It played a significant part in the challenge of Guinn v. United States (1915) to Oklahoma's discriminatory grandfather clause that disfranchised most black citizens while exempting many whites from certain voter registration requirements. It persuaded the Supreme Court of the United States to rule in Buchanan v. Warley in 1917 that state and local governments cannot officially segregate African Americans into separate residential districts. The Court's opinion reflected the jurisprudence of property rights and freedom of contract as embodied in the earlier precedent it established in Lochner v. New York. In 1916, when the NAACP was just seven years old, chairman Joel Spingarn invited James Weldon Johnson to serve as field secretary. Johnson was a former U.S. consul to Venezuela and a noted scholar and columnist. Within four years, Johnson was instrumental in increasing the NAACP's membership from 9,000 to almost 90,000. In 1920, Johnson was elected head of the organization. Over the next ten years, the NAACP escalated its lobbying and litigation efforts, becoming internationally known for its advocacy of equal rights and equal protection for the "American Negro". The NAACP devoted much of its energy during the interwar years to fighting the lynching of blacks throughout the United States by working for legislation, lobbying and educating the public. The organization sent its field secretary Walter F. White to Phillips County, Arkansas, in October 1919, to investigate the Elaine Race Riot. More than 200 black tenant farmers were killed by roving white vigilantes and federal troops after a deputy sheriff's attack on a union meeting of sharecroppers left one white man dead. White published his report on the riot in the Chicago Daily News.[23] The NAACP organized the appeals for twelve black men sentenced to death a month later based on the fact that testimony used in their convictions was obtained by beatings and electric shocks. It gained a groundbreaking Supreme Court decision in Moore v. Dempsey 261 U.S. 86 (1923) that significantly expanded the Federal courts' oversight of the states' criminal justice systems in the years to come. White investigated eight race riots and 41 lynchings for the NAACP and directed its study Thirty Years of Lynching in the United States.[24] NAACP leaders Henry L. Moon, Roy Wilkins, Herbert Hill, and Thurgood Marshall in 1956. The NAACP also spent more than a decade seeking federal legislation against lynching, but Southern white Democrats voted as a block against it or used the filibuster in the Senate to block passage. Because of disfranchisement, there were no black representatives from the South in Congress. The NAACP regularly displayed a black flag stating "A Man Was Lynched Yesterday" from the window of its offices in New York to mark each lynching. In alliance with the American Federation of Labor, the NAACP led the successful fight to prevent the nomination of John Johnston Parker to the Supreme Court, based on his support for denying the vote to blacks and his anti-labor rulings. It organized support for the Scottsboro Boys. The NAACP lost most of the internecine battles with the Communist Party and International Labor Defense over the control of those cases and the strategy to be pursued in that case. The organization also brought litigation to challenge the "white primary" system in the South. Southern states had created white-only primaries as another way of barring blacks from the political process. Since southern states were dominated by the Democrats, the primaries were the only competitive contests. In 1944 in Smith v. Allwright, the Supreme Court ruled against the white primary. Although states had to retract legislation related to the white primaries, the legislatures soon came up with new methods to limit the franchise for blacks. Legal Defense Fund The board of directors of the NAACP created the Legal Defense Fund in 1939 specifically for tax purposes. It functioned as the NAACP legal department. Intimidated by the Department of the Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service, the Legal and Educational Defense Fund, Inc., became a separate legal entity in 1957, although it was clear that it was to operate in accordance with NAACP policy. After 1961 serious disputes emerged between the two organizations, creating considerable confusion in the eyes and minds of the public.[25] Desegregation Question book-new.svg This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2011) NAACP representatives E. Franklin Jackson and Stephen Gill Spottswood meeting with president Kennedy at the White House in 1961 With the rise of private corporate litigators like the NAACP to bear the expense, civil suits became the pattern in modern civil rights litigation. The NAACP's Legal department, headed by Charles Hamilton Houston and Thurgood Marshall, undertook a campaign spanning several decades to bring about the reversal of the "separate but equal" doctrine announced by the Supreme Court's decision in Plessy v. Ferguson. The NAACP's Baltimore chapter, under president Lillie Mae Carroll Jackson, challenged segregation in Maryland state professional schools by supporting the 1935 Murray v. Pearson case argued by Marshall. Houston's victory in Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada (1938) led to the formation of the NAACP Legal Defense fund in 1940. Locals viewing the bomb-damaged home of Arthur Shores, NAACP attorney, Birmingham, Alabama, on September 5, 1963. The bomb exploded on September 4th, the previous day, injuring Shores' wife. The campaign for desegregation culminated in a unanimous 1954 Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education that held state-sponsored segregation of elementary schools was unconstitutional. Bolstered by that victory, the NAACP pushed for full desegregation throughout the South. Starting on December 5, 1955, NAACP activists, including Edgar Nixon, its local president, and Rosa Parks, who had served as the chapter's Secretary, helped organize a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. This was designed to protest segregation on the city's buses, two-thirds of whose riders were black. The boycott lasted 381 days. The State of Alabama responded by effectively barring the NAACP from operating within its borders because of its refusal to divulge a list of its members. The NAACP feared members could be fired or face violent retaliation for their activities. Although the Supreme Court eventually overturned the state's action in NAACP v. Alabama, 357 U.S. 449 (1958), the NAACP lost its leadership role in the Civil Rights Movement while it was barred from Alabama. New organizations such as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) rose up with different approaches to activism. These newer groups relied on direct action and mass mobilization to advance the rights of African Americans, rather than litigation and legislation. Roy Wilkins, NAACP's executive director, clashed repeatedly with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and other civil rights leaders over questions of strategy and leadership within the movement. The NAACP continued to use the Supreme Court's decision in Brown to press for desegregation of schools and public facilities throughout the country. Daisy Bates, president of its Arkansas state chapter, spearheaded the campaign by the Little Rock Nine to integrate the public schools in Little Rock, Arkansas. By the mid-1960s, the NAACP had regained some of its preeminence in the Civil Rights Movement by pressing for civil rights legislation. The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom took place on August 28, 1963. That fall President John F. Kennedy sent a civil rights bill to Congress before he was assassinated. President Lyndon B. Johnson worked hard to persuade Congress to pass a civil rights bill aimed at ending racial discrimination in employment, education and public accommodations, and succeeded in gaining passage in July 1964. He followed that with passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which provided for protection of the franchise, with a role for federal oversight and administrators in places where voter turnout was historically low. After Kivie Kaplan died in 1975, scientist W. Montague Cobb became President of the NAACP and served until 1982. Benjamin Hooks, a lawyer and clergyman, was elected as the NAACP's executive director in 1977, after the retirement of Roy Wilkins. The 1990s In the 1990s, the NAACP ran into debt. The dismissal of two leading officials further added to the picture of an organization in deep crisis. In 1993 the NAACP's Board of Directors narrowly selected Reverend Benjamin Chavis over Reverend Jesse Jackson to fill the position of Executive Director. A controversial figure, Chavis was ousted eighteen months later by the same board that had hired him. They accused him of using NAACP funds for an out-of-court settlement in a sexual harassment lawsuit.[26] Following the dismissal of Chavis, Myrlie Evers-Williams narrowly defeated NAACP chairperson William Gibson for president in 1995, after Gibson was accused of overspending and mismanagement of the organization's funds. In 1996 Congressman Kweisi Mfume, a Democratic Congressman from Maryland and former head of the Congressional Black Caucus, was named the organization's president. Three years later strained finances forced the organization to drastically cut its staff, from 250 in 1992 to just fifty. In the second half of the 1990s, the organization restored its finances, permitting the NAACP National Voter Fund to launch a major get-out-the-vote offensive in the 2000 U.S. presidential elections. 10.5 million African Americans cast their ballots in the election. This was one million more than four years before,[26] and the NAACP's effort was credited by observers as playing a significant role in Democrat Al Gore's winning several states where the election was close, such as Pennsylvania and Michigan.[26] Lee Alcorn controversy During the 2000 Presidential election, Lee Alcorn, president of the Dallas NAACP branch, criticized Al Gore's selection of Senator Joe Lieberman for his Vice-Presidential candidate because Lieberman was Jewish. On a gospel talk radio show on station KHVN, Alcorn stated, "If we get a Jew person, then what I'm wondering is, I mean, what is this movement for, you know? Does it have anything to do with the failed peace talks?" ... "So I think we need to be very suspicious of any kind of partnerships between the Jews at that kind of level because we know that their interest primarily has to do with money and these kind of things."[27] NAACP President Kweisi Mfume immediately suspended Alcorn and condemned his remarks. Mfume stated, "I strongly condemn those remarks. I find them to be repulsive, anti-Semitic, anti-NAACP and anti-American. Mr. Alcorn does not speak for the NAACP, its board, its staff or its membership. We are proud of our long-standing relationship with the Jewish community and I personally will not tolerate statements that run counter to the history and beliefs of the NAACP in that regard."[27] Alcorn, who had been suspended three times in the previous five years for misconduct, subsequently resigned from the NAACP and started his own organization called the Coalition for the Advancement of Civil Rights. Alcorn criticized the NAACP, saying, "I can't support the leadership of the NAACP. Large amounts of money are being given to them by large corporations that I have a problem with."[27] Alcorn also said, "I cannot be bought. For this reason I gladly offer my resignation and my membership to the NAACP because I cannot work under these constraints."[28] Alcorn's remarks were also condemned by the Reverend Jesse Jackson, Jewish groups and George W. Bush's rival Republican presidential campaign. Jackson said he strongly supported Lieberman's addition to the Democratic ticket, saying, "When we live our faith, we live under the law. He [Lieberman] is a firewall of exemplary behavior."[27] Al Sharpton, another prominent African-American leader, said, "The appointment of Mr. Lieberman was to be welcomed as a positive step."[29] The leaders of the American Jewish Congress praised the NAACP for its quick response, stating that: "It will take more than one bigot like Alcorn to shake the sense of fellowship of American Jews with the NAACP and black America... Our common concerns are too urgent, our history too long, our connection too sturdy, to let anything like this disturb our relationship."[30] George W. Bush Louisiana NAACP leads Jena 6 March. In 2004, President George W. Bush (president from 2001–2009) declined an invitation to speak to its national convention.[31] The White House originally said the president had a schedule conflict with the NAACP convention,[32] slated for July 10–15, 2004. On July 10, 2004, however, Bush's spokesperson said that Bush had declined the invitation to speak to the NAACP because of harsh statements about him by its leaders.[32] In an interview, Bush said, "I would describe my relationship with the current leadership as basically nonexistent. You've heard the rhetoric and the names they've called me."[32] Bush also mentioned his admiration for some members of the NAACP and said he would seek to work with them "in other ways."[32] On July 20, 2006, Bush addressed the NAACP national convention. He made a bid for increasing support by African Americans for Republicans, in the midst of a midterm election.[33][34] Tax exempt status The Internal Revenue Service informed the NAACP in October 2004 that it was investigating its tax-exempt status based on Julian Bond's speech at its 2004 Convention in which he criticized President George W. Bush as well as other political figures.[35][36] In general, the US Internal Revenue Code prohibits organizations granted tax-exempt status from "directly or indirectly participating in, or intervening in, any political campaign on behalf of (or in opposition to) any candidate for elective public office."[37] The NAACP denounced the investigation as retaliation for its success in increasing the number of African Americans who vote.[35][38] In August 2006, the IRS investigation concluded with the agency's finding "that the remarks did not violate the group's tax-exempt status."[39] LGBT rights As the American LGBT rights movement gained steam after the Stonewall riots of 1969, the NAACP became increasingly affected by the movement to suppress or deny rights to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. Bond, while chairman of the NAACP, became an outspoken supporter of the rights of gays and lesbians, publicly stating his support for same-sex marriage. Most notably he boycotted the 2004 funeral services for Coretta Scott King on the grounds that the King children had chosen an anti-gay megachurch. This was in contradiction to their mother's longstanding support for the rights of gay and lesbian people.[40] In a 2005 speech in Richmond, Virginia, Bond stated: African Americans... were the only Americans who were enslaved for two centuries, but we were far from the only Americans suffering discrimination then and now.... Sexual disposition parallels race. I was born this way. I have no choice. I wouldn't change it if I could. Sexuality is unchangeable.[41] In a 2007 speech on the Martin Luther King Day Celebration at Clayton State University in Morrow, GA, Bond said, "If you don't like gay marriage, don't get gay married." His positions have pitted elements of the NAACP against religious groups in the Civil Rights Movement who oppose gay marriage mostly within the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) who was blamed partly for the success of the 2008 gay marriage ban amendment in California.[citation needed] The NAACP became increasingly vocal in opposition against state-level constitutional amendments to ban same-sex marriage and other rights, with state NAACP leaders such as William J. Barber, II of North Carolina participating actively against (the ultimately-successful) North Carolina Amendment 1 in 2012. On May 19, 2012, the NAACP's board of directors formally endorsed same-sex marriage as a civil right, voting 62-2 for the policy in a Miami, Florida quarterly meeting.[42][43] Benjamin Jealous, the organization's president, said of the decision, "Civil marriage is a civil right and a matter of civil law.... The NAACP's support for marriage equality is deeply rooted in the 14th Amendment of the United States Constitution and equal protection of all people." Possibly significant in the NAACP's vote was its concern with the HIV/AIDS crisis in the black community; while AIDS support organizations recommend that people live a monogamous lifestyle, the government did not recognize same-sex relationships.[44] As a result of the endorsement of same-sex marriage, Rev. Keith Ratliff Sr. of Des Moines, Iowa resigned from the NAACP board.[45] Current activities Benjamin Jealous, president of the NAACP from 2008 to 2013. Youth This aspect of the NAACP came into existence in 1936 and now is made of over 600 groups and totaling over 30,000 individuals. The NAACP Youth & College Division is a branch of the NAACP in which youth are actively involved. The Youth Council is composed of hundreds of state, county, high school and college operations where youth (and college students) volunteer to share their voices or opinions with their peers and address issues that are local and national. Sometimes volunteer work expands to a more international scale. Committing to the Youth Council may reward young people with travel opportunities or scholarships. In 2003, NAACP President and CEO, Kweisi Mfume, appointed Brandon Neal, the National Youth and College Division Director.[46] Currently, Stefanie L. Brown serves as the NAACP's National Youth & College Division Director. A graduate and former Student Government President at Howard University, Stefanie previously served as the National Youth Council Coordinator of the NAACP. Youth & College Division "The mission of the NAACP Youth & College Division shall be to inform youth of the problems affecting African Americans and other racial and ethnic minorities; to advance the economic, education, social and political status of African Americans and other racial and ethnic minorities and their harmonious cooperation with other peoples; to stimulate an appreciation of the African Diaspora and other people of color's contribution to civilization; and to develop an intelligent, militant effective youth leadership." ACT-SO program Since 1978 the NAACP has sponsored the Afro-Academic, Cultural, Technological and Scientific Olympics (ACT-SO) program for high school youth around the United States. The program is designed to recognize and award African American youth who demonstrate accomplishment in academics, technology, and the arts. Local chapters sponsor competitions in various categories of achievement for young people in grades 9–12. Winners of the local competitions are eligible to proceed to the national event at a convention held each summer at locations around the United States. Winners at the national competition receive national recognition along with cash awards and various prizes.[47] Criticism Main article: Resignation of Shirley Sherrod When right-wing media maven Andrew Breitbart publicized a maliciously edited video of a speech at a NAACP-sponsored Georgia event by USDA worker Shirley Sherrod, the mainstream press recycled his libel without properly vetting it, and the organization itself piled on without properly checking what had happened.[48] NAACP president and CEO has since apologized. See also Portal icon African American portal Association for the Study of African American Life and History Black Rock Coalition The Crisis NAACP Image Awards NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund NAACP Theatre Awards Niagara Movement Racial integration Resignation of Shirley Sherrod Spingarn Medal References 1.Jump up ^ naacp.org, 4 August 2011, "NAACP Passes Resolution Supporting Strong Clean Air Act". Accessed 8 December 2011. 2.Jump up ^ Charitynavigator.org 3.Jump up ^ Kwame Anthony Appiah, Henry Louis Gates, Jr., eds. Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, in articles "Civil Rights Movement" by Patricia Sullivan (pp 441-455) and "National Association for the Advancement of Colored People" by Kate Tuttle (pp 1,388-1,391). ISBN 0-465-00071-1. 4.Jump up ^ "NAACP - Our Mission". Retrieved 2008-09-05.[dead link] 5.Jump up ^ "Contact Us". National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Retrieved November 17, 2009.[dead link] 6.Jump up ^ NAACP, "Youth and College - Advisor's Manual", p 9. 7.Jump up ^ Ian Urbina, "Health Executive Named Chairwoman of N.A.A.C.P.", The New York Times, February 21, 2010, p. 4. 8.Jump up ^ Texeira, Erin (March 5, 2007). "NAACP president to step down, cites discord with board". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 9.Jump up ^ Dempsey, Beth. "NAACP Archives Go Digital". ProQuest. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 10.Jump up ^ "History Vault: 2014 Releases". March 27, 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 11.Jump up ^ "Niagara Movement First Annual Meeting". Retrieved 2012-11-27. 12.^ Jump up to: a b "The story of the Niagara Movement and the N.A.A.C.P.". 13.Jump up ^ "Niagara Movement". W.E.B. DuBois Papers, Special Collections and University Archives W.E.B Du Bois Library, UMass, Amherst, MA. 14.^ Jump up to: a b "NAACP Timeline". National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. 15.Jump up ^ Simkin, John. "William English Walling biography". Spartacus Educational. 16.Jump up ^ Kathryn Kish Sklar, "Florence Kelley", in Rima Lunin Schultz and Adele Hast (eds), Women Building Chicago, 1790-1990: A Biographical Dictionary, Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2001, p. 463. 17.Jump up ^ Library of Congress. "NAACP Founder Charles Edward Russell". Library of Congress. 18.Jump up ^ "NAACP - How NAACP Began". 19.Jump up ^ Howard Sachar. "Working to Extend America's Freedoms: Jewish involvement in the Civil Rights movement". Excerpt from A History of Jews in America, published by Vintage Books. MyJewishLearning.com. Retrieved 2009-02-04. 20.^ Jump up to: a b PBS.org 21.Jump up ^ Fred Jerome, Rodger Taylor (2006), Einstein on Race and Racism, Rutgers University Press, 2006. 22.Jump up ^ Warren Washington (2007), Odyssey in Climate Modeling, Global Warming, and Advising Five Presidents. 23.Jump up ^ Kenneth Robert Janken, Walter White: Mr. NAACP, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 2006, p.49 24.Jump up ^ Kenneth Robert Janken, Walter White: Mr. NAACP, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 2006, p.2 and 42 25.Jump up ^ Benjamin L. Hooks, "Birth and Separation of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund," Crisis 1979 86(6): 218-220. 0011-1422 26.^ Jump up to: a b c Marable, Manning (August 2002). "The NAACP's 93rd Convention: An Assessment (archived copy)" (PDF). Along the Color Line. Archived from the original on 2007-01-06. 27.^ Jump up to: a b c d "NAACP Leader Quits Under Fire". CBS News. August 9, 2000. 28.Jump up ^ "Bush campaign denounces Dallas NAACP comments on Lieberman". CNN. August 9, 2000. 29.Jump up ^ Duncan Campbell (August 10, 2000). "Black leader suspended for anti-semitic Lieberman slur". London: The Guardian. 30.Jump up ^ AJCongress on Statement by NAACP Chapter Director on Lieberman, American Jewish Congress (AJC), August 9, 2000. 31.Jump up ^ "Editorial: No mutual respect: Mr. Bush unwisely forgoes NAACP meeting". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 2004-07-17. 32.^ Jump up to: a b c d Allen, Mike (2004-07-10). "Bush Criticizes NAACP's Leadership". The Washington Post. p. A05. 33.Jump up ^ "President Bush addresses the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's (NAACP) national convention" (video). FORA.tv. 2006-07-20. 34.Jump up ^ Bush invokes civil rights in NAACP speech, Associated Press (reprinted by MSNBC.com), July 20, 2006. (retrieved on October 14, 2008). 35.^ Jump up to: a b Janofsky, Michael (2004-10-29). "Citing July Speech, I.R.S. Decides to Review N.A.A.C.P.". The New York Times. 36.Jump up ^ "NAACP chairman calls for Bush's ouster". CNN. 2004-07-13. 37.Jump up ^ "Election Year Activities and the Prohibition on Political Campaign Intervention for Section 501(c)(3) Organizations". Internal Revenue Service. February 2006. 38.Jump up ^ Anderson, Makebra M (2005-02-08). "NAACP says IRS has no "Legitimate" Claim". National Newspaper Publishers Association (Amsterdam News). 39.Jump up ^ Fears, Darryl (2006-09-01). "IRS Ends 2-Year Probe Of NAACP's Tax Status". The Washington Post. 40.Jump up ^ Black Voices Q&A 09/25/06 http://www.blackvoices.com/black_news/canvas_directory_headlines_features/_a/bv-qanda-with-julian-bond/20060908115409990002 41.Jump up ^ "NAACP chair says 'gay rights are civil rights'". Washington Blade. 2004-04-08. Archived from the original on March 21, 2006. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 42.Jump up ^ Michael Barbaro (May 19, 2012). "N.A.A.C.P. Endorses Same-Sex Marriage". The Caucus/The New York Times. 43.Jump up ^ "NAACP Passes Resolution in Support of Marriage Equality". NAACP. May 19, 2012. 44.Jump up ^ Castellanos, Dalina (May 19, 2012). "NAACP endorses same-sex marriage, says it's a civil right". Los Angeles Times. 45.Jump up ^ After NAACP's Gay Marriage Stance, Discord And Discussion. NPR (2012-06-08). Retrieved on 2014-05-24. 46.Jump up ^ Jet Magazine, April 2003 47.Jump up ^ "NAACP Proudly Announces 30th Anniversary ACT-SO Medalists". National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Retrieved 2009-01-31. 48.Jump up ^ Rich, Frank (May 28, 2012). "Post-Racial Farce". New York. Further reading Alexander, Shawn Leigh. An Army of Lions: The Civil Rights Struggle Before the NAACP. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012. Bynum, Thomas L. NAACP: Youth and the Fight for Black Freedom, 1936-1965. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 2013. Dalfiume, Richard. "The Forgotten Years of the Negro Revolution," Journal of American History 55 (June 1969): 99-100. fulltext in JSTOR Fleming, Cynthia Griggs. In the Shadow of Selma: The Continuing Struggle for Civil Rights in the Rural South. Rowman and Littlefield, 2004. Goings, Kenneth W. The NAACP Comes of Age: The Defeat of Judge John J. Parker. (1990). Hughes, Langston. Fight for Freedom: The Story of the NAACP. (1962) Janken, Kenneth Robert. White: The Biography of Walter White, Mr. NAACP. New York: The New Press, 2003. Jonas, Gilbert S. Freedom's Sword: The NAACP and the Struggle against Racism in America, 1909-1969. (Routledge, 2005). Lewis, David Levering. W.E.B. DuBois. In Two Volumes. (1994, 2001). Mosnier, L. Joseph. Crafting Law in the Second Reconstruction: Julius Chambers, the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, and Title VII. University of North Carolina, 2005. Ross, Barbara Joyce. J. E. Spingarn and the Rise of the NAACP, 1911-1939. (1972) Sartain, Lee. Borders of Equality: The NAACP and the Baltimore Civil Rights Struggle, 1914-1970. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2013. St. James, Warren D. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People: A Case Study in Pressure Groups. (1958) Schneider, Mark Robert. We Return Fighting: The Civil Rights Movement in the Jazz Age. (2001) Sullivan, Patricia. Lift Every Voice: The NAACP and the Making of the Civil Rights Movement. New York: The New Press, 2010. Topping, Simon; "'Supporting Our Friends and Defeating Our Enemies': Militancy and Nonpartisanship in the NAACP, 1936-1948," Journal of African American History, Vol. 89, 2004 in JSTOR Verney, Kevern and Lee Sartain, eds. Long Is the Way and Hard: One Hundred Years of the NAACP. (2009), 16 new essays by scholars Zangrando, Robert. The NAACP Crusade Against Lynching, 1909-1950. (1980) External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to NAACP. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Barack Obama's Remarks at NAACP centennial Official website Events on the NAACP timeline (1939 - Present), naacp.org Civil Rights Greensboro: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Civil Rights Movement Veterans, crmvet.org Youth College Mission, naacp.org Article and Video, The NAACP 100 Years On, governingdynamo.com Annual ACT-SO Contest, naacp-Los Angeles.org Official site of the Brooklyn, New York Branch, brooklynnaacp.org NAACP in Georgia, georgiaencyclopedia.org The Wichita NAACP Blog, wichitanaacpblog.com George W. Bush addresses NAACP national convention for the first time July 20, 2006 (Video) President Obama NAACP Speech: "Your Destiny Is In Your Hands ... No Excuses" - video by The Huffington Post NAACP Turns 100: The History and Future of the Nation's Oldest and Largest Civil Rights Organization, democracywow.org video FBI file on the NAACP Archives Niagara Movement Du Bois Papers, Special Collections and University Archives, Umass Amherst National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Region 1 Photograph Collection, ca. 1940-1982 at The Bancroft Library National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Region I, Records, 1942-1986 (bulk 1945-1977) at The Bancroft Library National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Vancouver Branch records. 1914-1967. 2.10 cubic feet (5 boxes). At the Labor Archives of Washington, University of Washington Libraries Special Collections NAACP Convention in Atlanta, Civil Rights Digital Library. [show] v · t · e National Association for the Advancement of Colored People [show] v · t · e African-American Civil Rights Movement [show] v · t · e African American topics [show] v · t · e Racism Categories: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Nonpartisan organizations in the United States Organizations based in Baltimore, Maryland 1909 establishments in the United States Organizations established in 1909 Navigation menu Create account Log in Article Talk Read View source View history Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikimedia Shop Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page Tools What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Cite this page Print/export Create a book Download as PDF Printable version Languages Čeština Cymraeg Deutsch Español Euskara Français Galego 한국어 हिन्दी Hrvatski Íslenska Italiano Lëtzebuergesch Magyar Македонски Nederlands 日本語 Norsk bokmål Polski Português Русский Simple English Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски Suomi Svenska தமிழ் 中文 Edit links This page was last modified on 10 January 2015, at 23:48. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Mobile view Address: 2203 Wylie Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15219 Phone:(412) 471-1024</p> _________________________________________ Biography of the Most Reverend David A. Zubik, DD Bishop David A. Zubik was born September 4, 1949, in Sewickley, Pennsylvania, to Stanley and the late Susan (Raskosky) Zubik. He attended Saint Stanislaus Elementary School and Saint Veronica High School, both in Ambridge, before entering Saint Paul Seminary in Pittsburgh. He received an undergraduate degree at Duquesne University in 1971 and went on to study at Saint Mary Seminary and University in Baltimore, Maryland, where he earned a degree in theology in 1975. Bishop Zubik was ordained a priest on May 3, 1975, by Bishop Vincent M. Leonard at Saint Paul Cathedral in Pittsburgh. Bishop Zubik served as Parochial Vicar of Sacred Heart Parish, Shadyside, until 1980. He was then assigned as Vice Principal of Quigley Catholic High School in Baden as well as Chaplain to the Sisters of Saint Joseph Motherhouse and Chaplain to the students at Mount Gallitzin Academy. At the same time, he began graduate studies at Duquesne University where he earned a master’s degree in education administration in 1982. He served in the role of adjunct spiritual director at Saint Paul Seminary from 1984 through 1991 and associate spiritual director at Saint Vincent Seminary, Latrobe, from 1989 through 1996. In 1987, Bishop Zubik was appointed Administrative Secretary to then-Pittsburgh Bishop Anthony J. Bevilacqua. In 1988, he was appointed Administrative Secretary and Master of Ceremonies to then-Pittsburgh Bishop Donald W. Wuerl (now Cardinal Archbishop of Washington, DC), where he served until 1991, when he began his service as Director of Clergy Personnel. In 1995, he was named Associate General Secretary and Chancellor of the Diocese of Pittsburgh, and on January 1, 1996, became Vicar General and General Secretary—a position in which he served until his appointment to the Diocese of Green Bay. Bishop Zubik was consecrated a bishop on April 6, 1997, at Saint Paul Cathedral and was appointed auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Pittsburgh. On October 10, 2003, the Holy Father, Pope John Paul II, named the Most Reverend David A. Zubik as the Eleventh Bishop of the Diocese of Green Bay. Bishop Zubik was installed as Bishop on December 12, 2003. On July 18, 2007, he was named by Pope Benedict XVI as the Twelfth Bishop of Pittsburgh. He was installed at Saint Paul Cathedral in Pittsburgh on September 28, 2007. Bishop Zubik currently serves on the following committees: •USCCB Catholic Communications Campaign Subcommittee •USCCB Protection of Children and Young People Committee •Catholic-Jewish Dialogue of the USCCB •Board of Trustees, Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, Washington, DC •Chairman, Pilgrimage Committee •Board of Trustees, The Papal Foundation •Board of Trustees, Saint Mary’s Seminary and University, Baltimore, MD •Board of Regents, Saint Vincent Seminary, Latrobe, PA •Chairman, Committee on Priestly Formation •Episcopal Advisory Board, Catholic Athletes for Christ •Episcopal Advisory Board, Catholic Education Foundation •Episcopal Advisory Board, Catholic Leadership Institute •Board of Directors, Sister Thea Bowman Foundation •Advisory Board, Angels’ Place •Board of Directors, Building United of Southwest Pennsylvania •Vice Chair, Council, Christian Associates of Southwest Pennsylvania •Advisory Board, National Catholic Center for Holocaust Education, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, PA •Cabinet, Southwestern Pennsylvania Food Security Partnership •Board of Directors, United Way of Greater Pittsburgh •Board of Directors, Urban League of Pittsburgh In addition, Bishop Zubik serves as … •Episcopal Liaison, Catholic Charities USA •Episcopal Moderator, Catholic Purchasing Services •Episcopal Chair, Ladies of Charity of the USA •Episcopal Liaison, National Association of Church Personnel Administrators _______________________________________________________________________

YOU ARE A LIVING UNPAID ORGAN-DONOR BANK

IF YOU ARE THE 47%...AND YOU ARE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

When Elite need your ORGANS, AHN WILL Fabricate

a diagnosis for you, put you on fraudulent

"life-support", and have you overdosed on Morphine,

AND TAKE YOUR ORGANS!

KDKA PAYS OFF JUDGE KATHERINE B EMERY

IN HIGHMARK MURDER OF 211-911!

NEED 92 TO DEMAND TRUTH FROM KDKA...

HUFFINGTON POST COOBORATION, CLICK HERE.

FLEETWOOD MAC LE-JIT JITNEY 15202...412-313-3080

NOW is the time to stop BILDERBERG/AMA terrorism.

Al-Qaeda and Organized Crime are tools of THE ELITE.

Speaking of TOOLS, if you let Feinstein or Hillary

GET YOUR GUNS, YOU'RE DONE...Your wonderful DHS

(including all SECURITY that WAND YOU almost daily)

will round up you sheep faster than Annie Oakley!

The Federal Reserve (BANKERS) destroyed our Country,

while they kept you entertained with BULLSHIT ON TV!

Bahhhh...Bahhhh ("See yinz in CHURCH").

Churches are not taxed, as Religion

is the ELITE's BIGGEST TOOL (next to KDKA)...

ONE HUGE PACIFIER EVERY WEEK,

as the BANKERS and AMA

SHOVE IT UP YOUR ASS.

KDKA Meteorologist Kristin Emery does KDKA Weather

COVERED HEAD-TO-TOE IN MY WIFE'S BLOOD.

The AMA murders 1000 healthy "patients" per day

as could be represented BELOW:

START

3:57 of RAGE 3:11 of FOO

16 AUGUST 2011...Judge Emery Rules, ensuring Rita's murder

as a favor to HIGHMARK, KDKA's BIGGEST ADVERTISER.

17 AUGUST 2011...Kristin Emery publicly posts Resume.

In today's TOTALLY CORRUPT WORLD,

if you need a JUDGE to DEFEND your life,

LOOK NO FURTHER...

Decision to murder Rita J Conley was made 2/01/11...

Highmark-friendly Judge contacted BEFORE 6 March 2011.

You have to experience the evil of the Elite,

IN ORDER TO BELIEVE IT...Well you ALL have...But

since you've all been conditioned since birth

to trust in your Government, to trust your doctors

lawyers, AMA, Depts of Health, Supreme Courts, indeed

EVERYONE WITH AUTHORITY OVER YOU,

you refuse to believe it when you see it

(it doesn't help that doctors only understand it

UNTIL I CAME ALONG)...The AMA

(read ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION)

has murdered more healthy (but poor or "unproductive")

people than it did via the Nazis, but this time in

Hospitals where you can't always watch or understand...

and this is just in the USA, whose owners (of the World)

even had Bush give THE SAME "HOMELAND" SPEECH

THAT HITLER gave after THEIR False Flags.

That's over 12,000,000 healthy "UNPRODUCTIVE" people

MURDERED IN THE USA ALONE

BY THE WORLD BANKERS,

and it doesn't even register with you because

you are pacified weekly by BANKERS' CLERGY...

and pacified DAILY BY KDKA

AND ALL OTHER GOVERNMENT MEDIA.

EACH of you personally KNEW at least one

of these 12,000,000 hideously-murdered friends

whom you watched die, because you

DON'T KNOW MEDICINE.

“In the beginning of a change

the patriot is a scarce man,

and brave, and hated and scorned.

When his cause succeeds, the timid join him,

for then it costs nothing to be a patriot.”

¯ Mark Twain

PS: The Cleveland Clinic and Johns Hopkins Hospital,

both with the ALLEGHENY HEALTH NETWORK,

have VERY STRONG TIES with the Eugenics-pioneering,

Nazi-funding ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION.

BUT that's OK, because Government Media

will never let you entertain the significance,

per "ORGAN "DONATION" for the Elite.

See ya in MISTER ROGERS' NEIGHBORHOOD!

Want good free HEALTHCARE?

THEN GO TO CUBA

YOU STUPID FUCKING GOATS...

Again, NO OFFENSE!

Pick a medical scam...any scam below:

***********************************

***********************************

***********************************

***********************************

***********************************

Edward Snowden From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Edward Snowden Edward Snowden-2.jpg Screen capture from the interview with Glenn Greenwald and Laura Poitras on June 6, 2013 Born Edward Joseph Snowden June 21, 1983 (age 30) Elizabeth City, North Carolina, United States Residence Russia (temporary asylum) Nationality American Occupation System administrator Employer Booz Allen Hamilton Kunia, Hawaii, US (until June 10, 2013) Known for Revealing details of classified United States government surveillance programs Home town Wilmington, North Carolina Criminal charge Theft of government property, unauthorized communication of national defense information, and willful communication of classified intelligence to an unauthorized person (June 2013). Awards Sam Adams Award[1] National Security Agency.svg National Security Agency surveillance Programs[show] · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · (· ) · · (· ) Legislation[show] · · · Institutions[show] · Lawsuits[show] · · · · · Whistleblowers[show] · · · · · Publication[show] · Related[show] · · · · · Concepts[show] · Collaboration[show] Central Security Service· United States Cyber Command· Department of Justice· Federal Bureau of Investigation· Central Intelligence Agency· Department of Homeland Security· Information Awareness Office Canada· United Kingdom· Australia· New Zealand France· Germany v· t· e Further information: Global surveillance disclosures (2013–present) Edward Joseph Snowden (born June 21, 1983) is an American computer professional, former employee of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and former contractor for the National Security Agency (NSA). He came to international attention when he disclosed thousands of classified documents to several media outlets, which he had acquired while working for the American consulting firm Booz Allen Hamilton.[2][3] Snowden's release of classified material has been described as the most significant leak in US history by Pentagon Papers leaker Daniel Ellsberg. In May 2013, Snowden flew from Hawaii to Hong Kong, where he met with journalists Glenn Greenwald and Laura Poitras and released his documents to them. With his permission, the journalists later revealed his identity to the international media. The United States federal government charged Snowden with espionage on June 21,[4] and revoked his passport. On June 23, likely using a safe passage document issued by Ecuador's London consulate where Julian Assange was living,[5] Snowden flew to Moscow's Sheremetyevo International Airport so that he could take another flight to Latin America, because he had previously requested asylum in Ecuador, and may have been seeking refuge in Venezuela.[6] He was then stuck in the transit zone for 39 days, most likely because his safe passage had been canceled by Ecuador and he had no other valid travel documents.[5][7] On August 1, Russian authorities granted him a one-year temporary renewable asylum. Snowden's leaked documents uncovered the existence of numerous global surveillance programs, many of them run by the NSA and the Five Eyes with the cooperation of telecommunication companies and European governments. In 2013, the existence of the Boundless Informant was revealed, along with the PRISM electronic data mining program, the XKeyscore analytical tool, the Tempora interception project, the MUSCULAR access point and the massive FASCIA database, which contains trillions of device-location records. In the following year, Britain's Joint Threat Research Intelligence Group was revealed, along with the Dishfire database, Squeaky Dolphin's real-time monitoring of social media networks, and the bulk collection of private webcam images via the Optic Nerve program. A subject of controversy, Snowden has been variously called a hero,[8][9][10] a whistleblower,[11][12][13][14] a dissident,[15] a traitor,[16][17][18] and a patriot.[19][20][21] Snowden's "sole motive" for leaking the documents was, in his words, "to inform the public as to that which is done in their name and that which is done against them."[22] The disclosures have fueled debates over mass surveillance, government secrecy, and the balance between national security and information privacy. Two court rulings since the initial leaks have split on the constitutionality of the NSA's bulk collection of telephone metadata. Snowden is considered a defendant by American authorities.[23] In early 2014, some media outlets and politicians called for leniency in the form of clemency, amnesty or pardon, while others called for him to be imprisoned, ex-CIA director James Woolsey said that Snowden should be hanged if convicted of treason,[24] and anonymous "spies" want him murdered.[25][26] He lives in an undisclosed location in Russia, and is seeking asylum in the European Union.[27] Snowden currently holds a three-year post as Rector of the University of Glasgow and serves on the Freedom of the Press Foundation board of directors.[28][29][30][31] In March 2014, Snowden participated by teleconference as a featured speaker before two prominent technology conferences: South by Southwest Interactive and TED. Contents [hide] 1 Background 1.1 Childhood, family, and education 1.2 Political views 1.3 Career 2 Global surveillance disclosures 2.1 Release of documents 2.2 Publication 2.3 Revelations 2.4 Motivations 3 Flight from the US 3.1 Hong Kong 3.2 Russia 3.2.1 Morales plane incident 3.2.2 Asylum applications 4 Criminal charges 5 Temporary asylum in Russia 6 Reaction 6.1 Debate 6.1.1 International community 6.1.2 United States 6.1.2.1 Presidential panel 6.1.2.2 Court rulings 6.1.2.3 Public opinion polls 6.2 Recognition 6.2.1 Rector of the University of Glasgow 6.2.2 German "Whistleblower Prize" 6.2.3 Sam Adams Award 6.2.4 Alternative Christmas Message 6.2.5 Conference speaking engagements 6.2.6 Ridenhour Truth-Telling Prize 6.3 Snowden Effect 6.3.1 Tech 6.3.1.1 Lavabit 6.4 In popular culture 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links Background[edit] Childhood, family, and education[edit] Anne Arundel Community College, Glen Burnie branch Edward Joseph Snowden was born on June 21, 1983,[32] in Elizabeth City, North Carolina[33] and grew up in Wilmington, North Carolina.[34] His father, Lonnie Snowden, a resident of Pennsylvania, was an officer in the United States Coast Guard,[35] and his mother, a resident of Baltimore, Maryland, is a clerk at the United States District Court in Maryland.[34][36] His parents are divorced, and his father has remarried.[37] Friends and neighbors described Snowden as shy, quiet and nice. One longtime friend said that he was always articulate, even as a child.[36] Speaking in an interview, Snowden's father described his son as "a sensitive, caring young man", and "a deep thinker".[38] By 1999, Snowden had moved with his family to Ellicott City, Maryland.[34] He studied at Anne Arundel Community College[34] to gain the credits necessary to obtain a high-school diploma but he did not complete the coursework.[39][40] Snowden's father explained that his son had missed several months of school owing to illness and, rather than return, took and passed the tests for his GED at a local community college.[22][38][41] Snowden worked online toward a Master's Degree at the University of Liverpool in 2011.[42] Having worked at a US military base in Japan, Snowden was reportedly interested in Japanese popular culture, had studied the Japanese language,[43] and also worked for an anime company domiciled in the US.[44][45] He also said he had a basic understanding of Mandarin Chinese and was deeply interested in martial arts and, at age 19 or 20, listed Buddhism as his religion on a military recruitment form, noting that the choice of agnostic was "strangely absent".[46] Snowden told The Washington Post that he was an ascetic, rarely left the house and had few needs.[47] Before leaving for Hong Kong, Snowden resided in Waipahu, Hawaii, with his girlfriend.[48] According to local real estate agents, they moved out of their home on May 1, 2013.[40] Political views[edit] Snowden has said that in the 2008 presidential election, he voted for a third-party candidate. He has stated he had been planning to make disclosures about NSA surveillance programs at the time, but he decided to wait because he "believed in Obama's promises". He was later disappointed that Obama "continued with the policies of his predecessor".[49] For the 2012 election, political donation records indicate that he contributed to the primary campaign of Republican candidate Ron Paul.[50][51] Several sources have alleged that Snowden, under the pseudonym "TheTrueHOOHA", authored hundreds of posts on technology news provider Ars Technica's chat rooms.[52][53][54] The poster discussed a variety of political topics. In a January 2009 entry, TheTrueHOOHA exhibited strong support for the United States' security state apparatus and said he believed leakers of classified information "should be shot in the balls".[55] However, in February 2010 TheTrueHOOHA wrote, "Did we get to where we are today via a slippery slope that was entirely within our control to stop, or was it an relatively instantaneous sea change that sneaked in undetected because of pervasive government secrecy?"[56] In accounts published in June 2013, interviewers noted that Snowden's laptop displayed stickers supporting internet freedom organizations including the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) and the Tor Project.[22] Snowden considers himself "neither traitor nor hero. I'm an American".[57] Career[edit] On May 7, 2004, Snowden enlisted in the United States Army Reserve as a Special Forces recruit but did not complete any training.[32][58] He said he wanted to fight in the Iraq War because he "felt like [he] had an obligation as a human being to help free people from oppression."[22] In an email to The Guardian, the US Army confirmed his enlistment as Special Forces recruit and said he was discharged on September 28, 2004. The email said, "He did not complete any training or receive any awards".[59] Snowden stated that this was the result of breaking both of his legs in a training accident.[60] His next employment was for less than a year in 2005 as a "security specialist" at the University of Maryland's Center for Advanced Study of Language, a partnership with the U.S. Government that is not a classified facility.[61] In 2006 he joined the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)[62] as a systems administrator and telecommunications systems officer.[63] In May 2006 Snowden wrote in Ars Technica that he had no trouble getting work because he was a "computer wizard." In August he wrote about a possible path in government service, perhaps involving China, but said it "just doesn't seem like as much 'fun' as some of the other places".[58] Geneva, Switzerland In 2007, the CIA stationed Snowden with diplomatic cover in Geneva, Switzerland, where he was responsible for maintaining computer network security.[64] Snowden described his CIA experience in Geneva as "formative", stating that the CIA deliberately got a Swiss banker drunk and encouraged him to drive home. Snowden said that when the latter was arrested, a CIA operative offered to intervene and later recruited the banker.[65] Swiss Federal Council President Ueli Maurer said it did not seem likely "that this incident played out as it has been described by Snowden and by the media".[66] The revelations were said to have come at a sensitive time as the United States was pressing the Swiss government to increase banking transparency.[67] Eric Schmitt of The New York Times stated that "two senior American officials" told him that, prior to the end of Snowden's term, Snowden's supervisor wrote a negative report that stated suspicions of Snowden attempting to obtain classified information not authorized to him.[68] The Times later reported that the CIA had sent a statement, clarifying: "The CIA did not file any report on Snowden indicating that it suspected he was trying to break into classified computer files to which he did not have authorized access while he was employed at the CIA...".[69] When Snowden talked about the report to the Times' James Risen, a different story emerged. He said that he had tried to go through proper channels of reporting a flaw, and the result was a critical report in his file.[70] Snowden resigned from the CIA in February 2009[56] and began work for Dell, a private contractor, inside an NSA facility on a US military base in Japan.[22] Snowden remained on the Dell payroll until early 2013.[71] He was one of around 1,000 NSA "sysadmins" allowed to look at many parts of the system without leaving an electronic trace and able to argue for the use of thumb drives in a secure environment.[56] Persons familiar with the 2013 government investigation into Snowden's history said that Snowden had downloaded sensitive NSA material in April 2012.[72] NSA Director Keith Alexander told the U.S. House Intelligence Committee that Snowden "moved into the Booz Allen position in March [2013], but he had worked in an information technology position for the 12 months preceding that at NSA Hawaii. So he'd actually been there 15 months. He had moved from one contract to another."[73][74] In those contractor positions, Snowden held top secret Sensitive Compartmented Information clearances.[75] Snowden took a six-day Certified Ethical Hacker training course in 2010 in India.[76][77][78][79] USIS completed a background check on Snowden in 2011.[80] On January 23, 2014, the US Department of Justice filed fraud charges against USIS for routinely failing to properly investigate individuals.[81][82] The company is accused of falsifying 665,000 background checks on government employees. The case, United States of America ex rel. Blake Percival vs U.S. Investigations Services is ongoing in U.S. District Court, Middle District of Alabama.[83] Snowden described his life as "very comfortable", earning a salary of "roughly US$200,000".[84] At the time of his departure from the United States in May 2013, he had been employed by consulting firm Booz Allen Hamilton for less than three months inside the NSA's Hawaii regional operations center,[85][86] earning $122,000.[87] While intelligence officials have described his position there as a "system administrator", Snowden has said he was an "infrastructure analyst", which meant that his job was to look for new ways to break into Internet and telephone traffic around the world.[88] He said he had taken a pay cut to work at Booz Allen,[89] and that he sought employment in order to gather data on NSA surveillance around the world so he could leak it.[90] According to Reuters story by Mark Hosenball, while in Hawaii Snowden "may have persuaded between 20 and 25 fellow workers" to give him their logins and passwords "by telling them they were needed for him to do his job as a computer systems administrator".[91][92] This report was disputed,[93] with Snowden himself saying in January 2014, "With all due respect to Mark Hosenball, the Reuters report that put this out there was simply wrong. I never stole any passwords, nor did I trick an army of co-workers."[94] According to NBC News, the NSA sent a memo to Congress and "[w]hile the memo's account is sketchy, it suggests that, contrary to Snowden's statements, he used an element of trickery to retrieve his trove of tens of thousands of classified documents".[95][96] According to Booz Allen, Snowden's employment was terminated on June 10, 2013, "for violations of the firm's code of ethics and firm policy".[87] Snowden said that he told multiple employees and two supervisors about his concerns, using 'internal channels of dissent'. An NSA spokesperson responded, saying they had "not found any evidence to support Mr. Snowden's contention that he brought these matters to anyone's attention".[47] Snowden elaborated in January 2014, saying "[I] made tremendous efforts to report these programs to co-workers, supervisors, and anyone with the proper clearance who would listen. The reactions of those I told about the scale of the constitutional violations ranged from deeply concerned to appalled, but no one was willing to risk their jobs, families, and possibly even freedom to go to through what Drake did."[97] In March 2014, during testimony to the European Parliament, Snowden wrote that before revealing classified information he had reported "clearly problematic programs" to ten officials, whom he said did nothing in response.[98] A source "with detailed knowledge on the matter" told Reuters that hiring screeners for Booz Allen had found some details of Snowden's education that "did not check out precisely", but decided to hire him anyway; Reuters stated that the element which triggered these concerns, or the manner in which Snowden satisfied the concerns, were not known.[99] The résumé stated that Snowden attended computer-related classes at Johns Hopkins University. A spokesperson for Johns Hopkins said that the university did not find records to show that Snowden attended the university, and suggested that he may instead have attended Advanced Career Technologies, a private for-profit organization which operated as "Computer Career Institute at Johns Hopkins".[99] The University College of the University of Maryland acknowledged that Snowden had attended a summer session at a UM campus in Asia. Snowden's resume stated that he estimated that he would receive a University of Liverpool computer security master's degree in 2013. The university said that Snowden registered for an online master's degree program in computer security in 2011 but that "he is not active in his studies and has not completed the program".[99] A former NSA co-worker told Forbes that although the NSA was full of smart people, Edward Snowden was "a genius among geniuses". He was described as a "principled and ultra-competent, if somewhat eccentric employee, and one who earned the access used to pull off his leak by impressing superiors with sheer talent". Snowden created a backup system for the NSA that was implemented, and often pointed out security bugs to the agency. The former colleague said Snowden was "given full administrator privileges, with virtually unlimited access to NSA data" because he could "do things nobody else could". Snowden had been offered a position on the NSA's elite staff of hackers, Tailored Access Operations (TAO), but turned it down for the contractor position at Booz Allen.[100] Global surveillance disclosures[edit] The exact size of Snowden's disclosure is unknown, but the following estimates have been put up by various government officials: 15,000 or more Australian intelligence files, according to Australian officials;[101] at least 58,000 British intelligence files, according to British officials;[102] and roughly 1.7 million US intelligence files, according to US officials.[103] Release of documents[edit] Glenn Greenwald Laura Poitras The New York Times' James Risen reported that Snowden's decision to leak NSA documents "developed gradually, dating back at least to his time working as a technician in the Geneva station of the CIA."[104] Snowden first made contact with Glenn Greenwald, a journalist working at The Guardian, in late 2012.[105] He contacted Greenwald anonymously and said he had "sensitive documents" that he would like to share.[106] Greenwald found the measures that the source asked him to take to secure their communications, such as encrypting email, too annoying to employ. Snowden then contacted documentary filmmaker Laura Poitras in January 2013.[107] According to Poitras, Snowden chose to contact her after seeing her New York Times documentary[108] about NSA whistleblower William Binney. The Guardian reported that what originally attracted Snowden to both Greenwald and Poitras was a Salon article penned by Greenwald detailing how Poitras' controversial films had made her a "target of the government".[106][109] Greenwald began working with Snowden in either February[110] or in April after Poitras asked Greenwald to meet her in New York City, at which point Snowden began providing documents to them both.[105] Barton Gellman, writing for The Washington Post, says his first "direct contact" was on May 16, 2013.[111] According to Gellman, Snowden approached Greenwald after the Post declined to guarantee publication of all 41 of the PRISM PowerPoint slides within 72 hours and publish online an encrypted code allowing Snowden the ability to later prove that he was the source.[111] Snowden communicated using encrypted email,[107] using the codename "Verax". He asked not to be quoted at length for fear of identification by stylometry.[111] According to Gellman, prior to their first meeting in person, Snowden wrote, "I understand that I will be made to suffer for my actions, and that the return of this information to the public marks my end."[111] Snowden also told Gellman that until the articles were published, the journalists working with him would also be at mortal risk from the United States Intelligence Community "if they think you are the single point of failure that could stop this disclosure and make them the sole owner of this information."[111] In May 2013, Snowden was permitted temporary leave from his position at the NSA in Hawaii, on the pretext of receiving treatment for his epilepsy.[22] In mid-May Snowden gave an electronic interview to Poitras and Jacob Appelbaum which was published weeks later by Der Spiegel.[112] After disclosing the copied documents, Snowden promised that nothing would stop subsequent disclosures. In June 2013, he said, "All I can say right now is the US government is not going to be able to cover this up by jailing or murdering me. Truth is coming, and it cannot be stopped."[113] Publication[edit] On May 20, 2013, Snowden flew to Hong Kong,[114][115] where he was staying when the initial articles based on the leaked documents were published,[114][116] beginning on June 5.[117][118] Within months, documents had been obtained and published by media outlets worldwide, most notably The Guardian (Britain), Der Spiegel (Germany), The Washington Post and The New York Times (US), O Globo (Brazil), Le Monde (France), and similar outlets in Sweden, Canada, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, and Australia.[119] In 2014, NBC broke its first story based on the leaked documents.[120] Four journalists won the Polk Award in February 2014 "for national security reporting for stories based on secret documents leaked by Snowden". Recipients included Glenn Greenwald, Barton Gellman, Laura Poitras and The Guardian's Ewen MacAskill.[121] Revelations[edit] Main article: Global surveillance disclosure See also: PRISM#Responses to disclosures Slide from an NSA presentation on "Google Cloud Exploitation" from its MUSCULAR program;[122] the sketch shows where the "Public Internet" meets the internal "Google Cloud" where user data resides[123] Logo for the XKeyscore program A reference to Tailored Access Operations (TAO) in an XKeyscore slide The ongoing publication of leaked documents has revealed previously unknown details of a global surveillance apparatus run by the United States' NSA[124] in close cooperation with its Five Eyes partners: Australia (ASD),[125] the United Kingdom (GCHQ),[126] Canada (CSEC),[127] and New Zealand (GCSB).[citation needed] The Guardian's editor-in-chief Alan Rusbridger said in November 2013 that only one percent of the documents had been published.[128] Officials warned that "the worst is yet to come", a sentiment echoed by Glenn Greenwald and by Lon Snowden.[129][130] The extent of the leaks may never be known, according to US investigators, due in part to outdated software at the Hawaiian NSA facility.[131] NSA Director Keith Alexander initially estimated that Snowden had copied anywhere from 50,000 to 200,000 NSA documents.[132] Later estimates provided by U.S. officials were on the order of 1.7 million[133] of which 2 percent dealt with NSA surveillance.[134] In February 2014, during testimony to the European Union, Snowden said of the remaining "undisclosed programs": "I will leave the public interest determinations as to which of these may be safely disclosed to responsible journalists in coordination with government stakeholders."[135] Media reports documenting the existence and functions of classified surveillance programs and their scope began on June 5, 2013, and continued throughout the entire year. The first program to be revealed was PRISM, with reports from both The Washington Post and The Guardian published an hour apart. PRISM allows for a court-approved, front-door access to Americans' Google and Yahoo accounts.[122][136] The Post's Barton Gellman was the first journalist to report on Snowden's documents. He said the US government urged him not to specify by name which companies were involved, but Gellman decided that to name them "would make it real to Americans".[137] Reports also revealed details of Tempora, a British black-ops surveillance program run by the NSA's British partner, GCHQ.[138][139] The initial reports included details about NSA call database, Boundless Informant, and of a secret court order requiring Verizon to hand the NSA millions of Americans' phone records daily,[140] the surveillance of French citizens' phone and internet records, and those of "high-profile individuals from the world of business or politics".[141][142][143] XKeyscore, which allows for the collection of 'almost anything done on the internet', was described by The Guardian as a program that "shed light" on one of Snowden's more contentious claims: "I, sitting at my desk [could] wiretap anyone, from you or your accountant, to a federal judge or even the president, if I had a personal email".[144] It was revealed that the NSA was harvesting millions of email and instant messaging contact lists,[145] searching email content,[146] tracking and mapping the location of cell phones,[147] undermining attempts at encryption via Bullrun[148][149] and that the agency was using cookies to "piggyback" on the same tools used by internet advertisers "to pinpoint targets for government hacking and to bolster surveillance".[150] The NSA was shown to be "secretly" tapping into Yahoo and Google data centers to collect information from "hundreds of millions" of account holders worldwide by tapping undersea cables using the MUSCULAR program.[122][123] The NSA, the US CIA and GCHQ spied on users of Second Life and World of Warcraft by creating make-believe characters as a way to "hide in plain sight".[151] Leaked documents showed NSA agents spied on their "love interests", a practice NSA employees termed LOVEINT.[152][153] The NSA was also shown to be tracking the online sexual activity of people they termed "radicalizers", in order to discredit them.[154] The NSA was accused of going "beyond its core mission of national security" when articles were published showing the NSA's intelligence-gathering operations had targeted Brazil's largest oil company, Petrobras.[155] The NSA and the GCHQ were also shown to be surveilling charities including Unicef and Médecins du Monde, as well as allies such as the EU chief and the Israeli Prime Minister.[156] By October 2013, Snowden's disclosures had created tensions[157][158] between the US and some of its close allies after they revealed that the US had spied on Brazil, France, Mexico,[159] Britain,[160] China,[161] Germany,[162] and Spain,[163] as well as 35 world leaders,[164] most notably German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who said "spying among friends" was "unacceptable"[165] and compared the NSA with the Stasi.[166] Leaked documents published by Der Spiegel in 2014 appeared to show that the NSA had targeted 122 "high ranking" leaders.[167] The NSA's top-secret "black budget", obtained from Snowden by The Washington Post, exposed the "successes and failures" of the 16 spy agencies comprising the US intelligence community,[168] and revealed that the NSA was paying US private tech companies for "clandestine access" to their communications networks.[169] The agencies were allotted $52 billion for the 2013 fiscal year.[170] An NSA mission statement titled "Sigint Strategy 2012–2016" affirmed that the NSA plans for continued expansion of surveillance activities. Their stated goal was to "dramatically increase mastery of the global network" and "acquire the capabilities to gather intelligence on anyone, anytime, anywhere."[171][172] In July 2013, Greenwald said that Snowden had additional sensitive information about the NSA he had chosen not to make public, including "very sensitive, detailed blueprints of how the NSA does what they do".[173] A joint statement issued by the House Intelligence Committee's Republican Chairman and Ranking Democrat in January 2014 asserted that "Though press reporting to date has focused on NSA’s foreign intelligence collection, much of the information stolen by Snowden is related to current U.S. military operations."[174] A U.S. intelligence official told The Daily Beast that Snowden had fabricated the identity of more than one user who had extensive access and this allowed Snowden to take documents indicating how the U.S. coordinated its satellite coverage, potentially allowing military adversaries to better hide their assets.[175] In a December 2013 letter to the people of Brazil, Snowden wrote: "There is a huge difference between legal programs, legitimate spying ... and these programs of dragnet mass surveillance that put entire populations under an all-seeing eye and save copies forever ... These programs were never about terrorism: they're about economic spying, social control, and diplomatic manipulation. They're about power."[176] Snowden claimed in a January 2014 interview with German television that the NSA does not limit its data collection to national security issues, accusing the agency of conducting industrial espionage. He used the example of Seimens, a German company, and stated "If there's information at Siemens that's beneficial to US national interests - even if it doesn't have anything to do with national security - then they'll take that information nevertheless."[177] In March 2014, documents disclosed by Glenn Greenwald writing for The Intercept showed the NSA, in cooperation with the GCHQ, has plans to infect millions of computers with malware using a program called "Turbine".[178] Revelations included information about "Quantumhand", a program through which the NSA set up a fake Facebook server to intercept connections.[179] Motivations[edit] Snowden's identity was made public by The Guardian at his request on June 9, 2013.[110] He explained: "I have no intention of hiding who I am because I know I have done nothing wrong."[22] He added that by revealing his identity he hoped to protect his colleagues from being subjected to a hunt to determine who had been responsible for the leaks.[180] According to Poitras, who filmed the interview with Snowden in Hong Kong, he had initially not wanted to be seen on camera, because "he didn't want the story to be about him."[181] Poitras says she convinced him it was necessary to have him give an account of the leaked documents' significance on film: "I knew that the mainstream media interpretation would be predictable and narrow, but because to have somebody who understands how this technology works, who is willing to risk their life to expose it to the public, and that we could hear that articulated, would reach people in ways that the documents themselves wouldn't." [181] Snowden explained his actions saying: "I don't want to live in a society that does these sort of things [surveillance on its citizens]... I do not want to live in a world where everything I do and say is recorded... My sole motive is to inform the public as to that which is done in their name and that which is done against them."[182] Snowden said in a later interview that his "mission's already accomplished" and that he had already won.[47] He declared: For me, in terms of personal satisfaction, the mission’s already accomplished. I already won. As soon as the journalists were able to work, everything that I had been trying to do was validated. Because, remember, I didn’t want to change society. I wanted to give society a chance to determine if it should change itself. All I wanted was for the public to be able to have a say in how they are governed.[47] When Snowden met with representatives of human rights organizations on July 12, he said: The 4th and 5th Amendments to the Constitution of my country, Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and numerous statutes and treaties forbid such systems of massive, pervasive surveillance. While the US Constitution marks these programs as illegal, my government argues that secret court rulings, which the world is not permitted to see, somehow legitimize an illegal affair.... I believe in the principle declared at Nuremberg in 1945: "Individuals have international duties which transcend the national obligations of obedience. Therefore individual citizens have the duty to violate domestic laws to prevent crimes against peace and humanity from occurring."[183] Snowden said that in the past, whistleblowers had been 'destroyed by the experience', and that he wanted to "embolden others to step forward" by demonstrating that "they can win".[184] In October, Snowden spoke out again on his motivations for the leaks in an interview with The New York Times, saying that the system for reporting problems does not work. "You have to report wrongdoing to those most responsible for it", Snowden explained, and pointed out the lack of whistleblower protection for government contractors, the use of the 1917 Espionage Act to prosecute leakers, and his belief that had he used internal mechanisms to 'sound the alarm', his revelations "would have been buried forever".[70][185] In December 2013, upon learning that a US federal judge had ruled the collection of US phone metadata conducted by the NSA as likely unconstitutional, Snowden stated: "I acted on my belief that the NSA's mass surveillance programs would not withstand a constitutional challenge, and that the American public deserved a chance to see these issues determined by open courts...today, a secret program authorized by a secret court was, when exposed to the light of day, found to violate Americans' rights. It is the first of many."[186] Snowden, in his words, "didn't want to change society", he "wanted to give society a chance to determine if it should change itself."[47] In a December 2013 interview, Snowden spoke to the question of 'who elected' him to expose the NSA surveillance programs: Dianne Feinstein elected me when she asked softball questions [in committee hearings]. Mike Rogers elected me when he kept these programs hidden. . . . The FISA court elected me when they decided to legislate from the bench on things that were far beyond the mandate of what that court was ever intended to do. The system failed comprehensively, and each level of oversight, each level of responsibility that should have addressed this, abdicated their responsibility. It wasn't that they put it on me as an individual – that I'm uniquely qualified, an angel descending from the heavens – as that they put it on someone, somewhere ... You have the capability, and you realize every other [person] sitting around the table has the same capability but they don't do it. So somebody has to be the first.[47] Snowden, in a January 2014 interview, said that the "breaking point" which led to his leaks was "seeing the Director of National Intelligence, James Clapper, directly lie under oath to Congress." He also stated, "There’s no saving an intelligence community that believes it can lie to the public and the legislators who need to be able to trust it and regulate its actions. Seeing that really meant for me there was no going back. Beyond that, it was the creeping realization that no one else was going to do this. The public had a right to know about these programs."[187] Speaking at The Wall Street Journal's CIO Network on February 4, 2014, Mike McConnell—former NSA Director and current Vice Chairman at Booz Allen Hamilton—said that Snowden was motivated by revenge when the NSA did not offer Snowden the job he wanted. "At this point," said McConnell, "he being narcissistic and having failed at most everything he did, he decides now I'm going to turn on them."[188] In March 2014, Snowden stated that he had reported policy or legal issues related to spying programs to more than 10 officials, but as a contractor had no legal avenue to pursue further whistleblowing.[189] Flight from the US[edit] Hong Kong[edit] Protesters rally in Hong Kong in support of Snowden (June 15, 2013) In May 2013 Snowden took a leave of absence, telling his supervisors he was returning to the mainland for epilepsy treatment, but instead left Hawaii for Hong Kong[190] where he arrived on May 20. WikiLeaks reported that he was seeking asylum in Iceland because of the country's "shared values".[22][191] Iceland's ambassador to China said Icelandic law requires that asylum applications be made from within Iceland.[192] Snowden explained why he did not go directly from the US to Iceland: "Leaving the US was an incredible risk, NSA employees must declare their foreign travel 30 days in advance and are monitored. There was a distinct possibility I would be interdicted en route, so I had to travel with no advance booking to a country with the cultural and legal framework to allow me to work without being immediately detained. Hong Kong provided that. Iceland could be pushed harder, quicker, before the public could have a chance to make their feelings known, and I would not put that past the current US administration."[89] Snowden vowed to challenge any extradition attempt by the US government, and had reportedly approached Hong Kong human rights lawyers.[193] Snowden told the South China Morning Post that he planned to remain in Hong Kong until "asked to leave",[194] adding that his intention was to let the "courts and people of Hong Kong" decide his fate.[195] While in Hong Kong Snowden supplied information about US intelligence operations in China to the Post, which Glenn Greenwald explained as reflecting "a need to ingratiate himself to the people of Hong Kong and China."[196] In late August the Russian newspaper Kommersant reported that Snowden was living at the Russian consulate shortly before his departure from Hong Kong to Moscow.[197] Ben Wizner, a lawyer with the ACLU and legal adviser to Snowden, said in January 2014, "Every news organization in the world has been trying to confirm that story. They haven’t been able to, because it’s false."[198] Likewise rejecting the Kommersant story was Anatoly Kucherena, who became Snowden's lawyer in July 2013 and was then head of the Russian Interior ministry's public council,[199] in addition to serving as a member[200] of the public council for the Federal Security Service (FSB).[201] Kucherena stated that Snowden "did not enter into any communication with our diplomats when he was in Hong Kong."[202][203] In early September, however, Russian president Vladimir Putin acknowledged that, a few days before boarding a plane to Moscow, "Mr. Snowden first appeared in Hong Kong and met with our diplomatic representatives."[204] US officials revoked Snowden's passport on June 22.[205][206] On June 23 Snowden boarded the commercial Aeroflot flight SU213 to Moscow, accompanied by Sarah Harrison of WikiLeaks.[207][208] Hong Kong authorities said that Snowden had not been detained as requested by the United States, because the United States' extradition request had not fully complied with Hong Kong law,[209][210][211] and there was no legal basis to prevent Snowden from leaving.[212][213][Notes 1] On June 24, U.S. State Department spokesman Patrick Ventrell said "we’re just not buying that this was a technical decision by a Hong Kong immigration official. This was a deliberate choice by the government to release a fugitive despite a valid arrest warrant.... though the Privacy Act prohibits me from talking about Mr. Snowden’s passport specifically, I can say that the Hong Kong authorities were well aware of our interest in Mr. Snowden and had plenty of time to prohibit his travel."[216] That same day, Julian Assange said that WikiLeaks had paid for Snowden's lodging in Hong Kong and his flight out.[217] Assange would later say that "While Venezuela and Ecuador could protect him in the short term, over the long term there could be a change in government. In Russia, he's safe, he's well-regarded, and that is not likely to change."[190] When Assange was asked "What was the most difficult part on getting Snowden out of the U.S.?" Assange said he wasn't sure he could answer the question given "the legal situation".[218] Russia[edit] Arrival at Sheremetyevo Airport in Moscow on June 23, 2013 On June 23, 2013, Snowden landed in Moscow's Sheremetyevo international airport.[219][220][221] WikiLeaks stated that he was "bound for the Republic of Ecuador via a safe route for the purposes of asylum".[222] According to Gellman, Snowden "didn't choose Russia. He was literally changing planes in the Moscow airport when the United States revoked his passport. He was stuck there by that. He's said from the beginning that he wanted asylum in a Western country, for example, Iceland, that, from his point of view, respects rights of free speech and whistleblowers. He is not looking to live in a country like Russia or China."[223] A US official said that Snowden's passport was annulled before he left Hong Kong[224] and along with other sources, such as legal expert James C. Hathaway, said not having a passport would not prevent Russia from allowing Snowden to board an onward flight as a matter of law.[225][226][227] Snowden remained in the Sheremetyevo transit zone for 39 days until being granted temporary asylum by the Russian government on August 1. In a statement made on July 1, Snowden said: Although I am convicted of nothing, [the US government] has unilaterally revoked my passport, leaving me a stateless person. Without any judicial order, the administration now seeks to stop me exercising a basic right. A right that belongs to everybody. The right to seek asylum.[228][229] According to Russian news services, Snowden had a seat reserved to continue on to Cuba within 24 hours of arriving in Moscow.[230][231] Snowden did not board that onward flight, however, saying in a January 2014 interview that he was "stopped en route" despite an intention to be "only transiting through Russia". According to Snowden, "I was ticketed for onward travel via Havana — a planeload of reporters documented the seat I was supposed to be in — but the State Department decided they wanted me in Moscow, and cancelled my passport." He decided to remain in Russia because whilst he was "considering possibilities for asylum in Latin America, the United States forced down the Bolivian President’s plane." He said that he would travel from Russia if there was no interference from the US government.[198] Morales plane incident[edit] Main article: Evo Morales grounding incident On July 1, 2013, president Evo Morales of Bolivia, who had been attending a conference of gas-exporting countries in Russia, suggested during an interview with Russia Today that he would be 'willing to consider a request' for asylum.[232] The following day, Morales' plane en route to Bolivia was rerouted to Austria and reportedly searched there after France, Spain and Italy denied access to their airspace.[233][234][235] US officials had raised suspicions that Snowden may have been on board.[236][237] Morales blamed the US for putting pressure on European countries, and said that the grounding of his plane was a violation of international law.[238] Asylum applications[edit] Snowden had applied for political asylum to 20 countries by July 1.[239] A statement attributed to Snowden also contended that the US administration, and specifically Vice President Joe Biden, had pressured the governments of these countries to refuse his petition for asylum.[240] In a July 1 statement published by WikiLeaks, Snowden accused the US government of "using citizenship as a weapon" and using what he described as "old, bad tools of political aggression". Citing Obama's promise to not allow "wheeling and dealing" over the case, Snowden commented "This kind of deception from a world leader is not justice, and neither is the extralegal penalty of exile."[241] Snowden made a second batch of applications for asylum to 6 more countries several days later, but declined to name them citing prior interference by US officials.[242][243] Finland, Germany, India, Poland, Norway, Austria, Italy, and the Netherlands cited technical grounds for not considering the application, saying that applications for asylum to these countries must be made from within the countries' borders or at border stations.[239][244][245][246][247][248] Ecuador had initially offered Snowden a temporary travel document but later withdrew it;[249] on July 1, President Rafael Correa said the decision to issue the offer had been "a mistake".[250][251] Russian president Vladimir Putin Russian president Putin said that Snowden's arrival in Moscow was "a surprise" and "like an unwanted Christmas gift".[252] Putin said that Snowden remained in the transit area of Sheremetyevo, noted that he had not committed any crime on Russian soil,[253] and declared that Snowden was free to leave and should do so.[254] He added that Russia's intelligence agencies neither "had worked, nor were working with" Snowden.[252][254] Putin's claims were received skeptically by some observers.[255][256] Putin said on July 1 that if Snowden wanted to be granted asylum in Russia, Snowden would be required to "stop his work aimed at harming our American partners".[257][258] A spokesman for Putin subsequently said that Snowden had withdrawn his asylum application upon learning of the conditions.[239][259] In a July 12 meeting at Sheremetyevo Airport with representatives of human rights organizations and lawyers, organized in part by the Russian government,[260] Snowden said he was accepting all offers of asylum that he had already received or would receive in the future, noting that his Venezuela's "asylee status was now formal",[183] he also said he would request asylum in Russia until he resolved his travel problems.[261] Russian Federal Migration Service officials confirmed on July 16 that Snowden had submitted an application to them for temporary asylum.[262] According to Kucherena, Snowden agreed to meet Putin's condition for granting asylum, and would not further harm US interests 'by releasing more intelligence secrets'.[262][263] On July 23 Kucherena said his client intended to settle in Russia.[264] Snowden explained that he applied for asylum in Russia because, with no direct flights from Moscow to asylum offers in Latin America, he did not feel he could safely travel to them, and claimed that the US had pressured countries along his route to "hand him over".[263] Amid media reports in early July 2013 attributed to US administration sources that Obama's one-on-one meeting with Putin, ahead of a G20 meeting in St Petersburg scheduled for September, was in doubt due to Snowden's protracted sojourn in Russia,[265][266] top US officials repeatedly made it clear to Moscow that Snowden should immediately be returned to the United States to face justice.[267][268][269] Snowden needed asylum, according to his lawyer, because "he faces persecution by the US government and he fears for his life and safety, fears that he could be subjected to torture and capital punishment."[270] In a letter to Russian Minister of Justice Alexander Konovalov dated July 23, US Attorney General Eric Holder sought to eliminate the "asserted grounds for Mr. Snowden's claim that he should be treated as a refugee or granted asylum, temporary or otherwise":[271][272] he assured the Russian government that the US would not seek the death penalty for Snowden irrespective of the charges he might eventually face and said Snowden would be issued a limited validity passport for returning to the US, and that upon his return, Snowden would benefit from legal and constitutional safeguards and not be tortured, as "torture is unlawful in the United States".[271] The same day, the Russian president's spokesman reiterated the Kremlin's position that it would "not hand anyone over"; he also noted that Putin was not personally involved in the matter as Snowden "had not made any request that would require examination by the head of state" and that the issue was being handled through talks between the FSB and the FBI.[273][274] Criminal charges[edit] On June 14, 2013, United States federal prosecutors filed a criminal complaint against Snowden, charging him with theft of government property, and alleging he had violated the US's 1917 Espionage Act through unauthorized communication of national defense information and "willful communication of classified communications intelligence information to an unauthorized person".[271][4] Snowden was asked in a January 2014 interview about returning to the US to face the charges in court, as Obama had suggested a few days prior. Snowden explained why he rejected the request: "What he doesn’t say is that the crimes he has charged me with are crimes that... don’t allow me to defend myself in an open court to the public and convince a jury. It’s, I would say, illustrative that the President would choose to say someone should face the music when he knows the music is a show trial."[187][275] Snowden's legal representative, Jesselyn Radack, wrote that "the Espionage Act effectively hinders a person from defending himself before a jury in an open court, as past examples show", referring to Thomas Drake, John Kiriakou and Chelsea Manning. Radack said that the "arcane World War I law" was never meant to prosecute whistleblowers, but rather spies who sold secrets to enemies for profit. Under this law, she states, "no prosecution of a non-spy can be fair or just".[276] Temporary asylum in Russia[edit] Snowden left the Moscow airport on August 1 after more than a month in the transit section. He had been granted temporary asylum in Russia for one year,[277] an asylum that could be extended indefinitely on an annual basis.[278] According to his lawyer, Snowden went to an undisclosed location kept secret for security reasons.[279] In response to the asylum grant, White House spokesman Jay Carney said the US administration was "extremely disappointed" by the Russian government's decision and that the meeting scheduled for September between Barack Obama and Vladimir Putin was under reconsideration.[280][281] Some US legislators urged the president to take a tough stand against Russia, possibly including a US boycott of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi.[281][282] On August 7, the White House announced that Obama had canceled the meeting previously planned with Putin in Moscow citing lack of progress on a series of issues that included Russia's granting Snowden temporary asylum.[283][284][285] Following cancellation of the bilateral talks, Putin's foreign policy aide Yuri Ushakov said they were "disappointed" and that it was clear to him that the decision was due to the situation around Snowden, which they "had not created"; Ushakov alleged that the US had been avoiding signing an extradition agreement and had "invariably" used its absence as a pretext for denying Russian extradition requests.[286][287] In late July 2013, Lon Snowden said he believed his son would be better off staying in Russia, and didn't believe he would receive a fair trial in the US.[288][289] In mid-October, he visited his son in Moscow, later telling the press that he was pleased with Edward's situation, and still believed Russia was the best choice for his asylum, saying he wouldn't have to worry about people "rushing across the border to render him". Snowden commented that his son found living in Russia "comfortable", and Moscow "modern and sophisticated".[290] Snowden's lawyer, Kucherena, announced on October 31 that his client had found a technical support job providing maintenance for Russia's largest website.[291][292][293] Former CIA analyst Ray McGovern, who had traveled to Russia to give Snowden a whistleblower award, said that Snowden did not give any storage devices such as hard drives or USB flash drives to Russia or China, and that the four laptops he carried with him "were a 'diversion' and contained no secrets".[294] American officials said that they have no proof of Russia or China having received such files.[295][296] In an October 2013 interview, Snowden maintained that he did not bring any classified material into Russia "because it wouldn't serve the public interest". He added "there's a zero percent chance the Russians or Chinese have received any documents".[70] File:Edward Snowden speaks about everything.webm Edward Snowden speaks about various topics at the Sam Adams Award presentation in Moscow WikiLeaks released video of Snowden on October 11 taken during the Sam Adams Award reception in Moscow, his first public appearance in three months. Former US government officials attending the ceremony said that, contrary to claims from the US government, Snowden did not appear to be under the control of 'local security forces'. The whistle-blower group said that he was in good spirits, looked "remarkably well", and that he still believes he was right to release the NSA documents.[297][298] In the video, Snowden said "people all over the world are coming to realize" that the NSA's surveillance programs put people in danger, hurt the US and its economy, and "limit our ability to speak and think and live and be creative, to have relationships and associate freely" as well as putting people "at risk of coming into conflict with our own government".[299] On October 31, Snowden met with German lawmaker Hans-Christian Ströbele, a visit prompted by a recent leak revealing NSA surveillance of German Chancellor Angela Merkel's mobile phone for the past decade.[300][301] Snowden was invited to testify in Germany to "assist investigations" into the alleged surveillance of the German leader by explaining how the leaked documents 'fit together'; according to Stroebele, Snowden showed he "knew a lot" about the matter.[302][303][304] After the visit, Snowden indicated a willingness to testify, though not from Moscow as Germany requested. Snowden said he would rather give testimony before the US Congress, his second choice being Berlin.[305] WikiLeaks' representative Sarah Harrison, who accompanied Snowden from Hong Kong to Moscow, left Russia for Germany in early November after waiting until she felt confident he had "established himself and was free from the interference of any government." Her lawyers advised her to not return to her home in the UK, fearing she would be prosecuted under anti-terrorism laws.[306] In a statement released November 6 upon arrival in Germany, Harrison wrote "I...negotiated [Snowden's] safe exit from Hong Kong to take up his legal right to seek asylum. I was travelling with him on our way to Latin America when the United States revoked his passport, stranding him in Russia."[307] Journalist Glenn Greenwald commented on Snowden's Russian asylum: "[Snowden] didn't choose to be there. He was trying to get transit to Latin America, and then the US revoked his passport and threatened other countries out of offering Snowden safe passage."[308] NSA whistleblower Thomas Drake, who was also charged with espionage for leaking classified materials, said he believes Snowden would not be able to return to the US in the "foreseeable future", as he has "essentially been declared enemy of the State number 1, exhibit number 1".[309] According to Ströbele, Snowden was seeking asylum 'in a "democratic" country' such as Germany or France, and wanted to leave Russia at the end of his year-long asylum.[310] Snowden's legal advisors Radack and Kucherena indicated that Snowden would remain in Russia, however, with Radack saying in January 2014 that Snowden "hopes that [his temporary asylum] will be renewed for another year or into a permanent asylum because he is safe there [in Russia] and he knows that."[311] In Russia "he is protected from a lot of people who would like to harm him," Radack noted.[312] On December 17, 2013 Snowden wrote an open letter to the people of Brazil offering to assist the Brazilian government in investigating allegations of US spying, and added that he continued to seek, and would require, asylum.[313] Snowden wrote, "Until a country grants permanent political asylum, the US government will continue to interfere with my ability to speak...going so far as to force down the Presidential Plane of Evo Morales to prevent me from traveling to Latin America!"[314] Brazil had been in an uproar since Snowden revealed that the US was spying on Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, her senior advisors, and Brazil's national oil company, Petrobras.[315] Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff and officials of the Brazilian foreign ministry said in response to the letter that they could not consider asylum for Snowden because they had not received any formal request for asylum from him.[316][317][318] A representative of the foreign ministry said that a fax requesting asylum had been sent to the Brazilian embassy in Moscow in July but it had not been signed and could not be authenticated.[316] David Miranda, the Brazilian partner of Glenn Greenwald, launched an internet petition urging the Brazilian president to consider offering Snowden asylum.[319] Some prominent Brazilian senators expressed support for giving asylum to Snowden,[317] including Senator Ricardo Ferraco (president of the Senate Foreign Relations and Defense Committee),[316][318] although some other politicians, mainly opponents of Rousseff's government, said Brazil should not risk further harming relations between Brazil and the US by offering Snowden asylum.[318] In July, the Brazilian Senate's Foreign Relations and Defense Committee had unanimously recommended granting asylum to Snowden.[317] Snowden met with Barton Gellman of The Washington Post six months after the disclosure for an exclusive interview spanning 14 hours, his first since being granted temporary asylum. Snowden talked about his life in Russia as "an indoor cat", reflected on his time as an NSA contractor, and discussed at length the revelations of global surveillance and their reverberations. Snowden said, "In terms of personal satisfaction, the mission's already accomplished...I already won. As soon as the journalists were able to work, everything that I had been trying to do was validated."[47] He commented "I am not trying to bring down the NSA, I am working to improve the NSA...I am still working for the NSA right now. They are the only ones who don't realize it." On the accusation from former CIA and NSA director Michael Hayden that he had defected, Snowden stated, "If I defected at all, I defected from the government to the public."[47] Snowden's Russian attorney, Anatoly Kucherena, announced in January 2014 that a media report coming from the US had left his client in fear for his life.[320][321] An interview with "intelligence operators", including a Pentagon official, an Army intelligence officer, and NSA analysts, published on the condition of anonymity by BuzzFeed in mid-January, detailed ways they said Snowden can be killed and expressed a strong desire by some to carry out such plans.[25] Regarding the report, Kucherena said, "This is a real death threat and we are concerned about the fact it has prompted no reaction from anybody."[320] When asked about the BuzzFeed story, State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf said she had not read the article, but that death threats were "totally inappropriate" and had "no place in our discussion of these issues."[322][323] Snowden wrote that the various threats on his life were "concerning", primarily because "current, serving officials of our government are so comfortable in their authorities that they're willing to tell reporters on the record that they think the due process protections of the 5th Amendment of our Constitution are outdated concepts. These are the same officials telling us to trust that they'll honor the 4th and 1st Amendments. This should bother all of us. The fact that it's also a direct threat to my life is something I am aware of, but I'm not going to be intimidated."[324] In his first television interview,[325] which aired on Germany's NDR January 26, 2014, the initial question posed to him was whether he had trouble sleeping at night due to the media reports. He said, "I'm still alive and I don't lose sleep because I've done what I feel I needed to do. It was the right thing to do and I'm not going to be afraid."[187][326][327] Kucherena had also expressed his concern for Snowden's safety the previous August. Andrei Soldatov told the Associated Press at that time that "American intelligence does not kidnap or assassinate people in Russia, that's a fact. [Kucherena's statements about Snowden's safety are] just a pretext."[328] On Meet the Press in late January, speculation arose from top US officials in the House and Senate Intelligence Committees that Snowden might have been assisted by Russian intelligence,[329] prompting a rare interview during which Snowden spoke in his defense. He told The New Yorker "this 'Russian spy' push is absurd", adding that he "clearly and unambiguously acted alone, with no assistance from anyone, much less a government."[198] The New York Times reported that investigations by the NSA and the FBI "have turned up no evidence that Mr. Snowden was aided by others".[330] Days later, Feinstein stated that she had seen no evidence that Snowden is a Russian spy.[331] Germany's Der Spiegel suggested the accusations were part of a 'smear campaign' by US officials. For Snowden, the smears did not "mystify" him; he said that "outlets report statements that the speakers themselves admit are sheer speculation".[332] In late January 2014, US attorney general, Eric Holder in an interview with MSNBC indicated that the US could allow Snowden to return from Russia under negotiated terms, saying he was prepared to engage in conversation with him, but that full clemency would be going too far.[333] According to German politician Hans-Christian Ströbele, Snowden is seeking permanent asylum in a "democratic" country such as Germany or France.[310] On March 12, 2014, the international advocacy group European Digital Rights (EDRi) reported that the European Parliament, in adopting a Data Protection Reform Package, rejected amendments that would have dropped charges against Snowden and granted him asylum or refugee status.[334] Snowden's legal adviser, Jesselyn Radack, said in January 2014 that Snowden would eventually like to return to the US "if the conditions were right," but that he knows he is safe in Russia for the present.[311] Reaction[edit] Main article: Reactions to global surveillance disclosures See also: Commentary on Edward Snowden's disclosure Snowden's release of NSA material was called the most significant leak in US history by Pentagon Papers leaker Daniel Ellsberg.[335][336] Ellsberg said "Snowden's disclosures are a true constitutional moment" enabling the press to hold the Executive branch of the US federal government accountable, while the legislative and judiciary branch refused to do so.[337] The 'accountability' mechanisms of the US government, he said, are "a one-sided secret court, which acts as a rubber stamp, and a Congressional 'oversight' committee, which has turned into the NSA's public relations firm."[337] On January 14, 2014, Ellsberg posted to his Twitter page: "Edward Snowden has done more for our Constitution in terms of the Fourth and First Amendment than anyone else I know."[338] United States President Barack Obama was initially dismissive of Snowden, saying in June 2013, "I'm not going to be scrambling jets to get a 29-year-old hacker".[339][340][341] In August, Obama rejected the suggestion that Snowden was a patriot[342] and would later say that "the benefit of the debate he generated was not worth the damage done, because there was another way of doing it."[343] In January 2014, Obama mentioned Snowden in a speech covering proposed reforms to the NSA's surveillance program and said that "our nation's defense depends in part on the fidelity of those entrusted with our nation's secrets. If any individual who objects to government policy can take it into their own hands to publicly disclose classified information, then we will not be able to keep our people safe, or conduct foreign policy." Obama also objected to the "sensational" way the leaks had been reported, saying the reporting often "shed more heat than light". He went on to assert that the disclosures had revealed "methods to our adversaries that could impact our operations".[344] On his blog, Vermont senator Bernie Sanders praised Snowden for sparking a debate on a matter of surveillance.[345] Ron Paul began a petition urging the Obama Administration to grant Snowden clemency.[346] On February 14, 2014, Paul announced the petition and released a video on his website, saying, "Edward Snowden sacrificed his livelihood, citizenship, and freedom by exposing the disturbing scope of the NSA's worldwide spying program. Thanks to one man's courageous actions, Americans know about the truly egregious ways their government is spying on them."[347] Intelligence services whistleblower Frank Snepp acknowledged the debate but condemned Snowden's actions as nonetheless "reprehensible."[348] Ex-CIA director James Woolsey said in December 2013 that if Snowden was convicted of treason, he should be hanged.[24] One of Snowden's legal advisers, Jesselyn Radack, said that Snowden "has concerns for his safety" based on this and joking remarks between Hayden and House Intelligence Committee chairman Mike Rogers about putting Snowden on a "kill list".[349][350] According to Mike Rogers and ranking member Dutch Ruppersberger, a classified Pentagon report written by military intelligence officials contends that Edward Snowden's leaks had put US troops at risk and prompted terrorists to change their tactics, and that "most files copied" were related to current US military operations.[351] Glenn Greenwald and Ben Wizner, an ACLU lawyer representing Snowden, disputed these claims, stating that Snowden's leaks overwhelmingly relate to NSA activities and noting that similar claims were made about the Pentagon Papers.[352] On January 1, 2014, the Editorial Board of The New York Times praised Snowden as a whistleblower and wrote in favor of granting him clemency or "at least a substantially reduced punishment," arguing that while Snowden may have broken the law, he had "done his country a great service" by bringing the abuses of the NSA to light. "When someone reveals that government officials have routinely and deliberately broken the law," they wrote, "that person should not face life in prison at the hands of the same government." The Times further criticized James Clapper for lying to Congress about the NSA's surveillance activities and cast doubt on the claim made by Snowden's critics that he had damaged national security. The editorial concluded with a request to President Obama to discontinue the "vilification" of Snowden and to offer Snowden "an incentive to return home."[11][353] The article garnered an unusual amount of "heat" for an editorial, with responses from multiple media outlets.[354] The editorial board of The Guardian called for a pardon in an article coincidentally published on the same day. The board asked President Obama to "use his executive powers to treat [Snowden] humanely and in a manner that would be a shining example about the value of whistleblowers and of free speech itself."[355][356] In his article dated January 4, 2014, "Moves to Curb Spying Help Drive the Clemency Argument for Snowden", Peter Baker of The New York Times laid out the polarization of opinions throughout the US and the impetus toward clemency gained by the public reaction to the revelations of the surveillance. He notes that officials in the intelligence establishment "warn that letting Mr. Snowden off the hook would set a dangerous precedent" and contrasts that with the statement of attorney Bruce Fein about the protections afforded by the First Amendment, "It prohibits government from punishing communications that expose government lawlessness whether or not the illegality is classified" and saying further, "Calling government to account for breaking the law is a compelling civic duty of all citizens."[357] The author also noted that similar polarization has arisen in judicial review, citing judge Leon's ruling that the surveillance program in question "was probably unconstitutional", implying that laws passed to enable such programs could be struck down. Cybersecurity scholar Peter Singer divided the material disclosed by Snowden into three categories: "smart, useful espionage against enemies of the United States; legally questionable activities that involved US citizens through backdoors and fudging of policy/law; un-strategic (stupid) actions targeting American allies that has had huge blowback on US standing and US business." It was postulated that these were differing ways people viewed Snowden, which could explain why he was so polarizing.[358] Singer also spoke of a "double legacy" from the NSA revelations released by Snowden: "One, it's hollowed out the American ability to operate effectively in ensuring the future of the internet itself, in the way we would hope it would be. That has huge long-term consequences. And the second is, it's been and will be a hammer-blow to American technology companies. The cloud computing industry, for example, had a recent estimate that they'll lose $36 billion worth of business because of this."[359] In February 2014, Intelligence Squared held an "Oxford style" debate titled "Snowden Was Justified"[360] addressing the opposing, widely held views that Snowden was a "whistleblower", and alternately, a "traitor". Ex-CIA director R. James Woolsey and former federal prosecutor Andrew C. McCarthy argued against the motion, while ACLU lawyer representing Snowden, Ben Wizner, and Pentagon Papers leaker Daniel Ellsberg argued in favor.[360] Prior to arguments, the audience was split on the matter at 29 percent. After the debate, 54 percent found that Snowden was justified and 35 percent were against.[361] In March 2014, former US president Jimmy Carter said that if he were still president today he would "certainly consider" giving Snowden a pardon were he to be found guilty and imprisoned for his leaks.[362] Debate[edit] Snowden said in December 2013 that he was "inspired by the global debate" ignited by the leaks, and stated that NSA's "culture of indiscriminate global espionage... is collapsing".[363] International community[edit] Demonstration at Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin against the NSA surveillance program PRISM during Barack Obama's visit, June 18, 2013 Crediting the Snowden leaks, the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted Resolution 68/167,[364] an 'anti-spying resolution' to 'protect the right to privacy against unlawful surveillance' in the wake of reports that 35 foreign leaders were subjects of US eavesdropping.[365][366] The resolution "unequivocally states that the same rights that people have off-line must also be protected online."[367][368] The European Parliament invited Snowden to make a pre-recorded video appearance to aid their NSA investigation.[369][370] Snowden gave written testimony in which he said that he was seeking asylum in the EU, but that he was told by European Parliamentarians that the US would not allow EU partners to make such an offer.[27] He told the Parliament that the NSA was working with the security agencies of EU states to "get access to as much data of EU citizens as possible".[371] The NSA's Foreign Affairs Division, he claimed, lobbies the EU and other countries to change their laws, allowing for "everyone in the country" to be spied on legally.[372] United States[edit] In the US, Snowden's actions precipitated an intense debate on privacy and warrantless domestic surveillance.[373][374] Jim Sensenbrenner, author of the Patriot Act, submitted a proposal on October 29, 2013 called the "USA Freedom Act", which would end the bulk collection of Americans' metadata, and reform the FISA court.[375] Director of National Intelligence James Clapper condemned Snowden's actions as having done "huge, grave damage" to US intelligence capabilities, while United States Secretary of State John Kerry stated that "in some cases" the NSA had gone "too far" in some of its surveillance activities, and promised that it would be stopped.[376][377] At the end of 2013, The Washington Post noted that the public debate, lawsuits, "presidential task forces, and attempts at legislative remedy" had not brought about any "meaningful policy change". They printed: "...the status quo continues, if with forced disclosures and administration arguments that the public just doesn't understand how difficult it is to prevent the next 9/11 – even though there's been no evidence publicly revealed so far that these measures have prevented the next 9/11."[152] An analysis released by the New America Foundation in January 2014 reviewed 225 terrorism cases since the September 11 attacks found that the NSA's bulk collection of phone records "has had no discernible impact on preventing acts of terrorism", and that US governments' claims of the program's usefulness were "overblown".[378][379] Officials maintained that the program was a good "insurance policy".[380] Another review in January 2014, this from the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board (PCLOB), found the NSA's phone metadata program to be illegal and of "only limited value". The board, chosen by Obama, said it "implicates constitutional concerns under the First and Fourth Amendments." The board was unable to find "a single instance" that the program "made a concrete difference in the outcome of a terrorism investigation" or "directly contributed to the discovery of a previously unknown terrorist plot or the disruption of a terrorist attack."[381] The White House rejected the findings, saying "We simply disagree with the board's analysis on the legality of the program".[382] A survey conducted by USA Today and Pew Research Center in January 2014 revealed a change in American's opinion of phone and Internet metadata collection. In July 2013, 50 percent supported the NSA programs. Six months later, the percentage dropped to 40.[383] The Republican Party in early 2014 voted unanimously to pass a "Resolution To Renounce The National Security Agency’s Surveillance Program" which called for a "special committee to investigate, report, and reveal to the public the extent of this domestic spying". They said that Snowden's revelations had uncovered "an invasion into the personal lives of American citizens that violates the right of free speech and association afforded by the First Amendment of the United States Constitution" and that "the mass collection and retention of personal data is in itself contrary to the right of privacy protected by the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution."[384] The resolution endorses legislation proposed by Justin Amash.[385] Presidential panel[edit] Obama also said that he himself had called for a review of US surveillance activities even before Snowden had begun revealing details of the NSA's operations.[342] On August 9, Obama announced that he was ordering Director of National Intelligence James Clapper to arrange for "a high-level group of outside experts to review our entire intelligence and communications technologies."[386][387] In December, the task force issued 46 recommendations that, if adopted, would subject the NSA to additional scrutiny by the courts, Congress, and the president, and would strip the NSA of the authority to infiltrate American computer systems using "backdoors" in hardware or software.[388] Geoffrey Stone, a panel member, said there was no evidence that the bulk collection of phone data had stopped any terror attacks.[389] Court rulings[edit] On June 6, 2013, in the wake of Snowden's leaks, conservative public interest lawyer and Judicial Watch founder Larry Klayman filed a lawsuit claiming that the federal government had unlawfully collected metadata for his telephone calls and was harassing him. In Klayman v. Obama, Judge Richard J. Leon ruled the bulk telephony metadata program to be "likely unconstitutional."[390] Snowden would later describe Judge Leon's decision as "vindication."[391] On June 11, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) filed a lawsuit against James Clapper, Director of National Intelligence, alleging that the NSA's phone records program was unconstitutional. In December 2013, ten days after Judge Leon's ruling, Judge William H. Pauley III came to the opposite conclusion. In ACLU v. Clapper, although he found that privacy concerns are not trivial, Pauley ruled that the potential benefits of surveillance outweigh these considerations.[392] Gary Schmitt, former staff director of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, wrote that "The two decisions have generated public confusion over the constitutionality of the NSA's data collection program—a kind of judicial 'he-said, she-said' standoff."[393] Public opinion polls[edit] Surveys conducted by news and professional polling organizations have found public opinion more supportive of Snowden outside the United States than within. In June 2013, when Americans were asked to describe Snowden in a single word, 12 percent said he was a hero and 21 percent called him a traitor.[394] Six months later, 8 percent said hero and 23 percent traitor.[395] By contrast, a June 2013 Emnid poll revealed that 50 percent of Germans considered Snowden a hero, and 35 percent would hide him in their homes.[396] Similarly, in October 2013, when 51 percent of Americans thought Snowden was "something of a hero" and 49 percent found him to be "more of a traitor," 67 percent of Canadians considered him a hero, as did 60 percent of UK respondents.[397] American public opinion has consistently been closely divided. Asked for their general impression, in June 2013, 40 percent of US respondents felt favorably and 39 percent unfavorably towards Snowden.[398] Six months later, the results were little changed, with 43 percent favorable and 41 percent unfavorable.[399] Asked specifically whether his disclosures were beneficial or detrimental, in June 2013, 49 percent of Americans said Snowden had served the public interest, and 44 percent thought he'd harmed national security.[400] Six months later, 40 percent believed the leaks had been helpful, and 46 percent said they'd been bad for the country.[395] Polls showed more movement over time on the question of whether Snowden was right or wrong to leak. American respondents saying he was right declined by nearly half from 44 percent in June 2013[401] to 23 percent in January 2014,[402] before rebounding partially to 31 percent in March 2014.[403] Those saying Snowden was wrong to leak also fluctuated, from 42 percent in June 2013[401] to a high of 55 percent in November 2013[404] to 33 percent in March 2014.[403] Asked whether or not the US government ought to pursue a criminal case against Snowden, in June 2013, 54 percent said he should be prosecuted and 38 percent disagreed.[400] By March 2014, those favoring prosecution had declined to 45 percent, with 34 percent opposed.[403] A 2014 Pew/USA Today poll revealed that 18- to 29-year-old Americans were significantly more supportive than those over 65, and were the only age group where a majority did not favor prosecution, being evenly split 42 percent to 42 percent on whether Snowden should be tried. Fifty-seven percent of 18- to 29-year olds thought he had served rather than harmed public interest.[405] An April 2014 poll found that while Americans were split on whether Snowden's actions were right or wrong, 53 percent believed the public deserved to know about the NSA programs revealed by his leaks, whilst 24 percent believed the programs should not have been disclosed.[403] Another April 2014 poll showed that since Snowden's disclosures, Americans were using the Internet less for things like email, online shopping and banking.[406][407] Recognition[edit] Edward Snowden was voted as The Guardian's person of the year 2013, garnering four times the number of votes than any other candidate.[408] The 2013 list of leading Global Thinkers,[409] published annually by Foreign Policy placed Snowden in first place due to the impact of his revelations. FP's "Global Conversation visualization"[410] showed that Snowden "occupied a role in 2013's global news media coverage just slightly less important than President Barack Obama himself".[411] Snowden was named Time's Person of the Year runner-up in 2013, behind Pope Francis.[412] TIME was criticized for not placing him in the top spot.[413][414][415] Snowden headed the Ten Tech Heroes of 2013 at TechRepublic, the site of an on-line newsletter circulated among IT professionals. Editor Jack Wallen placed Snowden in the number one position of his list and wrote, "Ed Snowden was a whistle blower the likes of which the world has never seen. Many consider him a villain. I, on the other hand, hold him up in the hero category for one simple reason: His disclosure of classified documents unveiled the NSA's mass surveillance program. Snowden's goal was "...to inform the public as to that which is done in their name and that which is done against them." Prior to this leak, the public was unaware of the depth of surveillance and the true nature of government secrecy. His disclosures have also had major implications for those in the technology field."[416] Snowden joined the board of directors of the Freedom of the Press Foundation, co-founded by Daniel Ellsberg, in January 2014. Journalists Glenn Greenwald and Laura Poitras serve as staff members of the organization.[417] Rector of the University of Glasgow[edit] On February 18, 2014, Snowden was elected to serve as Rector of the University of Glasgow,[418] a position widely described as symbolic.[419][420][421][422] Officially taking office on March 14, 2014,[423] Snowden became the first American Rector in the position's 366-year history. Snowden beat three competitors and received over half of the 6,560 votes.[424][425][426] The nomination was arranged by a group of Glasgow University students along with the help of Snowden's lawyer.[427][428] Like past rector Winnie Mandela, Snowden will not visit the campus in person[429] and will not be expected to fulfil his duties as rector, a job which involves representing student issues to senior management.[423] He will serve for three years.[29] Following the election, Snowden issued a statement saying he was "humbled by and grateful for...this historic statement in defence of our shared values". He continued: We are reminded by this bold decision that the foundation of all learning is daring: the courage to investigate, to experiment, to inquire. If we do not contest the violation of the fundamental right of free people to be left unmolested in their thoughts, associations, and communications - to be free from suspicion without cause - we will have lost the foundation of our thinking society. The defence of this fundamental freedom is the challenge of our generation, a work that requires constructing new controls and protections to limit the extraordinary powers of states over the domain of human communication.[430][431] German "Whistleblower Prize"[edit] Edward Snowden was awarded the biennial German "whistleblower prize" in August 2013, in absentia, with an accompanying award equal to 3,000 euro. Established in 1999, the award is sponsored by the German branch of the International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms and by the Association of German Scientists.[432] Organizers in Berlin said the prize was to acknowledge his "bold efforts to expose the massive and unsuspecting monitoring and storage of communication data, which cannot be accepted in democratic societies".[433] Snowden responded to the award, saying it was "a great honor to be recognized for the public good created by this act of whistleblowing", and that it was not he, but the public who effected "this powerful change to abrogation of basic constitutional rights by secret agencies".[434] Sam Adams Award[edit] Edward Snowden during the Sam Adams Award ceremony in Moscow, October 2013 The Sam Adams Award was presented to Snowden by a group of four American former intelligence officers and whistleblowers in October 2013. After two months as an asylee, Snowden made his first public appearance in Moscow to accept the award, a candlestick holder meant to symbolize "bringing light to dark corners".[297] One of the presenters, FBI whistleblower Jesselyn Radack of the Government Accountability Project, told The Nation, "We believe that Snowden exemplifies Sam Adams's courage, persistence and devotion to truth—no matter what the consequences. We wanted Snowden to know that, as opposed to the daily vitriol from the US government and mainstream media, 60 percent of the United States supports him, including thousands in the national security and intelligence agencies where we used to work."[435] Alternative Christmas Message[edit] Snowden was chosen to give Britain's 2013 "Alternative Christmas Message", Channel 4's alternative to the Royal Christmas Message by Queen Elizabeth II.[436] The Message is normally given by non-establishment figures.[437][438] In what was Snowden's first television appearance since arriving in Russia, the address focused on the importance of privacy and the need for an end to government surveillance.[439] In the 1.5-minute segment[440] he said that the recently revealed "worldwide mass surveillance", a system resulting from teamwork between governments, is what George Orwell warned about in 1984, a novel about a society controlled by an ever-present Big Brother.[441] The difference is, Snowden noted, that today's surveillance capabilities far surpass those Orwell described, saying "We have sensors in our pockets that track us everywhere we go ... A child born today [will] never know what it means to have a private moment to themselves, an unrecorded, un-analyzed thought. That's a problem because privacy matters; [it] allows us to determine who we are, and who we want to be." On the debate initiated by his leaks, he stated: "The conversation occurring today will determine the amount of trust we can place both in the technology that surrounds us and the government that regulates it. Together we can find a better balance, end mass surveillance and remind the government that if it really wants to know how we feel asking is always cheaper than spying."[442][443] The piece was filmed, edited and produced by Laura Poitras.[442] Conference speaking engagements[edit] Snowden spoke at the South by Southwest (SXSW) Interactive technology conference in Austin, Texas, in front of 3,500 attendees on March 10, 2014. He participated by teleconference carried over multiple routers running the Google Hangouts platform. On-stage moderators were Christopher Soghoian and Snowden's legal counsel Wizner, both from the ACLU.[444] Snowden said that the NSA was "setting fire to the future of the internet", and that the SXSW audience was "the firefighters."[445][446][447] Attendees could use Twitter to send questions to Snowden, who answered one by saying that information gathered by corporations was much less dangerous than that gathered by a government agency, because "governments have the power to deprive you of your rights."[445] Representative Mike Pompeo of the House Intelligence Committee had tried unsuccessfully to get the SXSW management to cancel Snowden's appearance; instead, SXSW director Hugh Forrest said that the NSA was welcome to respond to Snowden at the 2015 conference.[445] Later the same month, Snowden appeared by teleconference at the TED conference in Vancouver, British Columbia. Represented on stage by a robot with a video screen, video camera, microphones and speakers, Snowden conversed with TED curator Chris Anderson, and told the attendees that online businesses should act quickly to encrypt their websites. He described the NSA's PRISM program as the U.S. government using businesses to collect data for them, and that the NSA "intentionally misleads corporate partners" using, as an example, the Bullrun decryption program to create backdoor access.[448] Snowden said he would gladly return to the U.S. if given immunity from prosecution, but that he was more concerned about alerting the public about abuses of government authority.[448] Anderson invited internet pioneer Tim Berners-Lee on stage to converse with Snowden, who said that he would support Berners-Lee's concept of an "internet Magna Carta" to "encode our values in the structure of the internet."[448][449] Ridenhour Truth-Telling Prize[edit] In April 2014 Snowden was awarded the Ridenhour Truth-Telling Prize together with Laura Poitras.[450] Snowden Effect[edit] The Economist printed, "the big consequence" of the "Snowden Effect"[clarification needed] will be that "countries and companies will erect borders of sorts in cyberspace."[451] In The Nation, the Snowden Effect was described thusly: "[Snowden's] actions have sparked a debate about the intersection of national security and individual privacy that we weren’t having six months ago, but should have been."[452] In Forbes, the Effect was seen as evidenced by a rare bipartisan movement in the US Congress: "a divided, intransigent Congress seems nearly united over the idea that the massive domestic intelligence gathering system that grew after 9/11 has simply gone too far."[453] Tech[edit] In the technology industry, the Snowden Effect had a profound impact after it was revealed that the NSA was tapping into the information held by some US cloud-based services. Google, Cisco, and AT&T lost business internationally due to the "outcry" over their role in NSA spying. It has been estimated that the cloud-based computing industry could lose up to $35 billion in the next three years.[454] Wall Street Journal reported that the "Snowden Effect" was the top tech story of 2013, saying the Snowden leaks "taught businesses that the convenience of the cloud cuts both ways". The Journal predicted the 'effect' would top 2014 news as well, given the amount of documents yet to be revealed.[455] In China, the most profitable country for US tech companies, all are "under suspicion as either witting or unwitting collaborators" in the NSA spying, and are "on the defensive", according to the director of the Research Center for Chinese Politics and Business at Indiana University.[456] The effect was also seen in changes to investment in the industry, with security "back on the map".[457] After revelations that German Chancellor Angela Merkel's mobile was being tapped, the tech industry rushed to create a secure cell phone.[457] According to TechRepublic, revelations from the NSA leaks have "rocked the IT world" and have had a "chilling effect". The three biggest impacts were seen as: increased interest in encryption, business leaving US companies, and a reconsideration of the safety of cloud technology.[458] The Blackphone, which the New Yorker calls "a phone for the age of Snowden"- described as "a smartphone explicitly designed for security and privacy"- has been created by the makers of GeeksPhone, Silent Circle, and PGP, designed to provide encryption for phone calls, emails, texts, and internet browsing.[459][460] Lavabit[edit] The owner of a secure email service which Snowden used, Lavabit, shut down the service after being forced to release the secure keys to his site to the FBI, exposing all 410,000 users to FBI's resulting ability to read all email routed via Lavabit.[461] The move was mirrored days later by a similar email provider called Silent Circle.[462] Three months later, owners of the two companies joined forces and announced their new email service, "Dark Mail Alliance",[463] designed to be resistant to government surveillance.[464][465] In popular culture[edit] Metro bus ad in DC thanks Edward Snowden Snowden's passage through Hong Kong inspired a local production team to produce a low-budget five-minute film entitled Verax. The film, depicting the time Snowden spent hiding in the Mira Hotel while being unsuccessfully tracked by the CIA and China's Ministry of State Security, was uploaded to YouTube on June 25, 2013.[466][467] A dramatic thriller about Edward Snowden, Classified: The Edward Snowden Story, is scheduled for release on September 19, 2014. The film is being crowdfunded and plans are to release the final product as a free download. The feature-length film is directed by Jason Bourque and produced by Travis Doering; actor Kevin Zegers plays the character of Edward Snowden. Michael Shanks stars as journalist Glenn Greenwald and Carmen Aguirre plays filmmaker Laura Poitras.[468] In September 2013, the TV series South Park parodied the Snowden revelations, with Eric Cartman standing in for Snowden. The episode, titled "Let Go, Let Gov", received the highest ratings for the show in two years.[469][470] Snowden has been featured in video games[471][472] and has an action figure made in his image. Although not endorsed by Snowden, proceeds from the $99 doll are donated to Freedom of the Press Foundation, where he serves on the board of directors.[473][474] In the District of Columbia, the Partnership for Civil Justice Fund (PCJF), a free speech advocacy group, sponsored ads that said "Thank You Edward Snowden" and were featured on the sides of DC city buses for 4 weeks in late 2013.[475][476] The controversial, crowd-funded campaign[477] included an online message of support which gathered 14,000 signatures by the time it had begun.[475][478] PCJF co-founder Carl Messineo said, "It’s time to stop the NSA from seizing and searching my emails, my gmail, logging my telephone calls. I never signed up for this. The US citizenry does not want this. And I want the people who see the bus to know that there are millions of others thinking the exact same thing."[479] The ad was initially planned for one bus in December 2013, but the organizers said they received enough support from around the world to sponsor partial ads on 5 more buses in 2014.[480] See also[edit] 2013 global surveillance disclosures Timeline of mass surveillance disclosures Aftermath of the global surveillance disclosure Global surveillance and journalism NSA warrantless surveillance (2001–07) Classified information in the United States Extraordinary rendition ECHELON Information sensitivity List of people granted asylum List of people who have lived at airports List of United States extradition treaties List of whistleblowers Martin and Mitchell defection Mass surveillance Mass surveillance in the United Kingdom Mass surveillance in the United States NSA whistleblowers William Binney Thomas Andrews Drake Perry Fellwock Mark Klein Thomas Tamm Russ Tice Stellar Wind (code name) Terrorist Surveillance Program P vip.svgBiography portal Free-speech-flag.svgFreedom of speech portal Great Seal of the United States (obverse).svgGovernment of the United States portal Computer-aj aj ashton 01.svgInformation technology portal Fbi duquesne.jpgIntelligence portal Notes[edit] 1.Jump up ^ Hong Kong's Secretary for Justice Rimsky Yuen argued that government officials did not issue a provisional arrest warrant for Snowden due to "discrepancies and missing information" in the paperwork sent by US authorities. Yuen explained that Snowden's full name was inconsistent, and his US passport number was also missing.[214] Hong Kong also wanted more details of the charges and evidence against Snowden to make sure it was not a political case. Secretary for Justice Rimsky Yuen said he spoke to US Attorney General Eric Holder by phone to reinforce the request for details "absolutely necessary" for detention of Snowden. Yuen said "As the US government had failed to provide the information by the time Snowden left Hong Kong, it was impossible for the Department of Justice to apply to a court for a temporary warrant of arrest. In fact, even at this time, the US government has still not provided the details we asked for."[215] References[edit] 1.Jump up ^ "Former U.S. officials give NSA whistleblower Snowden award in Russia". Haaretz. October 10, 2013. 2.Jump up ^ Savage, Charlie; Mazzetti, Mark (June 10, 2013). "Cryptic Overtures and a Clandestine Meeting Gave Birth to a Blockbuster Story". The New York Times. 3.Jump up ^ Carroll, Rory (February 9, 2014). "Snowden used simple technology to mine NSA computer networks". The Guardian. 4.^ Jump up to: a b Finn, Peter; Horwitz, Sari (June 21, 2013). "U.S. charges Snowden with espionage". The Washington Post. 5.^ Jump up to: a b Pilkington, Ed (June 30, 2013). "Assange stands by Edward Snowden as Ecuador's Correa reprimands consul – WikiLeaks founder says 'there is no stopping the publishing process' as NSA leaker remains stuck in Moscow airport". The Guardian. 6.Jump up ^ Khazan, Olga (June 23, 2013). "Why Edward Snowden Is Looking to Ecuador for Asylum – President Rafael Correa welcomed Julian Assange into the 'club of the persecuted.' Will he do the same for Snowden?". The Atlantic. 7.Jump up ^ "NSA Leaker Edward Snowden Thanks Russia for Asylum". Retrieved 8 April 2014. 8.Jump up ^ Edward Snowden a 'hero' for NSA disclosures, Wikipedia founder says | World news. The Guardian (November 25, 2013). 9.Jump up ^ Why Edward Snowden Is a Hero. The New Yorker. 10.Jump up ^ Oliver Stone defends Edward Snowden over NSA revelations. The Guardian. (July 5, 2013). 11.^ Jump up to: a b Editorial Board of The New York Times (January 1, 2013). "Edward Snowden, Whistle-Blower". The New York Times. 12.Jump up ^ Daniel Ellsberg: Edward Snowden Was Right To Leave The U.S. Huffington Post. 13.Jump up ^ Amash: Snowden a whistle-blower, 'told us what we need to know'. Fox News (August 4, 2013). 14.Jump up ^ "As Edward Snowden Receives Asylum in Russia, Poll Shows Americans Sympathetic to NSA 'Whistle-Blower' – Washington Whispers". usnews.com. August 1, 2013. 15.Jump up ^ "В Госдуме Э.Сноудена назвали новым диссидентом и борцом с системой ("Some in State Duma has called E. Snowden a dissident and fighter against the system")". RBC Daily. July 26, 2013. "Head of the State Duma Committee on International Affairs, Alexei Pushkov, has called Edward Snowden, whistleblower on the US intelligence services, a new dissident fighting the system." 16.Jump up ^ LoGiurato, Brett (June 11, 2013). "John Boehner: Edward Snowden Is A 'Traitor'". San Francisco Chronicle. 17.Jump up ^ de Nesnera, Andre (August 8, 2013). "Is NSA Leaker Edward Snowden a Traitor?". Washington: Voice of America. 18.Jump up ^ Etpatko, Larisa. "Former Defense Secretary Gates calls NSA leaker Snowden a 'traitor'". NewsHour. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 19.Jump up ^ Klein, Ezra. "Edward Snowden, patriot". The Washington Post. 20.Jump up ^ "Opinion: Edward Snowden is a patriot – Trevor Timm". Politico.Com. 21.Jump up ^ Goodman, Amy. ""Edward Snowden is a Patriot": Ex-NSA CIA, FBI and Justice Whistleblowers Meet Leaker in Moscow". Democracy Now. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 22.^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h Greenwald, Glenn; MacAskill, Ewen; Poitras, Laura (June 9, 2013). "Edward Snowden: the whistleblower behind the NSA surveillance revelations". The Guardian (London). 23.Jump up ^ Lennard, Natasha (January 24, 2014). "Holder: Possible plea deal for Snowden". Salon. 24.^ Jump up to: a b "Ex-CIA director: Snowden should be 'hanged' if convicted for treason". Fox News Channel. 25.^ Jump up to: a b Johnson, Benny. "America's Spies Want Edward Snowden Dead". Buzzfeed. Retrieved January 21, 2014. 26.Jump up ^ Mackey, Robert. "Video From Snowden's German TV Interview". NYT. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 27.^ Jump up to: a b Peralta, Eyder. "Edward Snowden Tells EU Parliament He Wants Asylum In Europe". NPR. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 28.Jump up ^ "Edward Snowden takes up reins as rector of Glasgow University". News.Stv.tv. STV. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 29.^ Jump up to: a b Volts, Dustin. "Edward Snowden Just Got Yet Another New Job". National Journal. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 30.Jump up ^ Petresen, Andrea. "Edward Snowden has a new gig: Joins board of press freedom group". WaPo. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 31.Jump up ^ Voltz, Dustin. "Edward Snowden Just Got Yet Another New Job". National Journal. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 32.^ Jump up to: a b Ackerman, Spencer (June 10, 2013). "Edward Snowden failed in attempt to join US army's elite special forces unit". The Guardian (London). "The army did confirm Snowden's date of birth: June 21, 1983." 33.Jump up ^ "Report: Snowden has document to enter Russia". WVEC. July 24, 2013. "Edward Snowden, who was born in Elizabeth City, NC, is wanted in the U.S. for espionage." 34.^ Jump up to: a b c d Tracy, Connor (June 10, 2013). "What we know about NSA leaker Edward Snowden". NBC News. 35.Jump up ^ Itkowitz, Colby; Sheehan, Daniel Patrick (June 10, 2013). "Edward Snowden's father, stepmother plan to make public statement". The Morning Call (Allentown, PA). 36.^ Jump up to: a b Toppo, Greg (June 10, 2013). "Former neighbor remembers Snowden as 'nice kid'". USA Today (Washington, D.C.). 37.Jump up ^ "Edward Snowden's father, a Lehigh County resident, tells network he's concerned for son's well-being". Leheigh Vally Express Times. 38.^ Jump up to: a b "Edward Snowden's Father Speaks Out To Fox About Media 'Misinformation,' Asks Son To Stop Leaking". Mediaite. May 26, 2013. 39.Jump up ^ "TIMELINE: Edward Snowden's Life As We Know It". ABC News. June 13, 2013. 40.^ Jump up to: a b "Profile: Edward Snowden". BBC News. June 10, 2013. 41.Jump up ^ Leger, Donna Leinwand (June 9, 2013). "NSA contractor: 'I know I have done nothing wrong'". USA Today (Washington DC). 42.Jump up ^ "U.S. Fears Edward Snowden May Defect to China: Sources". ABC News. June 13, 2013. p. 3. 43.Jump up ^ "Snowden's Life Surrounded By Spycraft". Associated Press. June 15, 2013. 44.Jump up ^ Cooke, Kristina; Shiffman, Scott (June 12, 2013). "Exclusive: Snowden as a teen online: anime and cheeky humor". Reuters. "Long before he became known worldwide as the NSA contractor who exposed top-secret U.S. government surveillance programs, Edward Snowden worked for a Japanese anime company run by friends and went by the nicknames "The True HOOHA" and "Phish."" 45.Jump up ^ Yoshida, Reiji (June 15, 2013). "Snowden Web manga profile still online". Japan Times (Tokyo). 46.Jump up ^ Broder, John M.; Shane, Scott (June 15, 2013). "For Snowden, a Life of Ambition, Despite the Drifting". The New York Times. "Mr. Snowden, who has taken refuge in Hong Kong, has studied Mandarin, was deeply interested in martial arts, claimed Buddhism as his religion and once mused that "China is definitely a good option career wise."" 47.^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h Gellmann, Barton (December 24, 2013). "Edward Snowden, after months of NSA revelations, says his mission's accomplished". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 48.Jump up ^ Malkin, Bonnie (June 11, 2013). "Edward Snowden's girlfriend revealed to be former ballet dancer". The Daily Telegraph (London). 49.Jump up ^ MacAskill, Ewen (June 9, 2013). "NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden: 'I do not expect to see home again'". The Guardian (London). 50.Jump up ^ Blake, Aaron (June 10, 2013). "Edward Snowden apparently a Ron Paul supporter". The Washington Post. 51.Jump up ^ Zara, Christopher (June 9, 2013). "NSA Whistleblower Revealed: Edward Snowden Donated $500 To Ron Paul's 2012 Presidential Campaign: Does NSA Whistleblower Have Libertarian Leanings?". International Business Times. 52.Jump up ^ Mullin, Joe (June 13, 2013). "NSA leaker Ed Snowden's life on Ars Technica". Ars Technica. 53.Jump up ^ Shane, Scott (June 26, 2013). "Under Snowden Screen Name, 2009 Post Berated Leaks". The New York Times. 54.Jump up ^ Welch, William M. (June 27, 2013). "Report: Snowden slammed leakers in online chats in 2009". USA Today. 55.Jump up ^ Mullin, Joe (June 26, 2013). "In 2009, Ed Snowden said leakers "should be shot." Then he became one..". Ars Technica. 56.^ Jump up to: a b c Harding, Luke (January 31, 2014). "How Edward Snowden went from loyal NSA contractor to whistleblower". The Guardian. 57.Jump up ^ Lam, Lana (June 13, 2013). "Whistle-blower Edward Snowden talks to South China Morning Post". South China Morning Post (Hong Kong). 58.^ Jump up to: a b Broder, John M.; Shane, Scott (June 15, 2013). "For Snowden, a Life of Ambition, Despite the Drifting". The New York Times. 59.Jump up ^ Ackerman, Spencer. "Edward Snowden did enlist for special forces, US army confirms". The Guardian. 60.Jump up ^ Gaskell, Stephanie (June 10, 2013). "Records show Army discharged Edward Snowden after five months". Politico. 61.Jump up ^ Finn, Peter; Miller, Greg; Nakashima, Ellen (June 10, 2013). "Investigators looking into how Snowden gained access at NSA". Washington Post. "University spokesman Brian Ullmann confirmed that in 2005, Snowden worked for less than a year as a “security specialist” for the school’s Center for Advanced Study of Language. The university-affiliated center, founded in 2003, is not a classified facility." 62.Jump up ^ Jijo, Jacob. "Edward Snowden Scandal: 'CIA Sent Him Home But NSA Hired Him Later'." International Business Times. October 11, 2013. Retrieved on January 30, 2014. 63.Jump up ^ "Edward Snowden: Ex-CIA worker comes forward as leaker, says he was protecting 'basic liberties'". Chicago Tribune. Reuters. June 10, 2013. 64.Jump up ^ Memmott, Mark (June 10, 2013). "Who Is Edward Snowden, The Self-Styled NSA Leaker?". NPR. 65.Jump up ^ Bütikofer, Christian (June 10, 2013). "Wie die CIA sich in Genf Bankdaten beschaffte" [How the CIA acquired bank data in Geneva]. Handelszeitung (in German) (Zürich). 66.Jump up ^ Der Sonntag and SonntagsBlick newspapers[which?] 67.Jump up ^ "Swiss president would back criminal probe against NSA leaker". Reuters. June 16, 2013. 68.Jump up ^ Schmitt, Eric. "C.I.A. Warning on Snowden in ’09 Said to Slip Through the Cracks." The New York Times. October 10, 2013. Retrieved on January 30, 2014. 69.Jump up ^ Schmitt, Eric. "C.I.A. Disputes Early Suspicions on Snowden". NYT. Retrieved January 31, 2014. 70.^ Jump up to: a b c Risen, James. "Snowden Says He Took No Secret Files to Russia". New York Times. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 71.Jump up ^ Drew, Christopher and Shane, Scott. Résumé Shows Snowden Honed Hacking Skills, The New York Times, July 4, 2013. 72.Jump up ^ Mark Hosenball (August 15, 2013), Snowden downloaded NSA secrets while working for Dell, sources say Reuters 73.Jump up ^ Greenberg, Andy (June 18, 2013). "NSA Implementing 'Two-Person' Rule To Stop The Next Edward Snowden". Forbes (New York). 74.Jump up ^ "National Security Agency Data Collection Programs". C-SPAN. June 18, 2013. Quotations from NSA Director in reply to question asked in open hearing of the House Intelligence Committee by Representative Lynn Westmoreland (R-GA) beginning at 02:14:00 on video counter. 75.Jump up ^ Flock, Elizabeth (September 25, 2012). "NSA Whistleblower Reveals How to Beat a Polygraph Test". Washington DC: U.S. News and World Report. 76.Jump up ^ Snowden 'took an ECSA course from Koenig Solutions'. The Times of India. 77.Jump up ^ Edward Snowden 'attended hacking course in India'. The Daily Telegraph. 78.Jump up ^ Edward Snowden 'sharpened his skills at Koenig Solutions'. Hindustan Times. 79.Jump up ^ Drew, Christopher; Scott Shane (July 4, 2013). "Résumé Shows Snowden Honed Hacking Skills". The New York Times. "In 2010, while working for a National Security Agency contractor, Edward J. Snowden learned to be a hacker. He took a course that trains security professionals to think like hackers and understand their techniques, all with the intent of turning out "certified ethical hackers" who can better defend their employers' networks." 80.Jump up ^ Gayathri, Amrutha (June 21, 2013). "USIS That Vetted Snowden Under Investigation; Booz Allen Hamilton Overlooked Snowden Resume Discrepancies". International Business Times. 81.Jump up ^ Sakthi Prasad (January 23, 2014). "U.S. brings fraud charges against firm that vetted Snowden". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 24, 2014. Retrieved January 25, 2014. "The U.S. Justice Department accused United States Investigations Services (USIS), the largest private provider of security checks for the government, of bilking millions of dollars through improper background verifications." 82.Jump up ^ Serge Schemann (January 24, 2014). "Distrust in America, War in Syria and Protests in Ukraine". New York Times. Archived from the original on January 25, 2014. "The complaint filed by the United States government against USIS thus underscored how extensively the government relied on contractors not only to do its secret work, but also to vet those very contractors." 83.Jump up ^ Isikoff, Michael (January 23, 2014). "DOJ accuses firm that vetted Snowden of faking 665,000 background checks". NBC News: Investigations. Retrieved February 20, 2014. 84.Jump up ^ "Edward Snowden: NSA whistleblower answers reader questions". The Guardian (London). June 14, 2013. 85.Jump up ^ Borger, Julian (June 9, 2013). "Booz Allen Hamilton: Edward Snowden's U.S. contracting firm". The Guardian (London). 86.Jump up ^ Gertz, Bill (June 13, 2013). "Officials Worried Snowden Will Pass Secrets to Chinese". Washington Free Beacon. Archived from the original on June 14, 2013. 87.^ Jump up to: a b Bacon, John. "Contractor fires Snowden from $122,000 per-year job". USA Today. 88.Jump up ^ Shane, Scott; Sanger, David E. (June 30, 2013). "Job Title Key to Inner Access Held by Snowden". The New York Times. 89.^ Jump up to: a b Greenwald, Glenn (June 17, 2013). "Edward Snowden Q&A: Dick Cheney traitor charge is 'the highest honor'". The Guardian. 90.Jump up ^ Lam, Lana (June 24, 2013). "Snowden sought Booz Allen job to gather evidence on NSA surveillance." South China Morning Post (Hong Kong). 91.Jump up ^ Mark Hosenball and Warren Strobel (November 7, 2013), Snowden persuaded other NSA workers to give up passwords – sources Reuters 92.Jump up ^ Mark Mazzetti and Michael S. Schmidt (December 15, 2013), Officials Say U.S. May Never Know Extent of Snowden's Leaks The New York Times 93.Jump up ^ Andy Greenberg (December 16, 2013), An NSA Coworker Remembers The Real Edward Snowden: 'A Genius Among Geniuses' Forbes 94.Jump up ^ Miller, Greg (January 24, 2014). "Snowden denies stealing passwords to access secret files". The Washington Post. 95.Jump up ^ Michael, Isikoff (February 12, 2014). "Exclusive: Snowden Swiped Password From NSA Coworker". nbcnews.com. NBC News. 96.Jump up ^ Nicks, Denver (February 13, 2014). "NSA Memo Says Snowden Tricked Colleague to Get Password". time.com. Time Inc. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 97.Jump up ^ Cassidy, John (January 23, 2014). "A Vindicated Snowden Says He'd Like to Come Home". The New Yorker. 98.Jump up ^ Peterson, Andrea. "Snowden: I raised NSA concerns internally over 10 times before going rogue". Washington Post. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 99.^ Jump up to: a b c "Booz Allen hired Snowden despite discrepancies in his résumé." (print title: "Snowden hired despite discrepancies in résumé"). Reuters. South China Morning Post (Hong Kong). June 22, 2013. – Alternate link under title: "Exclusive: NSA contractor hired Snowden despite concerns about resume discrepancies" by Hosenball, Mark (Editing by David Lindsey and Stacey Joyce). 100.Jump up ^ "An NSA Coworker Remembers The Real Edward Snowden: 'A Genius Among Geniuses'". Forbes. 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"Boundless Informant: the NSA's secret tool to track global surveillance data". The Guardian. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 125.Jump up ^ Tim Leslie and Mark Corcoran. "Explained: Australia's involvement with the NSA, the US spy agency at heart of global scandal". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 126.Jump up ^ Julian Borger. "GCHQ and European spy agencies worked together on mass surveillance". The Guardian. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 127.Jump up ^ Greg Weston, Glenn Greenwald, Ryan Gallagher. "Snowden document shows Canada set up spy posts for NSA". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 128.Jump up ^ BBC News – Only 1% of Snowden files published – Guardian editor. BBC.co.uk (December 3, 2013). 129.Jump up ^ Snowden spy leaks: worst yet to come, says Defence Minister David Johnston. The Sydney Morning Herald. 130.Jump up ^ Walt, Vivienne. (October 14, 2013) Greenwald on Snowden Leaks: The Worst Is Yet to Come. Time. 131.Jump up ^ Mazzetti, Mark and Schmidt, Michael S. (December 14, 2013) Officials Say U.S. May Never Know Extent of Snowden's Leaks. The New York Times 132.Jump up ^ Hosenball, M. (November 14, 2013). NSA chief says Snowden leaked up to 200,000 secret documents. Reuters. 133.Jump up ^ "EXCLUSIVE – After 'cataclysmic' Snowden affair, NSA faces winds of change". Yahoo! News. Reuters. December 14, 2013. 134.Jump up ^ Kristina Wong (19 March 2014), What did Snowden tell them? The Hill 135.Jump up ^ Nelson, Steven. "Snowden Says 'Many Other' Spy Programs Remain Secret, For Now". US News. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 136.Jump up ^ "NSA slides explain the PRISM data-collection program". The Washington Post. July 10, 2013. 137.Jump up ^ Levy, Steven. "How the NSA Almost Killed the Internet | Threat Level". Wired. 138.Jump up ^ Greenwald, Glenn; MacAskill, Ewen (June 6, 2013). "NSA Prism program taps in to user data of Apple, Google and others". The Guardian. 139.Jump up ^ Shane, Scott; Somaiya, Ravi (June 16, 2013). "New Leak Indicates U.S. and Britain Eavesdropped at '09 World Conferences". The New York Times. 140.Jump up ^ Greenwald, Glenn. "NSA collecting phone records of millions of Verizon customers daily". The Guardian. 141.Jump up ^ AFP/The Local (ben.mcpartland@thelocal.com). "US spy agency 'taped millions of French calls'". Thelocal.fr. 142.Jump up ^ Chrisafis, Angelique; Jones, Sam. "Snowden leaks: France summons US envoy over NSA surveillance claims". The Guardian. 143.Jump up ^ France in the NSA's crosshair : phone networks under surveillance. Le Monde. 144.Jump up ^ Greenwald, Glenn. "XKeyscore: NSA tool collects 'nearly everything a user does on the internet'". The Guardian. 145.Jump up ^ Gellman, Barton; Soltani, Ashkan. "NSA collects millions of e-mail address books globally". The Washington Post. 146.Jump up ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/08/us/broader-sifting-of-data-abroad-is-seen-by-nsa.html?_r=1& 147.Jump up ^ Gellman, Barton; Soltani, Ashkan. "NSA tracking cellphone locations worldwide, Snowden documents show". The Washington Post. 148.Jump up ^ Nicole Perlroth; Jeff Larson; Scott Shane (September 5, 2013). "N.S.A. Able to Foil Basic Safeguards of Privacy on Web". The New York Times. 149.Jump up ^ Ball, James; Borger, Julian; Greenward, Glenn (September 5, 2013). "U.S. and UK spy agencies defeat privacy and security on the internet". The Guardian. 150.Jump up ^ NSA uses Google cookies to pinpoint targets for hacking 151.Jump up ^ Elliott, Justin (December 9, 2013). "World of Spycraft: NSA and CIA Spied in Online Games". ProPublica. 152.^ Jump up to: a b Peterson, Andrea (December 31, 2013). "Here's what we learned about the NSA's spying programs in 2013". The Washington Post. 153.Jump up ^ "NSA Officers Spy on Love Interests – Washington Wire". The Wall Street Journal. August 23, 2013. 154.Jump up ^ "Top-Secret Document Reveals NSA Spied on Porn Habits As Part of Plan To Discredit 'Radicalizers'". Huffington Post. November 26, 2013. 155.Jump up ^ Jonathan Watts. "NSA accused of spying on Brazilian oil company Petrobras". The Guardian. 156.Jump up ^ James Ball and Nick Hopkins. "GCHQ and NSA targeted charities, Germans, Israeli PM and EU chief". The Guardian. 157.Jump up ^ Allam, Hannah. (October 25, 2013) WASHINGTON: World’s anger at Obama policies goes beyond Europe and the NSA | Europe. McClatchy DC. 158.Jump up ^ Weisberg, Timothy. (October 23, 2013) Snowden's Paper Trail: Where in the World Is the NSA?. NBC Bay Area. 159.Jump up ^ "NSA Hacked Email Account of Mexican President – SPIEGEL ONLINE". Der Spiegel. October 20, 2013. 160.Jump up ^ British spy agency taps cables, shares with NSA – Guardian. Reuters. 161.Jump up ^ Bradsher, Keith (June 14, 2013) Snowden's Leaks on China Could Affect Its Role in His Fate. The New York Times 162.Jump up ^ Privacy Scandal: NSA Can Spy on Smart Phone Data – SPIEGEL ONLINE. Der Spiegel.de (September 7, 2013). 163.Jump up ^ Report: US spied on millions of phone calls in Spain over one month. NBC News. 164.Jump up ^ NSA monitored calls of 35 world leaders after US official handed over contacts | World news. The Guardian. 165.Jump up ^ Baker, Luke (October 24, 2013). "Merkel frosty on the U.S. over 'unacceptable' spying allegations". Reuters. 166.Jump up ^ Traynor, Ian; Lewis, Paul. "Merkel compared NSA to Stasi in heated encounter with Obama". The Guardian. 167.Jump up ^ Poitras, Laura. "'A' for Angela Merkel: GCHQ and NSA Targeted Private German Companies". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 168.Jump up ^ Gellman, Barton; Miller, Greg. "'Black budget' summary details U.S. spy network's successes, failures and objectives". The Washington Post. 169.Jump up ^ Post Store (May 17, 2011). "NSA paying U.S. companies for access to communications networks". The Washington Post. 170.Jump up ^ "Snowden leaks intelligence 'black budget' to Washington Post | Al Jazeera America". Al Jazeera. August 29, 2013. 171.Jump up ^ Latest Snowden leak reveals NSA's goal to continually expand surveillance abilities. Rt.com (November 23, 2013). 172.Jump up ^ Risen, James and Poitras, Laura (November 22, 2013) N.S.A. Report Outlined Goals for More Power. The New York Times 173.Jump up ^ Barchfield, Jenny (July 14, 2013). "Greenwald: Snowden docs contain NSA 'blueprint'". Associated Press. 174.Jump up ^ HPSCI Chairman Mike Rogers and Ranking Member C.A. Dutch RuppersbergerL “Snowden’s acts of betrayal truly place America’s military men and women in greater danger around the world” U.S. House Intelligence Committee January 9, 2014 175.Jump up ^ Eli Lake (January 30, 2014), Did an Angry Birds Leak Risk Spies’ Lives? The Daily Beast 176.Jump up ^ "Snowden's open letter offers to help Brazil look into NSA surveillance". CNN. 177.Jump up ^ "Snowden: NSA conducts industrial espionage too". CBS News. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 178.Jump up ^ Greenwald, Glenn. "How the NSA Plans to Infect ‘Millions’ of Computers with Malware". The Intercept. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 179.Jump up ^ "Snowden leak: NSA plans to infect ‘millions’ of computers". RT. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 180.Jump up ^ MacAskill, Ewen (June 12, 2013). "Edward Snowden: how the spy story of the age leaked out". The Guardian (London). 181.^ Jump up to: a b Cornell, Lauren (October–November 2013). "Primary Documents". Mousse 40: 62–73. 182.Jump up ^ "NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden: 'I don't want to live in a society that does these sort of things'" (video). The Guardian (London). June 9, 2013. 183.^ Jump up to: a b "Edward Snowden's statement to human rights groups in full". The Daily Telegraph. July 12, 2013. 184.Jump up ^ Gellman, Barton. (June 9, 2013) "Code name 'Verax': Snowden, in exchanges with Post reporter, made clear he knew risks". The Washington Post. 185.Jump up ^ Edward Snowden: US would have buried NSA warnings forever | World news. The Guardian. (October 18, 2013). 186.Jump up ^ "Federal Judge Rules Against N.S.A. Phone Data Program". The New York Times. December 16, 2013. 187.^ Jump up to: a b c "Snowden-Interview: Transcript". Retrieved January 28, 2014. 188.Jump up ^ Hartmann, Margaret (February 5, 2014). "Booz Allen Exec Describes How Snowden Deceived His Former Employer". New York (magazine). 189.Jump up ^ Peterson, Andrea. "Snowden: I raised NSA concerns internally over 10 times before going rogue." Washington Post. March 7, 2014. Retrieved on March 8, 2014. 190.^ Jump up to: a b Janet Reitman (December 4, 2013), Snowden and Greenwald: The Men Who Leaked the Secrets Rolling Stone 191.Jump up ^ Gellman, Barton; Blake, Aaron; Miller, Greg (June 9, 2013). "Edward Snowden comes forward as source of NSA leaks". The Washington Post. 192.Jump up ^ "Called a defector, NSA leaker defends his decision". CNN. June 10, 2013. 193.Jump up ^ Pomfret, James; Roantree, Anne Marie (June 12, 2013). "American who leaked NSA secrets is a free man in Hong Kong – for now". Reuters. "Sources at Hong Kong law firms have said Snowden has approached human rights lawyers in the city and may be digging in his heels for a legal fight in preparation for the United States laying charges against him." 194.Jump up ^ Lam, Lana (June 12, 2013). "Whistle-blower Edward Snowden tells SCMP: 'Let Hong Kong people decide my fate'". South China Morning Post (Hong Kong). 195.Jump up ^ Lam, Lana (June 13, 2013). "Whistleblower Edward Snowden talks to South China Morning Post". South China Morning Post. "He vowed to fight any extradition attempt by the U.S. government, saying: 'My intention is to ask the courts and people of Hong Kong to decide my fate. I have been given no reason to doubt your system.'" 196.Jump up ^ Eli Lake (June 25, 2013) Greenwald: Snowden's Files Are Out There if 'Anything Happens' to Him The Daily Beast 197.Jump up ^ Englund, Will (August 26, 2013). "Report: Snowden stayed at Russian consulate while in Hong Kong". The Washington Post. 198.^ Jump up to: a b c Mayer, Jane. "Snowden Calls Russian-Spy Story "Absurd"". The New Yorker. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 199.Jump up ^ Russian lawyer Anatoly Kucherena: Exchanging Snowden for Bout or Yaroshenko is impossible. Information Telegraph Agency of Russia, July 21, 2013 200.Jump up ^ "Snowden to stay in Moscow airport for now: lawyer". Fox News. AFP. July 16, 2013. 201.Jump up ^ "It's Now Clear That Russian Intelligence Speaks For Edward Snowden". Business Insider. July 22, 2013. 202.Jump up ^ Angela Shunina (September 6, 2013), Snowden "asked Russian diplomats in Hong Kong for help" – Putin Russia Beyond the Headlines 203.Jump up ^ Snowden is in 'safe place' waiting for his father to discuss future Information Telegraph Agency of Russia August 31, 2013 204.Jump up ^ Lukas I. Alpert (September 4, 2013),Putin Admits Early Snowden Contact The Wall Street Journal 205.Jump up ^ NSA Leaker Edward Snowden Seeks Asylum in Ecuador ABC News June 23, 2013 206.Jump up ^ US revokes NSA leaker Edward Snowden's passport, as he reportedly seeks asylum in Ecuador Fox News Channel June 23, 2013 207.Jump up ^ Shane, Scott (June 23, 2013). "Offering Snowden Aid, WikiLeaks Gets Back in the Game". The New York Times. 208.Jump up ^ Makinen, Julie (June 23, 2013). "Snowden leaves Hong Kong; final destination unclear". Los Angeles Times. 209.Jump up ^ Perlez, Jane; Bradsher, Keith (June 24, 2013). "China Said to Have Made Call to Let Leaker Depart". The New York Times. p. A9 (US edition)Print title: "China Said to Have Made Call to Let Leaker Depart" 210.Jump up ^ "HKSAR Government issues statement on Edward Snowden" (Press release). Hong Kong Government. June 23, 2013. 211.Jump up ^ Baker, Peter; Barry, Ellen (June 23, 2013). "N.S.A. 'Leaker Leaves Hong Kong, Local Officials Say'". The New York Times. 212.Jump up ^ "Snowden left HK lawfully: CE". Hong Kong Information Services Department. June 24, 2013. 213.Jump up ^ "No delay in Snowden case: SJ". Hong Kong Information Services Department. June 25, 2013. 214.Jump up ^ "Hong Kong did not assist Snowden's departure". Global Post. Agence France-Presse. June 25, 2013. "Yuen also said there were discrepancies and missing information in documents used to identify Snowden. 'On the diplomatic documents, James was used as the middle name, on the record upon entering the border, Joseph was used as the middle name, on the American court documents sent to us by the American Justice department, it only said Edward J Snowden,' he said. Hong Kong authorities also noticed that documents produced by the US did not show Snowden's American passport number." 215.Jump up ^ Luk, Eddie (June 26, 2013). "Justice chief spells it out". The Standard (Hong Kong). 216.Jump up ^ Daily Press Briefing United States Department of State June 24, 2013 217.Jump up ^ Pomfret, James; Torode, Greg (June 24, 2013). "Behind Snowden's Hong Kong exit: fear and persuasion". Reuters. 218.Jump up ^ Michael Kelley (January 4, 2014), Julian Assange Gave A Very Peculiar Response When He Was Asked About 'Getting Snowden Out Of The US' Business Insider 219.Jump up ^ Самолет с Эдвардом Сноуденом приземлился в "Шереметьево" NEWSru, June 23, 2013. 220.Jump up ^ "Snowden on the run, seeks asylum in Ecuador". CNN. 221.Jump up ^ Sergei L. Loiko (June 23, 2013). "Snowden stopping in Moscow en route to Cuba, Russian says". Los Angeles Times. 222.Jump up ^ Edward Snowden lands in Moscow, likely bound for Ecuador. CBS News (June 23, 2013). 223.Jump up ^ "Face the Nation transcripts December 29, 2013: Hayden, Drake, Radack, Gellman – Page 4". CBS News. December 29, 2013. 224.Jump up ^ AP Source: State Department revokes NSA leaker Snowden's passport Associated Press June 23, 2013 225.Jump up ^ Jill Lawless (June 26, 2013), Will Snowden join ranks of airport denizens? Associated Press 226.Jump up ^ Germany's Quandary: The Debate over Asylum for Snowden Der Spiegel November 4, 2013 227.Jump up ^ Max Fisher (June 25, 2013),Russia’s own visa rules say Moscow has had legal right to seize Snowden for past 24 hours The Washington Post 228.Jump up ^ Statement from Edward Snowden in Moscow. Wikileaks.org (July 1, 2013). 229.Jump up ^ Why Snowden's Passport Matters | Norman Solomon. Huffington Post. (October 23, 2013). 230.Jump up ^ Peter Baker and Ellen Barry (June 23, 2013), Snowden, in Russia, Seeks Asylum in Ecuador The New York Times 231.Jump up ^ Fidel Castro labels libelous report Cuba blocked Snowden travel Reuters August 28, 2013 232.Jump up ^ "Evo Morales se abre a ceder asilo a Edward Snowden si lo solicita" [Evo Morales prepared to give asylum to Edward Snowden if requested]. El Mercurio (in Spanish) (Santiago). EFE. July 1, 2013. 233.Jump up ^ Gruber, Angelika. "Snowden still in Moscow despite Bolivian plane drama". Reuters. 234.Jump up ^ Fisher, Max (July 3, 2013). "Evo Morales's controversial flight over Europe, minute by heavily disputed minute". The Washington Post. 235.Jump up ^ Portas: Portugal autorizou o sobrevoo de Morales Sol Online, July 9, 2013 (Portuguese) 236.Jump up ^ Bolivia says European nations 'kidnapped' Evo Morales in hunt for NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden – Europe – World. The Independent (July 4, 2013). 237.Jump up ^ "Spain 'told Edward Snowden was on Bolivia president's plane'". BBC News. July 5, 2013. 238.Jump up ^ Rerouted Morales plane has South American leaders irate. USA Today. (July 5, 2013). 239.^ Jump up to: a b c "Edward Snowden seeks asylum in 20 nations, but gets no immediate takers". CBS News. Associated Press. July 2, 2013. 240.Jump up ^ Gladstone, Rick (July 1, 2013). "Snowden Is Said to Claim U.S. Is Blocking Asylum Bids". The New York Times. 241.Jump up ^ Alleged Snowden Statement: Obama Administration 'Using Citizenship As A Weapon' « CBS DC. Washington.cbslocal.com (July 1, 2013). 242.Jump up ^ Galeno, Luis. "Venezuela, Nicaragua offer asylum to NSA leaker Snowden". Reuters. 243.Jump up ^ Spain Says It Was Told Snowden Was Aboard Bolivian Leader's Blocked Jet. The Wall Street Journal. (July 5, 2013). 244.Jump up ^ "Poland, India, Brazil snub Snowden asylum application". Polish Radio English Section. July 3, 2013. 245.Jump up ^ "France rejects Snowden asylum request". United States: Fox News Channel. July 4, 2013. 246.Jump up ^ "Italy rejects Snowden asylum request". Reuters. July 4, 2013. 247.Jump up ^ Österreichische Regierung sieht Formalfehler bei Asylantrag von Snowden. Derstandard.at. 248.Jump up ^ "Teeven: geen asiel voor Snowden" (in Dutch). Novum Nieuws. July 2, 2013. "De Amerikaanse klokkenluider Edward Snowden kan fluiten naar een Nederlandse asielvergunning. [Fred] Teeven heeft het verzoek ontvangen, zegt hij. Maar het is 'niet-ontvankelijk' want de aanvraag is niet in Nederland gedaan." 249.Jump up ^ "Ecuador cools on Edward Snowden asylum as Assange frustration grows". The Guardian. June 28, 2013. 250.Jump up ^ "Ecuador 'helped Snowden by mistake,' asylum in doubt". RT. July 2, 2013. 251.Jump up ^ "Ecuador says it blundered over Snowden travel document". The Guardian. July 3, 2013. 252.^ Jump up to: a b "Путин признал: Сноуден – в Москве. И посоветовал США не "стричь поросенка"". NEWSru. June 25, 2013. 253.Jump up ^ "Putin: Snowden still in Moscow airport transit zone, won't be extradited". RT. June 25, 2013. 254.^ Jump up to: a b "Putin says Snowden at Russian airport, signals no extradition". Reuters. June 25, 2013. 255.Jump up ^ "WikiLeaks и спецслужбы провели в Москве операцию «Сноуден»". Izvestia (Moscow). June 23, 2013. 256.Jump up ^ Julia Ioffe, (June 25, 2013). "Edward Snowden's going to stay in Russia, just you wait" The New Republic 257.Jump up ^ Pearson, Michael; Smith, Matt; Mullen, Jethro (July 2, 2013). "Snowden's asylum options dwindle". CNN. 258.Jump up ^ "Vladimir Putin: Edward Snowden must stop leaking secrets to stay in Russia". Politico. Associated Press. July 1, 2013. 259.Jump up ^ Elder, Miriam (July 2, 2013). "Edward Snowden withdraws Russian asylum request". The Guardian (London). 260.Jump up ^ Herszenhorn, David M. (July 16, 2013). Leaker Files for Asylum to Remain in Russia The New York Times 261.Jump up ^ Stanglin, Doug (July 12, 2013). "Snowden has 'no regrets,' seeks asylum in Russia". USA Today. 262.^ Jump up to: a b "Fugitive Edward Snowden applies for asylum in Russia". BBC. July 16, 2013. 263.^ Jump up to: a b Edward Snowden Makes No-Leak Promise in Asylum Bid: Lawyer – ABC News. ABC News.com (July 16, 2013). 264.Jump up ^ Snowden plans to settle and work in Russia – lawyer to RT. RT, July 23, 2013 265.Jump up ^ "Venezuela Offers Asylum to Snowden". The New York Times. July 5, 2013. 266.Jump up ^ "Пребывание, несовместимое с визитом". Kommersant. July 8, 2013. 267.Jump up ^ "U.S. says allowing Snowden to leave airport would be disappointing". Reuters. July 24, 2013. 268.Jump up ^ "U.S. vague on whether Obama will go to Moscow amid Snowden flap". Reuters. July 17, 2013. 269.Jump up ^ "Press Briefing by Press Secretary Jay Carney, 7/12/2013". The White House. July 12, 2013. 270.Jump up ^ Edward Snowden requests temporary asylum in Russia in compromise – Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. (July 16, 2013). 271.^ Jump up to: a b c "US attorney general's letter to Russian justice minister". BBC. July 26, 2013. 272.Jump up ^ "U.S. won't seek death penalty for Snowden". USA Today. 273.Jump up ^ "Russia and US security services 'in talks' over Snowden". BBC. July 26, 2013. 274.Jump up ^ "Вести от Путина: Сноуденом не занимается, удивляется фото "куратора Пу". И целует гигантскую щуку". NEWSru. July 26, 2013. 275.Jump up ^ "Snowden 'not afraid' of US threats". SBS Dateline. Retrieved February 18, 2014. 276.Jump up ^ Radack, Jesselyn. "Jesselyn Radack: Why Edward Snowden Wouldn't Get a Fair Trial". WSJ. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 277.Jump up ^ "Snowden out of airport, still in Moscow". CNN. 278.Jump up ^ Loiko, Sergie (1 August 2013). "Edward Snowden granted asylum, leaves Moscow airport in taxi". LA Times. 279.Jump up ^ Richter, Paul and Loiko, Sergei L. (August 1, 2013). "Snowden asylum may presage rocky period in U.S.-Russia ties". Los Angeles Times. 280.Jump up ^ "Edward Snowden asylum: US 'disappointed' by Russian decision". The Guardian. 281.^ Jump up to: a b "NSA spy leaks: US fury at Snowden's Russian asylum". London: BBC. August 1, 2013. 282.Jump up ^ "White House 'Extremely Disappointed' in Russia's Asylum Offer to Snowden". The Voice of America (USA). August 1, 2013. 283.Jump up ^ "Statement by the Press Secretary on the President's Travel to Russia". The White House (USA). August 7, 2013. 284.Jump up ^ "Obama cancels Putin meeting over Snowden asylum". USA: BBC. August 7, 2013. 285.Jump up ^ "Barack Obama cancels meeting with Vladimir Putin over Edward Snowden". The Daily Telegraph. August 7, 2013. 286.Jump up ^ Russia 'disappointed' by Obama cancelling Putin meeting: Kremlin Reuters 287.Jump up ^ "Russia "disappointed" bilateral talks with US cancelled". BBC. August 7, 2013. 288.Jump up ^ Report: FBI wanted to fly Edward Snowden's father to Moscow. CNN, July 31, 2013. 289.Jump up ^ "Edward Snowden better off in Russia than US, his father says." Associated Press at The Guardian. July 27, 2013. 290.Jump up ^ Edward Snowden's father pleased with son's Moscow life. CNN. 291.Jump up ^ "Report: Snowden's lawyer says former NSA leaker now has a tech job at a Russian website". Associated Press. 292.Jump up ^ NSA Fugitive Snowden Gets Job In Russia. Forbes. 293.Jump up ^ NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden to work for one of Russia's most popular websites – Americas – World. The Independent (October 31, 2013). 294.Jump up ^ "Laptops Snowden took to Hong Kong, Russia were a 'diversion'". Retrieved 3 March 2014. 295.Jump up ^ Hosenball, Mark (October 11, 2013). "Laptops Snowden took to Hong Kong, Russia were a 'diversion'". Reuters. 296.Jump up ^ Rusbridger, Alan (November 21, 2013). "The Snowden Leaks and the Public". The New York Review of Books: 31–34. 297.^ Jump up to: a b Edward Snowden back in the limelight? Father, US whistleblowers visit Moscow (+video). The Christian Science Monitor. (October 10, 2013). 298.Jump up ^ 4 Americans meet Snowden to give him award. USA Today. (October 10, 2013). 299.Jump up ^ Edward Snowden says NSA surveillance programmes 'hurt our country' | World news. The Guardian. 300.Jump up ^ Obama knew of NSA spying on Merkel and approved it, report says. Fox News (October 27, 2013). 301.Jump up ^ Snowden Ready to Testify About US Spying on Merkel – German Lawmaker | Russia | RIA Novosti. En.ria.ru. 302.Jump up ^ Troianovski, Anton. (November 18, 2013) German Opposition Demands Snowden Be Let into Country to Testify – WSJ.com. The Wall Street Journal. 303.Jump up ^ German MP meets Snowden, says he is willing to come to Germany for inquiry. Reuters. 304.Jump up ^ Edward Snowden gets website job in Russia, lawyer says. CNN. 305.Jump up ^ Snowden may aid Germany on US spying details. Is Berlin visit in the cards?. The Christian Science Monitor. (November 1, 2013). 306.Jump up ^ WikiLeaks: Snowden ally Sarah Harrison leaves Russia, won't return to UK over prosecution fear. Fox News (November 6, 2013). 307.Jump up ^ Statement by Sarah Harrison. Wikileaks.org (November 6, 2013). 308.Jump up ^ Vargas, Natasha. (October 24, 2013) Enemy of the State. Advocate.com. 309.Jump up ^ US spying interview. Australian Broadcasting Corporation.au (October 29, 2013). 310.^ Jump up to: a b Germany wants Snowden to give evidence in Moscow, not Berlin. Reuters. 311.^ Jump up to: a b John Robles (January 18, 2014), Regarding Snowden: US lies and lies and lies - Jesselyn Radack Voice of Russia 312.Jump up ^ John Robles (January 14, 2014), US continues to attempt to “get” Edward Snowden – Jesselyn Radack Voice of Russia 313.Jump up ^ Post Store. "Snowden's open letter to Brazil: Read the text". The Washington Post. 314.Jump up ^ "Snowden's open letter offers to help Brazil look into NSA surveillance". CNN. 315.Jump up ^ "As Brazil's fury over NSA mounts, U.S. vows to work through tensions". CNN. 316.^ Jump up to: a b c "Brazilian senator urges asylmu for Snowden". The Washington Post. Associated Press. December 18, 2013. 317.^ Jump up to: a b c Romero, Simon (December 17, 2013). "Snowden offers help to Brazil in spy case". The New York Times. 318.^ Jump up to: a b c "Brazil says not considering Snowden asylum". Chicago Tribune. March 4, 2012. 319.Jump up ^ "Brazil says it is not considering asylum for Edward Snowden". CBS News. Reuters. December 17, 2013. 320.^ Jump up to: a b "Snowden to ask Russian police for protection after US threats – lawyer". Russia Today. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 321.Jump up ^ Zaks, Dmitry. "Fugitive US leaker Snowden 'fears for his life'". AFP. Yahoo.com. Retrieved January 21, 2014. 322.Jump up ^ Daily Press Briefing -January 21, 2014 United States Department of State 323.Jump up ^ Arkhipov, Ilya. "Snowden Denies Working as Foreign Spy, New Yorker Reports". Bloomberg. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 324.Jump up ^ Will Dunham (January 23, 2014), Snowden says he can't return to U.S., urges whistleblower protection Reuters 325.Jump up ^ "Snowden exklusiv - Das Interview | NDR (English) (January 26, 2014)". Internet Archive. Retrieved January 28, 2014. 326.Jump up ^ "Snowden talks industrial espionage, death threats in German interview". France24. Retrieved January 28, 2014. 327.Jump up ^ "Wanted dead by US officials, Snowden tells German TV". DW.DE. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 328.Jump up ^ Nataliya Vasilyeva (2 August 2013), Lawyer: Snowden has a place to live in Russia Associated Press 329.Jump up ^ Gregory, David. "January 19: Dianne Feinstein, Mike Rogers, Alexis Ohanian, John Wisniewski, Rudy Giuliani, Robert Gates, Newt Gingrich, Andrea Mitchell, Harold Ford Jr., Nia-Malika Henderson". Meet The Press. MSNBC. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 330.Jump up ^ Savage, Charlie. "Snowden Denies Suggestions That He Was a Spy for Russia". NYT. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 331.Jump up ^ Serwer, Adam. "Feinstein: No evidence Snowden is a Russian spy". MSNBC. Retrieved January 29, 2014. 332.Jump up ^ Knight, Ben. "Snowden's battles with the US media". Der Spiegel. Retrieved January 29, 2014. 333.Jump up ^ "US hints at Edward Snowden plea bargain to allow return from Russia". Guardian. January 23, 2014. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 334.Jump up ^ (March 12, 2014) European Parliament votes on the Data Protection Reform and the report on Mass surveillance. EDRi. 335.Jump up ^ "Daniel Ellsberg Calls Edward Snowden A 'Hero,' Says NSA Leak Was Most Important in American History". Huffington Post. 336.Jump up ^ Ellsberg, Daniel (June 10, 2013). "Edward Snowden: saving us from the United Stasi of America". The Guardian. 337.^ Jump up to: a b Board of Directors (January 14, 2014). "Edward Snowden To Join Daniel Ellsberg, Others on Freedom of the Press Foundation's Board of Directors". Freedom of the Press Foundation. Retrieved January 15, 2014. "The secrecy system in this country is broken. No one is punished for using secrecy to conceal dangerous policies, lies, or crimes, yet concerned employees who wish to inform the American public about what the government is doing under their name are treated as spies. Our 'accountability' mechanisms are a one-sided secret court, which acts as a rubber stamp, and a Congressional 'oversight' committee, which has turned into the NSA's public relations firm. Edward Snowden had no choice but to go to the press with information. Far from a crime, Snowden's disclosures are a true constitutional moment, where the press has held the government to account using the First Amendment, when the other branches refused." 338.Jump up ^ Twitter / DanielEllsberg: Edward Snowden has done more 339.Jump up ^ Pecquet, Julian (June 27, 2013). "US won't 'scramble jets' to capture 'hacker' Snowden, Obama says". The Hill. 340.Jump up ^ "Obama refuses to barter for Edward Snowden". BBC News. June 27, 2013. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 341.Jump up ^ "Obama downplays Snowden case, says US not 'scrambling jets' to get 'hacker'". Fox News Channel. June 27, 2013. 342.^ Jump up to: a b Wolf, Z. Byron (August 13, 2013). "Fact-checking Obama's claims about Snowden". CNN. 343.Jump up ^ David Remnick (January 2014) Going the Distance: On and off the road with Barack Obama The New Yorker 344.Jump up ^ Transcript Of President Obama's Speech On NSA Reforms NPR January 17, 2014 345.Jump up ^ Why I Don't Care About Edward Snowden-Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont 346.Jump up ^ "Ron Paul starts Snowden clemency petition". Yahoo. AP. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 347.Jump up ^ Lee, Timothy. "The Switchboard: Ron Paul starts petition for Snowden clemency". WaPost Switchboard. Washington Post. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 348.Jump up ^ Frank Snepp (January 31, 2014),Edward Snowden's weasel ways The Los Angeles Times 349.Jump up ^ "Face the Nation transcripts December 29, 2013: Hayden, Drake, Radack, Gellman – Page 3". CBS News. December 29, 2013. 350.Jump up ^ Ex-NSA/CIA chief Hayden jokes of putting Snowden on kill list—RT USA 351.Jump up ^ Dilanian, Ken (January 9, 2014). "Snowden leaks severely hurt U.S. security, two House members say". Los Angeles Times. 352.Jump up ^ "Lawmakers: Snowden's leaks may endanger US troops". The Washington Post. Associated Press. 353.Jump up ^ "Rieder: Why Edward Snowden should get clemency". USA Today. January 2, 2014. 354.Jump up ^ http://publiceditor.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/01/02/weeks-in-the-making-an-editorial-on-snowden-may-go-beyond-what-is-realistic/ 355.Jump up ^ "Snowden affair: the case for a pardon". The Guardian. May 17, 2013. 356.Jump up ^ Satter, Raphael. "2 newspapers call for clemency for Edward Snowden". Associated Press. 357.Jump up ^ Baker, Peter, "Moves to Curb Spying Help Drive the Clemency Argument for Snowden", The New York Times, January 5, 2014, page A16 358.Jump up ^ Fisher, Max (January 3, 2014). "The three types of NSA snooping that Edward Snowden revealed". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 359.Jump up ^ Blogguest, TED (November 30, 2013). "Obama's 'outside experts' surveillance review panel has deep ties to gov't". TED. Drones, warfare, science fiction and cybercrime. A conversation with P.W. Singer 360.^ Jump up to: a b "Snowden Was Justified". Intelligence Squared Debates. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 361.Jump up ^ "Debate: Was Edward Snowden Justified?". NPR. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 362.Jump up ^ "Jimmy Carter: If I Were President, I Would Consider Pardoning Snowden". Medialite. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 363.Jump up ^ Snowden: NSA's indiscriminate spying 'collapsing' – The Washington Post[dead link] 364.Jump up ^ "United Nations Resolution 68/167M". United Nations. Retrieved February 10, 2014. 365.Jump up ^ Williams, Carol J. (December 19, 2013). "U.N. votes to protect online privacy; Edward Snowden leaks credited". Los Angeles Times. 366.Jump up ^ Brazil, Germany Drafting UN Anti-Spying Resolution To General Assembly To Curb U.S. Surveillance By NSA. Huffington Post. 367.Jump up ^ UN advances digital privacy resolution after reports of US eavesdropping. Fox News (November 26, 2013). 368.Jump up ^ NSA spying: Germany and Brazil produce draft UN resolution | World news. The Guardian. (November 2, 2013). 369.Jump up ^ "European parliament invites Edward Snowden to testify via video". The Guardian. Associated Press (Brussels). January 9, 2014. 370.Jump up ^ Peter, Gregor (December 12, 2013). "Edward Snowden to Make Video Appearance to European Parliament". Der Spiegel. 371.Jump up ^ Essers, Loek. "NSA created 'European bazaar' to spy on EU citizens, Snowden tells European Parliament". PSWorld. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 372.Jump up ^ Doctorow, Cory. "Edward Snowden's magnificent testimony to the EU". BoingBoing. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 373.Jump up ^ Rieder: Snowden's NSA bombshell sparks debate. USA Today. (June 12, 2013). 374.Jump up ^ Spy chief lauds Snowden-sparked debate .. The Australian (August 29, 2013). 375.Jump up ^ 'Patriot Act' Author Seeks 'USA Freedom Act' to Rein In NSA – US News and World Report. Usnews.com (October 10, 2013). 376.Jump up ^ Kerry: Some NSA surveillance work reached 'too far' and will be stopped. Star Tribune (November 1, 2013). 377.Jump up ^ US surveillance by NSA has sometimes 'reached too far,' says Kerry. DW.DE (October 31, 2013). 378.Jump up ^ NSA phone record collection does little to prevent terrorist attacks, group says - The Washington Post 379.Jump up ^ Review Of Terrorism Cases Finds NSA Spying Helped Very Little : The Two-Way : NPR 380.Jump up ^ NSA makes final push to retain most mass surveillance powers | World news | theguardian.com 381.Jump up ^ Ackerman, Spencer. "US government privacy board says NSA bulk collection of phone data is illegal". Guardian. Retrieved January 29, 2014. 382.Jump up ^ "White House rejects review board finding that NSA data sweep is illegal". Fox/AP. Retrieved January 29, 2014. 383.Jump up ^ Neff, Blake. "Poll: Public turning against NSA practices". The Hill. The Hill. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 384.Jump up ^ Sarlin, Benjy. "RNC condemns NSA spying in huge turnaround". MSNBC. Retrieved January 29, 2014. 385.Jump up ^ Weigel, David. "The New, Snowden-Loving Republican Party". Slate. Retrieved January 29, 2014. 386.Jump up ^ MacAskill, Ewen (August 13, 2013). "White House insists James Clapper will not lead NSA surveillance review". The Guardian. 387.Jump up ^ Farivar, Cyrus (August 23, 2013). "Obama's 'outside experts' surveillance review panel has deep ties to gov't". Ars Technica. 388.Jump up ^ Sanger, David E.; Savage, Charlie (December 18, 2013). "Obama panel recommends new limits on N.S.A. spying". The New York Times. 389.Jump up ^ "NSA program stopped no terror attacks, says White House panel member – Investigations". NBC News. 390.Jump up ^ Nakashima, Ellen. "Judge: NSA’s collecting of phone records is probably unconstitutional". WaPost. Washington Post. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 391.Jump up ^ Byers, Dylan. "Edward Snowden looms over Pulitzer Prizes". Politico. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 392.Jump up ^ Liptak, Adam. "Judge Upholds NSA's Bulk Collection of Data on Calls". NYT. NYT. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 393.Jump up ^ "A Tale of Two Judges". The Weekly Standard. January 13, 2014. 394.Jump up ^ "12% See NSA Leaker Snowden As Hero, 21% As Traitor". Rasmussen Reports. June 19, 2013. 395.^ Jump up to: a b "Poll: Most think Edward Snowden should stand trial in U.S.". CBS News. January 22, 2014. 396.Jump up ^ Pop, Valentina (July 8, 2013). "Germany defends intelligence co-operation with US". EUobserver. Retrieved July 9, 2013. 397.Jump up ^ "Americans Still Can't Decide Whether Edward Snowden Is A 'Traitor' Or A 'Hero,' Poll Finds". HuffPost. Retrieved 6 April 2014. 398.Jump up ^ "As Snowden Stays In Russia, He Slips In Public Opinion". YouGov. July 3, 2013. 399.Jump up ^ "Poll Results: Snowden". YouGov. January 22, 2014. 400.^ Jump up to: a b Public Split over Impact of NSA Leak, But Most Want Snowden Prosecuted. Pew Research Center. June 17, 2013. 401.^ Jump up to: a b Newport, Frank (June 12, 2013). "Americans Disapprove of Government Surveillance Programs". Gallup. 402.Jump up ^ "January 2014 NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey". MSNBC. January 22-25, 2014. 403.^ Jump up to: a b c d "Poll Results: Snowden". YouGov. March 28, 2014. 404.Jump up ^ "Snowden and the NSA - November 2013". The Washington Post. November 20, 2013. 405.Jump up ^ "Most young Americans say Snowden has served the public interest". Pew Research Center. Retrieved 6 April 2014. 406.Jump up ^ "Harris Poll: People Cutting Back Internet Use After Snowden". Retrieved 6 April 2014. 407.Jump up ^ "Post Snowden, Some Internet Usage Is Contracting, Study Finds". Retrieved 6 April 2014. 408.Jump up ^ Edward Snowden voted Guardian person of the year 2013 The Guardian December 9, 2013 409.Jump up ^ "The Leading Global Thinkers of 2013". Foreign Policy. 410.Jump up ^ "The FP Top 100 Global Thinkers | The Global Conversation". Foreign Policy. 411.Jump up ^ Rothkopf, David (December 31, 2013). "King Snowden and the Fall of Wikileaks". Foreignpolicy.com. 412.Jump up ^ Scherer, Michael. (December 11, 2013) Runner-Up: Edward Snowden The Dark Prophet | TIME.com. Time. 413.Jump up ^ And the 'Person of the Year' is...the Pope?. MSNBC. 414.Jump up ^ Time Criticized For Choosing Pope Francis Over Edward Snowden As Person Of The Year. Huffington Post. (December 11, 2013). 415.Jump up ^ Peterson, Andrea (December 11, 2013). "Why Edward Snowden is The Switch's Person of the Year". The Washington Post. 416.Jump up ^ Wallen, Jack, 10 tech heroes of 2013, TechRepublic, December 19, 2013 – a tech editor of a professional IT publication states his reason for placing Snowdon at the top of his list of Tech Heroes for the year. 417.Jump up ^ Holpuch, Amanda (January 14, 2014). "Edward Snowden Will Join Freedom of the Press Foundation Board". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. 418.Jump up ^ "Edward Snowden elected as rector of Glasgow University". 18 February 2014. 419.Jump up ^ "Snowden Elected Rector of the University of Glasgow". 18 February 2014. 420.Jump up ^ "Edward Snowden 'humbled' by his election as Glasgow University rector". 18 February 2014. 421.Jump up ^ "Edward Snowden is the new rector of Glasgow University". 18 February 2014. 422.Jump up ^ "City divided by Snowden's university election victory". 19 February 2014. 423.^ Jump up to: a b "Edward Snowden takes up reins as rector of Glasgow University". 14 March 2014. 424.Jump up ^ Official announcement of result (including full vote) 425.Jump up ^ "Edward Snowden elected as rector of Glasgow University". BBCGlasgowWin. BBC. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 426.Jump up ^ Campbell, Charlie. "Edward Snowden Wins Role at U.K. University". Time UK. TIME. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 427.Jump up ^ Lay, Kat. "Snowden favourite to be Glasgow rector". Retrieved January 29, 2014. 428.Jump up ^ "Edward Snowden bids to become Glasgow University rector". BBC. Retrieved January 21, 2014. 429.Jump up ^ Nielsen, Steven. "Snowden Elected Rector of the University of Glasgow". US News and World Report. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 430.Jump up ^ MacAskill, Even. "Edward Snowden 'humbled' by his election as Glasgow University rector". GuardianGlasgow. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 431.Jump up ^ "Edward Snowded 'humbled' by his election as Glasgow University rector". The Guardian. 18 February 2014. 432.Jump up ^ Snowden Gets Whistleblower Award in Germany | News. The Moscow Times. 433.Jump up ^ Edward Snowden awarded German 'Whistleblower Prize'. NDTV.com (August 31, 2013). 434.Jump up ^ Snowden wins whistleblower award in Germany—RT News. RT (TV network). 435.Jump up ^ Kopan, Tal (October 11, 2013). "Edward Snowden gets whistleblower award". Politico. 436.Jump up ^ Edward Snowden (2013-12-24). "Alternative Christmas Message". Channel4. Archived from the original on 2014-03-21. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 437.Jump up ^ Claire Hodgson (2013-12-25). "VIDEO: Watch Whistleblower Edward Snowden deliver Channel 4's Alternative Christmas Message 2013". Mirror. Archived from the original on 2014-03-21. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 438.Jump up ^ Anthony Barnes (2013-12-24). "Edward Snowden warns over global threat to privacy during Channel 4’s Alternative Christmas Message". The Independent. Archived from the original on 2014-03-21. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 439.Jump up ^ Times Colonist (2013-12-24). "NSA leaker Edward Snowden to address Britain in Christmas program". Times Colonist. Archived from the original on 2014-03-21. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 440.Jump up ^ Edward Snowden (2013-12-25). "Edward Snowden warns about loss of privacy in Christmas message - video" (Video 1.4 Min). The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2014-03-21. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 441.Jump up ^ Stephen Castle (2013-12-25). "TV Message by Snowden Says Privacy Still Matters". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2014-03-21. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 442.^ Jump up to: a b Peter Walker (2013-12-24). "Edward Snowden broadcasts Channel 4's alternative Christmas Day message". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2014-03-21. Retrieved 2013-12-25. 443.Jump up ^ ITN (2013-12-26). "Edward Snowden's Alternative Christmas Message 2013" (Video 1.5 Min). YouTube. ITN. Archived from the original on 2014-03-21. Retrieved 2014-03-21. 444.Jump up ^ Griggs, Brandon; Gross, Doug (March 10, 2014). "Edward Snowden speaks at SXSW, calls for public oversight of U.S. spy programs". CNN Tech. 445.^ Jump up to: a b c DeLuca, Dan (March 12, 2014). "NSA leaker Snowden is the rock star of SXSW Interactive". The Inquirer (Philly.com). 446.Jump up ^ Clark, Liat (March 10, 2014). "Snowden: the NSA is 'setting fire to the future of the internet'". Wired. 447.Jump up ^ Garling, Caleb (March 11, 2014). "Edward Snowden pushes Web privacy at South by Southwest". San Francisco Chronicle. 448.^ Jump up to: a b c Rowan, David (March 18, 2014). "Snowden: Big revelations to come, reporting them is not a crime". Wired. 449.Jump up ^ Wohlsen, Marcus. "Ed Snowden Meets the Father of the World Wide Web". Wired. 450.Jump up ^ http://www.ridenhour.org/prizes_truth-telling_2014b.html 451.Jump up ^ Davos, L.S. "The Snowden effect". The Ecomonist. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 452.Jump up ^ Alterman, Eric. "What the Press Should Learn From the ‘Snowden Effect’". The Nation. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 453.Jump up ^ Watson, Tom. "The Snowden Effect Hits Congress: Will Effective Crowdsourced Lobbying Follow?". Forbes. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 454.Jump up ^ Smith, Gerry. "'Snowden Effect' Threatens U.S. Tech Industry's Global Ambitions". Huffington Post. Retrieved February 1, 2014. 455.Jump up ^ Boulton, Clint. "Snowden Effect Dominates 2013 Tech Industry News". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 1, 2014. 456.Jump up ^ Miller, Matthew. "In China, U.S. tech firms weigh 'Snowden Effect'". Reuters. Retrieved February 1, 2014. 457.^ Jump up to: a b Kanji, Hussein. "The Snowden Effect: Impact on the Tech Sector". Bloomberg. Retrieved February 1, 2014. 458.Jump up ^ Hiner, Jason. "Understanding Snowden's impact on IT... in 2 minutes". TechRepublic. Retrieved February 1, 2014. 459.Jump up ^ heise.de: Das Blackphone soll die totale Überwachung stoppen ("The Blackphone is to stop total surveillance") 460.Jump up ^ Kopstein, Joshua. "A Phone for the Age of Snowden". The New Yorker. Retrieved March 2, 2014. 461.Jump up ^ Nicole Perlroth, Scott Shane (2013-10-01). "As F.B.I. Pursued Snowden, an E-Mail Service Stood Firm". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2014-03-16. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 462.Jump up ^ Hayley Tsukayama (2013-08-09). "Lavabit, Silent Circle shut down e-mail: What alternatives are left?". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2014-03-16. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 463.Jump up ^ Alex Hern (2013-12-31). "Email is broken - but Dark Mail Alliance is aiming to fix it". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2014-03-16. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 464.Jump up ^ Lorenzo Franceschi-Bicchieraioct (2013-10-30). "Silent Circle and Lavabit Team Up to Protect Your Email From the NSA". Mashable. Archived from the original on 2014-03-16. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 465.Jump up ^ Matthew Green (2013-11-09). "The Daunting Challenge of Secure E-mail". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 2014-03-16. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 466.Jump up ^ JShotVideo (2013-06-25). "[ v e r a x ] : Edward Snowden / ??? - Short Film" (Video 5&nbs;Minuten). YouTube. JShotVideo. Archived from the original on 2014-02-09. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 467.Jump up ^ Arno Maierbrugger (2013-07-04). "Ready at last: Hong Kong director presents Snowden movie". Investvine. Archived from the original on 2014-03-16. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 468.Jump up ^ Arjun Kharpal (2013-09-10). "Filmmakers look to crowdfunding for Snowden movie". Consumer News and Business Channel. Archived from the original on 2014-03-16. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 469.Jump up ^ James Hibberd (2013-09-26). "'South Park' NSA surveillance spoof gets big ratings". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 2014-03-16. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 470.Jump up ^ David Ferguson (2013-09-27). "Eric Cartman becomes the new Edward Snowden on ‘South Park’". Raw Story. Archived from the original on 2014-03-16. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 471.Jump up ^ "Yes, already: Two video games about Edward Snowden and stealthy data". NBC News. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 472.Jump up ^ Sundby, Alex. "Edward Snowden cast as hero in smartphone game". CNET. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 473.Jump up ^ "No Secret: Edward Snowden Gets Own Action Figure". NBC News. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 474.Jump up ^ Kooser, Amanda. "Edward Snowden action figure makes for toy whistle-blower". CNET. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 475.^ Jump up to: a b Kopan, Tal. "Edward Snowden pic coming to D.C. buses". Politico. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 476.Jump up ^ "'Say NO to surveillance state!' Buses thanking Snowden cruise Washington (VIDEO)". RT. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 477.Jump up ^ "PCJF Thank You Snowden Campaign". 478.Jump up ^ Ly, Sherri. "Metro bus ad thanks NSA leaker Edward Snowden". Retrieved 31 March 2014. 479.Jump up ^ "Snowden "on the buses" in Washington". euronews. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 480.Jump up ^ Hughes, Sarah Anne. "More Snowden Bus Ads Coming To D.C.". DCist. Retrieved 31 March 2014. Further reading[edit] Harding, Luke (February 3, 2014). The Snowden Files: The Inside Story of the World's Most Wanted Man. Guardian Faber, London. (published by Vintage Books, Feb 11, 2014) Lanchester, John. "The Snowden files: why the British public should be worried about GCHQ". The Guardian. October 3, 2013. Dilanian, Ken. "A spy world reshaped by Edward Snowden". Los Angeles Times. December 22, 2013. Margulies, Joseph. "The Promise of May, the Betrayal of June, and the Larger Lesson of Manning and Snowden." (Archive) Verdict. Justia. July 17, 2013. External links[edit] Find more about Edward Snowden at Wikipedia's sister projects Media from Commons Quotations from Wikiquote Database entry Q13424289 on Wikidata Edward Snowden at the Internet Movie Database "Free Snowden". (Journalistic Source Protection Defense Fund) "NSA leaks: a timeline". Al Jazeera. November 1, 2013. "The NSA Files". The Guardian. (Index of articles) "DNI Statement on Recent Unauthorized Disclosures of Classified Information." (Archive) Office of the Director of National Intelligence. June 6, 2013. PDF Version (Archive) "Global Surveillance. An annotated and categorized "overview of the revelations following the leaks by the whistleblower Edward Snowden. There are also some links to comments and followups". By Oslo University Library. "Here´s how we take back the Internet" a TED talk by Edward Snowden. March 19, 2014. 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Washington Knows Resource Directory 04/09/14 ________________________________________ Foreword Washington County Department of Human Services sponors Washington Knows, an Internet-based information and referrral resource for residents and human service providers. It was created to link people needing help or information with the organizations that might offer assistance. Washington Knows is free and confidential. In all communities, finding the appropriate services can be difficult. The goal of Washington Knows is to remove those barriers and link people with the appropriate information and resources. Washington Knows offers a computerized database of information about available human services in Washington County. This database supports local agencies in sharing information about available programs and services in order to promote efficient coordination of services and encourage collaboration among service providers. Washington Knows provides human service organizations and the public with contact information, hours of operation, and a general description of services provided by Washington County human services providers. It establishes a centralized information clearinghouse that enables users to find information and resources at their convenience. Washington County Department of Human Services sponors Washington Knows, an Internet-based information and referrral resource for residents and human service providers. It was created to link people needing help or information with the organizations that might offer assistance. Washington Knows is free and confidential. In all communities, finding the appropriate services can be difficult. The goal of Washington Knows is to remove those barriers and link people with the appropriate information and resources. Washington Knows offers a computerized database of information about available human services in Washington County. This database supports local agencies in sharing information about available programs and services in order to promote efficient coordination of services and encourage collaboration among service providers. Washington Knows provides human service organizations and the public with contact information, hours of operation, and a general description of services provided by Washington County human services providers. It establishes a centralized information clearinghouse that enables users to find information and resources at their convenience. Table Of Contents Number of Search Results: 97 Aging Services of Washington County Allegheny Power Universal Services American Red Cross Southwestern PA Chapter AMI, Inc. of Washington-Greene Counties, AMI Peer Support Services Avis Arbor Bellmead Apartments C.A.R.E. Caring Mission Home Care/TCM Home Health CASA for Kids, Inc. Catholic Charities Center in the Woods, Inc. Centerville Clinics, Inc. Centerville Clinics, Inc., Mental Health Program Child Care Information Services Children's Home of Pittsburgh & Lemieux Family Center Community Action Southwest Community Care, Inc. Community College of Allegheny County Community Psychiatric Centers Connect, Inc. Cornerstone Care Crime Victim/Witness Assistance Program CRY Diversified Human Services, Inc Diversified Human Services/SPHS Child Learning Center Domestic Violence Services of Southwestern PA Dress for Success Pittsburgh-Washington Branch Elizabeth Babcock, LCSW END Violence Center (END V) Family Behavioral Resources Family Behavioral Resources Family Promise of Southwestern Pennsylvania Family Services of Western Pennsylvania Gateway Rehab Center Gateway Rehab School & Community-Based Prevention Services (Vision) Genesis of Pittsburgh GrassRoutes Counseling Services Greater Washington County Food Bank Greenbriar Treatment Center Intermediate Unit One Mental Health Association of Washington County Mesothelioma Web Mon Valley Community Health Services, Inc. Northwestern Human Services/Woodland Center Office of Vocational Rehabilitation PA CareerLink Washington County PA Dept of Health Pathways of Southwestern Pennsylvania, Inc. Pecosh Counseling & Consulting Presbyterian SeniorCare Pressley Ridge Redevelopment Authority of Washington County Ruth York Morgan Health Education Learning Place Senator J. Barry Stout Senior LIFE Washington Southwest Behavioral Care, Inc. Southwestern PA AIDS Planning Coalition Southwestern PA Human Services Southwestern Pennsylvania Area Agency on Aging, Inc. Southwestern Pennsylvania Commission's CommuteInfo Program SPHS Aging Services SPHS CARE Center SWPA - SDHP - Regional Housing Coordinator Test organization Test organization The Arc of Washington County The Caring Network, Inc The Integrated Care Corporation The Washington Hospital The Washington Hospital Teen Outreach Three Cities Services Transitional Employment Consultants Tri-County Patriots for Independent Living Tri-County Patriots for Independent Living (Waynesburg ) Try-Again Homes, Inc. U. S. Census Bureau United Way of Washington County Urban League of Greater Pittsburgh Visiting Angels Washington City Mission Washington Communities Mental Health/Mental Retardation Center , Inc. Washington Communities That Care Washington County Behavioral Health and Developmental Services Washington County Children and Youth Services Washington County Department of Human Services Washington County Department of Veterans Affairs Washington County Faith in Action Program Washington County Habitat for Humanity Washington County Health Center Washington County Housing Authority Washington County Literacy Council Washington County Transportation Authority Washington County Women's Network Washington Drug and Alcohol Commission, Inc. Washington-Greene Alternative Residential Services, Inc. Washington-Greene Counties Weatherization Program Wesley Spectrum Services Aging Services of Washington County ASWC Organizational Information Parent Organization funded by SWPA Area Agency on Aging, Inc. Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization ASWC mission is to deliver the highest quality cost-effective services usaing the least restrictive alternatives at the direction of the consumer with a focus on autonomy and independent living in their own homes. History of Organization ASWC started forty years ago with Senior Citizens Centers that provided congregate meals and information. The agency grew to include home-delivered meals, Transportation, care management and ombudsman. The senior community centers are now an intregal part of the community and serve as the first point of contact for the continium of care provided for our older residents. Accreditations and Licenses ASWC is a public agency under the direct supervision of thw Washington County Board of Commissioners. Affiliations WCAS is affliated with the following organizations: Pennsylvania Association of Senior Centers. (PASC) SWPA Area Agency on Aging, Inc Washington Rides Washington County Human Services Dept. WIN Washington Co. Information Network Legal Structure Local Government Funding Sources SWPA Area Agency on Aging, Inc through a grant from the Pennsylvania Dept. of Aging Washington County Board of Commissioners HSDF Human Services Development Fund Wash. Co. Redevelopment Authority Contact Information Key Leader(s) Mary Lynn Spilak - Director Deborah DeStefano - Assistant Director Contact Person(s) Margaret Jennings - Care Management Supervisor Rose Moore - Quality Assurance Manager E-mail(s) spilakml@co.washington.pa.us destefad@co. washington.pa.us jenningm@co.washington.pa.us moorer@co.washington.pa.us Primary Addresses 100 West Beau Street , Suite 407 Courthouse Square Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County- Resident 60 years of age and older. Service Description Care Management: Coordinates both formal and informal supports to assist consumer in living independently in their own homes. Ombudsman: Investigates complains in long term care facilities and from consumers receiving long term care services at home. Also provides education and outreach Congregate Meals: Lunch time meal served weekdays at the Senior Community Centers for individuals 60 years old and older. The meal contains 1/3 of the daily nutritional requrements. Home-delivered Meals: These meals are for seniors that cannot prepare a nutritional meal at home. These meals contain 1/3 of the daily requirements and are delivered by volunteers at lunch time on weekdays. Medical & Center Transportation: The medical transportation is for individuals that need assistance in getting to their medical appointments and center transportation takes seniors to the senior centers. Senior Community Center Services: These centers offer a wide array of educational, recreational and wellness programs to the 60+ population. They also assist with information on services and public benefits. Available Hours Monday through Friday 8:30 AM to 4:30 PM Fees/Cost for Services Services from the Senior Centers are free we do request donations. There is cost sharing for in home services. Eligibility Requirements Must be 60 years of age or older of the spouse of someone over 60 years of age. Required Documentation Intake information must be provided. For Cost sharing Financial information must be provided. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Go to senior center and sign-up for lunch and activities. Care Management clients must first be assessed by the SWPA Area Agency on Aging,Inc. Must call AAA Intake and Referral at: 1-800-734-9603 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility yes Languages Spoken or Available english Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Center Leadership volunteers HDM Volunteers Volunteer Van Drivers Center Activity Volunteers Kitchen Volunteers Ombudsman Volunteers Allegheny Power Universal Services Organizational Information Parent Organization Allegheny Power Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization To help eligible payment troubled customers on limited or fixed incomes: Establish affordable payment arrangements to maintain service; Obtain grants & assistance from community based organizations; Guide customers toward self-sufficiency in paying bills; & Reduce their energy consumption. History of Organization Allegheny Power has provided electric service to residents in all or part of 23 counties in Pennsylvania for more than 60 years, and Universal Services have been available since 1996. Funding Sources Universal Services are possible due to Shareholder funding. Contact Information Contact Number(s) 1-800-207-1250 - Toll Free. Must leave a message Primary Addresses Jeannette Service Center P.O. Box 739 Jeannette, Pa 15644-0739 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area All or part of 23 counties in Pennsylvania. Service Description Special Payment arrangements Weatherization Services CARES outreach to customers with temporary hardships. Available Hours 8 a.m. to 4:30 weekdays Fees/Cost for Services None Eligibility Requirements Less than 150% of the federal poverty guidelines for Special Payments or Weatherization services. No income guidelines for CARES outreach Required Documentation Application with proof of income, household membership, & list of expenses. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call 1-800-207-1250 Miscellaneous Information Speaker Available Yes American Red Cross Southwestern PA Chapter Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The American Red Cross, a humanitarian organization led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Priciples of the International Red Cross Movement, will provide relief to victims of disasters and help people prevent, prepare for and respond to disasters and other life-threatening emergencies. History of Organization For nearly a century, our chapter has made this region safer through programs for individuals, families, schools and businesses. Affiliations The Foster Grandparent Program is locally sponsored by the Southwestern PA Chapter of the Red Cross to help seniors 55 and over to find community positions where they can be mentors, tutors and caregivers for special-needs children. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources The American Red Cross is not a government agency. Our chapter does not receive local funding from our national organization except during large-scale disasters. We must rely on the generosity of our neighbors each year to continue our vital work in the region. We are also a United Way Washington member agency. Contact Information Key Leader(s) T.L. (Tim) Tassone - CEO American Red Cross Southwestern PA Chapter Contact Number(s) 888-217-9599 724-222-4750 Web Addresses www.swpa.redcross.org Primary Addresses 225 Boulevard of the Allies Pittsburgh, PA 15222 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 524 East Maiden St. Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area The American Red Cross Southwestern PA Chapter serves the nearly 1.6 million residents in Allegheny, Fayette, Greene and Washington counties. The Foster Grandparent Program serves Allegheny, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Greene and Washington counties. Service Description Emergency Services--from the front lines of a disaster to an in-office presentation on preparing for the unexpected, to a telephone conversation with a military family, our emergency services team helps ensure that all of our neighbors can prepare or recover from disasters. Health & Safety Services---The Red Cross saves lives annually by equipping more than 45,500 individuals with vital skills in all of our training including First Aid, CPR, Automated External Defibrillators (AED) and Lifeguarding. Senior volunteerism---The Retired & Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP) of Allegheny County and the Foster Grandparent Program offers senior volunteers opportunities to give back to the community. Volunteerism---The Red Cross proactively recruits, trains and places volunteers who make invaluable contributions from the front lines of disasters to office support. Available Hours The American Red Cross is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week: 888-217-9599. Fees/Cost for Services All Red Cross disaster training is free. Costs are involved with health and safety training courses. See our Web site for specifics or call 888-217-9599. Eligibility Requirements There are certain eligibility requirements for various opportunties. Please call 888-217-9599 or see our Web site swpa.redcross.org for more information. Required Documentation Depending upon the course or the volunteer position, certain requirements do apply, please see our Web site at www.swpa.redcross.org or call 888-217-9599 for more information. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week: 888-217-9599 or visit www.swpa.redcross.org. Miscellaneous Information Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes AMI, Inc. of Washington-Greene Counties, AMI Peer Support Services AMI Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization AMI's mission is two fold; 1) To assist adults who live in Washington and Greene Counties to develop the skills and supports they need to be successful and satisfied in the places they choose to live, learn, work and socialize. And 2) To enhance the satisfaction of adults with mental illness by assisting them to develop social skills and increase their ability to use the community support system. History of Organization AMI was formed in late 1969 by the local Mental Health Association. Organized as a social groups for people returning to the community from state hospital, there were originally only 5 members. Today, AMI serves about 120 members in both Washington and Greene Counties. In 1973, the Washington-Greene MH/MR Program recognized the need and effectiveness of AMI's services and began funding on a fee-for-service basis. In 1976, AMI incorporated and continued to grow in membership and activities. In late 1984, AMI moved to larger quarters to prepared for a new program which would include more young, non-institutionalized adults with severe and persistent mental illness. 1989 saw the beginning of more structured actitivites and more variety in ages of those being served at AMI. In 1994, AMI began to move towards offering licensed Psychiatric Rehabilitation along with more structure in the the Psychosocial Program and moving towards a Recovery Oriented focus. AMI was approved as a licensed, site based Psychiatric Rehabilitation provider in late 2004. Today, AMI, it's Staff and its Members take pride in the knowledge that we can assist people to recover from the devestating effects of having a mental illness. Accreditations and Licenses Pa. Dept of Public Welfare, Office of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (OMHSAS) Affiliations United Way of Washington County United Way of Greene County Organizational member of USPRA Organizational membed of PAPSRS Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Washington County MH/MR Washington County United Way Donations Greene County Human Services Greene County United Way Contact Information Key Leader(s) Teri Close - CPRP Executive Director Contact Person(s) Michaele Vinosky - Program Director E-mail(s) amiincwc@verizon.net Web Addresses ami-inc.org Primary Addresses 907 Jefferson Avenue Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 95 East High Street Suite 106 Waynesburg, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington and Greene Counties Service Description Psychosocial Rehabilitation for adults with mental illness Psychiatric Rehabilitation for adults with Mental Illness AMI Inc. is also offering Peer Mentoring and Certified Peer Specialist Services Available Hours Psychosocial - Washington Monday - Thursday 8:30 - 4:30 Friday 8:30 - 9:00 Psychiatric Rehabilitation - Washington Monday and Wednesday 8:30 - 4:30 Fees/Cost for Services None Eligibility Requirements Adults with mental illness who reside in Washington or Greene County. Required Documentation Referal from the Base Service Unit How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Contact Program Director at 724-228-5211 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility First floor building Languages Spoken or Available English, Greek Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Volunteers may be used to assist Group leaders during activites, with crafts or outings and/or Board Membership. Avis Arbor Organizational Information Parent Organization Washington City Mission Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization To assist women and women with children who are homeless by providing temporary shelter as they obtain needed Drug and Alcohol/Mental Health treatment services and other needed services including spiritual growth and development in order to restore them to independent living. History of Organization 1986 - Avis Arbor was founded as a thirty day program. It developed into a three month program, and now for the past several years has evolved into a six to nine month program. For the past several years, we have also accepted women with a positive drug/alcohol urine test, which we had previously not done. Accreditations and Licenses Certified Co-Occurring Disorder Professional-CCDP Diplomate Affiliations Association of Gospel Rescue Missions Homeless and Hunger Awareness Committee CLA - (Christian Leadership Association) ECFA (Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability) Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Individuals Churches Businesses Thrift Store Sales Grants United Way Contact Information Contact Person(s) Nettie Ledbetter - House Manager 724-228-9240 724-222-8530 Web Addresses www.citymission.org Primary Addresses 84 West Wheeling Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Southwestern Pa. Service Description Drug and Alcohol Recovery Support Mental Health Recovery Support Medical Clinic Counseling Case Management Food and Clothing Emergency Shelter Long Term Shelter Scattered Site Housing Fees/Cost for Services There is no charge for service but a program fee is required from those with income. Eligibility Requirements Adult women who are homeless and over 18 yrs of age. Children up to age 12. Required Documentation ID required. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Referrals accepted from treatment centers, hospitals, churches, family members or self. Call for an intake appointment. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Call for details. Bellmead Apartments Organizational Information Parent Organization Presbyterian SeniorCare Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Provides a variety of quality, affordable living options for age and income-eligible older adults through SeniorCare Network, the real estate manangement affiliate of Presbyterian SeniorCare. History of Organization Established in 1982 as the first apartment community for income-eligible older adults. Contact Information Contact Number(s) 724-223-5744 Web Addresses www.SrCare.org Primary Addresses 1215 Hulton Road Oakmont, PA 15139 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington and surrounding counties Service Description See for yourself why Bellmead Aparments is much more than an apartment community for older adults. In addition to patios, colorful gardens and beautiful pathways, Bellmead offers an on-site service coordinator to connect residents to community resources; an "Ask-a-Nurse" program; on-site laundry; community room; and daily meal service in dining room. Small pets welcome. Most utilites included in rent. Age and income restrictions apply. Fees/Cost for Services Varies Eligibility Requirements Adults 62 and older How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call 724-223-5744 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes C.A.R.E. C.A.R.E. Organizational Information Parent Organization Southwestern PA Human Services Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Mon Valley II is a full-time emotional/learning support classroom offering therapeutic services as an integral part of the school day. History of Organization MVA II is a licensed, private academic school which was established in 2005. MVA II is a collaborative effort between 11 local school districts and SPHS to provide students with a full-time emotional/support classroom and therapeutic services as part of the daily program. Accreditations and Licenses Department of Education License Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Private pay Contact Information Key Leader(s) Jeff Mascara - Vice President/Chief Executive Officer Contact Person(s) Angela Lancaster - Program Supervisor Linda Fafalios - Director Contact Number(s) 724-684-5437 extension 4274 724-489-8099 extension 4595 E-mail(s) alancaster@sphs.org- Program Supervisor Primary Addresses 306 Chamber Plaza Charleroi, PA 15022 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington,Greene, Westmoreland, Fayette Service Description To place students with behavioral and emotional problems that hinder their education ito an alternatiave education setting that provides supportive educational opportunities to students who are at risk of failing within the tradtional school setting. The program includes combining conflict resolution, problem-solving, decision-making skills, anger management and social skills opponents throught the daily routine. To provide the inclusion of therapeutic services as part of the daily program. Available Hours 7:30 a.m. through 2:30 p.m. Fees/Cost for Services $95.00 per day Eligibility Requirements School District Referrals Required Documentation Individual Education Plans How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Contact Program Supervisor 724-489-8099 extension 4595 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need Yes Caring Mission Home Care/TCM Home Health Organizational Information Parent Organization Caring Mission Home Care Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization VISION: To ensure our position as the industires premier care provider, The Caring Mission continuously evaluates the ever changing needs of our community, clients and employees. MISSION: The Caring Mission provides the highest quality of care to those in need while residing in the privacy of their own home. Through our individualized services we promote independence and well-being while montitoring, caring for and evaluating our clients. History of Organization Established in 2000, the Caring Mission, Inc is a privately owned Home Care Company focusing on seniors and those disabled within our community. The Caring Mission started services in July of 2000 with gorcery shopping, meal preparation and housekeeping. In 2001 the company signed a contract with the local Area Agency on Aging to provide Home & Community based services, later the same year The Caring Mission became an accredited provider for the Pennsylvania Department of Aging Waiver Program. Over the past three years, The Caring Mission expanded our service area to cover five counties; Washington, Fayette, Greene, Westmoreland, & Allegheny Counties. Accreditations and Licenses Home Care Accreditation of America Affiliations Members of the National Association of Geriatric Care Managers Members of the Pennsylvania Home Care Association Members of the Southwestern Pennsylvania Partnership on Aging Legal Structure For-profit entity Funding Sources Private Pay Long-term Care Area Agency on Aging Lottery Funded Pennsylvania Department of Aging Waiver Contract Veterans Administration Contact Information Key Leader(s) Sherri Hewitt-Laird - President/Owner Amy Avolia - Vice-President/ Care Director Contact Person(s) Natalie Polansky - Care Coordinator Contact Number(s) Washihngton County - 724-222-9905 Fayette County - 724-626-8225 Allegheny County - 41-206-0174 E-mail(s) gs@thecaringmission.com- Marketing Director av@thecaringmission.com- Amy Avolia/ Vice-President Care Director President/Owner shl@thecaringmission.com- Sherri Hewitt-Laird Web Addresses www.thecaringmission.com Primary Addresses 393 Delashawn Road Claysville, PA 15323 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 1046 Jefferson Ave. Washington, Pa 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. 554 Washington Avenue Carnegie, PA 15106 Click here for a Map of this Location. 150 Pittsburgh Street Uniontown, PA 15401 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area 5 counties; Washington, Fayette, Greene, Allegheny & Westmoreland Service Description Geriatric Care Management Personal Assistance Personal Care (Assistacne with Activies of daily living to include: dressing, bathing, grooming, skin care, oral hygiene, etc.) Toileting Transferring Shopping Errand Running Medication Management Program Light & Heavey Houskeeping Vacuuming, dusting, mopping floors Washing, drying & ironing clothes Escort to Doctor Visits Available Hours 7 days a week, 24 hours per day Fees/Cost for Services $16.00 - 19.00 per hour. Based upon consumer needs Decrease rate for 24 hour care & live-ins Eligibility Requirements Private Pay - no requirements long-Term Care (Policy Specific) How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments To access services contact one of our offices or call our toll free number at 1-866-922-7464 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No CASA for Kids, Inc. CASA (Court Appointed Special Advocate) Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The mission of CASA for Kids, Inc. is to advocate for the best interests of abused and neglected children in the Washington County juvenile court system. By training community volunteers to serve as fact finders and speak for the children in court, children's needs are met to ensure safety and permanency in their lives. History of Organization CASA for Kids, Inc. Court Appointed Special Advocated Background and Program Description CASA for Kids, Inc. was established in 2002 as a 501(c) (3) organization following a yearlong feasibility study. The study was initiated by a group of concerned citizens, child welfare agencies, and juvenile court judge, the Honorable Katherine B Emery, following the death of an abused and neglected young girl who got lost in the cracks of the system. Judge Emery recognized a need for an objective fact-finder for the court who would focus on the needs and wishes of the child. That fact finder would make recommendations as to the best interests of the child, thus helping the court make more informed decisions. The mission of CASA for Kids, Inc. is to advocate for the best interests of abused and neglected children in the Washington County juvenile court system. By training Community volunteers to serve as fact finders and speak for the children in court, children s needs are met to ensure safety and permanency in their lives. As part of a national system of CASA organizations, CASA for Kids, Inc. is one of only seventeen CASA programs serving counties in Pennsylvania. The National CASA Association establishes national program standards and provides technical assistance, guides and other resources to assist program development, but does not govern the county program. During a 2005 review, CASA for Kids received recognition for meeting or exceeding all standards of excellence. The value of CASA for Kids work in the community is demonstrated in the excellent working relationship developed with the juvenile court system, children and youth services and the related child welfare agencies. Our primary program is to recruit, train and support volunteers advocates to work one-on one with children referred by the Washington County Juvenile Court System. The CASA volunteers primary focus is on the child and his or her needs. In advocating for that child, the volunteer works with the family, foster families, caseworkers from Children and Youth Services (CYS) and many other types of child welfare providers. To prepare the CASA volunteer for this demanding work, they participate in an intensive 30-hour training process (not including outside reading and homework) and at least two days of court observations. The training consists of valuable information about child development, legal information, child & family behavior issues, mental health issues, the child welfare system, sample case scenarios, communication, and reporting guidelines. Upon completion of the training the volunteer is officially sworn in by the juvenile court judge and become a friend of the court as an official CASA volunteer. A CASA volunteer makes a significant commitment of their time to work with the children and families to provide continuity and an objective perspective to a child s life. In fact, many of our CASA volunteers have been involved with their child for 2 or 3 years in spite of turnover in caseworkers and attorneys. Our volunteers donate an average of 15 hours a month to investigate and monitor their case and to be acquainted with the children by making frequent visits. CASA volunteers are included in all pre-trail conferences and all in-chamber discussions/ testimonies and / or depositions, and at all court hearings. The volunteer advocates sit at the counsel table and are considered by the court to be a party to the case. Each volunteer is afforded individual time at each court hearing to speak on behalf of the child. They also detail findings in a written court report and make recommendations regarding what placement, service and visitation are in the child s best interest. CASA volunteers remain on a case until a safe and permanent home is established and the case closes. Only the most serious cases are referred to CASA for Kids, Inc. by the judges in the juvenile court system- children who have been severely abused, sexually assaulted, neglected, and/or have spent most of their lives in foster care. These are children who desperately need one individual to look after their interests and needs. Children matched with a CASA volunteer will get the services they need, be it eyeglasses, dental care or mental health therapy. Also as important, the Judge will know each child s age, his or her up-to-date school performance, medical status and emotional state. The CASA volunteer personalizes that child for the court. Currently, CASA for Kids has 28 active volunteers working with 68 children. To date 200 children have been referred to the program, of which 119 children s cases have been resolved through the efforts of our volunteers. Unfortunately, at any given time there are more than 300 children in Washington County s juvenile court system that could benefit from the support of a CASA volunteer. For every closed or resolved case, there is another case being opened. The court system s support for the value of this program is evident in the growing number of case referrals to CASA. We currently have 9 children waiting assignment to new volunteer advocates. With the increasing number of cases being referred to CASA, we need to continually recruit and train new volunteers who will take on new cases, as well as provide ongoing care and support to prevent burn-out for these hard-working volunteers who give so much in difficult times. Our goal is to expand the volunteer program so that each advocate is working with only one case at a time. In just 5 short years, CASA for Kids has grown from an all-volunteer organization of board members, staff and advocates serving five children. We were please in January 2005 to move the Executive Director position to a salaried position. In the fall 2005, we hired a part-time Program Director to focus on volunteer recruitment, training and support. In June of 2006 we received a grant from National CASA to hire a part-time case manager. Staff members work closely to give support for volunteers, provide awareness and support for the program, as well as track volunteer and child/case related data via a standardized CASA database system. The Board of Director is actively engaged in the CASA for Kids program including participation in fundraising, volunteer recruitment and training, as well as policy making, fiscal management, and general oversight of the program. This group committed individuals and professionals represent a strong cross-section of the Washington County community from law, youth related services, to corporate business. Proudly, 100% of the board members and staff contribute to the program. Support for the program is provided through donations and grants from community residents, and local business and corporations. Currently, approximately one-third of our budget is support is by individual gifts and donation, one-fourth through special events and fundraising activities, including the Wake up Your Dreams event, and less than one-half by local grants. Additionally, it is important to note that CASA for Kids receives no federal, state or local government dollars for program support. We are proud that CASA for Kids is a community-based organization in the true sense of the term; formed and supported by committed and concerned individuals from the Washington County community. Revised 2/18/08 Affiliations National CASA and Pennsylvania CASA Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Community support, grants and National CASA grants. Primary Addresses 30 East Beau Street Suite 417 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Available Hours Regular business hours and some evenings. Fees/Cost for Services None Eligibility Requirements Volunteers must be over 21 years old, pass security clearances and go through the 35 hours of CASA training. Required Documentation Drivers License, security clearences and references. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call the CASA office at 724-228-0414 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description A CASA volunteer commits to the training necessary and then follows the child throught the juvenile court system to find permnency in their lives. Catholic Charities Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Catholic Charities of the Diocese of Pittsburgh, rooted in the gospel and social teachings of the Church, is the primary social service agency of the Diocese. Our mission is to serve with excellence, professionalism, integrity and compassion, the human needs of individuals and families, regardless of their religious affiliation, and to provide leadership in mobilizing the resources of parishes and the wider community in addressing these needs. Accreditations and Licenses Council on Accreditation PA Department of Health Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources United Way of Washington County Children and Youth Services Department of Human Services Washington County Drug and Alcohol Commission Real Alternatives, Women In Need Washington County Community Foundation Contact Information Key Leader(s) Christine Wissner MSW, LSW - Director MDiv - Director Vanessa Meredith LPC - Administrative Director Susan Rauscher - Executive Director Contact Person(s) Christine Wissner MSW, LSW - Director MDiv - Director Contact Number(s) 724-228-7722 E-mail(s) cwissn@ccpgh.org Web Addresses www.ccpgh.org Primary Addresses 331 S. Main Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 212 Ninth Street Pittsburgh, PA 15222 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Service Description Emergency Relief and Tangible Assistance is available during a crisis or disaster. Workshops, Trainings and Community Education is offered to churches, schools, businesses, etc., to broaden the understanding of daily issues and expand capacities for healthy living at home or in the workplace. Presentations are also given to provide information about available services. The Drug and Alcohol Program offers counseling that is a community based, holistic program for adults and adolescents. Drug and Alcohol assessments are also offered in various school districts through the Student Assistance Program. Staffed with credentialed, master s level therapists. The Pregnancy and Parenting Program offers childbirth, parenting and life skills education for individuals, couples, families and groups. The Women-In-Need Program assists men and women who are expecting a baby or who have an infant. Services offered include free and confidential pregnancy testing, counseling, educational materials and life skills education. Free baby care items are also available and include diapers, formula, clothing, food and toiletries. Staffed with bachelor's level counselors. The Youth and Family Services Program provides help for children and for their families as they work to change behavior patterns that result in abuse or in a youth s pre-delinquent and runaway behaviors. Staffed with bachelor's level counselors. The Adoption and Foster Care Program assists birth parents who wish to make a plan of adoption for a child and also assists families who want to adopt. Training for adoptive parents is also offered, as well as temporary foster care and adoption searches. The Family Therapy Program offers sessions for individuals, children and adolescents, couples and families. Staffed with credentialed, master s level therapists. Available Hours Monday through Friday, 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. Wednesday evening, 5:00 - 9:00 p.m. Other evenings and Saturday by appointment Fees/Cost for Services Insurance coverage Sliding Fee Scale No person is turned away due to inability to pay for services Eligibility Requirements Services are open to all residents of Washington County, regardless of ability to pay Required Documentation If appropriate for service being provided, insurance card. If utilizing sliding fee scale, a recent pay stub or W-2 form How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Telephone 724-228-7722 Every staff person is trained to provide information and schedule appointments by telephone. For certain programs, walk-ins are welcome. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English American Sign Language Other Languages available upon request Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Member of the Community Advisor Committee Member of the Golf Classic Committee Internships Center in the Woods, Inc. Organizational Information Parent Organization Center in the Woods, Inc. Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization To provide the highest quality of life for older adults in southwestern Pennsylvania. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Contact Information Key Leader(s) George Krcelich - Chief Executive Officer Ken Laird - President Board of Directors Contact Person(s) George Krcelich - Chief Executive Officer Kris McAvoy - Finance Office Contact Number(s) 724-938-3554 x101 - Chief Executive Officer 724-938-3554 x102 - Finance Office E-mail(s) gkrcelich@centerinthewoods.org- Chief Executive Officer kmcavoy@centerinthewoods.org- Finance Office Web Addresses http://www.centerinthewoods.org Primary Addresses 130 Woodland Court Brownsville, PA 15417 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington, Fayette, Greene, Westmoreland and Allegheny Counties Available Hours Monday through Friday 8:00 AM to 4:30 PM How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call 724-938-3554 Miscellaneous Information Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Phone Volunteers, Meals on Wheels Drivers and Runners, Adult Day Center volunteers, Front Desk Volunteers, Greeters Centerville Clinics, Inc. Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Centerville Clinics, Inc., a private, non-profit organization founded in 1955, provides accessible, high quality, comprehensive health care services to individuals and families, regardless of their financial resources, through a medium of managing and operating coordinated health facilities and programs. History of Organization In the early 1950s a small group of labor leaders decided that it was up to them to make a difference in health care for their neighbors. These leaders, among them the late Joseph A. Jock Yablonski, wanted to provide a place where miners, who work in the most dangerous industry in America, could receive primary care. At the same time, they wanted to make medical care available to people in the rural communities of southwestern Pennsylvania. Those early leaders persuaded two general practice doctors and several specialists to come to Centerville, a small community in Washington County, Pennsylvania, and begin practicing medicine. The year was 1955, and the facility they used was an old farm house that had been partially renovated. A nearby apple barn also was renovated and incorporated into the physical plant. Dr. Robert Schwartz, the first medical director at Centerville Clinics, saw the first patient on April 27, 1955, thus beginning a tradition of service to the community. A series of expansions and additions, both in size and services, followed over the next seventeen years and by 1972 th present facility at Centerville, now known as the Joseph A. Yablonski Memorial Clinic, had emerged as a 21,000 square foot facility. Changes at the Yablonski Memorial Clinic were only one part of the growth of Centerville Clinics. Once the facility at Centerville was opened it became apparent that one location was not enough. The leaders of the Clinic wanted to reach out to other communities. In 1956 Centerville Clinics opened a community-care office in California, PA, then launched Carmichaels Clinic in 1960 as the third facility. Over a nine-year period, beginning in 1977, Centerville Clinics expanded three more times, opening offices in Waynesburg (1977), Bentleyville (1982), and Republic (1986). In 1994, Centerville Clinics expanded into Faichance and most recently opened facilities in Uniontown and Washington. Today, the Centerville Clinics network includes Bentleyville Family Practice Center, California Family Practice, Carmichaels Clinic, Fairchance Office, Republic Doctor s Office, Uniontown Family Doctors, Washington Family Doctors, Waynesburg Office, and the Yablonski Clinic. Accreditations and Licenses Outpatient, Partial Hospital Program, Behavioral Health Rehabilitation Services, Family Based Services, Intensive Case Manager Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Washington County MH/MR, Private Insurances Contact Information Key Leader(s) Jim Quinn - Executive Director Contact Person(s) Ann D. Gaydos - Director of Mental Health Courtney Cavannaugh - Supervisor of BHRS Vicki Murray - Supervisor of Family Based Contact Number(s) 724-632-5828 - Mental Health 724-632-6801 - Main Office E-mail(s) mentalhealth@centervilleclinics.com- Mental Health agaydos@centervilleclinics.com- Director of Mental Health Web Addresses www.centervilleclinics.com - Centerville Clinics, Inc. Primary Addresses 724-632-6801 1070 Old National Pike Fredericktown, PA 15333 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 724-943-4507 316 Greensboro Road Greensboro, PA 15338 Click here for a Map of this Location. 724-228-8240 71 North Main Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. 724-627-8156 190 Bonar Avenue Waynesburg, PA 15370 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1070 Old National Pike Road Fredericktown, PA 15333 Click here for a Map of this Location. 724-627-8027 300 North Street Waynesburg, PA 15370 Click here for a Map of this Location. 724-377-2818 P.O. Box 235 Vestaburg, PA 15368 Click here for a Map of this Location. 724-627-8156 20 Bonar Avenue Waynesburg, PA 15368 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1070 Old National Pike Road Fredericktown, PA 15333 Click here for a Map of this Location. 724-832-5782 201 Laird & Alwine Avenues Greensburg, PA 15601 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington, Greene, Fayette, Westmoreland and Fayette Counties Service Description Child/Adolescent Outpatient Services, Adult Outpatient Services, Child/Adolescent Partial Hospital Services, Adult Partial Hospital Services, Blended Case-Management Services, Behavioral Health Rehabilitation Services, Family Based Services, Student Assistant Program, After-care Services, and Summer Therapeutic Camps Available Hours Open 8:00-5:00 weekdays. Therapist and doctor's appointment available two nights/week. Eligibility Requirements Children, Adolescent, Adults with mental health issues. CCI contracts with Managed Care and private insurance. Sliding Fee schedule. Required Documentation Social Security Card, Photo ID How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call 24/7. Walk-ins seen daily. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Centerville Clinics, Inc., Mental Health Program Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Centerville Clinics, Inc., a private, non-profit organization founded in 1955, provides accessible, high quality, comprehensive health care services to individuals and families, regardless of their financial resources, through a medium of managing and operating coordinated health facilities and programs. History of Organization In the early 1950s a small group of labor leaders decided that it was up to them to make a difference in health care for their neighbors. These leaders, among them the late Joseph A. Jock Yablonski, wanted to provide a place where miners, who work in the most dangerous industry in America, could receive primary care. At the same time, they wanted to make medical care available to people in the rural communities of southwestern Pennsylvania. Those early leaders persuaded two general practice doctors and several specialists to come to Centerville, a small community in Washington County, Pennsylvania, and begin practicing medicine. The year was 1955, and the facility they used was an old farm house that had been partially renovated. A nearby apple barn also was renovated and incorporated into the physical plant. Dr. Robert Schwartz, the first medical director at Centerville Clinics, saw the first patient on April 27, 1955, thus beginning a tradition of service to the community. A series of expansions and additions, both in size and services, followed over the next seventeen years and by 1972 the present facility at Centerville, now known as the Joseph A. Yablonski Memorial Clinic, had emerged as a 21,000 square foot facility. Changes at the Yablonski Memorial Clinic were only one part of the growth of Centerville Clinics. Once the facility at Centerville was opened it became apparent that one location was not enough. The leaders of the Clinic wanted to reach out to other communities. In 1956 Centerville Clinics opened a community-care office in California, PA, then launched Carmichaels Clinic in 1960 as the third facility. Over a nine-year period, beginning in 1977, Centerville Clinics expanded three more times, opening offices in Waynesburg (1977), Bentleyville (1982), and Republic (1986). In 1994, Centerville Clinics expanded into Faichance and most recently opened facilities in Uniontown and Washington. Today, the Centerville Clinics network includes Bentleyville Family Practice Center, California Family Practice, Carmichaels Clinic, Fairchance Office, Republic Doctors Office, Uniontown Family Doctors, Washington Family Doctors, Connelesville Family Practice, Charleroi Family Practice, Waynesburg Office, and the Yablonski Clinic. Accreditations and Licenses Outpatient, Partial Hospital Programs, Behavioral Health Rehabilitation Services, Family Based Services, Blended Case Management Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Washington County MH/MR Private Insurances Contact Information Key Leader(s) James Quinn - Executive Director Contact Person(s) BREAN ELLSWORTH - ASSISTANT SUPERVISOR, BLENDED CASE MANAGEMENT Ann Gaydos - Director of Mental Health JEANNE HOLZAPFEL - DIRECTOR, BLENDED CASE MANAGEMENT Cindy Cummings - Outpatient Supervisor Karen Wohar - SAP Liason Gail Mason - Adult Therapist Amy Vrescak - BSU Supervisor Vickie Knizner - Billing Secretary for Partial Hospital Programs Alison Thomas - Billing Secretary for Behavioral Health Rehabilitation Services Susan Campbell - Greene County Mental Health Supervisor Vicki Murray - Family Based Services Supervisor Susan Ungurean - Administrative Secretary Laurajenn Rossell - Therapist Leigh Ann Nichols - Behavioral Health Rehabilitation Services Supervisor Barb Riggi - ACM Erin Hathaway - ACM Peggy Heffner - Child Therapist JESSICA LAWRENCE - ASSISTANT SUPERVISOR, BLENDED CASE MANAGEMENT Contact Number(s) 724-632-6801 - Centerville Clinics 724-627-8156 - Greene County Mental Health Inc. Main office 724-627-8500 - Waynesburg Adult Partial Hospital Program 724-627-8034 - Waynesburg Children's Partial Hospital Program 724-832-9455 - Westmoreland County Children's Partial Hospital Program 724-938-2099 - BLENDED CASE MANAGEMENT, CALIFORNIA OFFICE 724-377-2818 - Vestaburg Partial Hospital Program 724-228-8420 - Washington Partial Hospital Program 724-943-4507 - Penn Pitt Partial Hospital Program 724-483-3081 - BLENDED CASE MANAGEMENT, CHARLEROI OFFICE 724-228-4219 - BLENDED CASE MANAGEMENT, WASHINGTON OFFICE 724-938-3221 - BLENDED CASE MANAGEMENT FAX NUMBER 724-632-5828 - Mental Health E-mail(s) jholzapfel@centervilleclinics.com- JEANNE HOLZAPFEL, DIRECTOR, BLENDED CASE MANAGEMENT bcm@centervilleclinics.com- BLENDED CASE MANAGEMENT agaydos@centervilleclinics.com- Director of Mental Health mentalhealth@centervilleclinics.com- Mental Health Web Addresses Inc. www.centervilleclinics.com - Centerville Clinics Primary Addresses 1070 Old National Pike Road Fredericktown, PA 15333 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses Bonar Professional Building 190 Bonar Avenue Waynesburg, PA 15370 Click here for a Map of this Location. 201 Laird & Alwine Avenue Greensburg, PA 15601 Click here for a Map of this Location. 71 North Main Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Box 235 Vestaburg, PA 15368 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1070 Old National Pike Road Fredericktown, PA 15333 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1152 WOOD STREET CALIFORNIA, PA 15419 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1070 Old National Pike Road Fredericktown, PA 15333 Click here for a Map of this Location. 316-B Greensboro Road Greensboro, PA 15338 Click here for a Map of this Location. 300 North Street Waynesburg, PA 15370 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington, Greene, Fayette and Westmoreland Counties Service Description Intensive Case Management provides 24-hour-a-day assistance to seriously and chronically mentally ill adults and children through natural supports, community resources, and specialized treatment to gain access to medical, educational, and social services. Behavioral Health Rehabilitation Services at Centerville Clinics provides services to patients from birth to age 21. BHR Services is a community-based program that provides behavioral health rehabilitation to children and their families in settings within their home and community. The services are designed to meet the needs of the child as well as the needs of the family. An individualized service plan is developed by an Inter-Agency Team that includes the child, family members, and others who know the child best. The plan is needs-driven, family-centered, and strength-based. The focus of the plan is normalization. The goal of BHR Services is for the child to be maintained in his or her natural environment in lieu of a more-restrictive setting. BHR Services include o Therapeutic Staff Support (TSS). A TSS worker provides one-on-one behavioral intervention to a child or adolescent, so that the child or adolescent will learn the concrete behavioral goals as specified in the behavioral and treatment plans. BASE SERVICE UNIT The Base Service Unit (BSU) is the "point of entry" for consumers into Mental Health/Mental Retardation programs. The BSU offers direct services and also provides referrals to numerous county and community programs. The Base Service Unit offices are located in the Yablonski Memorial Clinic and in our Greene County Mental Health Office at 190 Bonar Avenue, Waynesburg. All services offered through the Base Service Unit are confidential. No treatment and personal information is transmitted to other agencies or individuals without your written permission. Outpatient Services provides therapy through a variety of modalities, including individual and group therapy, family and marriage counseling, psychotropic intervention, psychological testing, and psychiatric evaluations. Mobile Therapy (MT). An MT provides intensive therapeutic services to the child or adolescent in settings other than the provider agency or office. Family therapy also can be provided as needed. Student Assistance Program (SAP) provides services to area schools. These services include student assessment, crisis intervention and prevention, and clinical treatment. Treatment may be handled on an outpatient basis or on-site within the school, as deemed appropriate. Behavioral Health Rehabilitation Services is a way to improve the lives of children and families who have complex needs. Services include Therapeutic Staff Support, Behavioral Specialists, and Mobile Therapists. After-Care Coordination provides services for consumers hospitalized for mental-health reasons. Services needed after discharge are arranged. Those services include outpatient therapy, psychiatric care, medication checks, partial hospitalization programs, housing referrals, and other referrals as needed. PARTIAL HOSPITALIZATION PROGRAM The Centerville Clinics Partial Hospitalization Program focuses on providing intensive multidisciplinary mental health care on an outpatient basis. The program is designed to provide a therapeutic community for children and adolescents who cannot function in everyday social, school, work, or in community situations. Our program provides: An alternative to hospitalization for individuals at risk An alternative to inpatient care Ongoing support for individuals after they have been discharged from inpatient care. Our program is divided into two developmental age groups Children ages 6 to 12 years Adolescents age 13 to 18 years. Our goal is to design individualized treatment plans for each client. Each plan involves the work of a multidisciplinary team that includes the client, family members, staff, and the referral source. Our treatment teams include: Psychiatrists Psychologists Mental health professionals Counselors Our services include Psychiatric and psychological evaluations Individual, group, and family therapy Case management Educational services Behavioral modification Aftercare follow-up Medication monitoring ICM/RC Crisis management and intervention services (24 hours a day) Outpatient services Wrap-around services Available Hours Open 8:00-5:00 p.m. weekdays. Therapist and Doctor's appointments available one night a week. Fees/Cost for Services Child Intakes $192.50 Adult Intakes $140 1/2 hr therapy sessions $40 Psychiatric Evaluation $250 Medication Checks $50 Group Therapy $40 BSU Plan $40 Eligibility Requirements All ages. Centerville Clinics must contract with consumer's insurances. If no insurance and no money, must reside in Washington County. Required Documentation Sessions with beginning and end times must be recorded in the chart, along with treatments and other forms. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call or walk-in. You must have an intake prior to seeing a therapist or psychiatrist. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Child Care Information Services CCIS of Beaver/Washington Counties Organizational Information Parent Organization Washington County Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization To provide assistance in addressing the child care needs of working families in Beaver and Washington Counties. History of Organization CCIS started in Washington County in 1989 and was known as Washington County Day Care Services. This subsidized child care assistance program for working parents is funded through the Department of Public Welfare (DPW)and is available in every county across the Commonwealth. In the late 1990's, DPW changed the name of this program to Child Care Information Services in all of the counties and added resource & referral services to assist parents in locating appropriate child care and other children's services. In 2013, the state of Pennsylvania developed an initiative to reduce the number of CCIS offices and consolidate administartive functions. Beaver and Washington merged offices and are now known as CCIS of Beaver/Washington Counties. Accreditations and Licenses None Affiliations The National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies The Pennsylvania Child Care Association The Washington County Health & Welfare Council Legal Structure Local Government Funding Sources Department of Public Welfare Office of Child Development and Early Learning (OCDEL) Contact Information Contact Person(s) Gina Steranko - Director 724.250.4010 sterankg@co.washington.pa.us Tracy Holsopple - Assistant Director 724.229.6029 holsoppt@co.washington.pa.us Julie Burke - Client Services Supervisor 724.888.2951 burkejul@co.washington.pa.us Contact Number(s) 724.228.6969 - Main Office 1.888.619.9908 - Main Office 724.250.6571 - Fax 724.847.0145 - Secondary Office 1.800.322.8504 - Secondary Office 724.847.1593 - Fax Web Addresses co.washington.pa.us Primary Addresses CCIS of Beaver/Washington Counties 100 West Beau Street Suite 404 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 402 Brkich Way Suite 2 Beaver, PA 15009 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Beaver and Washington Counties Service Description Financial assistance for child care to working families who meet the eligibility requirements. Free information/assistance to all parents seeking child care services. Available Hours 8:30 a.m to 5:00 p.m. Monday thru Friday Fees/Cost for Services A copay may be required to receive financial assistance for child care. The copay is based on the cost of care and family income. Eligibility Requirements To receive financial assistance for child care, parents must work at least 20 hours per week (this can be 10 hrs. of work and 10 hrs. of school/training) and meet the DPW Income Guidelines. Required Documentation CCIS Application Employment Verification Verification of Unearned Income Training Information Immunization Certification Authorization for Release of Information Photo ID How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call the CCIS Washington Office at 724-228-6969 or the CCIS Beaver Office at 724-847-0145 to request an application or schedule an appointment with the Resource & Referral Specialist. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English Interpretor Available Speaker Available Yes Children's Home of Pittsburgh & Lemieux Family Center Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The Children's Home of Pittsburgh, established 1893, is an independent, non-profit licensed organization whose purpose is to promote the health and well-being of infants and children through services which establish and strengthen the family. Our Infant Adoption program provides free counseling and support services for birthparents, comprehensive placement services for adoptive families, research and reunion assistance, and more. History of Organization The work of The Children's Home of Pittsburgh began as The Pennsylvania Children's Home Society. The organization was founded to care for orphaned children and place them in permanent homes. In the late 19th century, many similar institutions and county homes were established in Pittsburgh to house large numbers of homeless children, the result of difficult economic times. In 1935, the Society moved from Edgewood to South Aiken Avenue in Shadyside and officially became The Children's Home of Pittsburgh. In March of 1969, The Children's Home moved to Kentucky Avenue in Shadyside. The Children's Home established its second program with the opening of the Transitional Infant Care (T.I.C.) Hospital at this building in 1984. A third program, Child's Way, opened as the first licensed Pediatric Extended Care Center in Pennsylvania in 1998. Each program experienced steady growth as a result of excellent quality and cost-effective delivery of services. Consequently, the demand for our services began to surpass the physical space available at our facilities. The Children s Home again identified and met the community s changing needs with the opening of The Children s Home of Pittsburgh & Lemieux Family Center in April 2007. The new building, located at 5324 Penn Avenue in Friendship, enables The Children's Home to expand its programs and consolidate services under one roof. For families of children with medical conditions, this facility provides enhanced options not available elsewhere in the community. Accreditations and Licenses Adoption program licensed through the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare for: Adoption Services Foster Family Care Private Children & Youth Agencies Pediatric Specialty Hospital licensed by: Pennsylvania Department of Health Child s Way is licensed by: Pennsylvania Department of Health Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare Keystone Stars Certified: Star Two Designation Affiliations Memberships: The Adoption program is a member of: Adoptive Families of America Child Welfare League of America North American Council on Adoptable Children Three Rivers Adoption Council Resolve African American Chamber of Commerce Pediatric Specialty Hospital is a member of: American Hospital Association Hospital Council of Western Pennsylvania Child's Way Supplemental Head Start program through the Pittsburgh Public Schools Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Third party payers; foundation and corporate grants; local, state, and federal government; individual donors. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Pamela R. Schanwald, RN - Chief Executive Officer Contact Person(s) Constance A. Bach, MA - Director of Adoption Contact Number(s) 412.441.0167 - Fax 412.441.4884 - Main phone number Adoption Services - 800.961.7704 (toll-free) E-mail(s) info@chomepgh.org- E-mail address Web Addresses www.childrenshomepgh.org - Web Address Primary Addresses 5324 Penn Avenue Pittsburgh, PA 15224 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses Washington Trust Building 6 South Main Street, Suite 418 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area SW Pennsylvania Service Description Our Infant Adoption program provides open, semi-open, and closed adoptions. Birthparents can choose an adoptive family and ongoing contact if desired. Counseling is provided during and after pregnancy. Private foster care is available if birthparents want more time to decide. Available Hours Our experienced, Master's level counselors are on-call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (1-800-961-7704) Fees/Cost for Services All birthparent services are free. Adoptive family costs based on services provided. Eligibility Requirements All birthparents are welcome, pregnant or post-delivery. Adoptive parents are carefully screened through background checks and criminal history. Required Documentation Varies How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call for appointment or for more information. Miscellaneous Information Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Please visit our website (www.childrenshomepgh.org) and click "Support Us" for more information. Community Action Southwest CAS Organizational Information Parent Organization n/a Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization To serve as a catalyst to mobilize the resources of the entire community to enable families and individuals in southwestern Pennsylvania to attain the skills, knowledge, motivation, and opportunities to become self-sufficient. History of Organization Created in 1965 by local community leaders, Community Action Southwest has served the low income communities and families of Washington and Greene counties for over 40 years. Accreditations and Licenses Pennsylvania Child Care Star 4 Affiliations Southwestern PA Community Development Corporation Threshold Housing, Inc. Action Resources, Inc. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Federal, state and local governments Private foundations & corporations Special Events fundraising Fees for services Donations Contact Information Key Leader(s) Darlene J. Bigler - Chief Executive Officer Jeffrey Fondelier - Vice President of Operations Trenna Wheeler - Vice President of Human Resources Joe Perotti - Vice President of Finance Contact Person(s) Andrea Kelvington - Communications & Event Manager Contact Number(s) 724/225-9550 extension 404 E-mail(s) akelvington@caswg.org- Communications & Event Manager Web Addresses caswg.org - Community Action Southwest website Primary Addresses 150 W. Beau Street Suite 304 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 150 W. Beau Street Suite 304 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Click here for a Map of this Location. 58 East Greene Street Waynesburg, PA 15370 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington and Greene counties and surrounding communities Service Description Family Reunification Project (Greene County only) Even Start GED classes Community Learning Centers Kindergarten Club Counting Kids Together Pre-K Program Housing & Utility Programs Housing Support Services Homeownership Counseling Housing Assistance Program (Greene County only) Emergency Food & Shelter Program Homeowner's Emergency Mortgage Assistance Program Home Equity Conversion Mortgage Counseling Consumer Family Satisfaction Team Supported Work/Supported Employment CAPWorks case management program Project SAVE Family Savings Account Credit Counseling Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) Adult Education Head Start Parent Child Home Program Early Head Start Family Savings Account Women, Infants & Children (WIC) Senior Services (Greene County only) Available Hours 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. M-F for the administrative offices. Hours for the different programs vary by site. Fees/Cost for Services Most services are free. Eligibility Requirements Eligibility varies by program. Some programs are required to serve families/individuals who meet certain federal poverty guidelines. Required Documentation Documentation requirements vary by program, call for specific information. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call, walk in, write, email or be referred by a third party. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available Spanish and American Sign Language Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description We have many volunteer opportunities ranging from working with children and seniors to office and clerical support. Your financial support is also needed and appreciated. If you would like more information about volunteer opportunities or would like to discuss a donation, please call Andrea at (724) 225-9550, ext. 404. Community Care, Inc. CCI Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Community Care offers a variety of services. From Pediatric Home Care to Supplemental Facility Staffing, Community Care is there to serve the health and well being of the community. Whether you have an aging parent that needs assistance with daily living activities, or a ventilator dependent child that requires around the clock Skilled Nursing Services, Community Care Inc can help. History of Organization For over twenty years Community Care, Inc. has staffed the homes, hospitals and facilities of Southwestern Pennsylvania. Community Care Inc is locally owned and operated. We are very proud of our history of providing excellent patient care and fostering long lasting relationships with our employees. Accreditations and Licenses Medicare Certified Legal Structure For-profit entity Funding Sources Private Pay, Medicaid, Commercial Insurances, Pennsylvania Department of Aging Waiver, Long Term Care Insurance. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Janet Pencosky - Owner Wasil Waleski - Administrator Contact Person(s) Denise Romagnoli - Human Resource Manager Susan Watson - Pediatric Case Manager Contact Number(s) 724-830-9918 - Greensburg Office 724-225-6101 - Washington Office E-mail(s) dromagnoli@communitycarenursing.com- Denise Romagnoli - Human Resource Manager alishag@communitycarenursing.com- Alisha Giannattassio - Admin Assistant Dept of Pediatrics Web Addresses www.communitycarenursing.com - Community Care Inc Primary Addresses 887 Henderson Avenue Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 224 West Otterman Street Greensburg, PA 15601 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington, Westmoreland, Greene, Fayette and Allegheny counties. Service Description Skilled Pediatric Home Care - Respiratory/Ventilator Care, Feeding Tube Care, Tracheostomy Care, Hourly Private Duty Nursing and more. Non-Skilled Pediatric Home Care - Meal Prep, Assistance with Feeding, Assistance with Bathing/Grooming, and General Assistance with Daily Living. Non Skilled Private Duty Care for Adults - Sitting, Meal Prep, Assistance with Feeding, Assistance with Bathing and Grooming and General Hands on Daily Care. Skilled Private Duty Nursing For Adults - Medication Administration, Wound Care, IV Therapy, Respiratory/Ventilator Care, Feeding Tube Care, Tracheostomy Care and Hourly Private Duty Nursing Available Hours 24 Hours a Day 7 Days a Week Fees/Cost for Services Call 724-830-9918 or 724-225-6101 for more info. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Please call 724-830-9918 to 724-225-6101 Mon-Fri 8A-5P. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Community College of Allegheny County CCAC Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The Community of Allegheny County is about students learning from expert faculty. It's about choice-more than 170 programs that lead to great careers and great four-year colleges. It's no wonder CCAC is the number one choice of high school graduates and the largest provider of educational services in western Pennsylvania. History of Organization CCAC opened in September 1966, under the leadership of President Kermit C. Morrissey assisted by two campus presidents and college dean of administration. Today, CCAC is the third largest provider of associate's degree health care program in the county. More than 90,000 credit and non credit students were enrolled at CCAC during the last academic year. Accreditations and Licenses XXX Affiliations XXX Legal Structure Local Government Funding Sources XXXX Contact Information Key Leader(s) Cindy E. Patterson - Assistant Dean Contact Person(s) Cindy E. Patterson - Assistant Dean Contact Number(s) 724.223.1012 E-mail(s) cpatterson@ccac.edu- Assistant Dean Web Addresses www.ccac.edu Primary Addresses 1500 West Chestnut Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area South Western PA Service Description Business Career Program Health-Related Career Computer and Information Technology Programs Social Services Programs Career in the Technologies:Applied Arts Building Trades Apprenticeships Available Hours Monday - Thursday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM Friday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM Saturday hours vary contact the center Fees/Cost for Services Residents of Allegheny County $ 80.00 credit Residents of other PA counties with a community college $ 160.00 credit Residents of other PA counties without a community college $ 94.00 credit Required Documentation 1. Submit admission application. 2. Schedule a placement test at the center. 3.Make an appointment to meet with an advisor. 4. Fill out a registration form and submit it to the college center secretary. 5. Pay for classes. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call the Washington Center at 724.223.1012 between the hours 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM, Monday -Thursday and Friday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Community Psychiatric Centers Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Provide psychiatric and psychological evaluations, wraparound BHRS treatment, outpatient mental health counsleing, and medication management to children, adolescednts, and adults. History of Organization Community Psychiatric Centers is a partnership of Dr. Robert A. Lowenstein MD PC and Dr. John E. Carosso, Psy.D. PC. It hgas been providing quality mental health outpatient and BHRS treatment services since 2005. Accreditations and Licenses Licensed by OMHSAS and DPW as an Outpatient mental health Clinic. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Contact Information Key Leader(s) Robert A. Lowenstein MD - Medical Director 724 850-7200 724 850-7214 r4lowe @gmail.com Robert A. Lowenstein MD - Medical Director 412 681-4530 412 681-4530 r4lowe@gmail.com Contact Person(s) Janie Lewis - Secretary 724 850-7200 724 850-7214 Primary Addresses MonVelley Health Center Eastgate 8 - Suite 387 Monessen, PA 15062 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area 5 County tri-state area Service Description BHRS wraparound treatment services Psychiatric and Psychological Evaluations Outpatient mental health counseling and therapy Medication management Available Hours 9:00 am to 7:00 pm daily Fees/Cost for Services Accept most insurance carriers including Medical Assistance, Value Behavioral Health, CCBHO, UPMC Health Plan, Aetna, Highmark Blue Cross/ Blue Shield How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call office at 724 850-7200 or 1-877- 899-6500 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Connect, Inc. SPHS Connect Organizational Information Parent Organization Southwestern Pennsylvania Human Services Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Connect Inc. exists to provide housing, case management and supportive services to homeless and near homeless persons in southwestern Pennsylvania. History of Organization Connect, Inc. (d.b.a. SPHS Connect) an affiliate corporation of Southwestern Pennsylvania Human Services, Inc. (SPHS), was established in 1995 as a general social service agency with the potential to develop and implement a variety of different services to address identified needs of Southwestern Pennsylvania residents. Initially, SPHS Connect assumed the responsibility of providing homeless assistance services that were previously held by SPHS. In 1998, SPHS Connect developed the Washington Family Center to support and strengthen families with children. Since then, the level and scope of services provided to individuals and families in Washington, Greene and Westmoreland Counties has continued to grow. In 2003, the Washington Family Center was expanded to include child abuse prevention and juvenile delinquency prevention programs as core Center components. Throughout 2003 and to the present, additional emphasis in the areas of academic support has been fostered through the implementation of the MATES (Mentors And Teachers Educating Students) project, the LEARN (Linking, Educating And Renewing Neighborhoods) project, ClassroomPlus tutorial services and Supplemental Educational Services through the Washington School District. In our efforts to encourage academic success while strengthening families and supporting educational providers the Family Center has provided leadership to the Early Care and Education (EC&E) Team of Washington County. The EC&E Team supports children and families, who have not yet reached school age, access quality early care through capacity building of county child care providers. In 2006, the EC&E Team acquired funding to implement the Parent and Child Enrichment (PACE) program. The PACE program is a county wide initiative whose purpose is to enhance the social skills, kindergarten readiness skills and build upon the communication skills of children 3 and 4 years old. Additionally, the PACE program has a parenting component which focuses on the parenting skills needed to help the children succeed in obtaining these skills. In 2001, the capacity of Safe Haven was increased from 10 to 20 beds in order to address the growing demand for housing and support services among the mental health population. In 2002, two apartment buildings at Highland Terrace in Donora were renovated and converted into 8 housing units for families. Also in 2002, 10 townhomes were developed in the City of Monessen to provide affordable housing opportunities to income-eligible families in the Mon Valley. In October 2002, SPHS Connect opened Welcome Home - a new emergency housing facility for single women and families in the City of Greensburg. It filled to capacity within the first week. In 2006, SPHS Connect opened the new Greene County Permanent Supportive Housing Project. This program, which serves six disabled, homeless singles and families, is the first of its kind in Greene County, and fills a gap in the continuum of services there. In February of this year, SPHS Connect was awarded a new HUD grant to begin operations of a 12 bed Safe Haven in Westmoreland County. This new program, which will begin operations in 2007, will not only fill a huge gap in the Westmoreland County housing continuum, but will eliminate the practice of using of the Washington County Safe Havens by Westmoreland County residents. Accreditations and Licenses N/A Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Connect is funded through a variety of sources including HUD McKinney-Vento funds, Emergency Shelter Grants, Housing Assistance Programs, the United Way, FEMA, and private donations. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Jeff Burks Mascara - Executive Vice President/CEO William Leach - Director of Homeless and Housing Services Shelley Minnick - Supervisor Westmoreland Housing Programs Kelly Goedel - Supervisor Family Center Contact Person(s) William Leach - Director of Homeless and Housing Services Dee Keffel - Administrative Assistant Contact Number(s) 724-489-8095 - Connect Administrative Offices E-mail(s) mascara@sphs.org- Jeff Mascara Executive Vice President/CEO wleach@sphs.org- William Leach Director of Homeless and Housing Services dkeffel@sphs.org- Administrative Assistant kgoedel@sphs.org- Kelly Goedel Supervisor Family Center Web Addresses www.sphs.org - Connect Inc. Parent Southwestern Pennsylvania Human Services Primary Addresses 302 Chamber Plaza Charleroi, PA 15022 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 292 E. Maiden St. Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. 240-250 North College Ave. Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. 262 E. Wheeling St. Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Fort Jackson Building 19 S. Washington St. Waynesburg, PA 15370 Click here for a Map of this Location. 218 Maple Ave. Suite 200 Greensburg, PA 15601 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Connect Inc. serves the homeless in the Southwestern PA Counties of Washington, Westmoreland and Greene. Service Description Safe Haven - Provides housing to hard-to-reach, mentally ill homleless men and women. Washington Family Shelter - Provides shelter and support services to homeless families. Permanent Supportive Housing - Provides permanent housing to disabled homeless adults and families. Transitional Housing - Provides housing and support services to disabled, homeless adults and families for up to 24 months. Supportive Living (transitional) Housing - Provides housing and support services to homeless adults and families for up to 24 months. Available Hours Connect Inc. programs operate 24 hours a day/ 7 days a week. Administrative and Housing Offices are open M-F 8:30 am - 5:00 pm. Connect Inc. operates an Emergency On-Call system (724-554-9280) to help persons access emergency housing after 5 pm and on weekends. Fees/Cost for Services Connect Housing Program guests are expected to pay a percentage of their income as a service fee when residing in housing programs. Eligibility Requirements Persons using Connect Housing must meet the federal definition of homelessness. Persons receiving Permanent Supportive and Transitional Housing services must also be disabled. Required Documentation Persons receiving Permanent Supportive and Transitional Housing services must provide proof of disability. Persons residing in Safe Haven programs must provide proof of a Mental Health Diagnosis. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Persons needing the assistance of Connect, Inc. may call 724-489-8095 during normal working hours or 724-554-9280 after 5 PM and on weekends. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Many of Connect Inc's program sites are handicapped-accessible. Connect helps guests who need handicapped-accessible housing access appropriate living quarters. Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Connect Inc. often uses volunteers to help in a varity of ways within our housing programs. Cornerstone Care None Organizational Information Parent Organization None Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Cornerstone Care's mission is to improve the health of our patients and of the residents of the communites we serve. We have a particular focus on providing access to health care for underserved populations. Underserved populations comprise people who have one or more barriers to accessing care (e.g. lack health insurance, are low-income, live in underserved areas with insufficient health care providers, have transportation difficulties, experience health disparity due to cultural, geographic, racial, income or other factors. History of Organization " 1978 - Organized by a group of citizens in Greensboro originally as the Southeast Greene Community Health Center in response to the lack of health care serives in the community. Our first patient signed in to be examined by our first provider, a Nurse Practitioner, in the former dining room of a two-story nineteenth century brick house on the banks of the Monongahela River in Greensboro, Pennsylvania. " 1980 - Opened first satellite in Bobtown, and added dental services. " 1981 - First physicians added (two family practitioners). " 1989 - Built modern 12,000 sq. ft. facility at Greensboro and expanded services. " 1992 - Opened satellite at Rogersville in western Greene County, expanded services, and changed name to Cornerstone Care " 1994 - Added mental health services " 1995 - Expanded Greensboro facility in partnership with other organizations to include Family Development Centers and Headstart, & new exam/counseling rooms. " 1995 - Doubled the facility space and practice at Rogersville site " 1997 - Merger with Community Medical Center of Northwest Washington County to create Cornerstone Care Community Medical and Dental Plaza. " 1999 - Began expanding services at Community Medical and Dental Plaza " 2001 - Added new physician & Chiropractor at Community Medical Center " 2002 Implement new networked computer info system in collaboration with six other community health centers in Pennsylvania " 2004 Opened Waynesburg Rural Psychiatry Center in Greene County " 2005 Added Pediatrics Associates of Washington in Washington County " 2006 Added Valley Women s Health in Monongahela, Washington county, and Belle Vernon, Westmoreland County. " 2007 - Developed new facility in Waynesburg for new Dental Center and to relocate Waynesburg Counseling Center Accreditations and Licenses All health care providers (i.e. physicians, nurse practitioners, physician's assistants, nurses, psychiatrists, psychologists, counselors, dentists, hygienists, and chiropractors are appropriately licensed and, where pertinent, board-certified. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Fees for services, donations, and some grants from state agencies, federal agencies, and foundations. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Robert Mt. Joy - CEO Richard T. Rinehart - COO Hugo Berardi - CFO Victor Bell - Board Chairman Contact Person(s) Richard T. Rinehart - Chief of Operations and Development Contact Number(s) 724-947-2255 E-mail(s) rrinehart@cornerstonecare.com Web Addresses www.cornerstonecare.com Primary Addresses 7 Glassworks Road Greensboro, PA 15338 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 7 Glassworks Road Greensboro, PA 15338 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1227 Smith Tonwship State Road Burgettstown , PA 15021 Click here for a Map of this Location. 140 Church Street Suite 102 Rogersville, PA 15359 Click here for a Map of this Location. 35 South West Street Waynesburg, PA 15370 Click here for a Map of this Location. 400 Jefferson Avenue Washington, PA 15338 Click here for a Map of this Location. 501 West High Street Waynesburg, PA 15370 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1163 Country Club Road Monogahela, PA 15063 Click here for a Map of this Location. 800 Plaza Drive, suite 180 Belle Vernon, PA 15012 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Southwestern Pennsylvania including Washington, Greene, Fayette, Westmoreland, and southern Beaver and Alleghney counties Service Description Family Practice Medicine - Primary and Preventative Health Care for all ages by board-certifed family practice doctors, nurse practitioners, and physician's assistants. Care for acute conditions such as infections, flu, injuires, etc. Care for chronic conditions such as diabetes, asthma, cardio-vascular disease, pulmonary diseases,etc. Gynecological Medical Care for women of all ages and Obstetrical Care for pregnant and post-partum women. Pediatric Primary Health Care for children and youth birth to 21. Dental Services including general and restorative dentistry, orthodontics, and oral surgery. Counseling Services for a range of mental health issues, familiy and individual therapy. Psychiatric services for children and adults. Family Plannning Services including birth control, counsleing, and education. Chiropractic Services. Prescription Asssitance Services to help get uninusred patients prescription medicines. Pharmacy services at selected sites. Available Hours all sites and serives are available during dya hours Monday through Friday. Each site has extended evening and/or weekend hours on selected days which vary by site. Fees/Cost for Services Fees are determined on the basis of the type of service. Discounts are available to eligible uninsured patients using a sliding (or graduated) fee schedule depending on family income. Eligibility Requirements Services are open to all persons. Eligibility for free and reduced cost services varies by service. Eligibility for general fee discounts through the sliding fee schedule is based on income, with the upper threshold of family income within 200% of the prevailing federal poverty income guideline. Required Documentation Eligibility for free and reduced cost services requires acceptable forms of income documentaiton and proof of identity. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments 724-947-2255 Greensoboro Center 724-499-5188 Rogersville Center 724-627-4309 Waynesburg Center 724-947-2255 Burgettsown Medical Center 724-947-2251 Burgettstown Dental Center 724-228-7400 Pediatic Associates Washington 724-258-2229 Valley Women's Health Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes - all facilities. We have equipment to facilitate dental care for patients in wheelchairs. We have electronic exam tables to facilite medical exams for people with disabilities Languages Spoken or Available We will arrange intrepretive services as needed. Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description General office work, outreach and education, web site development and other IT issues Crime Victim/Witness Assistance Program Organizational Information Parent Organization District Attorney's Office Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The Crime Victim/Witness Assistance Program is committed to providing all victims of crime with the opportunities for involvement and input as afforded them through the Victims Bill of Rights in PA. These rights and services shall be provided to victims, witnesses, their families and significant other with compassion, dignity and respect. History of Organization This program was established in 1985 as a result of PA victims rights legislation. Originally there was one part time administrator. Currently there are 3advocates, one part time support staff person and a full time administrator. In 1995, significant changes in victim services occurred that affected law enforcement, the District Attorney s Office and the Courts. Legislation expanded the rights and services that are offered to crime victims. In about 2000, those services were extended to victims of juvenile offenses. In Washington County, victim services are provided under the umbrella of the District Attorney s Office. Some of our services include: " Crisis intervention-available within hours after a violent crime has been committed " Accompaniment, " Assistance with restitution and Crime Victim Compensation, " Witness relocation " Post conviction services-Crime victims are entitled to register with local or state correctional institutions. The Crime Victim/Witness Assistance Program only receives funding through PCCD grants-no County dollars are used to support the program. The three key grants that support victim services are the RASA (Rights and Services Act), VOJO (victims of juvenile offenses) and VOCA (Victims of Crime Act). Occasionally there are grants for special projects such the Elder Abuse Investigation unit or the Child Abuse Investigation unit. We average 1500 new victims each year in the adult system and 200 in the juvenile system. . Legal Structure Local Government Funding Sources Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) Pa Commission on Crime and Delinquency Contact Information Key Leader(s) Steven M. Toprani - District Attorney Contact Person(s) Betsy Dane - Administrator Contact Number(s) 724-229-5922 - phone E-mail(s) danee@co.washington.pa.us- Administrator moores@co.washington.pa.us- CV Compensation specialist Primary Addresses 1 S. Main St. Ste 1003 WASHINGTON, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Service Description Crime Victim Compensation CRIME VICTIM S COMPENSATION The Pennsylvania Crime Victims Compensation Fund is state run. It provides for the reimbursement of medical and other expenses resulting from violent crimes. The program also covers wages for lost wages as the result of a violent crime. IT DOES NOT PROVIDE FOR THE REPLACEMENT OF MONEY OR ARTICLES LOST DURING A CRIME WITH THE EXCEPTION OF THE CASH PROCEEDS OF A SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK WHEN THE VICTIM S PRIMARY SOURCES OF INCOME IS SOCIAL SECURITY. The crime must be reported to the proper authorities within 72 hours. You must apply for comprehension within one year of the incident. Information brochures and applications for compensation are available from the Crime Victim/Witness Assistance Program. COMPENSATION DOES NOT PAY FOR: " For lost or stolen property " For pain and suffering " Injuries involving the use of a motor vehicle unless it was intentionally used to inflict injury and/or a victim of a DUI (Driving under the influence). Crime Victims of Juvenile Crime: The Crime Victim/Witness Assistance Program (CV/WAP) provides service to victims of juvenile offenses and criminal offenses. If you are a victim of a juvenile offense you have the following rights: " To receive notice of all significant hearings. " To provide to the court a victim impact statement. " To be restored as much as possible to your pre-crime economic status. " To receive information about and assistance with Crime Victim Compensation. " In some cases, you can receive information about the release or change of status of the juvenile offender. Victims of Crime involved in the Criminal Justice System: " To receive notice of all significant hearings. " To provide to the court a victim impact statement. " To be restored as much as possible to your pre-crime economic status. " To receive information about and assistance with Crime Victim Compensation. " In some cases, you can receive post-conviction information about the release or change of status of the defendant. Available Hours 9am-4:30pm Monday through Friday Fees/Cost for Services no cost Eligibility Requirements must be a victim or witness to a crime Required Documentation crime reported to police How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments call 724-229-5922 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility yes Languages Spoken or Available english Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Community outreach Court Accompaniment Special projects CRY Red Flag Green Flag Program Organizational Information Parent Organization Community Resources For Youth, INC. Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization To identify the social needs of youth in Washington County not presently being met. To develop projects to meet those needs To solicit private sectoe support and funding. To recruit and train volunteers to implement the project/s. To administer and evaluate project/s. History of Organization Established in 1983. Incoporated as a non profit organization in 1985. Affiliations Steering Committee composed of representatives from the following Washington County agencies: MHA; NDAC, Inc.; The CARE Center; Juvenile Court; Victim/Witness Assistance Program; Try Again Homes, Inc.: Funding Sources Participating Washington County school districts and Washington County Children and Youth Services Contact Information Key Leader(s) Judith Hughes - Program Coordinator Mary Ann Zeitler - Chairman of Steering Committee Primary Addresses P.O. Box 4261 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Service Description Provide Personal Safety Ptogram--Red Flag Green Flag Program--to third grade students in Washington County on an annual basis. Includes presentation to the parents of the third grade students, so they are able to continue the dialogue when the Red Flag Green Flag coloring book comes home with the students. Available Hours Monday through Friday 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Fees/Cost for Services Three dollar charge for each coloring book used. Plus a $50 fee to cover the cost of the video used in each school district. Eligibility Requirements All third graders may participate with parent's permission. Required Documentation Permission slip is sent home to parents prior to the presentation for parents. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call or email CRY Program Coordinator Judith Hughes, 724-941-5858/jh0709@verizon.net Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility As needed Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Volunteers sre recruited through the individual school districts so that there are enough faciliators to provide a six/1 ratio of student to faciliatator for each classroom presentation Diversified Human Services, Inc DHS, Inc Organizational Information Parent Organization Southwestern Pennsylvania Human Services, Inc. Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The mission of SPHS Developmental Services is to provide quality supports and services to individuals of all ages having developmental disabilities for the purpose of achieving optimal development and creating a wider range of opportunity and choice in their lives. Integration into the community and promoting self-esteem and dignity are key elements of all of our services. History of Organization Diversified Human Services has been providing residential, therapeutic day programming and early intervention services in Westmoreland, Washington and Fayette Counties for over 30 years. Accreditations and Licenses All of the SPHS Developmental Services programs are licensed or monitored by the state Office of Developmental Programs annually. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Services for individuals with developmental disabilities are funded through Medicaid waivers, County MH/MR programs and Medical Assistance. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Jeff Burks Mascara - CEO/Vice President Contact Person(s) Antoinette Tarquinio - Director of Developmental Services Contact Number(s) 724-489-8096 Ext. 4257 - Director of Developmental Services E-mail(s) ttarquinio@sphs.org- Director of Developmental Services Web Addresses www.sphs.org - Corporate website Primary Addresses 301 Chamber Plaza Charleroi, PA 15022 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Fayette, Washington and Westmoreland Counties Service Description The Community Living Arrangements (CLA) Program is a residential system of supports and services designed to assist and support adults with developmental disabilities in community settings. Three levels of support are available and provided based on individual need: 24 hour supervision, semi-independent, and minimal supervision. Individuals are assessed annually to determine the supports and services necessary to best meet the their needs, and an individualized plan of service is developed and implemented. Integration into the commnity and promoting self-esteem and dignity are key elements of the CLA Program. The CLA Program works to help individuals with developmental disabilities develop the skills that will aford them a wider range of opportunities and choice in their lives. The Step by Step Child Development Program is a system of supports and services designed to assist families of infants and toddlers (birth through two years) who may have developmental delays or special needs. We offer family-centered play, learning and therapeutic activities developed to promote optimal develpment in young children while supporting families through training and information sharing. Step by Step offers services for infants and toddlers for a wide variety of developmental concerns including: walking, talking, learning, playing, hearing, vision. Our staff of therapists and developmental specialists believes that every child is special and understands that each family has different needs. Families are encouraged to actively participate in the child's services, decision making and education. The staff of Step by Step Child Development Program work diligently to provide quality supports and services to children with special needs and their families for the purpose of achieving optimal development and creating greater balance in the family routine. The Therapeutic Activity Center (TAC) is a day program for adults with development disabilities. The TAC provides activities that promote the skills needed to participate fully in home and community activities. Activities include: cooking, menu plannning, shopping, recreation, educational and pre-vocational, all of which will afford people with developmental disabilities a wider range of opportunities and choice in their lives. Individuals are assessed annually to determine the level of support and skills needed to function more fully in their homes and communities. Individualized service plans are then developed and implemented. Integration into the community and promoting self-esteem and dignity are key elements of the Therapeutic Activity Center. The Therapeutic Activity Center is located at 670 McKean Avenue, Donora and operates Monday through Friday from 9:00 AM to 3:00 PM. Home and Community Habilitation supports are provided to individuals with developmental disabilities of all ages. The purpose of the Home and Community program is to assist people in their daily living skills both in the home and the community. Home and Community services include, but are not limited to: transportation, cooking, cleaning, assistance with self care, community activities, assistance with medical appointments and routine care. The Home and Community Habilitation program serves individuals from young school age through adulthood. Available Hours Therapeutic Activity Center - Monday through Friday, 9:00 AM to 3:00 PM Step by Step Child Development Program - Monday through Friday, 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM Community Living Arrangements Program and Home and Community Habilitation - program hours are 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, weekends and holidays included; administrative office hours are Monday through Friday, 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM Fees/Cost for Services All services are funded through the individuals' budget and funding source. Eligibility Requirements Adult services require a diagnosis of developmental disability; infant and toddler services are provided to young children having a diagnosis, or has or is at risk of having a developmental delay. Required Documentation Referral and intake information from County Supports Coordinators and Early Intervention Services Coordinators should be forwarded to our office. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Please call 724-489-8096, Ext. 4560 for information on accessing all services. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility All program sites are handicap accessible. Languages Spoken or Available English; others available upon request and need. Diversified Human Services/SPHS Child Learning Center Organizational Information Parent Organization Southwestern PA Human Services Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization SPHS Child Learning Center's mission is to facilitate the growth and development of each child while supporting the family. The philosophy underlying our program is each child must be active in the learning process. History of Organization SPHS Child Learning Center has been operated for over 35 years. Accreditations and Licenses STAR II certification Department of Public Welfare Licensed Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources CCIS of Washington County CCIS of Westmoreland County CCIS of Fayette County Private Pay Contact Information Key Leader(s) Linda Fafalios - Director Contact Person(s) Fran Pacak - Secretary Contact Number(s) 724-684-KIDS (5437) - Telephone E-mail(s) lfafalios@sphs.org- Director DCroushore@sphs.org- Director/Group Supervisor mpitner123@yahoo.com- Director/Group Supervisor Primary Addresses 301 Chamber Plaza Charleroi, PA 15062 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 301 East Donner Avenue Suite 100 Monessen, PA 15062 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Westmoreland County Service Description Child Care Services Ages birth through 12 years Monday through Friday 6:30a.m.-6:30 p.m. Child Care Services Ages birth through 12 years Monday through Friday 6:30a.m.-6:30 p.m. Before and After School Services/Summer School Age Care Available Hours 6:30 a.m.-6:30 p.m. Fees/Cost for Services Infant/Full Day - $30.00 Infant/Part Day - $25.00 Toddler/Full Day - $29.00 Toddler/Part Day - $24.00 Preschool/Full Day - $26.00 Preschool/Part Day - $22.00 School Age/Full Day - $25.00 School Age/Part Day - $17.00 Eligibility Requirements None Required Documentation None How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Contact the Director or Secretary at 724-684-KIDS (5437) Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available Available upon need Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Assists the teacher with classroom responsibilities. Domestic Violence Services of Southwestern PA DVSSP Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The mission of Domestic Violence Services of Southwestern PA is to increase awareness of domestic violence and its effect on the community, to empower those victimized by providing advocacy and safe and effective services, and to work for social change designed to eliminate domestic violence. History of Organization The Women's Shelter was started in 1976, primarily as an information and referral service and to be a "listening ear". The scope of the problem of domestic violence in our area quickly became evident and, through a grant from the Washington Presbytery and the Circle Foundation, the YWCA of Washington was able to rent a nearby apartment in May of 1980. This became Washington County's first shelter for victims of domestic violence. For quite some time, the Shelter was funded through a grant from Washington-Greene Community Action Corporation and private donations. In April 1983, the Shelter was forced to close its doors because the lease on the apartment had expired and funds for continuation of the project were unavailable. During the rest of 1983 and until July, 1984, 46 women and 75 children were transported to safe shelter in other counties. In August of 1984, again as a result of a grant from the Washington Presbytery, the Shelter re-opened in a large apartment with a 14 bed capacity. During the following months, 122 women and 177 children were sheltered. In November of 1985, the Women's Resource Center Advisory Committee of the YWCA voted to leave the YWCA and become an independent agency. The new agency became incorporated in February of 1986 as Washington Women's Shelter and was fully autonomous in July of 1986. Funding sources included the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence, the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency, Washington-Greene Community Action Corporation, and donations. In March of 1986, Washington Women's Shelter once again moved its operation to a new location, a much larger house with big rooms. In 1989, Washington Women's Shelter entered into a contract with Washington County for a grant from the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The Board of Directors mortgaged a lovely, large older home in Washington and used H.U.D. monies to furnish and remodel the building in accordance with Labor and Industry specifications and needs of the program. Finally, in January of 1990, Washington Women's Shelter began providing safe shelter in a charming and comfortable setting which remains our present home. In October of 2010, at the request of the PA Coalition Against Domestic Violence and the PA Commission on Crime and Delinquency, WWS, Inc. began providing domestic violence services in neighboring Fayette County. In early 2011, the organization legally changed our name to DOMESTIC VIOLENCE SERVICES OF SOUTHWESTERN PA. Affiliations Member: Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence; Delegate: Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence Membership; Member: Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence Diversity Committee and Nominating Committee Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence (Title XX, FVPS, SSBG, Act 44, Act 222), Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency (VOCA, VAWA-STOP), Housing and Urban Development (SHP, ESG), PA Department of Public Welfare (Homeless Assistance Program), United Way of Washington County, Greene County United Way, Westmoreland-Fayette United Way, Contributions, Foundations, and Fundraisers Contact Information Key Leader(s) Michelle L. Robinson-Ritter - Executive Director 724-223-5481 724-223-5482 mrr@peacefromdv.org Cheryl McCready - Satellite Office Coordinator 724-852-2463 724-627-4729 cm@peacefromdv.org Jennifer Weakland - Shelter Manager 724-223-0911 724-437-2530 724-223-0911 jw@peacefromdv.org Megan Burkardt - Shelter Coordinator 724-223-0911 724-223-0911 mb@peacefromdv.org Contact Person(s) Deborah Regets - Transitional Housing Coordinator 724-223-9140 dr@peacefromdv.org Megan Burkardt - Shelter Coordinator 724-223-0911 mb@peacefromdv.org Michelle L. Robinson-Ritter - Executive Director 724-223-5481 mrr@peacefromdv.org Contact Number(s) 724-223-5481 - Administrative Office 724-223-0911 - Shelter Office 1-800-791-4000 - 24 hour hotline if 724-223-9190 is long distance 724-223-9190 - 24 hour hotline 724-223-5482 - Administrative Office Fax 724-223-9140 - FRESH START Transitional Housing Fax 724-852-2463 - Satellite Office (Greene County) 724-223-9141 - FRESH START (Transitional Housing) FAX 724-627-4729 - Satellite Office (Greene County) FAX 724-223-5482 - Education & Training (Washington) Fax 724-852-2373 - Greene County Women's Center Education & Training 724-223-5477 - Education & Training (Washington) 1-800-791-4000 - Greene County Women's Center 24-hour hotline 724-852-2463 - Greene County Women's Center hotline 724-627-4729 - Greene County Women's Center FAX 724-223-8357 - Legal Advocacy Office FAX 724-223-8349 - Legal Advocacy Office E-mail(s) dvsspwashington@peacefromdv.org- Shelter freshstart@peacefromdv.org- FRESH START Transitional Housing admin@peacefromdv.org- Administrative Office dvsspgreene@peacefromdv.org- Greene County Women's Center dvsspwlegal@peacefromdv.org- Legal Advocacy Office mrr@peacefromdv.org- Executive Director edutrain@peacefromdv.org- Education & Training (Washington) Web Addresses www.peacefromdv.org - Agency Website Primary Addresses 308 East Maiden Street Washington, Pennsylvania 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses P.O. Box 503 Washington, Pennsylvania 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington, Greene and Fayette Counties Service Description transitional housing program satellite counseling center in Greene County accompaniment children's program community education and training programs 24 hour intake safe, temporary shelter 24 hour hotline domestic violence prevention projects in schools transportation food, clothing, and personal care items for program participants legal advocacy program, protection from abuse assistance Information and referrals general advocacy resident support groups community support groups supportive, educative, empowerment counseling Available Hours The hotline and shelters intake operate on a 24-hour basis. Fees/Cost for Services There is no cost for services provided to victims of domestic violence, their children, or their significant others. Eligibility Requirements Direct services are available to victims of domestic violence, their children, and their significant others. Required Documentation Identification and income documentation are required. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Services may be accessed through the 24-hour hotline or through referrals. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility We are accessible in most sites and are continuosly working toward increasing our accessibility. Languages Spoken or Available Brochures are printed in Spanish. Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description All direct service volunteers must complete 45 hours of training that gives the privilege of confidentiality in court. Dress for Success Pittsburgh-Washington Branch Organizational Information Parent Organization Dress for Success Pittsburgh Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Dress for Success mission is to promote the economic independence of disadvantaged women by providing professional attire, a network of support, and the career development tools to help women thrive in work and in life. History of Organization Dress for Success Pittsburgh has been in exsistence for 5 years. The Washington Branch has been open since November 2008. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources We receive some funding through the PA Dept of Welfare to house their PA WORKWEAR program. All other funding comes from private donors, corporations and grants. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Robin Matthews - Branch Manager 724-228-8327 724-228-8327 724-228-8329 washington@dressforsucesspittsburgh.org Contact Person(s) Robin Matthews Contact Number(s) 724-228-8327 - manager E-mail(s) washington@dressforsuccesspittsburgh.org- manager Web Addresses www.dressforsuccesspittsburgh.org - manager Primary Addresses 254 North Main St Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County, Westmoreland County, Greene County Service Description Employment Clothing Available Hours Monday, Wednesday and Friday from 10:00AM-4:00PM Fees/Cost for Services free Eligibility Requirements Must be referred by a referral agency. Required Documentation Referral form faxed from a referral agency How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Please call 724-228-8327 for more information about becoming a referral agency or how to refer your client for services. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available Yes Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Elizabeth Babcock, LCSW Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Licensed Psychotherapist providing general counseling services to individuals and couples, along with community wellness education and corporate consulting. Primary specialty is treatment of chronic overeating; secondary specialty is treatment/education regarding emotional abuse issues in relationships. History of Organization Solo practice since August 2004, after 15 years of prior experience working with supervision in group psychotherapy practices. Accreditations and Licenses Licensed Clinical Social Worker in state of Pennsylvania. Board Certified Diplomate through the American Board of Examiners in Clinical Social Work. Affiliations National Association of Social Workers, National Eating Disorders Association, Single Steps Strategies, Women's Business Network Legal Structure For-profit entity Funding Sources Direct payments from clients and also from third-party payors (insurance companies). Contact Information Key Leader(s) Elizabeth Babcock - owner/psychotherapist Contact Person(s) Elizabeth Babcock - owner/psychotherapist Contact Number(s) 724-941-1940 - main office number E-mail(s) elizabeth.babcock@comcast.net Web Addresses www.elizabethbabcock.com - educational information for community use Primary Addresses 4160 Washington Road Suite 204 McMurray, PA 15317 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area southwestern PA Service Description Psychotherapy/counseling services for adult clients, covering the following areas of need: overeating, depression, anxiety, relationship issues, communication, emotional abuse, codependency, self-esteem, assertiveness, grief, stress management, time management, life enhancement/balance strategies, recovery (from any addictive pattern). Community and corporate wellness education via on-site seminars and published articles. Critical Incident Stress Debriefing for corporate and other public settings in the aftermath of violence, accident or other trauma. Program development/consultation for treatment of obesity, diabetes. Available Hours Hours by appointment, Monday to Friday, 9:00 am to 9:00 pm. Fees/Cost for Services Covered by most major insurance carriers. Fee schedule available at www.elizabethbabcock.com. Eligibility Requirements No restrictions. Required Documentation Insurance card, if insurance is to be used. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call 724-941-1940. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Sidewalk ramps, elevator. Languages Spoken or Available English only. Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No END Violence Center (END V) Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The END Violence Center (END V) is committed to raising awareness, providing resources and ending sexual violence, intimate partner violence, and stalking within the campus community. To achieve these goals, the center offers services which include, but are not limited to: Providing prevention education programs and events to the campus regarding sexual violence, intimate partner violence, and stalking Providing trainings for staff, faculty, health center personnel, law enforcement, and campus organizations Presentations, tailored to meet the needs of specific audiences END V Center - Home of the Green Dot is a place for students to grab a free cup of coffee, or use our laptops, flat screen TV and our lounge as a place to relax between classes The center also offers a resource library with numerous brochures, books, training manuals and videos. The campus community is encouraged to utilize these materials as an educational resource. History of Organization Formerly known as the P.E.A.C.E. Project (Prevention, Education, Advocacy, for Change and Empowerment) Contact Information Key Leader(s) Nancy Skobel - Program Director Kay Dorrance - Project Coordinator/Advocate Contact Person(s) Nancy Skobel - Project Director Kay Dorrance - Project Coordinator/Advocate Contact Number(s) 724-938-5707 - END Violence Center/California University of PA E-mail(s) greendot@calu.edu- END Violence Center (END V) Web Addresses http://www.calu.edu/current-students/student-services/end-v/ Primary Addresses California University of PA G45 Carter Hall 250 University Avenue California, PA 15419 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area California University of PA Service Description The END Violence Center (END V) serves California University of PA students and their families. The center is committed to raising awareness about sexual violence, intimate partner violence and stalking. Available Hours Monday - Friday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM Call to schedule appointments. Fees/Cost for Services Services are free Eligibility Requirements Student of California University of PA or family member. Required Documentation Signed release from the victim allowing advocacy to family member. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call 724-938-5707 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Family Behavioral Resources FBR Contact Information Key Leader(s) Jerry Joseph - CEO Primary Addresses 75 E. Maiden Street Suite 103 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 4620 Hill Drive North Huntingdon, PA 15642 Click here for a Map of this Location. One Corporate Circle Greensburg, PA 15601 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County is serviced by the local area. FBR currently services Allegheny, Armstrong, Indiana, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Greene, Washington, Westmoreland, and Mercer counties through various satellite offices. Family Behavioral Resources FBR Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization It is the mission of Family Behavioral Resources to be a leader in delivering the highest quality of recoveryoriented mental health services. Services are designed in accordance with FBRs philosophy of care, and delivered through a variety of theoretical approaches and interventions based on evidence-based practice. We are committed to supporting children, families and their surrounding community with quality care which upholds the utmost integrity. Here, caring is everything. History of Organization Since its start in 1999, Family Behavioral Resources (FBR) has continually enhanced its delivery of quality mental health services. FBR started an Outpatient Clinic in Connellsville in July of 1999, began its BHRS program in August of 1999, and now provides a variety of mental health services throughout twelve counties in Southwestern Pennsylvania. FBR continues to work with counties' MH/MR centers and managed care systems to identify other mental health needs, either new programs or expansion of existing programs, that will help people in those counties. In 2003, FBR created the Specialized Autism Services program to better serve clients' unique needs within that population. FBR's CEO and founder, Dr. Jerry Joseph, and FBR's Senior Management Team remains committed to the "Family" in Family Behavioral Resources through the delivery of Family Focused Therapy. We strive to make a difference in the lives of every individual that we touch through delivering quality service and treating each individual with dignity. There are a number of ways that we may be able to serve your family. We invite you to browse our website, and feel free to contact us with any questions or concerns. Family Behavioral Resources... Here, caring is everything. Accreditations and Licenses A CARF Three-Year Accreditation has been awarded to Family Behavioral Resources for its Intensive Family-Based Services - Mental Health (Children and Adolescents), Outpatient Treatment - Mental Health (Adults), and Outpatient Treatment - Mental Health (Children and Adolescents). *BHRS falls under Outpatient Treatment. Ask us about CARF today! Contact Information Key Leader(s) Jerry Jospeh - CEO Rick Murray - COO Dawn Joseph - Director of Quality Improvement Cathy Hughes - Family Supports Coordinator Andrea Tremel - Clinical Supervisor - Washington Office Lisa Leach - Regional Director of Autism Services Contact Person(s) Janice O'Neil - Administrative Supervisor - Intakes and appts. Darlene Vanvolkinburg - Administrative Supervisor - HR Contact Number(s) 724-229-0311 - Telephone 724-229-3277 - Fax 724-850-8118 - Corporate Office E-mail(s) washington@familybehavioralresources.com- Washington Office atremel@familybehavioralresources.com- Clinical Supervisor lleach@familybehavioralresources.com- Regional Director of Autism Services autismservices@familybehavioralresources.com- Autism Information Web Addresses www.familybehavioralresources.com - Company Web Address Primary Addresses 90 W. Chestnut Street Suite 110 LL Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses PO Box 879 Greensburg, PA 15601 Click here for a Map of this Location. 101 Towne Square Way Suite 239 Pittsburgh, PA 15227 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area FBR serves the following counties: Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Bedford, Blair, Butler, Cambria, Fayette, Greene, Indiana, Lancaster, Mercer, Somerset, Washington and Westmoreland Service Description Specialized Autism Services - FBR has developed a specialized Autism Team comprised of individuals who exemplify a level of expertise in the provision of autism services. This team works to ensure and enhance the quality of services, expand the continuum of care for those on the spectrum, and train clinicians to excel in meeting the individual needs of the children we serve. The Autism Team consists of Autism Coordinators (AC), Regional Directors of Autism Services (RDAS), and a Family Support Coordinator. Each office is supported by either a RDAS or AC that provides clinical oversight of all autism cases served within their identified region/office. This includes, but is not limited to initial assessment and program development, ongoing clinical support for lead clinicians supporting consumers with an ASD diagnosis by conducting weekly Clinical Consultation & Collaboration, providing Clinical Case Consultations and completing Case Reviews. In addition, the Autism Team is committed to participating in the global quality of autism services at FBR through the development of new trainings, programs, and community outreach efforts. Current outreach efforts include: Family Support Groups Social Skill / Play Groups Sibling Groups Resource Packages / Information Guides Parent Professional Workshops School Trainings and Consultations H.O.P.E. (Helping Others Potential Expand) for Tomorrow Focus Groups Summer Therapeutic Activities Programs (STAP) Our Family Support Coordinator, Catherine Hughes, is a parent of a child formerly diagnosed on the autism spectrum. She is available for identifying community resources, information, as well as provides caring support for families. Specialized Autism Services at FBR are under the oversight of our Chief Operating Officer, Rick J. Murray, LSW, BCBA. He is also a member of the Professional Advisory Council for the Advisory Board on Autism and Related Disorders (ABOARD), and is a founding board member for the Greater Pittsburgh Chapter of Autism Speaks. BHRS (Behavioral Health Rehabilitation Services) - BHRS or Wraparound services is a Medicaid-funded program designed to provide services to children under 21 years of age that have a current mental health diagnosis. These services are designed to increase the level of psychosocial functioning and well-being, so less intensive services will be required. A clinical licensed psychologist or psychologist assistant conducts an evaluation to assess the needs of the child/adolescent to determine the most appropriate level of service. If BHRS is deemed medically necessary and is recommended, the team might consist of any or all of the following team members: Behavioral Specialist Consultant (BSC) ~ A masters level mental health professional who consults and collaborates with all members of the treatment team. The BSC maintains clinical oversight of the case, including development of the treatment plan, clinical programming and mentoring the Mobile Therapist (MT) ~ A masters level clinician who provides individual therapy for the consumer. Therapeutic Staff Support (TSS) ~ A bachelors level clinician that works one-on-one with the consumer and implements the interventions developed by BSC. Wraparound is a process designed to improve the lives of consumers with complex psychological or behavioral needs. It is not a specific program or protocol. Therapy is available 7 days a week and becomes part of the consumers daily routine. Hours prescribed will vary, depending on the severity of impairment. Sessions are scheduled according to the familys needs, and are available day or night, and also on weekends when necessary. Services are provided in the home, community, and/or the educational setting. Goals of BHR S Include: Assessing the childs and familys strengths, needs, abilities and preferences Setting individualized goals for the child Setting individualized goals for the family Developing and implementing an individualized clinical program designed to target problematic behaviors and facilitate the development of prosocial behaviors Evaluating treatment on an on-going basis in order to determine the efficacy of current treatment modalities/behavioral interventions Setting goals for discharge Treatment Approach FBR ensures that all therapeutic approaches utilized within the provision of services fall within the framework of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) and/or research-based behavioral health treatment. Staff work collaboratively with each consumers family and extended support system in order to identify and implement appropriate intervention(s) to target the individualized needs of each consumer. Staff receive a variety of trainings initially as part of an orientation process as well as ongoing to enhance their role as a clinician. Current trainings include topics such as: Behavioral Modification and Crisis Intervention Typical Child Development Child Abuse BSC & TSS Clinical Training BHRS in the Educational and Community Settings Cultural Competency Basic Principles of ABA It Shouldnt Hurt to be a Child Trauma and Attachment, Part I and II Values, Ethics and Professional Boundaries Our Pledge to Service: FBRs purpose is to provide competent BHRS services in accordance with CASSP principles: Child-centered Family-focused Community-based Multi-system Culturally Competent Least Intrusive / Least Restrictive Adult Autism Services - Family Behavioral Resources has been approved to provide support through the following services. Several members of our Autism and Clinical Management Teams have completed the required trainings to make this possible. Behavior Specialists will provide specialized behavioral support for individuals who may demonstrate behavioral challenges because of limited social skills, limited communication skills, or impaired sensory systems. Behavioral Specialist Services provide specialized interventions that assist a participant to increase adaptive behaviors to replace or modify challenging behaviors that prevent or interfere with the participants inclusion in home and family life or community life. Community Inclusion is designed to assist participants in acquiring, retaining, and improving communication, socialization, self-direction, self-help, and adaptive skills necessary to reside in the community. Community Inclusion facilitates the participants social interaction; use of natural supports and typical community services available to all people; and participation in education and volunteer activities. Family Counseling services will provide caregiver counseling for the participants family to develop and maintain healthy, stable relationships among all caregivers, including family members, in order to support the participant. Emphasis is placed on the acquisition of coping skills by building upon family strengths. Counseling services are intended to increase the likelihood that the participant will remain in or return to the familys home. Family Training is a service available to develop expertise in the participants family so that caregivers can help the participant acquire, retain, or improve the individuals ability to live independently. Individual Counseling services will enable individuals to increase or maintain their ability to perform activities of daily living. The therapy is directly delivered to the individual receiving services. Temporary Crisis services will provide additional staff in the short term at a time of crisis for a participant when it has been determined that the participants health and welfare is in jeopardy and existing supports and services cannot be provided without additional staff assistance. This service is intended for those unforeseen circumstances, which trigger a need for a time limited increase in support. Job Finding and Assessment helps persons with autism find meaningful employment or volunteer work within their communities. Assessment includes review of past job history, skills and interests to help match the individual with appropriate positions within an agency or organization. Job finding utilizes the assessment findings to help the consumer secure permanent employment for over 30 days. THE ADUL T AUTISM WAIVE R PROCE SS In order for a person to be eligible for the waiver program, he/she must meet the following criteria: 1. Live in the state of Pennsylvania (or plan to live in PA by the time of enrollment) 2. Have an ASD diagnosis 3. Be 21 years of age or older by time of enrollment 4. Meet Medical Assistance financial eligibility 5. Meet Intermediate Care Facility level of care Persons interested in the waiver program must contact the BAS at 866-539-7689. Following a consultation with a BAS representative, you will receive a Priority Status Letter. It is important to note that you will not receive an application unless there is capacity to service you under the waiver. Once approved for the waiver program, the consumer will select a Supports Coordinator (SC) to facilitate the development and implementation of the Individual Support Plan (ISP) to address the goals of the consumer and his/her family. The consumer and planning team will select the service provider(s) to implement waiver services identified within the ISP. The ISP is then submitted to the BAS for service authorization. Once waiver services are authorized, the SC will contact the provider(s) to notify them that they have been selected by the consumer, review the recommendations of the ISP and assess the providers capacity to provide services and facilitate a schedule for service initiation. Available Hours Office Hours are Monday through Friday 8 am to 5 pm. Services provided in home to our clients are provided as scheduled by the family member. Fees/Cost for Services Services are funded through Medical Assistance which is available in PA to all children with an Axis I diagnosis regardless of their parents income. Eligibility Requirements In order to be admitted to BHRS services, Children must first have a comprehensive psychological evaluation. These are provided at our office or you may receive one anywhere you wish. The evaluation can not be more than 30 days old and must have a recommendation for BHRS services. BHRS consumers are between the ages of 0 to 21. Adult Autism Waiver Consumers are ages 21 and up. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments You may schedule a psychological evaluation by calling our office. Afer you have completed that process, you will be then invited to an Interagency Meeting where the needs of your child will be discussed in detail and the specific services that were recommended will be discussed. YOu will then be asked to select and provider and the County representatives will then call the provider to alert them of your selection. At that time, FBR will schedule an intake for your child to get to know more about your child and your entire family. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English primarly. Language access can be provided as necessary if given notice. Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Family Promise of Southwestern Pennsylvania IHN Organizational Information Parent Organization Family Promise Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization To unite congregations from the religious community to provide shelter, supportive services and caring hospitality to homeless familites, helping these families remain intact through difficult times and return to independence. History of Organization IHN was initiated in 1992 as a response to the emergency needs of homeless families in southwestern Pennsylvania. The organizational structure was based on the model of the National Interfaith Hospitality (now Family Promise) which was developed in 1978 by Karen Olson, and now includes over 120 networks around the United States. After two years of seeking commitments from area churches, our Network was able to open its doors with six congregations in April 1994. Over the past 14 years, we have enlarged our coalition to include a second family shelter in Crafton, and more than 30 congregations including 800 volunteers who provide meals and overnight accomodations. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Contact Information Key Leader(s) Laura Vincenti - Executive Director 7242291129 7242293209 familypromiseswpa@comcast.net Contact Person(s) Tracey Finn - Social Services Coordinator Marlene Day - Program Coordinator 7242291129 7242293209 mday_familypromiseswpa@comcast.net Contact Number(s) 724-229-1129 - Telephone 724-229-3209 - Fax E-mail(s) familypromiseswpa@comcast.net Web Addresses www.familypromiseswpa.org Primary Addresses 297 East Beau Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 7 Oregon Ave. Crafton, PA Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Southwestern Pennsylvania Service Description Dinner and overnight shelter at one of our network congregations in weekly cycles Case management services A consistent place to come "home" to at the Family Center to receive mail, do laundry, prepare breakfast and lunch, go to school and work. Referrals, information and access to other services and agencies to aid in reaching goals Available Hours 9:00 to 5:00 monday through friday Fees/Cost for Services None Eligibility Requirements Homeless Families with minor children How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call main office- 724-229-1129 Miscellaneous Information Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Volunteers are always needed at the Network Congregations to prepare meals, host overnight and drive the network van. Call 724-229-1129 for a congregation in your area Family Services of Western Pennsylvania Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization To foster the capabilities and skills in families and individuals to direct their own lives, promote recovery and resilience and create a productive, caring community. History of Organization Family Services of Western Pennsylvania was formed in 1948 as a merger of three preexisting agencies whose histories extend as far back as 1885. Accreditations and Licenses Four year accreditation from the Council on Accreditation of Services for Families and Children. Various mental health licenses, drug and alcohol treatment license, and foster care provider license. Affiliations Alliance for Children and Families, National Council for Community Behavioral Health, Pennsylvania Community Providers Association, Pennsylvania Alliance for Children and Families, Ways to Work, Inc., United Ways of Allegheny, westmoreland and Washington Counties. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Numerous different funding streams including state grants through county government for mental health, drug and alcohol, aging, foster care, forensic programs, vocational rehabilitation, and others; 3 United Ways, foundation grants, individual and corporate donations; federal funding through NIMH and HUD. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Donald H. Goughler - Chief Executive Officer Contact Person(s) Paulette Zanotti - Community Liaison Contact Number(s) 7242950406 Web Addresses www.fswp.org Primary Addresses 3230 William Pitt Way Pittsburgh, Pa 15238 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area 7 counties in SW Pennsylvania Service Description The agency provides a wide range of services including a full range of mental health services and both vocational and residential services for people with mental retardation, drug and alcohol, foster care, community counseling, consumer loan and financial support services, transportation, forensic services, in home services for older adults, educational assistance for youth aging out. Ways to Work-A consumer loan program to enable people with low credit ratings to purchase an automobile needed to support work. Available Hours Contact is available 24 hours per day, specific programs operate on different schedules. Fees/Cost for Services Fees for services vary. Eligibility Requirements Eligibility requirements vary. Required Documentation Required documentation varies depending on services. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Contact the agency toll free line at 1-888-222-4200 Miscellaneous Information Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need No Gateway Rehab Center GRC Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Gateway Rehab Center's mission is to enable people affected by or at risk of addictive diseases and other mental and emotional disorders to lead healthy and productive lives through prevention, education, treatment, and research. History of Organization Gateway Rehabilitation Center is a private, not-for-profit organization that provides comprehensive community and school-based prevention services and treatment for adults, youth, and young adults, and families with alcohol and other drug-related problems. Gateway was founded in 1972 by Dr. Abraham J. Twerski, internationally recognized authority in the field of chemical dependency treatment, psychiatrist, frequent lecturer, and author of more than 50 self-help related books. Nearly 100,000 individuals have received treatment within the Gateway system, which serves western Pennsylvania and eastern Ohio. Accreditations and Licenses Pennsylvania Department of Health - Bureau of Drug and Alcohol Programs; Pennsylvania Department of Welfare for Adolescent Residential Services; Genesis Division - Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO); Corrections Division - American Correctional Association (ACA); Pennsylvania Department of Welfare Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Contact Information Key Leader(s) Kenneth S. Ramsey Ph.D. - President and Chief Executive Officer Contact Person(s) Richard Troup - Director Admissions/Evaluations Services Ron Cichowicz - Vice President of Corporate Advancement Contact Number(s) Phone: 800-472-1177 Fax: 724-375-8815 Web Addresses www.gatewayrehab.org Primary Addresses Robinson Plaza Three, Suite 430 6600 Steubenville Pike Pittsburgh, PA 15205 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 100 Moffett Run Road Center Twp.,, PA 15001 Click here for a Map of this Location. 2121 Noblestown Plaza Pittsburgh, PA 15205 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1659 Route 228 Cranberry Twp.,, PA 16066 Click here for a Map of this Location. 87 East Maiden Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1659 Route 228 Cranberry Twp.,, PA 16066 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1628 Roseytown Road Greensburg, PA 15601 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1360 Old Freeport Road, Suite 3B Pittsburgh, PA 15238 Click here for a Map of this Location. 262 Ohio River Blvd. Baden Plaza Baden, PA 15005 Click here for a Map of this Location. 4327 Northern Pike Monroeville, PA 15146 Click here for a Map of this Location. 500 Lewis Run Road Suite 121 West Mifflin, PA 15122 Click here for a Map of this Location. 4150 Washington Road Suite 7 McMurray, PA 15317 Click here for a Map of this Location. Squirrel Hill Professional Suites 5818 Forbes Avenue Pittsburgh, PA 15217 Click here for a Map of this Location. 100 Moffett Run Road Aliquippa, PA 15001 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1215 Seventh Avenue 3rd Floor, Suite 313 Beaver Falls, PA 15010 Click here for a Map of this Location. 426 George Street Braddock, PA 15104 Click here for a Map of this Location. 2860 E. 38th Street Erie, PA 16510 Click here for a Map of this Location. 2151 Rush Blvd. Youngstown, OH 44507 Click here for a Map of this Location. 5211 Mahoning Avenue Suite 370 Austintown, OH 44515 Click here for a Map of this Location. 160 Clifton Drive NE Suite 1 Warren, OH 44484 Click here for a Map of this Location. 550 West Chalmers Avenue Youngstown, OH 44511 Click here for a Map of this Location. 6543 Commerce Parkway Suite R Dublin, OH 43017 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Gateway serves patients from throughout Pennsylvania and Ohio at 20 sites. Service Description Adults and youth struggling with addiction to alcohol or other drugs can access a host of programs through Gateway Rehab, including inpatient rehabilitation, medical detoxification, outpatient treatment at several levels including partial hospitalization, and a family program. Gateway operates two halfway houses for men who have completed inpatient rehabilitation, and offers residential treatment programs for patients through the Department of Corrections and two more programs for men incarcerated in Erie or Beaver County jails. Gateway VISION provides comprehensive prevention programs in schools. Available Hours To obtain information about a program nearest you or to make a referral for treatment, please contact Gateway's admissions department at 800-472-1177 or visit Gateway's website at www.gatewayrehab.org. Fees/Cost for Services Gateway Rehab has numerous payment options available. Treatment is covered by most major insurance carriers as Gateway is "in network" for most plans. Gateway has developed a system to search out all funding options that may exist including public funds, loans and charity care for those who are without healthcare benefits of any kind. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments 800-472-1177 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Handicap accessibilty at all Gateway sites Languages Spoken or Available Free interpreter services are available for patients and families with persons needing language assistance. Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Patient related and non-patient related volunteer assignments available Gateway Rehab School & Community-Based Prevention Services (Vision) Organizational Information Parent Organization Gateway Rehabilitation Center Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Mission: Gateway Rehab's mission is to help all affected by addictive diseases to become healthy in body, mind and spirit. Gateway Rehab School and Community-Based Prevention Services (Vision) strives to serve the region by providing the region with quality service at an affordable cost. Accreditations and Licenses Pennsylvania Dept. of Health, Bureau of Drug and Alcohol Programs currently does not have licensure for prevention programs/activities. Affiliations Network for Student Assistance Services, Pennsylvania Network for Bully Prevention Training Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Single County Authority, Federal Funds through Safe and Drug Free Schools and Communities Act, School District General Budget, Private Foundations Contact Information Key Leader(s) C. deRicci Horwatt - Program Director 724-941-2850 724-942-3638 cdh@gatewayrehab.org Contact Person(s) Debra Whiteford - Administrative Assistant 724-941-2850 724-942-3638 dlw@gatewayrehab.org Contact Number(s) 724-941-2850 E-mail(s) cdh@gatewayrehab.org- Program Director dlw@gatewayrehab.org- Administrative Assistant Web Addresses www.gatewayrehab.org Primary Addresses Robinson Plaza Three, Suite 430 6600 Steubenville Pike Route 60 and Park Manor Drive Pittsburgh, PA 15205 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 375 Valleybrook Road Suite 102 McMurry, PA 15317 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Allegheny County, Fayette County, Washington County, Greene County, Beaver County Service Description Consulting Services - Promising Practice - Experienced Staff will provide services to address the prevention and intervention needs to staff, students and parents. Support group facilitation, Student Assistance support, Classroom Presentations and more Focus on Drug/Alcohol Prevention, Violence Prevention, and Service Learning Peer Mediation Training - Promising Practice This two-day training is for selected students and school personnel who are interested in joining an ongoing mediation program at the Middle and/or High School leve. This interactive training will utilize role play, group discussion, and cooperative learning techniques. Bullying Prevention Program - Best Practice The Olweus Research Based Program. This program includes schoolwide and classroom-level activity, individual interventions with bullies and victims, and community involvement. This violence prevention program combines the effort of all school staff (including teachers, principals, guidance counselors, cafeteria workers, custodians, bus drivers, etc.) as well as students, parents, and other members of the community to reduce bullying and other violent behavior. The school's effort includes: Training of staff, establishing a bullying prevention coordinating committee of teachers, staff, and parents, administering the bully/victim survey to determine when and where bullying occurs in school and increasing supervision as needed, establishing school wide rules and applying consistent sanctions against bullying, rewarding children for pro-social behavior, holding regular classroom meetings to discuss bullying and other behavioral issues. B.A.B.E.S. / K-2 - Promising Practice Beginning Alcohol and Addiction Basic Education Studies is a 7-week program for K-2 that encourages interaction between children, puppets, and teachers. Life Skills Training - Best Practice 3-8 An approved "Principals of Effectiveness" program, Life Skills Training (LST) is one of the highest rated, recommended, and researched substance abuse prevention programs today. It is grounded in over 20 years of research. Rather than teaching just ATOD information, it combats the underlying causes of substance abuse. Components of the curriculum include: Drug Resistance Skills; Personal Self-Management Skills; and General Social Skills. Project Alert (MS) - Best Practice An approved "Principals of Effectiveness" program that teaches students, through interactive and sequential lessons, to recognize the internal and external pressures they deal with when they're confronted by drug use. Too Good for Drugs and Violence - Grades 3-8 - Best Practice The goal of this school-based prevention education program is to reduce risk factors and enhance protective factors related to alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use among students. The five essential life skills addressed include: goal setting, decision making, communication, identifying and managing emotions (especially anger), and making and keeping friends. High School - This comprehensive school-based prevention education program is designed to equip high school students with knowledge, skills, and attitudes to remain safe and drug free. It is based on the latest research about resiliency, risk, and protective factors - factors which have been identified as critical for young people's healthy, successful growth and development. Second Step Program - K-8 - Best Practice An approved "Principals of Effectiveness" program. Research shows that aggressive behavior in children predicts risk of later delinquency, substance abuse, shool dropout, early parenthood, and depression. The impact on families and communities is considerable. The curriculum is activity-based and motivates students to become engaged in each developmentally appropriate lesson. The foundation of the Second Step curriculum rests on three essential social competencies: empathy, impulse control, and problem solving and anger management. Student Assistance Training (MS and HS Staff) - Promising Practice A competency based 4 day training SAP training for school/agency personnel joining an existing MS/HS Team. Participants are required to complete competency assignments during and after returning to their teams at school. Training Certificate and Act 48 hours will be issued upon completion. Elementary Student Assistance Training - Promising Practice This 4 day training is designed to assist elementary school personnel to identify issues, which pose a barrier to a student's learning and school success. Full teams must attend (i.e. teachers, GC, administrator, nurse, school psychologist). Commitment to implement this program is a must. SAP Team Update/Maintenance - Promising Practice This training will provide information, focused discussion, and application strategies needed for effective and appropriate team functioning. Additional Topics: Promising Practice Safe Schools/Crisis Planning Sexual Harassment Crisis Response Alcohol and Other Drugs: Current Trends Student Assistance Overview for Staff Resiliency Child/Adolescent Grief and Loss Inhalant Abuse Teamwork Underage Drinking Offenders Program - Promising Practice UDOP provides help and education for teens and their families concerned about alcohol and other drug use. The program consists of a series of classes for youth, ages thirteen to twenty, who have had first time alcohol or drug violations or have broken school policies concerning alcohol and other drug use. This program can be used in addition to or in lieu of fines, as conditions of probation or as a requirement for suspended students to return to school. UDOP is appropriate for all teens and families who want to increase their understanding of the effects of alcohol and drug abuse on the individual. Alcohol and other drug abuse is one of the most serious problems facing our country today. The solution begins with teens learning the facts, dangers and consequences of chemical abuse and acquiring refusal skills to avoid continued pressures to use. Available Hours 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Monday through Friday. Fees/Cost for Services Please call the office. Eligibility Requirements Determined by service How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Please call 724-941-2850 and talk with either Debbie Whiteford or deRicci Horwatt Miscellaneous Information Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available No Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Genesis of Pittsburgh Nancy Egbert Organizational Information Parent Organization Genesis of Pittsburgh Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Genesis is a comprehensive agency providing a broad range of services that focus on life-enhancing solutions to the many problems surrounding an unplanned or distressing pregnancy. All Genesis services are provided throughout the pregnancy and beyond, for as long as the client feels she needs help. History of Organization Founded and incorporated in November, 1973 Opened Genesis House in 1983 Opened community outreach center in Washington in 1984 Opened community outreach center in Pittsburgh in 1998 Accreditations and Licenses PA Licensed Private Children & Youth Agency PA Licensed Residential Maternity Care Facility PA Licensed Adoption Agency PA Licensed Foster Care Agency Affiliations Real Alternatives Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Individual donations and fund raisers Corporate donations and grants United Way Contributors Choice Foundations Real Alternatives (grant through PA Dept. of Welfare) Contact Information Key Leader(s) Carole McMahon - Executive Director Contact Person(s) Nancy Egbert - Assistant Director Lynda Jucha - Director Genesis of Washington Contact Number(s) 412-766-2693 - Assistant Director 724-225-6701 - Director Genesis of Washington E-mail(s) nancy@genesispgh.org- Assistant Director Web Addresses www.genesispgh.org Primary Addresses Genesis of Pittsburgh, Inc. P. O. Box 41017 185 Dakota Avenue Pittsburgh, PA 15202 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses Genesis of Washington 87 E. Maiden Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Genesis of Washington 87 E. Maiden Street 185 Dakota Avenue Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Tri-State area Service Description Complete & confidential adoption services Parenting classes Housing during pregnancy at Genesis House Infant CPR classes Infant care classes Breast feeding classes Life skills classes Counseling during and after pregnancy Free pregnancy testing Free maternity clothes Free baby items including clothing, cribs, car seats, diapers, formula, etc. Childbirth preparedness classes Nutrition classes Available Hours Monday 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM Tuesday 10:00 AM - 5:00 PM Wednesday 10:00 AM - 4:00 PM Thursday Friday Saturday Fees/Cost for Services All services free of charge with the exception of a small fee for housing Eligibility Requirements The client should be pregnant, possibly pregnant or the parent of a child under the age of 12 months. Required Documentation None How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments No appointments necessary For schedule of classes call the center at 724-225-6701 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes - handicapped accessible Languages Spoken or Available English is the primy language but language cards in most languages are available to clients as well as picture cards for those clients who need clothing, equipment, diapers or formula translators can be made available with advance notice Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description volunteers who would like to be trained as counselors especially for Saturdays and volunteers who would like to be receptionists GrassRoutes Counseling Services GRCS Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Co-founders Elliott A. Branch Jr. and Vanessa Drew-Branch founded GrassRoutes Counseling Services (GRCS) in 2011 out of a desire to provide recipients of mental health services with truly client-centered mental health treatment . GRCS's approach to providing mental health treatment was developed using the Integrative Medicine Model which encompasses the use of both scientific-based and evidence-based complimentary and alternative (CAM) therapies in treating illness. GRCS prescribes to this model because the founders believe that this approach allows for greater flexibility in addressing mental health illness and symptoms, and increases long-term mental health stability. Accreditations and Licenses Therapist are Liscened Social Workers granted by the state of Pennsylvania Legal Structure Unincorporated group Contact Information Key Leader(s) Elliott Branch - Executive Director/ Mental Health Therapist 724-503-2146 724-213-9818 ebranchgrcs@gmail.com Vanessa Drew-Branch - Director of Operations/ Mental Health Therapist 724-503-2146 724-213-9818 vdbranchgrcs@gmail.com Contact Person(s) Vanessa Drew-Branch - Dir. of Operations 724-503-2146 724-213-9818 vdbranch@gmail.com Contact Number(s) 724-503-2146 - telephone E-mail(s) grassroutescounseling@gmail.com- Main email Web Addresses www.grcsl.com Primary Addresses 701 Schoonmaker Ave Suite 1000 Monessen, PA 15062 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington, Westmoreland and Fayette Counties Service Description Mental Health Out Patient Therapy for children, Adolencents and Adults Available Hours Monday-Friday 9:00am - 5:00pm Saturday 10:00 am- 2:00pm Evening Appointments are Available Fees/Cost for Services please refer to our website www.grcsl.com How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Please call 724-503-2146 or email via website Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility yes Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Greater Washington County Food Bank Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization OUR MISSION: TO FEED hungry people by securing and distributing food and grocery products through a countywide network of food pantries. TO INCREASE public awareness about the problems of hunger in our community and our solutions. TO EDUCATE the people who come to us on nutrition. OUR VALUES: In carrying out its mission, the Greater Washington County Food Bank is committed to standards of performance represented by the values in which we believe; RESPECT FOR HUMAN DIGNITY - we will serve those who come to us without regard to race, creed, sex,lifestyle, residence or any other discriminatory consideration. We strive to provide a voice for people living in poverty. INTEGRITY - we will be open and honest in all relationships, dealings and transactions. We will strive to earn and convey trust through openness and honesty. STEWARDSHIP - we will keep faith with the public trust through the efficient and compassionate use of resources entrusted to us. We will strive to be mindful that the mission is accomplished through the generosity of others. ACCOUNTABILITY - we will set clear standards for the benchmark against which to measure competence, efficiency and record keeping and report information and all will be subject to an annual independent audit. SERVICE - we will stay close to those we serve. We will commit to provide excellent service. We will continually strive to study, understand and meet the changing needs of the hungry with competence, compassion and kindness. OUR VISION; So that no one goes to bed hungry...we will nourish hungry people and lead the community to eliminate hunger. History of Organization The food bank was intially founded in 1981 when a group of unemployed steelworks, churches, and community groups began distributing food packages to families that were hardest hit by the collapse of the steel industry and the recession in the early's 80's. Subsequently, these pantries were organized into what has become the food pantry network,which was operated by Community Action until 1997 In early January 1998, the Washington County Commissioners created a new organization to operated the food bank. The commissioners believed it was time for the Food Bank to be an independent agency with its own board of directors that could fully direct its engereies to the single purpose fo fighting hunger in the county. The new food bank was quickly incorporated,applied for, and received its federal tax exemp status, 501 (c) 3, and Bureau of Charitable Organization status. In August 1999, the Board of directors became disheartened by the direction the food bank was heading, at which time a new executive director and warehouse manager were hired. Their goal was to restructure and rebuild the reputation of the Food Bank. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Grants State Funding FEMA funding Fundraising Private Donations Contact Information Key Leader(s) Lisa Nuccetelli - Executive Director 724-229-8175 724-229-8178 Frank Esposito - President Contact Person(s) Lisa Nuccetelli - Executive Director Contact Number(s) 724-229-8175 E-mail(s) gwcfb@pulsenet.com Web Addresses gwcfb.org Primary Addresses 1020 RT 519 Eighty Four, Pa 15330 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area 34 Pantries in Washington County Call food bank for locations 724-229-8175 Service Description FEEDING THE HUNGRY IN WASHINGTON COUNTY Available Hours 8 AM TO 4 PM Eligibility Requirements CALL FOOD BANK FOR ELIGIBILITY 724-229-8175 Required Documentation PROOF OF INCOME, RESIDENTS ( ELECTR IC, OR TELEPHONE, UTILITY BILL, LAST FOUR NUMBERS OF SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments CALL FOOD BANK 724-229-8175 Miscellaneous Information Speaker Available No Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need Yes Greenbriar Treatment Center GTC Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Greenbriar Treatment Center offers help and hope to those suffering from addiction, and support for the people who love them. Our approach to treatment is based on respect for the dignity of the people we serve and the belief that addiction is a treatable disease. Our chemical dependency treatment providers and MISA (mental illness, substance abuse) professionals will assist you in developing a lifelong recovery plan as you begin your journey towards a sober and serene life. Chemical Dependency and Dual Diagnosis issues do not have to control your life. Help is available! Accreditations and Licenses Greenbriar Treatment Center is licensed by: The Pennsylvania Department of Health - Bureau of Drug and Alcohol Programs The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania - Department of Public Welfare Accredited by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. Affiliations Washington Hospital Legal Structure For-profit entity Contact Information Key Leader(s) Mary Banaszak - CEO Holly Martin M.A., CCDP Dpl - COO Peggy O Neill, M.A. - Director of Clinical Services Judy Shannon, B.S. - Director of Community & Corporate Services Contact Person(s) Stefanie Madoskey - Intake Coordinator Contact Number(s) 412-829-2103 - Greenbriar - Monroeville 412-885-7180 - Greenbriar- South Hills 412-788-6292 - Greenbriar - Robinson Twp. 1-724-225-9764 - FAX 724-916-0192 - Greenbriar - North Strabane 1-724-225-9700 - Local 1-800-637-4673 - Toll Free 724-339-7180 - Greenbriar - New Kensington 412-421-4311 - Greenbriar - Squirrel Hill 724-934-8435 - Greenbriar - Wexford 724-222-4753 - Greenbriar- The Lighthouse for Women E-mail(s) smadoskey@greenbriar.net- Intake Coordinator Web Addresses www.greenbriar.net - Main Web Site www.greenbriartraining.com - Trainings and Books Primary Addresses 800 Manor Drive Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 1928 1/2 Murray Avenue Pittsburgh, PA 15217 Click here for a Map of this Location. Twin Towers, Suite 365 4995 Steubenville Pike Pittsburgh, PA 15205 Click here for a Map of this Location. 101 Towne Square Way Suite 221 Brentwood, PA 15227 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1840 Washington Road Route 19 Washington, PA 15370 Click here for a Map of this Location. 601 Sixth Street New Kensington, PA 15068 Click here for a Map of this Location. Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. 6200 Brooktree Road Suite 210 Wexford, PA 15090 Click here for a Map of this Location. (Undisclosed) Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Click here for a Map of this Location. 400 Penn Center Boulevard, Suite 707 Pittsburgh, Pa 15235 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Western Pennsylvania Service Description Dual Diagnosis Program -- Greenbriar Treatment Center's dual diagnosis program is designed to treat chemically dependent individuals whose attempts at recovery are complicated by mental health issues. Our intimate, private treatment center offers a safe and accepting atmosphere for patients to learn new, healthy responses to life. The patients have daily access to Masters level mental health therapists, and nurses experienced in psychiatric as well as substance and mental health treatment. Our Medical Director, John Six, M.D. , and our staff psychiatrist, Oscar Urrea, M.D. lead the team in directing client treatment. Psychiatric consultations, individual and group therapies and psychological testing are utilized as indicated to provide the client with the most individualized care. Treatment planning focuses on the understanding and treatment of chemical dependency, concurrent with the client's mental health disorder. Medication management, coping with a dual disorder and the importance of continued support are all vital educational components in this program. Family educational sessions and 12 Step based meetings offer well rounded treatment for clients in this program. Dual diagnosis treatment is available in all levels of care as indicated by the pre-treatment assessment. Individual Counseling -- Completing the continuum of care, as well as a stand alone treatment option, individual counseling is offered at all sites to clients seeking help for problems with family issues, stress, depression and/or other concerns as they relate to personal or familial substance abuse. Sessions are conducted by appointment only with Masters level therapists. As with all programs, this service can be accessed through Greenbriar's central admissions department. Inpatient / Non Hospital -- (Washington Site Only) Residential treatment is the appropriate level of care for the client who needs a safe, structured environment in early recovery. The client resides at the facility and receives treatment throughout the day and evening hours. Treatment modalities include psycho-educational sessions, individual and group therapy and family educational programming. Special treatment groups such as, mens's & women's group, cocaine and relapse tracks, and recovery in the workplace, are among those available to meet the individual needs of the client population. Attendance at AA/NA meetings is mandatory both in and outside the facility as clients begin the process of building sober support systems and obtaining temporary sponsorship. Assignments are individualized and are assigned by the primary therapist after a thorough psycho-social assessment is completed. Partial Programming -- Clients in this level of care meet up to 7 days a week from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Treatment modalities imitate that of the residential program, and clients are expected to attend the weekly family session in the evening as well. Treatment planning includes attendance at AA/NA meetings during the evening hours. Clients in this program should expect random drug screening at the discretion of the therapist. Attendance and adherence to program guidelines, including recommended 12 Step based meetings is closely monitored. Day Partial Program (Half Day) -- Clients in this program will receive treatment three to four hours a day in either a morning or afternoon session as indicated by client availability. This program meets four to six days per week, with attendance one time per week at an evening family session. Treatment methods and other program guidelines are the same as a full day program. Evening Partial Program (All Sites) -- Clients in this program meet up to four nights per week from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. The program consists of psycho-educational sessions, individual and group therapy sessions and family educational sessions one evening per week. Random drug screening is conducted at the discretion of the therapist, and regular attendance is mandatory with the exception of excused absences. Detoxification -- (Washington Site Only) The process of detoxification allows the client to safely withdraw from alcohol and/or drugs in a medically managed environment. The process is supervised by the Associate Medical Director and his staff of physicians. Registered nurses are available on site 24 hours a day to insure a comfortable and safe experience. The Lighthouse for Women (Half Way House) -- Greenbriar is a pioneer in the treatment of individuals with substance abuse issues that are complicated by mental health concerns. After years of unsuccessful attempts at finding effective longer-term follow-up for our dually diagnosed clients, we at Greenbriar decided to develop our own halfway house. The programming at The Lighthouse was developed by professional mental health and drug and alcohol treatment staff. In addition we solicited significant input from dually diagnosed consumers, who continue to offer suggestions and assistance with our ongoing program evaluation. The Lighthouse staff are specialists in the treatment of dually diagnosed consumers, and each woman s treatment is individualized to meet her recovery needs. Our expectation is that upon discharge, our clients will have developed an understanding and acceptance of their diagnoses, and will have acquired the skills necessary to care for their needs in their own home environment. The facility, originally a private residence which was renovated to create a large personal care home, is now our 25 bed halfway house for women. Our home-like atmosphere now includes numerous bedrooms and bathrooms, a large great room, exercise and laundry areas, an independent dining and food preparation area, as well as staff offices. The Lighthouse for Women completes the Greenbriar Treatment Center full continuum of care for dually diagnosed women. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English Intermediate Unit One IU#1 Organizational Information Parent Organization Program Name: Homeless Children's Initiative Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The main purpose of the Pennsylvania Homeless Children s Initiative is to make sure homeless children and youth ages 3- high school graduation have access to appropriate education while removing barriers that homeless children face. Its goal is to have the educational process continue as uninterrupted as possible while the students are living in homeless situations. Other objectives of the Homeless Children s Initiative are to inform local school districts of their responsibilities to homeless students under the Federal McKinney-Vento law, to increase awareness in the community about the needs of homeless children, provide technical assistance about the legislation and policies, and provide tangible assistance to homeless children and youth. Eligibility Criteria for the Services and Programs you offer: Under the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 Amendments (Sec. 725), the term homeless children and youths means individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence and includes: (i) children and youths who are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters; are abandoned in hospitals; or are awaiting foster care placement; (ii) children and youths who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings; (iii) children and youths who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings; and (iv) migratory children who qualify as homeless for the purposes of this subtitle because the children are living in circumstances described in clauses (i) through (iii). Contact Information: Phone Number: 724.938.0820. ext.21 Address:742 Orchard Street California, PA 15419 Email: voithoferm@iu1.k12.pa.us michellevoithofer@hotmail.com Hours of Operation: 7:30 a.m.- 3:30 p.m. Website: www.pde.state.pa.us/homeless www.iu1.k12.pa.us Legal Structure School District Contact Information Key Leader(s) Candace Dunn - Director of Special Education Contact Person(s) Michelle Voithofer - Site Coordinator, Homeless Children's Initiative Contact Number(s) 724.938.0820 ext. 21 Primary Addresses 742 Orchard Street California, PA 15419 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Fayette, Greene and Washington Counties Available Hours 7:30 - 3:00 pm Monday - Friday Fees/Cost for Services No Fees Eligibility Requirements Pre K- 12 Required Documentation Individual assesments to meet criteria How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call or email voithoferm@iu1.k12.pa.us Mental Health Association of Washington County MHA Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization We envision a community in which all members with mental health issues are accepted, not stigmatized,and have an opportunity to reach their full potential. The mission of the Mental Health Association is to promote an environment of empowerment and acceptance for all people dealing with mental health issues through advocacy, education and comprehensive services. We foster opportunities for growth, recovery, inclusion and most importantly HOPE. History of Organization MHA has provided advocacy services since 1965. For over 40 years the agency has been a force for change and service expansion. Accreditations and Licenses Licensed Personal Care Home provider Licensed LTSR provider Licensed Mobile Psychiatric Rehabilitation provider Value Behavioral Health Accreditation Affiliations Member of...1. the Mental Health Association of PA, 2. PA Mental Health Consumers Association, 3.PAPSRS,4.Southwest HC Stakeholders, 5.Washington County CSP,6.Western Regional CSP,7. Washington County Health and Welfare,8. Washington County Health Partners,9. WIN and 10.a United Way donor option agency. MHA staff also serve on numerous boards and coalitions. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources MH/MR Washington County MH/MR Fayette County MH/MR Greene County United Way USDA Foundations and private donations Contact Information Key Leader(s) Lynne M. Loresch - Executive Director E-mail(s) Loresch@verizon.net Web Addresses www.mhawashco.org Primary Addresses MHA 575 & 565 North Main Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses MHA EPC 200 Spring Street Bentleyville, PA 15314 Click here for a Map of this Location. MHA LTSR 225 Spring Street Bentleyville, PA 15314 Click here for a Map of this Location. Circle Center 565 N. Main Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington, Greene and Fayette counties Service Description Long term Structured Residence Enhanced Personal Care Home Health Choices Ombudsman Parent Advocate Advocacy Taxonomy Category Abused Children Abused Children Abused Children Abused Children Drop-in-Center Mobile Psychiatric Rehabilitation Representative Payee Available Hours 9:00-5:00 Monday thru Friday Fees/Cost for Services All services except residential services are free to residents of Washington County Eligibility Requirements Mental Health consumers of Washington County Required Documentation Requirements differ according to intensity of service How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Contact main office or website for information Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility All service sites fully accessible Languages Spoken or Available English Mesothelioma Web Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Mesothelioma Web is a website about the cancer mesothelioma. This form of cancer has a very long latency period, and frequently doesn't strike until years after a person has been exposed to asbestos. The website consolidates information on symptoms, diagnosis, treatment options, and oncology specialists with experience treating the disease. http://wwww.mesotheliomaweb.org/ History of Organization Founded in 2000. Accreditations and Licenses N/A Affiliations N/A Legal Structure Unincorporated group Funding Sources The David Law Firm, The Woodlands, Texas Contact Information Key Leader(s) Cheryl Engman - Coordinator Contact Person(s) Bill Sussman - Assistant coordinator Contact Number(s) 877-367-6376 - Mesothelioma Web E-mail(s) info@mesotheliomaweb.org- Mesothelioma Web Web Addresses www.mesotheliomaweb.org/ - Mesothelioma Web Primary Addresses 10655 Six Pines Dr., Suite 260 The Woodlands, TX 77380 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Nationwide Service Description Informational website about the cancer mesothelioma, including details on diagnosis and treatment options. Available Hours 8 AM to 5 PM Fees/Cost for Services None Eligibility Requirements None Required Documentation None How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Website http://www.mesotheliomaweb.org/ or 877-367-6376 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility N/A Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available No Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Mon Valley Community Health Services, Inc. MVCHS Organizational Information Parent Organization Southwestern Pennsylvania Human Services/SPHS Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Provide a full range of primary medical and related health care services to residents of southwesten Pennsylvania, including low income, disabled, elderly and uninsured persons. History of Organization MVHCS was established in 1979. It is a non-profit organization providing health care services to the medically underserved residents of the Mon Valley. In additional to providing primary health care and family planning services, MVCHS also operates the GED/program for Washington residents and the Women, Infant and Children program for Westmoreland county. Affiliations SPHS Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Grants, insurance billing, self pay Contact Information Key Leader(s) Jeff Burks Mascara - Chief Operating Officer Contact Person(s) Cathy A. Moffit - Project Officer Contact Number(s) 724/684-9000 ext. 4332 - Telephone E-mail(s) cmoffit@sphs.org- Project Officer Web Addresses sphs.org - Parent organization Primary Addresses Eastgate # 8 3rd floor Monessen, PA 15062 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Mon Valley Area including parts of Westmoreland, Fayette, and Washington Counties Service Description A full range of comprehensive primary and preventive health care and family planning services to residents of all ages Available Hours Monday through Friday 8:30 - 4:00 Fees/Cost for Services Most health care insurances accepted sliding fee scale for income eligible patients some free services available Eligibility Requirements Most health care insurances accepted sliding fee scale available with proof of income some free services with proof of income Required Documentation Insurance cards Identification and proof of income requried for sliding fee and no fee services How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call during office hours at 724/684-9000 ext. 4472 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility yes Northwestern Human Services/Woodland Center NHS Human Services/Woodland Organizational Information Parent Organization Northwestern Human Services, Inc. Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Mission Statement: "NHS provides innovative solutions to support the unique needs of the individuals we serve by striving to create a caring and responsive environment that promotes the highest standards of integrity and quality." History of Organization Northwestern Human Services of PA Corporate History and Background Northwestern Human Services, Inc. ("Northwestern"), a non-profit corporation organized under the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is the largest non-profit provider of community-based mental health, mental retardation, substance abuse and other health and human services to the publicly funded sector in Pennsylvania. Northwestern commenced operations in 1965 with the formation of the Northwestern Institute of Psychiatry followed by the addition of the Northwest Center in 1966. During the 1970's and 1980's, additional affiliated entities commenced operations or became affiliated with these organizations. In 1981, Northwestern Human Services, Inc. (formerly the Northwestern Corporation) was formed to be the parent company of the aforementioned subsidiaries. In 1984, Northwestern formally separated from the Northwestern Institute of Psychiatry. The expansion of new services included adult medical day care services, skilled nursing home facilities, home health, adoption, foster care, autism, and juvenile justice service offerings. In addition to Northwestern's expansion of new services, Northwestern continues to maintain a strong core group of services, which are provided to individuals with mental health and mental retardation disabilities and drug and alcohol abuse problems. Northwestern's broad spectrum of mental health and mental retardation services allows clients to be served along a comprehensive continuum of care. The mental health services range from those of low intensity such as outpatient case management to very intense services such as inpatient psychiatric care to maximum care community rehabilitation residences. Additionally, there is a full range of services that bridge the gap of intermediate levels of care, which include minimum and moderate care community rehabilitation residences, as well as partial hospitalization programs and long term structured residences. The mental retardation service offerings also include a wide range of services such as community living arrangement group homes, home based residential programs, intermediate care facilities for individuals with mental retardation, supported living facilities, targeted case management and vocational programs. Individuals with a dual diagnosis (mental retardation and mental illness) are able to take advantage of Northwestern's continuum of programs. Northwestern operates drug and alcohol programs including traditional and intensive outpatient, methadone maintenance, and school-based programs. Northwestern's provision of community based care in both the areas of mental health and mental retardation, which is augmented by its drug and alcohol programs, as well as the ability to meet the service needs of all age groups from young children to our senior citizens, allows for Northwestern to provide a continuum of behavioral health care services in the least restrictive manner to a very broad client base. Northwestern differentiates itself from other behavioral healthcare providers in that most mental health and mental retardation services are performed by relatively small community agencies which focus an a single type or narrow range of services. This narrow scope of services limits many behavioral healthcare providers from competing with the array of services offered by larger firms such as Northwestern, which is able to provide a full range of integrated behavioral healthcare and mental retardation services a continuum of care. NHS maintains its corporate headquarters in Montgomery County, PA 620 Germantown Pike, Lafayette Hill, 19444. Accreditations and Licenses ODP DPW OMHSAS Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources DPW Dept of Aging ODP VBH CCBH Washington County MH/MR Greene County MH/MR Blair County MH/MR Fayette County MH/MR Contact Information Key Leader(s) Tinnesia Snyder - Southern Catchment Area Director Lori Harvey - Assistant Director Shelly Davis - Director MR Services Robyn Shrader - Director TFC/FCP Programs Contact Person(s) Julie Durbin - HR Representative Grace Paul - Utilization/Training Manager Contact Number(s) 724-942-4677 - Catchment Area Director 724-942-4677 - Assistant Catchment Area Director 724-942-4677 - Director MR Services 724-942-4677 - Director TFC/FCP Programs 724-942-4677 - Marketing/CQI Coordinator 724-942-4677 - HR Representative 724-942-4677 - Utilization/Training Manager E-mail(s) tsnyder@nhsonline.org- Southern Catchment Area Director lharvey@nhsonline.org- Assistant Catchment Area Director sdavis@nhsonline.org- Director MR Services rshrader@nhsonline.org- Director TFC/FCP Programs jdurbin@nhsonline.org- HR Representative gpaul@nhsonline.org- Utilization/Training Manager Web Addresses www.nhsonline.org - Northwestern Human Services Primary Addresses 1075 Waterdam Plaza Drive McMurray, PA 15317 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 260 Ohio River Boulevard Baden Plaza Baden , PA 15005 Click here for a Map of this Location. 6 Oliver Road Suite 121 Uniontown, PA 15401 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Statewide Service Description Family Living gives people the choices on where and with whom they want to live; this program assists in finding families who are willing to open their homes to individuals with mental retardation Adult training/Community Day Services offers a unique approach that assists people locate valued social roles within their community as well as helping individuals develop skills and increase independence by providing opportunities such as employment and volunteer opportunities Community Living, Medical Homes This program provides a home to individuals with severe medical and physical problems. These individuals need higher levels of staff support including professional nursing. People living in such homes are involved in meaningful activities, provided out of their home environment, with an emphasis on community integration and self-determination. Community Living provides a home to a group of individuals with Mental Retardation who need varying of staff support. People living in Group Homes are involved in meaningful daytime activities including employment, volunteer work, socialization, community activities and training programs. Home Based Waiver Support is designed to offer a variety of services and support to families who have a family member with mental retardation living at home. Resources and assistance are provided to enable the family to continue to have their family member living at home. Family Based Services provides in-home family and individual therapy by a 2 person team, available to provide support 7 days a week, 24 hours a day to at risk children/adolescents and their families. The program goal is to prevent psychiatric hospitalization and our-of-home placement and to link the family with ongoing services to prevent future crisis situations. Foster Care Plus for children whose needs exceed traditional foster care placement. The program proves structure and specialized foster care homes for children with emotional and behavioral problems. Therapeutic Family Care places children who may be emotionally, behaviorally or mentally challenged with a family who has been specially trained to provide a structured and therapeutic environment. Wrap-Around Enhanced Mental Health Services provides individualized community based counseling services which address the overall needs of the child, including educational developmental and emotional. Services are provided in the home, school or community and must be deemed medically necessary by a physician. Autism Services offer a range of treatment options that may be provided in the home, school or in a day care setting. A team of clinicians including a psychologist, behavior specialist and case manager works with the family of a child with Autism to determine the most appropriate treatment. Office of Social Programs (OSP) Commcare: Traumatic brain injury OBRA: Relocation from nursing facilities to community settings and individuals who need a high level of habilitation services. Available Hours All Office locations: Hours 8:30 AM to 4:30 PM All Programs offer 24 hour support Fees/Cost for Services Eligibility through Medicare, Medicaid, and Private Pay Eligibility Requirements Based on individual needs Required Documentation Based on funding eligibility specific to program How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call 724-942-4677 or 1-800-NHS-6061 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility All locations are Handicap Accessible Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Qualified volunteers to work with Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders in after school or summer program. Office of Vocational Rehabilitation OVR Organizational Information Parent Organization Department of labor and Industry Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization To assist Pennsylvanians with disabilities to secure and maintain employment and independence. History of Organization All states have OVR offices except they may be called by different names. OVR started in 1917 to assist disabled returning WW I soldiers. Services have expanded over ther years to include all people with all disabilities. Accreditations and Licenses N/A Affiliations N/A Legal Structure State Government Funding Sources Federal and State funding Contact Information Key Leader(s) Lori Kaczmarek - District Administrator Ron Rudberg - Assistant District Administrator Contact Person(s) Lori Kaczmarek - District Administrator Ron Rudberg - Assistant District Administrator Contact Number(s) 724-223-4430 x252 - Lori Kaczmarek/ District Administrator 724-223-4430 x254 - Ron Rudberg E-mail(s) lkaczmarek@state.pa.us- Lori Kaczmarek/District Administrator rrudberg@state.pa.us- Ron Rudberg / Assistant District Administrator Web Addresses http://www.dli.state.pa.us/ovr - Office of Vocational Rehabilitation Primary Addresses 201 W. Wheeling St. Washington, Pa 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses Mon Valley United Health Center Eastgate 8 Monesson, PA 15062 Click here for a Map of this Location. 137 N. Beeson Blvd. Uniontown, PA 15401 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington, Greene and Fayette Counties Service Description OVR serves people who have disabilities that present a substantial impediment to employment. Services are provided to individuals who can benefit from, and who need services to prepare for, enter into, engage in, or retain employment. Available Hours 8:00AM to 4:30PM Monday through Friday Fees/Cost for Services It does not cost you anything to apply for services. There is no charge for diagnostic services, vocational evaluation, counseling, or job placement assistance. If you are eligible for services , your counselor will ask you to provide documents about your income and expenses. Dependeing upon your income, you may have to contribute to the cost of OVR services. OVR cannot pay for any services you received before you applied to OVR. Even after you apply, OVR can pay only for those services approved in advance by your counselor. Eligibility Requirements Yop have a disability, that is, physical, mental, or emotional impairment which results in a sudstantial impediment to employment, and you can benefit in terms of an employment outcome from services provided and vocational services are required for you to prepare for, enter, engage in, or retain gainful employment. Required Documentation Medical and financial documentation. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call 1-800-442-6367 or visit in person to the OVR office at 201 W. Wheeling St., Washington, PA 15301 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Accessable Languages Spoken or Available Use of Language Services Speaker Available No Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No PA CareerLink Washington County CareerLink Organizational Information Parent Organization None Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Jobs, training, careers & connections. PA CareerLink Washington County is a one-stop resource for economic growth through community connections, employment opportunities, training services, and career development. History of Organization One-stop services were created by the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA). Each state created "one-stop-shops" to provide no-cost services to businesses, employers, and job seekers. In Pennsylvania, the one-stop system is branded under the name "PA CareerLink". The WIA model incorporates services previously provided by the state's job centers. Our site's "services cooperative" includes 13 distinct partner agencies sharing operating costs and the provision of services to jobseekers and employers in our community. Accreditations and Licenses None Affiliations Site Partners: Arbor E & T Bureau of Workforce Development Partnership (PA Dept of Labor & Industry) Community Action Southwest County Assistance Office Intermediate Unit 1 PIA Career Services Office of Vocational Rehabilitation Penn Commercial Business/Technical School Pittsburgh Technical Institute (PTI) Southwest Training Services, Inc. SW PA Area Agency on Aging Western Area Career & Technology Center Washington Greene County Job Training Agency, Inc. Legal Structure Other Funding Sources State, federal, partner agency Contact Information Key Leader(s) Nancy R. "Nan" Sninsky - PA CareerLink Administrator Lisa Neil - President Southwest Training Services Inc & PA CareerLink Operator Point of Contact Contact Person(s) Inc. & PA CareerLink Operator Point of Contact Southwest Training Services Nan Sninsky - PA CareerLink Administrator Ray Castner - Bureau of Workforce Development Supervisor Lisa Neil - President Contact Number(s) 724/223-4500 - Main Telephone Line 724/250-1254 - TTY 724/223-4670 - FAX E-mail(s) nsninsky@state.pa.us- PA CareerLink Administrator racastner@state.pa.us- Bureau of Workforce Development Partnership Supervisor Web Addresses www.pacareerlink.state.pa.us www.cwds.state.pa.us - New PA CareerLink web address Service Information Service Description Online applicant search/job matching for jobseekers and employers Staff-assisted registration, enrollment, and job or job candidate searches Labor Market Information for employers and jobseekers On-site recruitments, interviews, and job fairs Information on training providers, training courses, and training funds Initial skills assessment/occupational profiling Job search skill development including resume writing, career building, interviewing skills, computer basics, etc. Youth programs such as career exploration, leadership development, job shadowing, computer literacy, and work experience. Veterans services including employment/job search; training/education, and social services referral Rapid Response services for company downsizing, layoffs, and shut downs On-the-job training and training funds for incumbent workers Available Hours 8:00 to 4:30 Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday 10:00 to 4:30 on Wednesday Fees/Cost for Services No costs for any service. Small room rental fee for employers for onsite recruitments. Eligibility Requirements Open to any jobseeker looking for work or employers looking for workers; funding for some training programs requires eligibility determination Required Documentation Funding for some training programs requires documentation. Some youth programs require documentation. otherwise, none required. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Orientation to services held every Tuesday and Friday at 9:15 am. No appointment necessary. Can accommodate walk-ins if work or other schedule conflict prohibits attendance at orientation. Can access online services via www.pacareerlink.state.pa.us or www.cwds.state.pa.us. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Fully compliant with all ADA requirements for accessibility. Languages Spoken or Available Any language can be accommodated. We use the Language Line Service for over-the-phone interpretation and document translation. Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description We need someone to teach Basic Computer Skills (using a mouse, Outlook, Word, internet) on a weekly basis. PA Dept of Health Washington County Satte Health Center Organizational Information Parent Organization Bureau of Community Health Sytems Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization To promote healthy lifestyles,prevent injury and disease, and to assure the safe delivery of quality healht care for all Commonwealth citizens. Legal Structure State Government Funding Sources State and fedeal funding. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Artis Hall - District Executive Director Contact Person(s) Barbara Motto RNBC BSN - Community Health Nurse Supervisor E-mail(s) bmotto@state.pa.us Web Addresses www.health.sate.pa.us Primary Addresses 167 N Main St Suite 100 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Mainly to residents of Washington County,but no restrictions for some services Service Description Preventative clinics and testing. Clinics include adult and childhood immunizations. HIV alternate test site. Offer free confidential testing. Tuberculosis screening and treatment clinic. Public health infromation and resource referrals available. Professional nursing services related to our mandated services. Available Hours Monday through Friday. 8am until 4:30 pm. Fees/Cost for Services Most services are free or cost based on income. Eligibility Requirements None Required Documentation None How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Service available by appointment. Call first. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility yes Languages Spoken or Available English. Interpreters available for language and hearing impaired. Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Pathways of Southwestern Pennsylvania, Inc. Pathways of SW PA Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Pathways of Southwestern Pennsylvania serves Individuals of all ages with physical and intellectual disabilities. Our commitment to the principles of independence, inclusion and choice assures an opportunity for all Individuals to realize their full potential and be integral members of the community. History of Organization Pathways of Southwestern Pennsylvania, Inc., formerly known as UCP of SW PA up to July 1, 2009, has been providing services to individuals in Washington, Greene, and Fayette Counties for over 40 years. In 1964, United Cerebral Palsy of Washington County was incorporated as a non-profit social service organization and in 1967 the agency expanded to include Greene and Fayette Counties and became UCP of SW PA, Inc. In 1993, Rainbow's End Learning Center, Inc., was developed as an integrated child-care program recognizing the needs of parents of children with and without disabilities. These programs include Early Intervention (EI), Adult Training Facility (ATF), a Residential Program, Exceptional Choices, Recreation Station, and The Pennsylvania Elks Home Service Program. A corporate structure was developed to include the following family of corporations: UCP of SW PA, UCP Home and Community Services, Your Child's Place, and The UCP Foundation. On July 1, 2009 UCP of SW PA became Pathways of Southwestern Pennsylvania, UCP Foundation became Pathways Foundation and UCP Home and Community Services became Home and Community Services. Accreditations and Licenses The agency provides a wide range of services to individuals (birth to senior citizens) with disabilities through programs licensed by various government agencies such as the Pennsylvania Departments of Health, Education, Public Welfare, and Aging. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Department of Public Welfare; Office of Developmental Programs; Office of Long Term Living; Office of Childhood Development and Early Learning; Federal Funds; Medical Assitance; Specific Managed Care Organizations/Health Insurance; County MH/MR Offices; Private Pay; Intermediate Units; CCIS/DPW; Department of Education/Child and Adult Care Food Program; Area Agency on Aging Contact Information Key Leader(s) Jill Ealy - Executive Director Contact Person(s) Kimberly McBane - Program Operations Director Contact Number(s) 724-229-0851 - Administrative Office - North Main Street 724-225-8145 - Program Office - Jefferson Avenue E-mail(s) kmcbane@pathwaysswpa.org- Program Operations Director Web Addresses www.pathwaysswpa.org - Agency website Primary Addresses 190 North Main Street Suite 306 Washington , PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 655 Jefferson Avenue Washington , PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. 140 N. Beeson Street Suite 402 Uniontown , PA 15401 Click here for a Map of this Location. 289 North Avenue Washington , PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. 130 Bill George Drive Waynesburg, PA 15370 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area The location of our programs are within a tri county region; Washington, Greene and Fayette counties. We provide services for individuals with funding from other counties and may expand into additional counties in the future. Service Description Older Adult Daily Living Program, licensed by the Department of Aging, provides day services to adults (age 60 and over) with developmental disabilities. The Adult Training Facility (ATF), licensed by the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare with program locations in Washington and Waynesburg, provides educational experiences, daily living and survival skills, social development, community awareness, physical exercise, and vocational / prevocational skills for individuals with mental retardation and developmental disabilities that are 18 years of age and older. ATF is an individualized teaching and training program whose primary goal is to enable adults to live as independently as possible. Every attempt is made to accommodate each individual's likes/dislikes, as well as their strengths, wants, and needs. Currently, 68 individuals receive services at these facilities. Home and Community Services Inc(H&CS),formerly UCP Home and Community Services, Inc., began offering services in 1994 to individuals of all ages with physical disabilities and/or other related conditions whose desire is either to remain within their community or to relocate from nursing facilities to community settings. Services are offered in Washington, Greene, and Fayette Counties. H&CS provides non-medical, in home support, which assists individuals with disabilities to live as independently as possible in their own home. Services focus on all ages including children, adults, and the elderly. H&CS currently provides services to over 260 individuals. On July 1, 2009 UCP H&CS became Home and Community Services, Inc. Recreation Station is a parent supervised creative play center that supports families who have children of all abilities. This 5,600 sq. ft. facility allows families and children of diverse abilities and backgrounds to interact in a social setting. Families who have multiple children (with and without disabilities) utilize a single location where, regardless of abilities, they all can participate in the same activities and play areas. One such play area is a clock tower that includes a lift for children in wheelchairs so they have the ability to see the world from someplace other than ground level. Children in wheelchairs rarely have this opportunity. This clock tower, as well as a fully-accessible train. Your Child's Place, a prescribed pediatric extended care facility for children with complex medical needs that prevent them from attending typical child care centers, offers services daily infants and young children, birth to age eight. The hours of operation are from 6:30 AM to 6:00 PM, Monday through Friday. Children who require specialized care or support for acute health situations that require the support of a pediatric nurse, are eligible for services. Many of the children are technology dependent. Additional assistance given to children with special needs includes airway management, respiratory support, monitoring equipment, oral/eternal feeding support, medication management and administration, post-surgical care, special therapies (physical, occupational, and/or speech-language), and management of adaptive equipment. Monitoring equipment consists of oxygen and A & B (heart rate and breathing) monitors that will be completely mobile (can be used throughout the facility) and are observed and recorded by pediatric nursing staff and aides. There is a strong educational component offered through age-appropriate learning activities directed by an early childhood specialist, development specialist, or therapist. The Pennsylvania Elks Home Service Program is a medical care coordination service operated through the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. A registered nurse visits the homes of persons who have physical and developmental disabilities to provide appropriate referrals and coordination of needed services. These disabilities include, but are not limited to, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, muscular dystrophy, spina bifida, speech, hearing, and visual disorders. Currently, there are 345 individuals enrolled in this program. This service is offered free of charge to persons of any age. Rainbow's End Learning Center, Inc., with locations in Washington, PA and Waynesburg, PA, provides a safe, well-supervised learning environment for children of all abilities. Licensed by the Pennsylvania Department of Education and Department of Public Welfare, children with and without disabilities interact and play together in classrooms that provide stimulating learning environments. A higher than typical staff to child ratio makes it possible for each child to receive the maximum benefit from each activity and lesson. Our program's philosophy is developed around an educationally based, hands-on approach to learning. This philosophy is adapted to meet the individual needs of the children in each classroom environment, infancy (6 weeks of age) through kindergarten (6 years old). A summer program is also available for children ages 5 through 11 years at both locations. Rainbow's End has a current enrollment of 174 children. The Early Intervention (EI) Program offers supports and services designed to assist families with infants and toddlers (birth through age two), with special needs, to promote the development of their child. Early Interventionists provide services within the child's natural environment. This typically includes the child's home, child care center, or other community setting. This approach is intended to help the child's caregivers learn ways to support their children within their daily routines and activities. Related services include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech pathology, vision support, hearing support and social work services are provided as appropriate. Pathways of SW PA provides EI services to 221 children residing in Washington and Greene Counties. All services are available year round and are provided at no cost to families. The Residential Program provides 24 hour supervised living arrangements in houses located within communities in Washington and Greene County. These individuals live in a family setting consisting of three individuals per residence. With support of the residential staff, each person participates in all aspects of typical community living which includes work, social activities within the community, and/or attending the day program at the Adult Training Facilities (ATF) in Washington, PA and Waynesburg, PA. There are currently 19 individuals in this program. The Exceptional Choices program services are available for children and adults with mental retardation, age three (3) years old and above. The aim of this program is to assure that individuals and their families are able to exercise choice and control in their services and supports. We build upon the natural supports already in place by forming a partnership with the individual and their family. Currently, the Exceptional Choices program serves 10 individuals. Available Hours Business Hours 8:00am to 4:00pm M-F; Program Hours vary according to the specific program Fees/Cost for Services Most of Pathways of SW PA's programs are provided at no cost to the individual receiving services. However, some of the programs do require a fee. Please contact us to discuss any possible pricing. Eligibility Requirements Varies according to the specific program. Please contact us for your specific needs/interests. Required Documentation Varies according to the specific program. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Contact us at 724-229-0851 or 724-225-8145 to discuss your individual service needs. Pecosh Counseling & Consulting PCC Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Counseling with integrity. Accreditations and Licenses Licensed Professional Counselor, National Certified Counselor Legal Structure For-profit entity Contact Information Key Leader(s) Michael Pecosh - Therapist 7242492829 7242492829 7242069222 mike@washingtontherapist.com Contact Person(s) Michael Pecosh - Therapist 7242492829 7242492829 7242069222 mike@washingtontherapist.com Contact Number(s) 7242492829 - Telephone E-mail(s) mike@washingtontherapist.com- mike@washingtontherapist.com Web Addresses www.pecosh.com - Website Primary Addresses 2155 Park Ave. Suite 250 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington and surrounding communities Service Description Therapy and counseling Available Hours M-H 9-9, F 8-5, S 9-1, Closed Sunday Fees/Cost for Services Most insurance accepted How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Contact us at 724-249-2829 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Presbyterian SeniorCare Organizational Information Parent Organization Presbyterian SeniorCare Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Presbyterian SeniorCare is western Pennsylvania's largest provider of care and services to older adults. From assisted living to respite to rehabilitation and nursing care, the award-winning not-for-profit provides the full range of care and services. In addition to its unique Longwood at Home program, the organization offers a variety of quality, affordable living options for age and income-eligible older adults through SeniorCare Network, its real estate manangement affiliate. History of Organization Established in 1928, Presbyterian SeniorCare is a faith-based, not-for-profit organization. In 1951, it moved from its original Glenshaw, PA, location to Oakmont. It then expanded its service area to Washington, PA. In addition to the Oakmont and Washington campuses, Presbyterian SeniorCare also is the parent organization of Longwood at Home, Longwood at Oakmont, SeniorCare Network and Presbyterian SeniorCare Foundation. Accreditations and Licenses First in Pennsylvania to be accredited by CARF-CCAC as an Aging Services Network; licensed by the Pennsylvania Department of Health. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Patricia Kornick - Director of Communications Web Addresses www.SrCare.org Primary Addresses 1215 Hulton Road Oakmont, PA 15139 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 835 S. Main St. Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Nine-county area Service Description Adult day services, assisted living,nursing care, rehabilitation services, respite care, and world-renowned Alzheimer's and memory support care. Available Hours 24/7 Fees/Cost for Services Varies. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Visit www.SrCare.org or call 724-222-4300 (Washington Campus) or 412-828-5600 (Oakmont Campus). Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Volunteers assist in a variety of areas to help promote residents' physical, social and emotional well being. Presbyterian SeniorCare works with churches, schools and other organizations and individuals to cultivate mutually rewarding volunteer experiences. Pressley Ridge Pressley Ridge Organizational Information Parent Organization Pressley Ridge Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Our mission is to improve the adjustment and achievement of children and families we serve; lead in the development of innovative programming through evaluation, research and outcome measurements; and advocate to improve the system of care for children and their families. To provide the best service possible, Pressley Ridge bases its work on the following strongly held values: Idealism is imperative; Relationships are paramount; Joy in our work is essential; Re-education is our foundation; We strive for quality, nothing less than the best; We are all teachers and we are all learners. History of Organization Founded in 1832, Pressley Ridge got its start as the Protestant Home for Children and the Pittsburgh and Allegheny Home for the Friendless, two of Pittsburgh's oldest agencies for abandoned, neglected, and orphaned children. The similarities of these two institutions eventually lead to a complete merger in 1969 with the Board of Directors transforming it s focus from orphanage care to adopting the Re-Education Philosophy as the model for services and treatment for troubled children. In 2003, the agency was renamed Pressley Ridge to reflect our diverse programs and locations. Accreditations and Licenses COA Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Contact Information Contact Person(s) Craig Sedley, M.Ed. - Coordinator Pa. Central Admissions Contact Number(s) 1-888-777-0820 - Coordinator Pa. Central Admissions E-mail(s) casam@pressleyridge.org- Coordinator Pa. Central Admissions Web Addresses www.pressleyridge.org - Coordinator Pa. Central Admissions Primary Addresses 530 Marshall Avenue Pittsburgh, PA 15214 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Statewide Service Description Treatment foster care goal is to help children alleviate problem behaviors and learn the skills to live within their own families and communities. Additionally, the treatment foster care program develops and sustains a bond between the children and their own biological families. The program seeks to address problems within the family of origin as well as their children in treatment foster care. Pressley Ridge offers a range of residential treatment services for children and youths with mental health and delinquency issues. Although the specific problems these children face may vary, therapeutic placement is for children and youth who require out-of-home care and treatment. These residential services are available in a variety of settings such as single homes, as well as campus and wilderness based programs. The primary goal of our educational services is to provide intensive, therapeutic, short-term educational programs while helping youth successfully adjust to and cope with their everyday environment, thereby facilitating their ultimate return to the public school setting. The evaluation of learning is not solely defined by letter grades. Achievement is measured by looking at where the youth is at the beginning of the school year, and measuring the change that occurs during the course of the year. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility yes Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Redevelopment Authority of Washington County Contact Information Key Leader(s) William R. McGowen - Executive Director Contact Person(s) Brenda Williamson - CDBG Director Contact Number(s) 724-228-6875 E-mail(s) redevelopment@racw.net Web Addresses www.racw.net Primary Addresses 100 West Beau Street Suite 603 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Service Description Home Rehabilitation Program Homebuyer Assistance Program Access Program Available Hours 8:30 am - 5:00 pm How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments call 724-228-6875 Ruth York Morgan Health Education Learning Place Ruth York Morgan H.E.L.P. Center Organizational Information Parent Organization The Washington Hospital Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The Ruth York Morgan Health Education Learning Place is dedicated to providing a current and diverse collection of information resources and timely individualized services to assist patients, families and consumers to become active participants in their healh and medical care, and to make informed decisions regarding their health and medical management. History of Organization H.E.L.P. was created, in 2002, through the vision and generosity of James and Nancy Cameronin memory of Nancy's mother, Ruth York Morgan. The Ruth York Morgan H.E.L.P. was developed as a free community information resource center for patients, families and members of the community.It is dedicated to providing access to current and credible collection of health issues, wellness promation, and illness prevention. Affiliations The Washington Hospital. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Gifts and donations through The Washington Hospital Foundation. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Kathleen M. Allen, B.S.N. - Coordinator, H.E.L.P. Contact Person(s) Kathleen M. Allen - Coordinator Contact Number(s) Phone: 724-250-4310 E-mail(s) kallen@washingtonhospital.org Web Addresses www.washingtonhospital.org/rymhelp Primary Addresses 155 Wilson Ave/ Washington, Pa. 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area The Washington Hospital Communities Service Description Assist visitors to the center in locating appropriate materials to address their health information needs. Conduct computerized searches of creditable health information resources. Provide fax, e-mail and telephone reference services. Provide patient information based on physician refrrrals. Assist consumers in using the web to search for knowlegeable health information. Maintain current copies of several consumer health journals and magazines. Provide recipes for special medical needs. Free mail delivery of information packets. Available Hours Monday through Friday, * a.m. - 4 p.m. closed weekends and major holidays Fees/Cost for Services FREE Eligibility Requirements none Required Documentation none How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Stop by the Center located on the 3rd floor of The Washington Hospital Call 724-250-4310, you may leave a voice-mail at theis number, also. Fax: 724-250-4303 E-mail Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes We also have special computer set-ups for the handicapped person. Languages Spoken or Available English Senator J. Barry Stout Contact Information Key Leader(s) Sharon Russell - District Administrator Sharon Willison - Social Service Coordinator Joyce Popovich - Research Analyst Linda Stettner Fehrman - Constituent Services Specialist Contact Person(s) Linda Armstrong - Administrative Assistant Primary Addresses 1024 Route 519 Suite 400 Eighty Four, PA 15330 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 10 East Wing Harrisburg, PA 17120 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Allegheny County, Beaver County, Greene County, Washington County, Westmoreland County Available Hours Monday - Friday 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM Senior LIFE Washington Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization SeniorLIFE is committed to enhancing the ability of seniors to live safely in the community as long as possible by coordinating comprehensive healthcare and supportive services for our members, provided at the LIFE Center and complemented by home care services as necessary. Senior LIFE is a Medicare Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) operating as a LIFE program in the state of Pennsylvania. It is an innovative model of care for seniors 55 years of age and older who are eligible for Medicare and Medical Assistance or able to pay privately, and who are Medically Eligible. Accreditations and Licenses A Medicare Approved Provider Affiliations Senior LIFE is a provider of the PACE program. The National PACE Association lists all providers nationwide of the program. Their website is www.npaonline.org Legal Structure For-profit entity Contact Information Key Leader(s) Megan Detwiler - Executive Director 724-222-5433 Contact Person(s) Samuel Baer - Outreach Coordinator 724-222-5433 sbaer@seniorlifewashington.com Emily Ronan - Outreach Coordinator 724-222-5433 eronan@seniorlifewashington.com Contact Number(s) 1-877-998-LIFE (5433) - Toll Free Web Addresses www.seniorlifewashington.com - Senior LIFE Washington Website www.seniorcaregreene.com - Senior CARE Greene Website Primary Addresses 2114 North Franklin Drive Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 55 Sugar Run Road Waynesburg, PA 15370 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington and Greene Counties Service Description Senior LIFE provides services to seniors who want to continue to live independently at home. This includes social, recreational, and medical services at our LIFE Center, as well as supplemental home care services as needed. Adult Day Care services are also available. Available Hours Monday through Friday 8:00 am- 4:30 pm. On call services are 24/7/365 Fees/Cost for Services 98% of members qualify for services at no cost through Medicare and/or Medicaid. This is subject to meeting income and asset guidelines that can be explained by Senior LIFE Outreach Coordinators. Eligibility Requirements Must be 55 or older and live in the service area of Senior LIFE, and be able to live safely in the community. Required Documentation Will be reviewed with a Senior LIFE Outreach Coordinator How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call 724-222-5433 and ask to speak to either Samuel Baer or Emily Ronan (Outreach Coordinators) Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available Primarily English, but can accomodate any language Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Need No Southwest Behavioral Care, Inc. SPHS Behavioral Health Organizational Information Parent Organization Southwestern Pennsylvania Human Services Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization SPHS Behavioral Health building on more than 25 years of experience, serves Southwestern Pennsylvania providing opportunites and resources for people through a unigue continuumof affordabl;e quality care including; education, intervention, case management, treatment, aftercare and referral services. SPHS Behavioral Health, Inc. shall provide services to any individual in need of services regardless of age, sex, race, color, religious affiliation, disabilites, ethnic back ground of national origin. History of Organization The Mon Yough Westmoreland D/A service system initiated in July 0f 1978 affiliated with SPHS in July of 1990 to become Comprehensive Substance Abuse Services (CSAS) providing D/A intervention and treatment services to residents of Westmoreland and Washington Counties. In july of 2001 the mental health services provided under an other affiliate corp. was transferred to CSAS with the sole purpose if integrating both D/A and MH services. As a result the corporate name was changed to Southwest Behavioral Care, Inc., dba, SPHS Behavioral Health which now provides integrated D/A and MH services in seven counties. Accreditations and Licenses PA Dept. of Public Welfare, Office of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, Div. of Licensing PA Dept. of Health, Division of D/A program Licensure Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilites (CARF) Affiliations Southewestern Pennsylvania Human Services, Inc. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources County MH County D/A PA HealthCHoices Commercial Pay Insurances Self Pays Contact Information Key Leader(s) Timothy J. Merlin - Executive Director of Southwest Behavioral Care Inc. Jeff Berks Mascara - CEO/Vice President of SPHS INc. Susan Barrett - Clinical Supervisor of Clinical Services Chris Garrett - Director of MH Intervention and Community Services Stephanie Madl - Clinical Director of Behavioral Health Treatment services Bill Leach - Director of MH Community Residential Rehab. and Supportive Housing Contact Person(s) Timothy J. Merlin - Executive Director of SBC Donna Dalfonso - Managed care Coordinator for SBC Contact Number(s) (724) 684-6489 - Executive Director Jeff Berks Mascara - CEO/Vice President of SPHS E-mail(s) tmerlin@sphs.org- Executive Director mascara@sphs.org- CEO/Vice President of SPHS Inc. Web Addresses www.SPHS.org Primary Addresses 301 East Donner Ave. Suite 102 Monessen, PA 15062 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 351 West Beau Street Suite 203 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area 7 county Southwestern PA area including; Washinton, Westmoreland, Fayette, Greene, Indiana, Armstrong and Cambria Service Description MH & D/A Student Assistance Services Child & Adolescent Summer Therapeutic Summer Camp Services Child and Adolescent Therapeutic Foster care service (Host Home) MH Adolescant Behavioral Health Rehab. Services (BHRS) MH Adult Supportive Housing services MH Adult Community Residential Rehabilitation services MH Crisis Stabilization/Diversion Services MH Crisis Intervention services including; walk-in, phone and mobile MH Community Treatment Team Services MH Case Management Services Adult and Adolescent MH Outpatient Treatment Adult and Adolescent D/A Outpatient Treatment MH In-School THerapy Services MH Adult Partial Hospitalization services MH Forensic Services at Washington County Jail. Adult Co-Occurring Treatment Servic4es Adult Co-Occurring Partail Hospitalization Available Hours Monday thru Thurday 8:30 am till 9:00 pm Friday 8:30 am till 5:00 pm Saturday By appointment only Fees/Cost for Services Assessment/Evaluation $ 97.50/hour Psychiatric Evaluation $275/Evaluation Psychological Testing $ 89/hour Individual Therapy $ 89/hour Group Therapy $ 40/hour/person Family Therapy $ 89/hour Clozapine $ 60/bundled Medication Checks $ 35/visit Medication Injections $ 35/visit Drug Screen $ 6.75/kit Confirmation $ 15/drug Eligibility Requirements Child, adolescent or adult resident of Washington County suffering from substance abuse, mental health, Children of Alcoholic disorders. Required Documentation Photo Identification Insurance card Social Security Number Any documantation of mandated referral How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call office numbers 24/7 walk-in seen daily Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility yes, all facilities are labor & industry approved Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Southwestern PA AIDS Planning Coalition SWPAPC Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Mission: To respond in a diverse manner to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Southwestern Pennsylania by planning, adovcating, and support the development of culturally competent, comprehensive systems of high quality care, prevention, and education services. History of Organization The Southwestern PA AIDS Planning Coalition was incoporated in Pittsburgh, PA in November of 1992 and was the first HIV/AIDS Planning Coalition in the state. In the greater Pittsburgh area, several AIDS service providers began collaborating to improve the delivery of service to consumers to do a regional needs assessment and strategic service planning in the 11 southwestern counties designated by the Pennsylvania Department of Health as Southwestern Pennsylvania. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Federal, state and local funding, including contributions. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Dr. Doyin Desalu - Executive Director 412 363-1022 412 363-5994 sw.papc@verizon.net Contact Person(s) Judy Sylvester - Planning Director 412 363-1022 412 363-5994 swpapc.planning@verizon.net Primary Addresses 201 S. Highland Ave. Suite 101 Pittsburgh, PA 15206 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area 11 counties in SW PA: Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Cambria, Fayette, Greene, Indiana, Somerset, Washington, and Westmoreland Service Description SWPAPC is one of 7 AIDS Planning Coalitions in Pennsylvania mandated originally under the Ryan White CARE (Comprehensive AIDS Resource Emergency) Act of 1990, recently renewed under Part B of the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program of 2009, to conduct needs assessments, to plan for HIV/AIDS care and prevention services, and receive and allocate federal and state funds so that AIDS Service Organizations (ASOs) can provide direct client services. The planning process also includes determination of service gaps, priority setting, program development, monitoring, and evaluation. Additionally, the Coalition works to assure quality services through technical assistance and capacity building support to member agencies and organizations. SWPAPC continues to work tirelessly to bring diverse representation to the planning table in order to meet this complex mandate that demands broad-based participation. Current membership has expanded to include mental health service providers, drug and alcohol service providers, and housing service providers, as well as interested and affected individuals. Available Hours 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM Monday through Friday How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call 412 363-1022 for information on HIV/AIDS resources in the region. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Accessible Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Various skills including clerical and computer skills. Southwestern PA Human Services SPHS Organizational Information Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Contact Information Key Leader(s) Jeff Burks Mascara - Executive Vice President/CEO Contact Person(s) Luther Sheets - Cheif Operating Officer Web Addresses www.sphs.org Primary Addresses 300 Chamber Plaza Charleroi, PA 15022 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington, Green, Fayette & Westmoreland Counties Southwestern Pennsylvania Area Agency on Aging, Inc. AAA Organizational Information Parent Organization Southwestern Pennsylvania Human Services, Inc. Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The mission of Southwestern Pennsylvania Area Agency on Aging, Inc. is to promote the well-being of older adults through a planned, coordinated and collaborative program of health and social services. History of Organization The Southwestern Pennsylvania Area Agency on Aging, Inc. (Area Agency on Aging)established in 1974 as an entity responsible for the development and management of the overall service delivery system for older adults in Fayette, Greene and Washington Counties, has operated as a private, non-profit corporation since 1985. Part of a national network of agencies established by the federal Older Americans Act, the Area Agency on Aging is funded primarily through the Pennsylvania Department of Aging. Affiliations Southwestern Pennsylvania Human Services, Inc. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Pennsylvania Department of Aging Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare Contact Information Key Leader(s) Leslie Grenfell - Executive Director Timothy Landrin - Director of Long Term Care Contact Person(s) Timothy Landrin - Director of Long Term Care Kathryn Costantino - Washington County AAA Supervisor Contact Number(s) 724-489-8080 ext. 4477 - Director of Long Term Care 724-228-7080 - Washington County AAA Supervisor 724-489-8080 ext. 4430 - Administrative Office 1-888-300-2704 - Toll Free E-mail(s) landrin@swpa-aaa.org- Director of Long Term Care Web Addresses www.swpa-aaa.org Primary Addresses 305 Chamber Plaza Charleroi, PA 15022-1607 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 150 West Beau Street Suite 216 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington, Fayette and Greene Counties Service Description Adult Day Care - Provides group activities in a supportive environment for individuals with physical,mental or psychosocial limitations. Emphasis is placed on greater independence with daily living skills. APPRISE Insurance Counseling - Helps Medicare patients understand Medicare statements, assists in submitting claims or filing appeals, helps clarify Medicare-covered expenses and shows ways to compare supplemental policies for maximum coverage. Assessment - Provides a comprehensive, clinical assessment of a consumer s need for aging services to determine the most appropriate and effective means of meeting those needs. Care Management - Coordinates the care, planning and delivery of all services to individuals in need of services to assure the maximum possible independence within the community. Congregate Meals - Hot, nutritious meals provided to older adults gathered at area senior centers. Domiciliary Care (Dom Care) - Provides supervised alternative group-home living arrangements for those unable to live alone due to physical or mental impairment. This service is available to adults 18 years of age and older. Dom Care home providers are paid a monthly tax-exempt reimbursement for up to three individuals. Family Caregiver Support - Provides assistance to persons caring for an older adult living in the community. This support program includes benefits counseling, education, information on community-care providers and limited financial assistance to enhance the caregiver role. Also assists older caregivers caring for relatives 18 years of age and younger. Home Support - Provides unskilled or semi-skilled maintenance to ensure a safe and sanitary environment. Home-Delivered Meals - Provides well-balanced, appetizing meals to those assessed as having difficulty with preparing nutritious meals. Intake and Referral - Provides information, receives referrals for aging services, and conducts pre-screenings for the Agency s assessment unit. 1-800-734-9603. Legal Services for the Elderly - Provides professional consultation and representation on various legal matters. Services are limited to civil, non-fee generating issues. Medicaid Waiver Program - The Pennsylvania Department of Aging (PDA) Waiver program provides intensive in-home services for consumers found to be clinically and financially eligible for nursing home care who prefer to be cared for at home. Includes, but is not limited to: personal care, home support, nursing services, occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech therapy, and home health aides. Nursing Home Transition - This process assists people with moving from a nursing home back to the living environment of their choice. The program supports consumers by coordinating services to help maintain an individual in the community as long as they choose. Ombudsman - Provides an advocacy force to protect and enhance the health, safety, welfare and rights of consumers receiving long-term care through investigation and resolution of complaints made by or on behalf of consumers. Outreach - Provides speakers on various subjects regarding aging services and programs as well as representation and literature for various community functions. Personal Assistance Service - Provides regular, specialized assistance with activities of daily living, in the early morning, evenings or on weekends, to those assessed as having a physical or medical disability. Personal Care - Provides periodic assistance with bathing, eating, grooming, ambulating or taking medications. PrimeTime Health - Provides health promotion and disease prevention services and programs at senior centers, senior housing facilities and senior gathering sites. Protective Services - Provides resources and supports to prevent, detect, reduce, or eliminate abuse, neglect, and exploitation of older adults. 1-800-537-2424. Senior Community Centers - 24 senior centers, 19 satellite centers provide hot, nutritious meals, recreation, socialization, education and volunteer opportunities. Senior Community Services Employment Program (SCSEP)- Provides part-time and full-time employment opportunities to persons 55 years of age or older with local public and private employers. Senior Times newspaper - A monthly newspaper containing articles, schedules of events, senior center activities and other news to educate and entertain older adults. Socialization/recreation - In addition to senior community centers, various programs and activities that promote healthy lifestyles are provided, including the annual Senior Games and victory celebration and awards banquet, annual cook-off, golf tournament and regional health fairs. Volunteer opportunities - A partial listing includes delivery of meals to the homebound, serving on leadership board, volunteering at senior community centers, through the APPRISE insurance counseling program and the Monongahela River Pennsylvania Senior Environment Corps. Transportation - A coordinated effort to provide transportation for older adults including the individual county's Shared-Ride programs for senior citizens 65 years and older Available Hours 8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. Fees/Cost for Services Consumers who meet certain income guidelines help to pay for the cost of some services. Co-payments are based on a sliding fee scale according to a consumer's income. Eligibility Requirements 60 years of age or older or spouse assessed and determined to be in need of services. In certain programs the eligibility is 18 years of age and older. Required Documentation Income verification for Cost Sharing Program. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Intake and Referral Toll Free 1-800-734-9603. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available Language Line is used for non-English speaking consumers. Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Volunteers are always needed in the specific program areas listed below: APPRISE program volunteers counsel consumers about Medicare, Medicaid, supplemental insurance, Medicare Part D Prescription drug plans, long term care insurance and other public and private insurance options. SWPA AAA Monongahela River Pennsylvania Senior Environmental Corps (MREC) volunteers monitor the quality of our area's streams. Volunteers in the Ombudsman Program visit long term care facilities to empower and help residents resolve complaints. Volunteers drivers and runners deliver well-balanced, appetizing meals to consumers assessed as having difficulty with preparing nutritious meals in the Home Delivered Meal Program Southwestern Pennsylvania Commission's CommuteInfo Program CommuteInfo Organizational Information Parent Organization Southwestern Pennsylvania Commission Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The Southwestern Pennsylvania Commission's CommuteInfo program is coordinated in partnership with transportation management associations, transportation providers, businesses, and non-profit service organizations throughout Southwestern PA. The CommuteInfo program is designed to increase the number of people who travel to work or school by riding transit, carpooling, vanpooling, or bikepooling. The goal is for commuters living, working or attending school within the 10-county Southwestern Pennsylvania Commission region (including Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Greene, Indiana, Lawrence, Washington, and Westmoreland counties) to choose ridesharing at least twice a week. The CommuteInfo program provides resources and information to assist individuals traveling to work or school and helps regional employers learn more about commuting options. Commuters can register with CommuteInfo to request a commuting options report which includes contact information for the regional fixed route transit operators, nearby park-n-ride facilities and a list of other individuals making a similar commute who are interested in vanpooling, carpooling, and/or bikepooling. Commuters can request their commuting options report on-line or call our toll-free phone number: 1-888-819-6110. Employers can access technical assistance, articles, posters, and surveys to use during employee recruitment, with job applicants or with existing employees. Employers can contact CommuteInfo staff toll-free at: 1-888-819-6110. History of Organization The Southwestern Pennsylvania Commission (SPC) is no newcomer to ridesharing, having been an early proponent of alternative commuter options since the energy crunch days of the early 1970s. At that time, SPC was instrumental in initiating a third-party vanpool program and started a call-in service for ridesharing information and assistance. Since that time, SPC has been engaged in ongoing outreach efforts to encourage major regional employers to participate in the program and to promote ridesharing among their employees. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Various Contact Information Key Leader(s) Lisa Kay Schweyer - Program Developer for CommuteInfo Program 412-391-5590 375 lkschweyer@spcregion.org Contact Person(s) Lisa Kay Schweyer Contact Number(s) 1-888-819-6110 - Toll-free E-mail(s) commuteinfo@spcregion.org- Contact Web Addresses www.commuteinfo.org - CommuteInfo Primary Addresses 425 Sixth Avenue Suite 2500 Pittsburgh, PA 15219 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area 10-county Southwestern Pennsylvania Commission region (including Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Greene, Indiana, Lawrence, Washington, and Westmoreland counties) Service Description The CommuteInfo program provides resources and information to assist individuals traveling to work or school and helps regional employers learn more about commuting options. Commuters can register with CommuteInfo to request a commuting options report which includes contact information for the regional fixed route transit operators, nearby park-n-ride facilities and a list of other individuals making a similar commute who are interested in vanpooling, carpooling, and/or bikepooling. Commuters can request their commuting options report on-line or call our toll-free phone number: 1-888-819-6110. Employers can access technical assistance, articles, posters, and surveys to use during employee recruitment, with job applicants or with existing employees. Employers can contact CommuteInfo staff toll-free at: 1-888-819-6110. Miscellaneous Information Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No SPHS Aging Services Diversified Human Services, Inc. Organizational Information Parent Organization Southwestern Pennsylvania Human Services Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The mission of the corporation is to provide quality aging services to residents of Washington County and the Mon Valley portion of Fayette County. Our purpose is to take a consumer-driven approach to meet the changing needs of the older adult population. History of Organization Diversified Human Services, Inc.(DHS), began operating on July 01, 1985, as a private, non-profit corporation chartered by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Affiliations 1). Mon Valley Community Health Services, Inc. 2). Southwest Behaviorial Care, Inc. 3). Connect, Inc. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources 1). Pennsylvania Department of Aging 2). Southwestern Pennsylvania Area Agency on Aging Contact Information Key Leader(s) Jeff Burks Mascara - CEO/ Executive Vice-President Contact Person(s) Mary Mariani - Supervisor Consumer Services Contact Number(s) (724) 489-1100 or toll free 1-800-803-6625 E-mail(s) marymariani@dp.net Web Addresses www.sphs.org Primary Addresses 301 Chamber Plaza Charleroi, PA 15022 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 102 West Pike Street Houston, PA 15342 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area All of Washington County Mon Valley portion of Fayette County Service Description 1). Senior Community Center Services 2). Nutrition Services - Congregate and Home-Delivered Meals 3). In-Home Services 4). Senior High-Rise Supportive Services 5). Prime-Time Health Services 6). Peer Counseling Services (H.E.L.P.-Helping Elders Live Positively) Available Hours Senior Community Centers hours of operation. (8:30am - 4:30pm) In-Home Services hours of operation. (24 hours/7 days a week) Fees/Cost for Services For In-Home Services: SWPA Area Agency on Aging and other contract agencies service reimbursement rates. Private Pay rates vary. Donations accepted for Senior Center and Nutrition Services Eligibility Requirements Typically 60 years of age as referenced by the Older Americans Act. Required Documentation As required by funding source and contract agencies. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments For Senior Center Services: Contact individual centers during operation hours. For In-Home Services: Contact Supervisor of Consumer Services 24/7 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility All Senior Community Centers are ADA accessible. Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Volunteers are always needed to work within the senior centers and to deliver home-delivered meals. SPHS CARE Center Organizational Information Parent Organization Southwestern Pennsylvania Human Services Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The SPHS CARE Center supports and promotes the health and well being of individuals and families with particular emphasis on eradicating the negative effects of substance abuse, sexual assault, and family dysfunction by providing counseling, education, advocacy, and other services to the community. History of Organization The CARE Center, Inc., which now operates under the name of SPHS CARE Center, was founded in 1964. In 2002, the CARE Center became affiliated with Southwestern Pennsylvania Human Services, Inc. (SPHS). Accreditations and Licenses PA Dept. of Health Licensed Outpatient Treatment Facility; a licensed satellite office of SPHS Behavioral Health is co-located at the CARE Center; Mon Valley Academy II is licensed by the PA Dept. of Education Affiliations The CARE Center is a formal part of the SPHS human services system. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Mutliple funding sources, as well as fee for service. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Jeff Burks Mascara - CEO Contact Person(s) Kellie McKevitt - Director Cheryld Emala - Clinical Supervisor, Behavioral Health and Drug and Alcohol Programs Don Morris - DUI/Underage Drinking Program Supervisor Andrew Shrader - RIP/ODPP Supervisor Angela Lancaster - Mon Valley Academy II/Supervisor Contact Number(s) 724-228-2200 - Maiden Street Site Programs 724-229-5782 - DUI Program 724-229-5007 - STTARS Program 724-229-5007 - Child Advocacy Center 724-489-9100. ext. 4595 - Mon Valley Academy II E-mail(s) cemala@sphs.org- Cheryld Emala kmckevitt@sphs.org- Kellie McKevitt ashrader@sphs.org- Andrew Shrader/RIP-ODPP Supervisor Primary Addresses 75 East Maiden Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 351 West Beau Street, Suite 201 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. 351 West Beau Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. 75 East Maiden Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington and Greene Counties primarily; referrals accepted from surrounding counties. Service Description The SPHS CARE Center provides a range of outpatient mental health and substance abuse services in the behavioral health and drug and alcohol treatment programs. The RIP/ODPP provides partial level of care for court referred drug and alcohol treatment. DUI/Underage drinking services provide CRN evaluations and court ordered classes to individuals with driving under the influence and/or underage drinking charges. The STTARS Program serves victims of sexual assault through counseling, advocacy, and support. The Washington County Child Advocacy Center is a collaborative effort between SPHS CARE Center, Washington County Children and Youth, Washington County District Attorney's Office, Washington Hospital and local law enforcement that provides comprehensive forensic interviews and coordinated response for child victims of abuse. Many services are also available in our Greene County offices. Available Hours Vary by program, evening hours available by appointment Fees/Cost for Services Vary by program; sexual assault services are provided free of charge Eligibility Requirements Vary by program Required Documentation Varies by program How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call or walk-in Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility all sites Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description The STTARS Program provides training for individuals interested in becoming volunteers for the sexual assault hotline. SWPA - SDHP - Regional Housing Coordinator Organizational Information Parent Organization Allegheny County Department of Human Services Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The role of the Regional Housing Coordinator (RHC) is to create a bridge (systems) between the Medicaid home and community based waiver programs and the housing sector. The RHC works with local agencies, private and public organizations, housing professionals, and others to identify, develop, and facilitate access to housing options and opportunities for people with disabilities. The RHC provides education and outreach to service and housing professionals in the region to increase awareness and understanding about the housing needs of people with disabilities. Southwest Region: Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Greene, Indiana, Lawrence, Washington and Westmoreland. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Mary Penny - Statewide Housing Coordinator Ashley Newhouse - SW Regional Housing Coordinator E-mail(s) ashley.newhouse@alleghenycounty.us Web Addresses www.phfa.org - Pennsylvania Housing Finance Agency www.sdhp.org - Self Determination Housing Project of Pennsylvania www.dpw.state.pa.us - Department of Public Welfare www.alleghenycounty.us/dhs - Allegheny County Department of Human Services Primary Addresses One Smithfield Street, 1st Floor Pittsburgh, PA 15222 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area SWPA 10 county region Service Description The role of the Regional Housing Coordinator (RHC) is to create a bridge (systems) between the Medicaid home and community based waiver programs and the housing sector. The RHC works with local agencies, private and public organizations, housing professionals, and others to identify, develop, and facilitate access to housing options and opportunities for people with disabilities. The RHC provides education and outreach to service and housing professionals in the region to increase awareness and understanding about the housing needs of people with disabilities. Southwest Region: Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Greene, Indiana, Lawrence, Washington and Westmoreland. Eligibility Requirements Offers Technical Assistance to Housing and Service Providers Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility YES Languages Spoken or Available All through language line Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Test organization Contact Information Key Leader(s) Bob Smith - Leader 724-111-1111 Tom Jones - Co-Leader 724-222-2222 Service Information Service Description Test services Miscellaneous Information Speaker Available No Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Test organization Contact Information Key Leader(s) Bob Smith - Leader 724-555-5555 bobs@aol.com Service Information Service Description Test services Miscellaneous Information Speaker Available No Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No The Arc of Washington County The Arc Organizational Information Parent Organization Aadvantage Inc. Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The mission of the Arc of Washington is to promote the inclusion of developmentally challenged citizens in everyday community life. Our goals are to provide advocacy, assurance, assistance and accessiblity. We are committed to ensuring that advocacy and outreach services are available in our area. History of Organization Arc Washington was established in 1952 by a group of parents of children with mental retardation. In an effort to adapt to meet the changing needs of our community, Arc Washington restructured its services, resulting in a corporate parent and three subsidiaries. All four are private, non-profit organizations under Section 501 (c)3 of the Internal Revenue Code. AAdvantage, Inc. (formerly Arc Washington County, Inc.) is responsible for the advocacy and leadership of the Arc Washington County Chapter. Its mission is to promote inclusion of developmentally challenged citizens in everyday community life. Arc Human Services maintains operations for all residential and vocational programming, affirmative employment and children's services. Its mission is to teach individuals skills so that they may live and work in the community. Residential Recovery Services, the mental health subsidiary of AAdvantage, Inc. community residential rehabilitation services for adult mental health clients in Washington and Greene Counties. AAdvantage Foundation, Inc. (formerly Arc Washington Foundation, Inc.) supports operations and programming of the Arc by raising private funds from corporations, foundations, churches, organizations and individuals. Affiliations Arc Human Services Residential Recovery Services Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Federal, state and county funds and Local foundations Contact Information Key Leader(s) Mike Reardon - Executive Director Christy Lewis - Director Contact Person(s) Christy Lewis - Director of Arc of Washington County Contact Number(s) 724-745-3010 - Telephone E-mail(s) Christy.Lewis@arcofwpa.org- Director help@arcofwpa.org- General Web Addresses www.arcofwpa.org Primary Addresses Foxpointe Centre 201 S. Johnson Rd. Suite 200 Houston, PA 15342 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington, Greene, Allegheny, Beaver and Butler Counties Service Description The Arc of Washington County focuses on advocacy, information, referrals, and education for individuals and families. The Arc of Washington County provides a much needed resource for individuals with disabilities in Washington County. We provide a one-stop-shop for individuals and families researching and accessing services. The Arc of Washington County works with the Arc of The United States and the Arc of Pennsylvania to promote active citizenship and inclusion for individuals with disabilities. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call or email for additional information Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility yes Volunteer Description Volunteers welcome The Caring Network, Inc Prescription Assistance Program Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Mission: The Caring Network, Inc. identifies areas of need for residents residing in Washington County. The main focus is uninsured, underinsured residents of Washington County. The coordinators help provide the above population receive their medications for free or at a low cost. History of Organization The Caring Network was started in 2005 with a start-up grant from United Way and a private funder. In three years The Caring Network has hepled over 800+ residents of Washington County receive free or low cost medications, with a savings of over $1,600,000. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources The Caring Network is funded through, Washington County Redevelopment Authority, The Washington County Commissioners, United Way of Washington County and private donations. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Sherri Hewitt-Laird - Executive Director/Volunteer Contact Person(s) Rob Miklic - Director Contact Number(s) 724-884-0290 - Progeram Coordinator 724-884-0290 - Executive Director E-mail(s) rm@thecaringmission.com- Program Coordinator shl@thecaringmission.com- Executive Director Web Addresses www.caringnetworkrx.org Primary Addresses 1050 Jefferson Ave Washington , Pa 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area The Caring Network assists clients from Washington County. Service Description Medication Assistance - Search internet for pharmaceutical companies offering free or low cost medications. Complete applications, communicate with clients physicians and submit applications for processing. Available Hours Monday - Friday 8:30a.m. to 4:30p.m. Fees/Cost for Services $5.00 processing fee per medication, fee not to exceed $25.00 regardless of number of medications. Eligibility Requirements Income guidelines are: Single person- less than $21,000 Two People_ less than $32,000 Three People- less than $36,000 Four people- less than $45,000 Required Documentation PROOF OF INCOME Most recent paycheck stub Unemployment check, if available Most recent 1040 Federal tax form, if available Copies of social security, or pension letters, if available How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call 724-884-0290 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility yes Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Make phone calls, mailings, & process outcome data. The Integrated Care Corporation ICC Organizational Information Parent Organization The Integrated Care Corporation Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Our purpose at The Integrated Care Corporation is to deliver Early Intervention services of outstanding quality. Our passionate and important mission is to make a real difference in the life of your child so they may have the greatest foundation from which to grow. We accomplish our mission by teaming with you and being effective in our work. We will consistently provide exceptionally trained, caring professionals to administer therapies within the scope of our service. We will regularly evaluate the needs of your family and the progress of your child, and will adjust our methods as necssary. To ensure a positive, lifelong service, we will educate you every step of the way so you may help your child each and everyday. History of Organization For over 16 years, The Integrated Care Corporation has been providing Early Intervention services in ten Western Pennsylvania counties including Washington, Fayette and Greene. Accreditations and Licenses We are regularly monitored by each of the counties that our Early Intervention program serves. Legal Structure For-profit entity Funding Sources The Integrated Care Corporation receives funding for Early Intervention services through Medical Assistance and County Behavioral programs. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Lance Queer - Founder and President 1(888)645-5683 (724)593-8547 (724)593-7448 integrate@lhtot.com Contact Person(s) Elaine Harvey - Program Coordinator 1(888)645-5683 (724)593-8547 (724)593-7448 octten@verizon.net Contact Number(s) 1(888)645-5683 - Toll Free (724)593-7448 - Fax E-mail(s) integrate@lhtot.com- President octten@verizon.net- Program Coordinator Web Addresses www.integratedcare.us - Corporate office Primary Addresses 371 Bethel Church Road Ligonier, PA 15658 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Ten Western Pennsylvania counties including Washington, Greene, and Fayette Service Description Our Early Intervention program provides physical, occupational, speech, developmental, vision and hearing therapy to children from birth through three years of age. These services are provided to the children in their natural environment, which can include the child's home, the home of a caregiver or day care center. Our therapists collectively average 15 years of birth to three years experience and more than 18 years of professional experience. They are highly qualified and caring individuals We believe that integrating this professional expertise and care with your knowledge and experience is the key to success for your child. Our Early Intervention services are designed to help each child reach his or her greatest potential, increase independence and reduce frustration for both the family and the child. You are the expert on your child. You know the vision, needs and goals for your child and family. We believe in working with you, focusing on those needs and striving to accomplish those goals. It would be our privilege and honor to help your child achieve their full potential, to work with you, and to help guide your family through each phase of service best suited for your child's highest well being. We encourage you to select us to be a part of your new team of professionals. Available Hours Our office hours are Monday - Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Our therapists' hours vary depending on the needs of the child and his or her family. Fees/Cost for Services Early intervention (EI) is a Federal Entitlement Program, therefore, services for qualifying children are free of charge to the child's family. Eligibility Requirements The Early Intervention Program is specific to children under the age of three who are at least 25% delayed in any one or more of the five major areas of development. Required Documentation County Early Intervention Service Coordinators provide us with the referrals and required documentation. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Contact us, toll free, at 1(888)645-LOVE(5683). Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Not applicable as services are provided in child's natural environment. Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No The Washington Hospital Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Our vision is to position The Washington Hospital as the preferred regional health care provider in Washington and Greene counties through excellence in the provision of health care services. Located in Washington with multiple outpatient sites throughout Washington and Greene counties, the hospital has 265 beds in addition to a 16-bassinet nursery and an 8-bed residential hospice. The hospital s medical staff includes more than 350 primary care and specialty physicians providing a full range of medical and surgical care. The hospital offers a full range of services, including orthopedic care, women s health care, emergency care, medical/surgical care, critical care, and outpatient diagnostic and treatment services. Specialty services include a cardiovascular center of excellence, comprehensive hospice care, children s therapy, occupational medicine, and diabetes education and management. In the past few years, the hospital has also introduced such services as the Wilfred R. Cameron Wellness Center; Strabane Woods of Washington, an assisted living facility; Strabane Trails of Washington, an independent living facility; Donnell House, the region s only residential hospice; and the Ruth York Morgan Health Education Learning Place, a health information resource center at the hospital. History of Organization The Washington Hospital was founded in 1897. Accreditations and Licenses The Washington Hospital is licensed by: The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Medicare Medicaid Champus The Washington Hospital is accredited by: - Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations - Pennsylvania Department of Health - Pennsylvania Medical Society - Pennysylvania State Board of Nursing - The Food and Drug Administration - American Academy of Sleep Medicine - American College of Radiology - American Medical Association for Residency Programs - The Nuclear Regulatory Commission - American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer - American Osteopathic Association - CMS-CLIA - College of American Pathologists - Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education - National League for Nursing - The American Association of Blood Banks - National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Services - Accreditation Association of Ambulatory Health Care - Pennsylvania Department of Health Laboratories Affiliations The Washington Hospital is a member of the American Hospital Association, The Hospital and Healthsystem Association of Pennsylvania, Hospital Council of Western Pennsylvania and the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Contact Information Key Leader(s) Telford W. Thomas - President and CEO Contact Person(s) Jamie Ivanac - Community Relations Coordinator Contact Number(s) 724.225.7000 E-mail(s) info@washingtonhospital.org Web Addresses www.washingtonhospital.org Primary Addresses 155 Wilson Avenue Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington, Greene and southern Allegheny counties Service Description Located in Washington with multiple outpatient sites throughout Washington and Greene counties, The Washington Hospital has 265 beds in addition to a 16-bassinet nursery and an 8-bed residential hospice. The hospital s medical staff includes more than 350 primary care and specialty physicians providing a full range of medical and surgical care. The hospital offers a full range of services, including orthopedic care, women s health care, emergency care, medical/surgical care, critical care, and outpatient diagnostic and treatment services. Specialty services include a cardiovascular center of excellence, comprehensive hospice care, children s therapy, occupational medicine, and diabetes education and management. In the past few years, the hospital has also introduced such services as the Wilfred R. Cameron Wellness Center; Strabane Woods of Washington, an assisted living facility; Strabane Trails of Washington, an independent living facility; Donnell House, the region s only residential hospice; and the Ruth York Morgan Health Education Learning Place, a health information resource center at the hospital. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes The Washington Hospital Teen Outreach Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization To serve as an advocate for youh, parents, professionals and community by medeling quality education to improve communication, promote healthy adolescent behavior, reduce risk and encourage wellness. History of Organization The Teen Outreach originated in 1989 by the Director, Mary Jo Podgurski. The first program was an in school program called PPP (Postpone, Prevent, Prepare). Since then we have added many youth oriented programs. Affiliations The Washington Hospital Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Grants Contact Information Key Leader(s) Mary Jo Podgurski, RNC, MA, FACCE - Director Contact Person(s) Joan Adley - Associate Director Web Addresses www.healthyteens.com Service Information Service Area Washington, Greene, Fayette counties Service Description PPP (Postpone, Prevent, Prepare) The is a fun, dynamic and interactive class on educational theories that encourage experiential learning. Session focus on postponing sexual involvement, reducing risk, removing misinformation regarding sexuality, and empowering young people with the skills needed to assist them in reaching sexual health. PPT (Pregnant and Parenting Teens Program). The program provides intensive mentoring and education services to teens in Washington, Greene and Fayetts Counties. PPT focuses upon PRIDE (Parenting Responsible and Independently with Dignity and Empowerment) by offering intensive weekly educational mentoring to young parents. Services are also available for teens who are experiencing early childbearing. Peer Education - This program is for high school youths in grades 9 - 12. The focus is to train them so they can teach their younger peers. They accompany our adult educators to middle and elementary schools and provide role plays, interactive learning experiences and discussions on relationships, peer pressure and postponing sex. They are under the supervision of Outreach staff professionals at all times during these teaching sessions. The ECHO Program is an early intervention program that seeks to reach young people and their parents before a child is at risk for displaying unhealthy behaviors. ECHO is outcome based, providing intensive one on one educational mentoring in the home and in school. Parents are an integral part of this mentoring. R.E.A.L. DADS Fathering Program provides support, information and motivation to young fathers in the areas of parenthood, relationships, sexuality and responsible manhood. Our fathering program is committed to supporting, educating and challenging young fathers to actively parent as well as identify a father's role in the family. POWER (Positive Options for Waiting through Education for Real life) is an in-school adstinence program that targets students of both genders from fifth to eighth grade. The focal pont of the POWER Program is skill building. Refusal skills, communication slikks, and problem solving and decision-making skills combine to assist young people make healthy choices. Parent/Youth Sexuality Education classes are taught by our the teen outreach Director, Mary Jo Podgurski. They were initiated in 1984 to increase parent'child communication while introducing sexuality and puberty information in a relaxed, gentle fashion. Classes are divided into parent/daughter and parent/son sessions and tafget young people ages 9 - 12 in the "What's Up as You Grow Up Program" and yuth 13 - 15 in the 'Reaching for Adulthood Program". These classes are offered monthly and receive consistent glowing evaluations from parents and children alike. Available Hours Office hours are 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM during school months. Summer hours vary, please call the office. Our social workers are available also after hours Fees/Cost for Services Most services are free. Please call the office for this information. Eligibility Requirements Please call the office for this information. Required Documentation Please call the office for this information. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Please call the office to request services. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Handicapped ramp. Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Please call the office for current list of volunteers needed. Three Cities Services Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Providing clinical counseling services to individuals, families and organizations on issues related to anxiety, depression, stress and life transitions. History of Organization Since 1992, Three Cities Services has been providing counseling and consulting services to individuals and businesses in the form of individual and family counseling and consulting workshops to businesses and industry. Accreditations and Licenses Licensed Clinical Social Worker, LCSW Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC Board Certified Diplomat, Clinical Social Worker Certified Industrial Ergonomist, CIE Associate Faculty, Waynesburg College, Graduate School of Counseling Psychology. Affiliations National Association of Social Workers PA Association of Social Workers Oxford Research Institute, ORI Pittsburgh Human Resources Assoc. PHRA Employee Assistance Program Association, EAPA Funding Sources Accepts insurance reimbursement from: Medicare Medicaid Highmark Blue Cross/Blue Shield United Behavioral Health Aetna Cigna UPMC UPMC for You Gateway Value Behavioral Health TriCare Value Options Private Pay EAP's Corporate Contracts Contact Information Key Leader(s) Paul J. Tripoli LCSW LPC BCD - Owner Contact Person(s) Paul J. Tripoli LCSW - Owner Contact Number(s) 724-747-9408 - Owner E-mail(s) threeX@verizon.net- Owner Primary Addresses 6 Apple Valley Road Suite 101 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 8 East Pine Avenue Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Nation Wide Consulting Services Service Description Private clinical counseling services to individuals and families experiencing stress, anxiety, depression and life transitions. Work Place Services provided to individuals and corporations for issues related to environmental and mental stress, employee assistance related issues and human resources related issues. Also conducted: ergonomic assessments, stress management assessments and environmental assessments. Services are provided in the form of individual assessments, company wide assessments, work shops, seminars and corporate coaching. Available Hours All hours by phone: 724-747-9408. Clinical Counseling; by appointment only. Fees/Cost for Services I accept the fee schedule of most of the major health insurances for clinical counseling services. Corporate services are by bid and contract only. Eligibility Requirements Must have current health insurance that covers mental health/substance abuse services or able to self pay. Required Documentation N/A How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Please call me directly: 724-747-9408. Paul J. Tripoli LCSW Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available Italian Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Transitional Employment Consultants TEC Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization TEC's mission is to assist individuals with disabilities to become productive, independent members of the community by providing job readiness training and placement into competitive employment. History of Organization TEC was established in 1984 with a grant secured by the Washington County Mental Health Association. This was a collaborative effort involving the Office of Vocational Rehabilitation Washington District Office (OVR), the Washington/Greene Counties Mental Health/Mental Retardation Program (MH/MR), the Mental Health Association of Washington County, and the University of Pittsburgh to provide supportive and/or supported employment services for consumers of mental health. During the past twenty-four years the agency has expanded to meet the growing demand for comprehensive employment services to all disability groups. Accreditations and Licenses N/A Affiliations PA Association of Rehabilitation Facilities Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Washington County MH/MR Program; Department of Labor's Office of Vocational Rehabilitation; Fayette County MH/MR Program; and, United Way of Washington County Contact Information Key Leader(s) Peggi Fawcett - Executive Director Terry Bennett - President Board of Directors Sheila Gombita - Vice President Board of Directors Sandy Guthrie - Treasurer Board of Directors Lisa Buday - Secretary Board of Directors Contact Person(s) Peggi Fawcett - Executive Director Contact Number(s) 724-225-5085 - Fax 724-438-4005 - Uniontown Office 1-888-576-2365 - Toll free 724-379-7907 - Donora Office 724-225-3535 - Washington Main Facility E-mail(s) pfawcett@tecwg.org- Executive Director Primary Addresses 330 Central Avenue Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 221 Fifth Street Donora, PA 15033 Click here for a Map of this Location. 137 North Beeson Avenue, Suite 119 Uniontown, PA 15401 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington, Greene, Fayette and Westmoreland Counties Service Description Flood control services. Snow removal and plowing services. Supported employment services for people with disabilities. Vocational assessment. Vocational Exploration Job readiness training Temporary work Job development. Job placement High school tranisiton from school to work services. Follow-up employment support services. Interpreting services for the deaf and hearing impaired. Lawn and landscaping services. Available Hours TEC Main Facility: Monday - Friday, 8:00 am - 4:30 pm. Job support hours vary depending on the schedule of the individual employed in the community. Fees/Cost for Services N/A Eligibility Requirements Individuals must have a disability Required Documentation Referral information from the Office of Vocational Rehabilitation, the Washington County MH/MR Program, the Fayette County MH/MR Progam, and School District I.E.P. team documentation and referral. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Access services from the Washington County MH/MR Program, the Office of Vocational Rehabilitation, the Fayette County MH/MR Program, and School District Special Education Directors. For more information contact TEC at 724-225-3535. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English Sign Language Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Conduct mock employment interivews. Spring cleaning of main facility. Employers to allow community based assessments for consumers. Tri-County Patriots for Independent Living TRIPIL Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Independent Living Centers are organizations owned and operated by people with disabilities. Our mission is to promote self-help and empowerment through peer support and information sharing, to remove societal limitations which prevent total integration and to re-orient service systems to foster self-actualization and personal growth rather than dependency. They are charged with doing whatever it takes to accomplish this mission within the community. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Supported by grants from the PA Office of Vocational Rehabilitation and the Federal Rehabilitation Services Administration. Tax deductible contributions are appreciated. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Kathleen Kleinmann - Executive Director Contact Person(s) Bob Romero - Membership Director Contact Number(s) 724.223.5115 - Main phone number 724.228.4028 - TTY number 724.223.5119 - Fax number E-mail(s) bobr@tripil.com- Membership Director Primary Addresses 69 E Beau Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington,Greene,and Fayette counties Service Description Housing referral service; technical assistance and recommendations for making existing and new structures accessible; care counseling; attendant care; homemaker services (in Washington Co. only); in-home skills training; skills training centers; support groups, individual and family counseling; adovcacy. Available Hours 8:30 A.M. to 4:30 P.M. Monday - Friday Fees/Cost for Services Vary; sliding-fee scale exists based on income and services received. Eligibility Requirements Any individual with disabilities and residing in tri-county area. Guidelines vary with specific programs. Call for information. Required Documentation Proof of income if requested. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call for an appointment or to request additional information Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Fully accessible Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Tri-County Patriots for Independent Living (Waynesburg ) TRIPIL Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Independent Living Centers are organizations owned and operated by people with disabilities. Our mission is to promote self-help and empowerment through peer support and information sharing, to remove societal limitations which prevent total integration and to re-orient service systems to foster self-actualization and personal growth rather than dependency. They are charged with doing whatever it takes to accomplish this mission within the community. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Supported by grants from the PA Office of Vocational Rehabilitation and the Federal Rehabilitation Services Administration. Tax deductible contributions are appreciated. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Kathleen Kleinmann - Executive Director Kathleen Kleinmann - Executive Director Contact Person(s) Mike Matthews - Independent Living Specialist Mike Matthews - Independent Living Specialist Contact Number(s) 724-852-2016 - Phone 724-852-1869 - Fax E-mail(s) mike@tripil.com- Office manager mike@tripil.com- Office manager Primary Addresses 30 N Washington Street Waynesburg, PA 15370 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Greene Service Description Housing referral service; technical assistance and recommendations for making existing and new structures accessible; peer counseling; attendant care; homemaker services (in Washington Co. only); in-home skills training; skills training centers; support groups, individual and family counseling,Individual Education Plan advocacy for students; adovcacy. Available Hours 8:30 A.M. to 4:30 P.M. Monday - Friday Fees/Cost for Services Vary; sliding-fee scale exists based on income and services received. Eligibility Requirements Any individual with disabilities and residing in tri-county area. Guidelines vary with specific programs. Call for information. Required Documentation Proof of income if requested How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call for an appointment or to request additional information Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Try-Again Homes, Inc. TAH Organizational Information Parent Organization Same as above Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Try-Again Home, Inc., is a private, non-profit corporation committed to providing safe nurturing places for children in need and dedicated to the growth, development, and empowerment of individuals and families for healthier communities. History of Organization Try-Again Homes, Inc., was founded in 1976 by several ministers and laymen to help disadvantage and abused children in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Today, we provide a wide array of services throughout western Pennsylvania and West Virginia. Accreditations and Licenses 55.Pa. Code Chapter 3700-Foster Family Care Agency 55.Pa. Code Chapter 3680-Administration of Private Children & Youth Service Agencies 55.Pa. Code Chapter 3350-Adoption Services 55.Pa. Code Chapter 3800-Child Residential & Day Treatment Facilities Lic #05cproo4- WV. Dept. of Health & Human Resource Div. Charleston, WV Lic #244 - WV. Dept of Health & Human Resources. Behavioral Health -Specialized Foster Care & Transitional living for children. Affiliations Child Welfare League of America Child Rights Information Network Foster Family Therapy Association Pennsylvania Council of Children, Youth & Families. Foster Treatment Association WV Child Care Association Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources State, County government, Federal, Foundation & donor Contact Information Key Leader(s) Gwendolyn Davis - Executive Director Contact Person(s) Besty Hay - Intake Secretary Contact Number(s) Kim Gavran - PA - Operations Director 1-800-245-4450 E-mail(s) gdavis@try-againhomes.org- Director kgavran@try-againhomes.org- PA- Director of Operations christiec@try-againhomes.org Web Addresses www.try-againhomes.org Primary Addresses P.O. Box 1228 365 Jefferson Ave Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 30 East Main St. Carnegie, PA 15106 Click here for a Map of this Location. 30 East Main ST. Carnegie, PA 15106 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Six county - Southwestern PA Washington, Westmoreland, Indiana, Allegheny, Greene, Fayette Service Description YAIL (Young Adult Independent Living Program) - Dependent adolescents ages 16-18 who have undergone a planned discharge from foster care or a residential living group facility. This residential program staffed 24/7 provides guidance, life-skills training and the knowledge necessary to achieve self-sufficiency. TransParenting - Seminars (educational) to parents of children whom are in the process of divorce or separation. Seminar is court ordered and is intended to reduce parental conflict through this difficult period. TIPP/Mentoring (Truancy Intervention/Prevention Program) This program is designed to encourage school attendance and early intervention to excessive school absences. We work in partnership with school districts and Children & Youth to intervene early before any disruptive patterns form. In-Home Counseling - This provide is intended for youths ages 6 to 17 who have exhibited incorrigible behaviors or parent child conflict. This service is to reduce the risk of out-of-home placement. Family Visitation Center - Provide family visits and supervision to children who have been removed from their natural family due to abuse, neglect or incorrigibility. This is a residential home which provides for a more "homelike" environment to enhance family and child interaction and communication. Intensive Counseling - Work with Juvenile offenders through individual, family and group counseling. We comply with the BARJ principles to reduce out-of-home placements, and to recognize the victims of their acts. We attempt to engage them in activities that redirect their energies into productive young adults. Independent Living Program - Program provides life skills training, guidance and support for 16-21 year olds who have been in out-of-home placement. This program addresses the needs of this popluation and is an integral part of the continuum of services offered. It also offers a variety of approaches to help prepare youth for "real life" responsibilities and ultimately independence. After School Program - This program is for at-risk young adolescents who exhibit problems at home, school or community and are at risk of placement within the juvenile system. This program is structured within our administrative office were youth attend daily after-school for instruction in academic tutoring, behavioral modification, family intervention, socialization in public settings, mentoring and a varity of other interventions to minimize or reduce the risk of placement. Adventure Based Therapy - Adventure based therapy is used to supplement other types of treatment and put adolescents outside of comfort zone to assist in accomplishing treatment goals. We perform this service for clients of other agencies, the general public, and corporations seeking a team-building goal plan. Activities vary from ropes courses, tower initiatives, white-water, climbing, hiking, caving, skiing, etc. Foster Care - We place children from birth through 18 years of age who have been abused and/or neglected. We may also elect to place a child who is in a home with excessive conflict. Adoption - Try-Again Homes, Inc., is a licensed adoption agency in Pennsylvania. We are an approved SWAN (Statewide Adoption Network) Affiliate agency, allowing us to work with the waiting children & families in the County Children & Youth System. Family Group Decision Making - This program is based on the belief that no one know the family strengths, weaknesses, the concerns, or the issues better than the family themselves. This is a process in which the family takes an active role in the planning and intervention of their child, by including all pertinent family members and others who may have a significant impact on their childrens lives. CAN DO - This program is a co-ed transitional program for 18-22 year olds with mental health &/or substance abuse issues. The young adults who reside in the CAN-DO house were previously homeless and are taught to become productive independent citizens. Available Hours Office hours: 8:30 to 4:30 Twenty four hour emergency on-call. 1-800-245-4453 (724)225-0510 Fees/Cost for Services None County, State and Federally funded programs. Note: TransParenting is a $40.00 Fee Court Mandated services Eligibility Requirements Referrals are either through County Children & Youth Services, Juvenile Courts or other county related services. Required Documentation N/A How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Contact local County Children & Youth Office or Juvenile Probation office. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Washington Administrative Office Languages Spoken or Available English - Spanish is available upon advance request Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No U. S. Census Bureau Organizational Information Parent Organization Department of Commerce Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Our purpose is to provide an accurate Census count for Washington County as well as all the counties in Pennsylvania. As part of the fulfillment of that goal, we have jobs available to local residents in the coming months for census employment in the areas of census takers, crew leaders and assistant crew leaders. These jobs require (1)a basic skills test, (2) an application, (3) the I.D. required by Homeland Security in order to fill out an I-9 form as for any other U. S. employer, and (4) a background check. The jobs offer competitive wages and mileage reimbursement for use of the applicants' vehicle. Their training is paid and travel to and from training is considered to be compensable time. The phone number to use to schedule a test and apply for the jobs is 1-866-861-2010. History of Organization Thomas Jefferson came up with the idea for a Census when the more remote areas of the U. S. felt they were not being fairly represented in Washington c. 1790. The mandate was made by the constitution that the U. S. would count its citizens every 10 years and then use those population figures to choose representation for the government in Washington. This function still exists, and also this count is used for funding for many programs and is important to the communities in Washington County. Hospitals, libraries, fire companies, to name a few, benefit from grants and funding based on the accuracy of the Census. Contact Information Key Leader(s) See website Contact Person(s) See website Contact Number(s) See website E-mail(s) see website Web Addresses Census.gov - site helps explain purpose of census and has information on the jobs mentioned earlier. Service Information Service Area Nationwide Service Description Furnishing jobs and ensuring accurate census count of local communities Available Hours website available 24-7 Fees/Cost for Services None Eligibility Requirements Over 18 years of age, High school graduate, required I. D. Required Documentation List is available on the website on the page for Identification on the I-9 document How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments 1-866-861-2010 to schedule a test and application for Census jobs. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Most sites Languages Spoken or Available Make special needs known Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No United Way of Washington County Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization OUR MISSION To improve lives by mobilizing the caring power of communities. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Contact Information Key Leader(s) Barbara Murphy - President 724-225-3310 barbara@unitedwaywashco.org Contact Person(s) Jessica Tennant - Special Events and Communications Coordinator 724-225-3310 jtennant@unitedwaywashco.org Contact Number(s) 1-866-224-7840 - HelpLine Information & Referral E-mail(s) uwwc@unitedwaywashco.org- General Email Web Addresses www.unitedwaywashco.org Primary Addresses 590 Washington Road Suite 200 Washington , PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Service Description Let us help you find the help you need. United Way of Washington County HelpLine 724-225-3310 Available Hours Monday - Friday 9:00am - 5:00pm Fees/Cost for Services No Fee Miscellaneous Information Speaker Available No Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Urban League of Greater Pittsburgh Washington County,Food Stamp Participation Program Organizational Information Parent Organization Hunger Services Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Hunger Services is charged with helping households expressing need find an adequate community food resource. In that regard,we manage the three(3)anti-hunger programs: 1. Emergency Food Assistance (EFA)2. Food for Early Develop(FED)3.Food StampParticipation Project(FSPP) Please refer all clients and comsumers who may need to sure up their food supply.We provide electronic pre-screen application from the field,by phone and submit directly to County Assistance Offices electronically. History of Organization The Urban League is 88 years old and is the largest social service and civil rights agency devoted to empowering African Americans to enter the economic and social mainstream community in greater Pittsburgh. Accreditations and Licenses The Urban League with the help of the United Way,local,state and federal governments and foundations operate programs providing services to more than 34,000 people of all races each year. Affiliations United Way Code 103 Contact Information Key Leader(s) Ester L. Bush - President and CEO Ester L. Bush - President and CEO Contact Person(s) Bertram Mitchell - Food Stamp Particition Project,Washington county,Field Representative Contact Number(s) 1-866-395-3663, Toll Free - Washington county Field Rep. E-mail(s) jjackson@ulpgh.org- Hunger Services,Program Manager dwilliams@ulpgh.org- Director of Housing bmitchell@ulpgh.org- Washington co.Field Rep. Primary Addresses 610 Wood Street Pittsburgh, Pa 15222-2222 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington,Allegheny and Westmoreland counties Service Description All services are available by request or referral from any community based organizations,faith based organizations,social services,hunman services,small group or individual. All can be done from almost any location. Electronicall pre-screen canidates in the field or by phone. Complete and submit quickly applications to the CAO. How to move with greater assurance through the enrollment process. Disscuss the nutritional and economical value of food stamps. What it takes to qualify for the program. Available Hours 9-5,some evenings and weekends.Some emergency services are available at the 800 number. Fees/Cost for Services free Eligibility Requirements Based on income guidelines Required Documentation Personal id.proof of income and resources How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments By telephone and appointments Miscellaneous Information Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description As needed bases to complete assigned projects Visiting Angels Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization At Visiting Angels we strive to maintain the independence and dignity of our clients, by ensuring the highest quality service and the most competent caregivers at the most reasonable price, while nurturing a working environment of mutual respect and cooperation. Visiting Angels is committed to helping people in all spectrums of life by providing non-medical at-home care. We offer up to 24-hour a day care and intermittent care, as well as respite care. Our caregivers also compliment Hospice services for clients in the last phases of life, so they may live as comfortably as possible History of Organization In the 1980's Jeffrey Johnson was employed as Director of Social Work in a nursing home in the Baltimore, Maryland area. He listened as families of clients, who often expressed frustration that they had few alternatives other than to place their loved ones in a nursing facility. Before long, Jeffrey resolved to establish his own business to provide care for homebound senior citizens. In 1998, Jeffrey joined with three other directors (including 2 with extensive experience operating their own non-medical home care agencies) to establish Visiting Angels as a nationwide network of home care agencies and in just 4 years, this goal was fully realized. Accreditations and Licenses Home care License 14293601 Affiliations Washington County PDA Waiver Clients Veterans Association Legal Structure For-profit entity Contact Information Key Leader(s) Val Candee - Owner 724-745-6857 724-745-6856 v.candee@visitingangels.com Contact Person(s) Kim Jackson - Marketing Liaison 724-745-6857 Web Addresses www.visitingangels.com/washingtonpa - Canonsburg Office Primary Addresses 332 W. Pike Street Canonsburg, PA 15317 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Western Allegheny County and Washington County Service Description Bathing Assistance medication reminders Errands Errands light housekeeping meal preparation companionship care respite care laundry Available Hours Services available 24 hours a day, 7 days week. Fees/Cost for Services Free in-home assessment to determine rate. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call 724-745-6857 Miscellaneous Information Speaker Available No Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Washington City Mission City Mission, the Mission Organizational Information Parent Organization N/A Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The Washington City Mission exists to share Christ, to shelter, to heal and to restore the homeless to independent living - without discrimination. History of Organization The Mission was founded in 1941 by The Rev. Burt McCausland, a local minister and businessman, to serve those who became homeless during the Depression. In the beginning, homeless men were the primary recipients of services. However, in 1986, the Mission opened the Avis Arbor Women's Shelter and in 2003 expanded into a larger facility to meet the needs of the growing homeless population of women and children. Through the years, the Mission has changed its programs to better serve an ever growing number of people. However, what has not changed is our commitment to share the love and Word of Jesus Christ to all who pass through our doors. Accreditations and Licenses Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability (ECFA) Affiliations The Associatiion of Gospel Rescue Missions Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Donations from individuals, churches and businesses; Hidden Treasure Stores; grants and special events. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Thomas R. Schaffer - President Dean Gartland - Director of Programs Robert Scott, PhD - Director of Clinical Services Clarence Camara - Director of Operations Shirley Fierro - Director of Development Contact Person(s) Jessica Zuklich - Associate Director for Grant Acquisition Grace Reyes - Women's Program Coordinator Paul Smith - Men's Social Service Coordinator Vicki Lemley - Administrative Assistant for Programs Tim Hogan - Associate Director for Volunteers and Cultivation Donna Bussey - Associate Director for Public Relations Helen Colletti - Associate Director for Administration Contact Number(s) 1-800-226-8412 - Toll free 724-222-3510 - Fax 724-222-8530 - Main number/Service Directory E-mail(s) psmith@citymission.org- Social Service Coordinator greyes@citymission.org- Women's Program Coordinator ccamara@citymission.org- Director of Operations dgartland@citymission.org- Director of Programs rscott@citymission.org- Director of Clinical Services tschaffer@citymission.org- President sfierro@citymission.org- Director of Development Web Addresses www.citymission.org - Washington City Mission Primary Addresses 84 W. Wheeling Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Tri-State Area Service Description Chapel and Devotional Program: The Mission holds two Chapel services per week and daily devotional services to help address the spiritual needs of homeless residents. Work Readiness Program: Residents at the Mission participate in work training (not employment) at the Mission for up to 40 hours per week to facilitate the enhancement of a strong work ethic and work skills. Pastoral Counseling and Referral: Staff counselors and chaplains carry a case load of residents to help address the underlying causes of homelessness and provide referral resources outside the Mission for appropriate collaborative care as needed. Arbuckle Medical Clinic Program: Homeless men, women and children receive free medical care. One full-time nurse practioner along with many volunteer doctors and nurses tend to the physical, emotional and spiritual health of those we serve. Men's Shelter Program: Homeless residential and guest/transient facility, 56 beds, three meals per day, up to one year. Avis Arbor Women and Children's Shelter: Homeless residential and guest/transient facility for homeless women with/out children, 32 beds, three meals a day, up to one year stay. Food Service Program: Three meals each day for residents and walk-in guests. Emergency Assistance: Emergency food, clothing, and household items are offered to homeless persons, victims of fire and natural disasters, and persons in financial crisis. Available Hours The Men and Women's Shelter Programs can accept homeless persons 24 hours a day 365 days a year (depending upon bed availability). Fees/Cost for Services There is no cost or fee for homeless services of the Washington City Mission unless a resident has an outside income. In that case, the resident is required to pay up to a maximum 25% program fee and save most of the remainder of his/her income towards future independent living arrangements. Eligibility Requirements Homeless men 18 years of age or older. Homeless women 18 years of age or older with or without children. Required Documentation Not required How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Please call 724-222-8530. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility The Men's Program, Women's Program and Food Services are all handicap accessible. Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Washington Communities Mental Health/Mental Retardation Center , Inc. washcommmhmr Organizational Information Parent Organization none Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Washington Communities MH/MR Center exists to provide eligible Public and Private Consumers with community-based Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment Service while protecting the confidentiality and integrity of each consumer. All Services shall be compassionate,accessible, affordable, and meet or exceed all appropriate professional standards. Washington Communities will strive to teach, support, and encourage the highest possible level of Community life for the adults and children served. History of Organization Washington Communities MH/MR Center has been "Here to Care" since 1968 when it was a one dimensinal agency providing follow-up care to individuals discharged to the community from local State Mental Hospitals. Today, Washington Communities is a multi-service provider incorporated as a Public non-profit with an executive Board of Directors. It is one of three Mental Health Base Service Units (points of entry) in Washington County serving individuals with a variety of mental health issues. It is also the Base Service Unit for individuals with developmental challenges and children and families who need Early Intervention services. Services provided include: Emergency/Crisis Intervention Outpatient Therapy and Medication Management Case Management for MH Children /Adults Support and Service Coordination for the Developmentally Challenged Accreditations and Licenses Licensed by the Department of Public Welfare as an Outpatient Psychiatric Clinic Affiliations Value Behavioral Health of PA. Provider Advisory Council Cameron Wellness Center Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Washington County Mental Health/Mental Retardation Program Managed Care Organizations Commercial Insurances (Limited) Self Payers Contact Information Key Leader(s) Selma Tansey - Executive Director Contact Person(s) Scott A. Berry - BSU Administrative Management and Crisis/Emergency Supervisor Contact Number(s) 724-225-6940 - Main Clinic Number 724-225-6940 - Emergency/Crisis Number 724-229-2580 - Children's Services 724-229-2590 - Blended Case Management 724-229-2620 - Mental Retardation 724-225-6940 - Adult Outpatient Primary Addresses 378 West Chestnut Street Suite 205 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County and Surrounding Areas Available Hours For Appoontments and Walk-Ins:Monday through Friday 8:30Am to 5:00PM Telephone Answers 24/7 How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Contact the clinic by phone or walking in monday through friday 8:30 am until 5:00 pm and request an intake or assistance. For emergcncy/crisis services contact the clinic by phone or by walking in and identifying that it is an emergency. In the evening utilize the 24 hour crisis response service by contacting the clinic by phone Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Elevator available Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Washington Communities That Care Nancy J Lawson Organizational Information Parent Organization Washington School District Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization To support a community that fosters the healthy development of responsible, self-reliant, compassionate citizens. We believe that all adults in our community share responsibility for nurturing, educating, and supporting our children. History of Organization Washington Communities That Care (WCTC) is a juvenile delinquency prevention process that has been in operation since the fall of 2000. The group consists of Key Leaders, who are influential people of the community that guide and mentor the project. The Community Prevention Board is an array of citizens, agency personnel, educators and others committed to improving the quality of life in the City of Washington community for children and families. The most significant role that WCTC has played in the past several years is to improve the communication between those who serve the people of Washington as well as with those people. We are committed to raising the awareness of community ownership by citizens and empowering them to be the leaders to improve their quality of life. Funding Sources Pennsylvania Commission on Crime & Delinquency. Local Mini-Grants. In-Kind Contact Information Key Leader(s) Dr. Roberta DiLorenzo - Project Director Marjorie King - Co-Chair Carla Dunlap-Spinks - Co-Chair Chrysia Melnyk - Secretary Contact Person(s) Corrie Ulrich - Community Mobilizer Contact Number(s) 724-225-9730 - Telephone E-mail(s) washctc@hotmail.com- General Web Addresses www.washingtonctc.com - Local Office Primary Addresses 1099 Allison Avenue Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area City of Washington and East Washington Service Description Assist in the development of Neighborhood Teams to encourage a sense of community throughout the area. Implement activities for youth as an alternative to substance abuse and juvenile crime through a joint effort of community resources. Conduct a community risk and resource assessment. Implement research-based prevention programming in the community. Available Hours Monday through Friday 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Fees/Cost for Services None Eligibility Requirements None Required Documentation None How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Contact our office at 724-225-9730 or washctc@hotmail.com Miscellaneous Information Speaker Available Yes Washington County Behavioral Health and Developmental Services BHDS Organizational Information Parent Organization Washington County Board of County Commissioners Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The mission of Washington County BHDS is to enrich the quality of life for persons with mental illness and/or developmental disabilities through a supportive and ongoing network of services. Implicit to this mission is the commitment to serve Mental Health/Intellectually Disabled individuals with respect and dignity at all times. Washington County BHDS provides services and supports to consumers that promote recovery and integration through a collaborative rehabilitation network of professional providers, individuals, families and community driven resources. History of Organization Established by the Pennslvania Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities Act of 1966 Affiliations Member of County Commissioners Association of Pennslvania's (CCAP)Pennsylvania Association of County Administrators of Mental Health and Developmental Services (PACA MH/DS) Legal Structure Local Government Funding Sources Pennslvania Department of Public Welfare,Value Behavioral Health and the Washington County Board of County Commissioners Contact Information Key Leader(s) Janice M. Taper - BHDS Administrator Contact Person(s) Vickie J. Amos - Early Intervention Program Coordinator John W. Orndoff - Chief Fiscal Officer Mary Jo Patrick-Hatfield - Mental Health Program Director of Planning, Development and Quality Scott Berry - Mental Health Director of Crisis, Emergency and Disaster Services Perri Linn Greco - Menatl Health Director of Child and Adolescent Services Thomas D. Jones - Developmental Services Program Director Contact Number(s) 724-228-6832 E-mail(s) amosv@co.washington.pa.us grecop@co.washington.pa.us orndoffj@co.washington.pa.us hatfielm@co.washington.pa.us jonest@co.washington.pa.us taperj@co.washington.pa.us berrysco@co.washington.pa.us Web Addresses www.co.washington.pa.us - Washington County Web Site Primary Addresses 100 W. Beau Street, Suite 302 Washington, Pa. 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Available Hours Office of BHDS Administrator hours are 8:00AM to 4:30PM. Mental Health Crisis Services are available thru 911 twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week. Fees/Cost for Services Pennsylvania's Medical Assistance Program, either through a managed care organization or the traditional fee-for-service system, pays for many of these services, when rendered to eligible individuals. People who use services, but are not on Medical Assistance and are without access to other insurance, will be assessed for their ability to pay for services by the county MH/MR office. Eligibility Requirements Must be resident of Washington County and have a mental health disorder and/or be diagnosed as functioning with the Intellectual Disability level of retardation. Required Documentation Intellectual Disability: Must have psychological evaluation by licensed psychologist indicating that individual functions in mental retardation and that disability has occurred prior to age 22. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Contact service centers at: Centerville Clinic, Inc 1070 Old National Pike Rd. Fredericktown, Pa. 15333 724-632-6801 Southwest Behavioral Care, Inc. 568 Galiffa Drive Denora,Pa. 15033 724-379-1420 Washington Communities MH/MR Center 378 W. Chestnut Street Washington, Pa. 15301 724-225-6940-MH 724-229-2620-MR/Early Intervention Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Administrator's Office is located within handicapped accessible facility Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Washington County Children and Youth Services CYS Organizational Information Parent Organization Washington County Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Working in partnership with the community, Washington County Children and Youth Services is committed to providing the hightest quality of services to ensure that children in Washington County have the opportunity to grow up in a safe, stable, and permanent family, free from the threat of abuse, neglect and exploitation. Accreditations and Licenses Licensed by the PA Department of Public Welfare Legal Structure Local Government Funding Sources Federal State Local (County) Contact Information Key Leader(s) Lori Harbert - Administrator Christy Stanek - Deputy Administrator Jackie Forte - Fiscal Director Contact Person(s) Lori Harbert - Administrator Contact Number(s) 724-228-6884 1-888-619-9906 - Toll Free in PA only Web Addresses www.co.washington.pa.us/ Primary Addresses 100 W. Beau Street Suite 502 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Service Description Intake and Assessment - receive and investigate allegations of child abuse and neglect Adoption - provides adoption services to children who are legally free and conducts family profiles for individuals and families who want to adopt a child or children. Foster Care - Provides foster care for children who are unable to remain safely in their own homes. Recruits, trains and certifies families who want to become foster parents. Child Protective Services - Provides direct supportive services to children and families to assure children are able to remain safely in their own homes and to assure parents are able to meet the physical, emotional and educational needs of their children. Available Hours Normal office hours 8:30 am to 4:30 pm Emergency services are available 24 hours/day, 365 days a year Fees/Cost for Services none Eligibility Requirements none Required Documentation none How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call agency phone number. In case of emergency call 911. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English, Spanish Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Washington County Department of Human Services Human Services Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The Washington County Department of Human Services has the responsibility to oversee the coordination of the human services system through elimination of service duplication as well as the improvement and development of new services. The department works closely with the private non-profit sector to maximize community resources through utilization of multiple sources of availabe funding. The total Human Service budget is in excess of 90 million dollars with a staff complement of approximately 500 employees. The following programs are coordinated and managed under the Human Services Department: Aging, Children and Youth , Child Care Information Services, Mental Health/Mental Retardation, the County Health Center in addition to Food, Transportation, and Homeless and Housing Assistance Programs. Legal Structure Local Government Funding Sources Federal State County Contact Information Key Leader(s) Timothy M. Kimmel - Director Contact Person(s) Jason Bercini Jennifer L. Johnson Contact Number(s) 724.228.6863 - Telephone Number 724.250.6519 - Fax Number E-mail(s) johnsonj@co.washington.pa.us Web Addresses www.co.washington.pa.us Primary Addresses 100 West Beau Street Suite 703 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Service Description The following programs are coordinated under the Human Services Department: Aging, Children and Youth, Child Care Information Services, Mental Health/Mental Retardation Services, and the County Health Center in addition to Food, Transportation, and Homeless and Housing Assistance. Available Hours 9 am to 4:30 pm Fees/Cost for Services Free Eligibility Requirements As per program requirements Required Documentation As per program requirements How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call or visit office Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Accessible Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Washington County Department of Veterans Affairs Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The Veterans Affairs office is responsible in assisting veterans and thier dependents in applying for and securing the rights and benefits as established by County, State and Federal regulations. Process, compile and maintain records of death and burial of Washington County deceased wartime veterans and widows/widowers. Provides free flags and emblem markers to organizations that assume responsibility for decorating the graves of deceased veterans each Memorial Day. Accreditations and Licenses Accredited by the Pennsylvania Department of Military and Veterans Affairs Legal Structure Local Government Funding Sources County Contact Information Key Leader(s) Barry Grimm - Director Contact Person(s) Susan Meighen - Veteran's Affairs Coordinator Contact Number(s) 724-228-6865 - Veteran's Coordinator 724-228-6872 - Fax Number E-mail(s) grimmbar@co.washington.pa.us meighens@co.washington.pa.us Web Addresses http://www.co.washington.pa.us/maindepartment.aspx?menuDept=15 Primary Addresses 100 West Beau Street Suite 703 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Available Hours 9:00 AM to 4:30 PM Monday-Friday. Fees/Cost for Services Free. Eligibility Requirements Washington County Resident and a veteran with honorable discharge and their family. Required Documentation DD214 (Discharge papers/seperation papers. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Phone Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available No Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Washington County Faith in Action Program Organizational Information Parent Organization Tri-County Patriots for Independent Living Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization We provide a volunteer based support service to our neighbors who are older citizens and people with disabilities. We help people stay active within the community and in their own homes. Our volunteers provide non-medical assistance to maintain independent lifestyles. You do not need to be a member of a faith-based congregation to get help from our volunteers. We link seniors and people with disabilities in Washington County with community activities, social services, and health care. Our aim is to make it possible for them to live independently in their own homes, enjoy effective, loving relaitonships with their families, and experience an improved quality of life. History of Organization We have been providing in-home services to older citizens and people with disabilities since July, 1999. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources TRIPIL Services, donations from Coalition Partners, Care Receivers, Volunteers, and local businesses. Fund raisers. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Candace Bernier - Program Director Candace Bernier - Program Director 724-223-5115, ext. 204 none candy@tripil.com Candace Bernier - Program Director 724-223-5115, ext. 204 candy@tripil.com Contact Person(s) Candace Bernier - Program Director Candace Bernier - Program Director 724-223-5115, ext. 204 none candy@tripil.com Contact Number(s) 724-223-5115, ext. 204 - Program Director E-mail(s) candy@tripil.com- Program Director Primary Addresses 69 E. Beau Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Service Description Reading or helping to pay bills. Telephone reassurance. Meal preparation Light housekeeping Linkage to available services Transportation Caregiver Relief Supportive Visiting Minor household maintenance Shopping and errands Spirituality nurturing Available Hours 8:30 am to 4:30 pm, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday. You may leave a message Monday - Friday. Fees/Cost for Services None. Donations accepted. Eligibility Requirements Older citizens and people with disabilities in Washington County. Required Documentation None How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Telephone, e-mail or write. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Faith in Action is a Volunteer-based support service that allows older citizens and people with disabilities in Washington County to stay active in the community and in their own homes. Volunteers provide in-home, non-medical services. Volunteers are recruited from congregations and community organizations, and serve mainly from their faith and life experiences. New volunteers attend a training and orientation session of approximately 2 hours. Volunteers serve in their own communities, and choose the services and times they wish to serve. Washington County Habitat for Humanity Habitat for Humanity Washington County Organizational Information Parent Organization Habitat for Humanity International Contact Information Key Leader(s) Laura Karl Vincenti Contact Person(s) Laura Karl Vincenti Contact Number(s) 724-222-4340 - Telephone 724-222-7729 - Fax E-mail(s) info@habitatwashpa.org- General Web Addresses www.habitatwashpa.org - local affiliate Primary Addresses 54 W. Wheeling Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Washington County Health Center Organizational Information Parent Organization Washington County Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Provider of rehabilitation, skilled nursing, and long term nursing care services, as well as Adult Day Care services. History of Organization The Health Center dates back to the the early 1800's when it was established as the County's hospital and home. We have been in our present location/facility since 1977, and currently are licensed to serve 288 nursing facility residents and 21 Adult Day Care clients daily. Accreditations and Licenses Licensed by the Pennsylvania Department of Health and the Pennsylvania Departemnt of Aging. Affiliations Pennsylvania Association of County Affiliated Homes (PACAH) Legal Structure Local Government Funding Sources Medicare Most Health Insurances Private Pay Medicaid Contact Information Key Leader(s) Nancy Shoun-Few - Administrator Lisa Baldi - Director of Nursing Debbie Batley - Director of Social Service/Admissions/Adult Day Care Contact Person(s) Debbie Batley - Director of Social Service/Admissions/Adult Day Care Nancy Shoun-Few - Administrator Contact Number(s) 724.223.7184 - Director of Social Service/Admissions/Adult Day Care 724.223.7198 - Administrator 724.228.5010 - Main Health Center Number E-mail(s) batleyd@co.washington.pa.us Primary Addresses 36 Old Hickory Ridge Road Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Primarily Washington and surrounding counties, but there are no geographic limitations Service Description Long Term Nursing Care Services Adult Day Care Rehabilitation Skilled Nursing Services Available Hours Nursing Home - 24 hours per day every day of the year Adult Day Care - Monday through Friday from 8:00AM to 4:30 PM Fees/Cost for Services Varies by service Eligibility Requirements Per State and Federal guidelines Required Documentation Per State and Federal guidelines How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Contact the Health Center at 724.223.7185 or 724.228.5010 Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Fully handicapped accessible Languages Spoken or Available All as needed Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Volunteer program for teens through adult age group. Washington County Housing Authority Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The mission of the Washington County Housing Authority is to develop, manage, and administer quality housing for low and moderate-income persons and to promote economic growth and quality living environments in our communities. We strive to pursue this mission within the context of limited government resources by providing assistance to our clients (residents) that results in (1) leveraging HUD resources with those of the private sector and other public agencies, (2) efficient program administration, and (3) creative approaches to problem solving. Legal Structure Authority Funding Sources Department of Housing and Urban Development Contact Information Key Leader(s) Stephen K Hall - Executive Director Barbara A Hixenbaugh - Deputy Executive Director Contact Person(s) Pat Kesneck - Section 8 Coordinator Dottie Kesneck - Tenant Selection Supervisor (Public Housing) Contact Number(s) 1-800-224-0034 724-228-6060 E-mail(s) wcha@pulsenet.com Web Addresses www.wacoha.com Primary Addresses 100 Crumrine Tower Franklin Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 243 Second St. California, PA 15419 Click here for a Map of this Location. 100 Franklin St. Crumrine Tower Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. 266 Lincoln Ave. Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Box 663 Fredericktown, Pa 15377 Click here for a Map of this Location. 110 Galletin Dr. Donora, PA 15033 Click here for a Map of this Location. 518 Dawson St. Canonsburg, PA 15317 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1100 Administration Bldg. Washington , PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. 1 Middleland Ave. North Charleroi, PA 15022 Click here for a Map of this Location. 304 Washington St. Bentleyville, PA 15314 Click here for a Map of this Location. 39 N. Main St. Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. 400 W. Main St. Monongahela, PA 15063 Click here for a Map of this Location. 110 Chess Ave. New Eagle, PA 15067 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Service Description Public Housing Section 8 Vouchers Available Hours 8:30am to 4:30pm How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments All individuals interested in being on the waiting list for public housing may obtain an application either by calling the main office at 724 228-6060 or by coming to the office in person at 100 Franklin St., Crumrine Tower, Washington, PA 15301. We also have a waiting list for the Section 8 Voucher Program, however, applications are not being taken at the present time. We will publish in the newspaper when we are taking them again. Miscellaneous Information Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Washington County Literacy Council Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization We provide free and confidential one-on-one literacy training to low-level or non-reading adults. This includes improving reading, writing, and math skills as well as English as a Second Language (ESL). Services are available throughout Washington County. History of Organization Washington County Literacy Council has been teaching adults to improve their reading skills for more than twenty years. Affiliations We are affiliated with ProLiteracy America, the National Institute for Literacy and the National Center for Family Literacy. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources We rely on grant funding, the United Way, and private and corporate donations. We currently receive no government funding. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Amy Ross Manko - Executive Director Contact Person(s) Raymond C. Adams - Executive Assistant Contact Number(s) 724-228-6188 - Telephone 724-228-7966 - Fax E-mail(s) WCLC4Literacy@yahoo.com- General email Web Addresses www.wclc4literacy.org - Website Primary Addresses 55 S. College St. Lower Level Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Service Description Adult Basic Literacy Education Family Literacy Early Literacy Available Hours Tutoring hours as needed, office hours - Monday thru Friday from 10am to 5pm Fees/Cost for Services All services are free of charge Eligibility Requirements None Required Documentation None How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Please call the office to schedule an intake screening. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Ramps and elevator, with three handicapped parking spaces in adjacent public parking lot. Languages Spoken or Available Spanish and English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description The organization is almost solely made up of volunteers. We currently need volunteer tutors, Baby Book Bag stuffers, fundraisers and newsletter authors. Washington County Transportation Authority Washington Rides Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The mission of WCTA is to promote and provide high-quality, cost-effective transportation to the citizens of Washington County and surrounding areas as appropriate, especially older adults, persons with disabilities, and economically disadvantaged individuals, including those on Medical Assistance. History of Organization The Washington County Transportation Program was established circa 1982. Until the creation of the Authority in 2001, program adminstration was handled by the County Human Services Department and administered by a broker based in Pittsburgh. Affiliations PA Public Transportation Association Community Transportation Association of America Legal Structure Authority Funding Sources Pennsylvania Bureau of Public Transportation; Department of Public Welfare; Washington County Department of Human Services (HSDF and MATP); SW PA Area Agency on Aging; Washington County MH/MR; Passenger Fares; miscellaneous agency revenue Contact Information Key Leader(s) Sheila J. Gombita - Executive Director Laura J. Atkinson - Assistant Director Contact Person(s) David L. White - Operations Safety & Training Supervisor Tammy Sullivan - Customer Service Manager Heidi Warren - Administrative Manager Alison Lambdin - Scheduler Contact Number(s) 1-800-331-5058 - Toll Free 724-223-8747 - Main Number E-mail(s) info@washingtonrides.org- General Web Addresses www.washingtonrides.org Primary Addresses 382 West Chestnut Street Suite 108 Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Service Description Washington Rides provides transportation service that is Shared-Ride in nature. That means you will likely be riding with others, and that other individuals may be picked up and dropped off before you reach your destination. We try to make sure, in most instances, that no one rides for more than an hour, but the trip may well take longer than if you were going by yourself, and passengers need to plan accordingly. The service provided is Door-to-Door. Many of the vehicles have wheelchair lifts. Passengers who need and request assistance will receive it, between the door of the pick-up point and the door of the destination. Drivers cannot, however, take a wheelchair up or down steps, or provide lifting assistance for passengers. All passengers must be registered with Washington Rides before using our services, and advance reservations are required. Washington Rides Does NOT Provide Emergency transportation or ambulance service. Service in which the distance from the origin to the destination is less than one-quarter mile. Attendants or escorts for passengers. Assistance within a residence. Lifting or carrying assistance. Senior Shared-Ride The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) funds transportation for persons aged 65 and over. Individuals can ride to a senior center near their home or to adult day care at no cost to the passenger. Trips to medical appointments can be made for a minimal fare, and social, recreational, and work trips for a slightly higher charge. Persons aged 60-64 can also ride to a senior center near their homes or an adult day care at no charge. Free trips to senior centers and discounts for medical trips are subsidized by the Southwestern PA Area Agency on Aging. Rural Transportation Program for Persons with Disabilities (PwD Program) PennDOT also sponsors a program similar to Senior Shared-Ride, for persons with disabilities. Anyone with a qualifying disability under the Americans with Disabilities Act can become certified to use this service, and can request a trip for any purpose. A fare is charged to the passenger. The PwD Program cannot be used instead of other available services, such as fixed-route bus service or ADA complementary paratransit. Medical Assistance Transportation Program (MATP) This service is provided to eligible persons who are in need of assistance in making trips to and from medical providers enrolled in the Medical Assistance Program, for the purpose of receiving medical treatment or for purchasing prescription drugs or medical equipment. The program is funded through the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare (DPW). As the MATP provider for Washington County, Washington Rides must offer customers the least expensive and most appropriate form of transportation available. Depending on the individual and the destination, this could be Washington Rides shared-ride service, fixed-route bus service, or reimbursement for mileage in a private vehicle. Determination of the mode is made on a case-by-case basis. Welfare-to-Work Transportation Program For individuals who qualify based on their economic situation, temporary transportation is available through the PennDOT-sponsored Welfare-to-Work Program. Service is provided for trips related to work and child-care, on a temporary basis until more permanent transportation resources can be identified. The local County Assistance Office screens applicants for this program. Veterans Transportation Program This service is provided through a special van for ambulatory veterans who need transportation to the VA Medical Centers in Pittsburgh. Non-ambulatory veterans would likely be eligible for such transportation through one of our other programs or through the VA Medical Centers. General Public Service In addition to all of the agencies and programs that provide funding for transportation services, Washington Rides service is available to the general public. Any member of the public may use the service. The only difference is that the service is not subsidized, and the passenger must pay the full fare, not just a co-payment. Call for details. Available Hours Hours of transportation service are from 6:00 AM until 8:00 PM, Monday through Saturday, for most services. Regular service is not available on Sundays, or on Thanksgiving Day or Christmas Day. Fees/Cost for Services Reduced fares are provided to those individuals who are eligible for one of the programs. Fares are based on trip origin and destination. Call for more information. Eligibility Requirements See program descriptions for eligibility requirements. There are no eligibility requirements for the General Public Service. Required Documentation Depending on program, one or more of the following documentation may be required: proof of age, certification of disability, proof of Medical Assistance eligibility, certification of military service, proof of income. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Reservationists are available to schedule trips Monday through Friday, from 7:30 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Accessible. Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Washington County Women's Network Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization We are a colobration group of women who come together to honor, support and encourage women in our community. Formed in 1996, we honor women who have overcome obstacles in their lives such as substance Abuse, Victimization both sexual abuse and domestic violence and medical/physical challenges at our annual event the Saturday before Mother's Day at the Washington Crown Center. We share their story in hopes that someone will hear it and be able to change their lives also. That is why our logo is Sunrise and our slogan, Life is Full of Possibilities" was adopted to let women know anything is possible. We also have informational booths/ job employement booths and health related booths there that day so contacts can be made. Our Mission is to recognize women of all ages and walks of life in the community who have overcome barriers to become successful. History of Organization Formed in 1996 by two women who worked in social service agencies: Cindy E. Patterson and Dee Walker. The first event was held in November of 1996. We continue to hold an annual event " A Celebration of Acheivements" the Saturday before Mother's Day at Washington Crown Center. Affiliations We are a collobrative group of women on the committee from different social service agencies, businesses and community members. Legal Structure Unknown Funding Sources In Kind Donations and Private donations. Contact Information Contact Person(s) Barbara J. Mundell O'Hara - Committee Chair Contact Number(s) 724-223-5477 - Samantha Lee, Committee Chair E-mail(s) sml-wwsedutrain@earthlink.net - Committee Chair Web Addresses None Primary Addresses c/o Washington Women's Shelter, Inc. 308 E. Maiden Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington and Greene Counties Available Hours NA Fees/Cost for Services NA Eligibility Requirements To be honored as a nominee they have had to overcome an obstacle such as drug/alcohol abuse, sex violence/ domestic violence/ physcial challenge. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments We accept nominations in Jan - March for the awards ceremony. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility NA Languages Spoken or Available NA Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description We can use volunteers to help with our event in May. The Saturday before Mother's Day at the Washington Crown Center. To Help with the event. Washington Drug and Alcohol Commission, Inc. WDAC Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The mission of the Washington Drug and Alcohol Commission, Inc. (WDAC) is to enrich the quality of life for persons who have experienced problems related to the use or abuse of alcohol and other drugs. This organization will ensure that clients receive the appropriate level of drug/alcohol treatment, while efficiently utilizing various funding sources to help eliminate financial impediments for the client who is seeking drug/alcohol treatment. The case management unit will link clients to appropriate treatment and supportive services. Our primary goal is to be culturally competent in assisting clients to assume a life long plan of recovery that is suitable to his/her individual needs, and to help maintain a network of treatment and prevention opportunities that will provide a seamless system of services to the community. History of Organization Since July, 2002, WDAC has been and an independent non-profit corporation serving as the Single County Authority (SCA) for Washington County. Per our contract with the Bureau of Drug and Alcohol Programs (BDAP)and the Department of Public Welfare (DPW),it is our responsibility to utilize state/federal funding for the provision of a comprehensive system of quality substance abuse treatment, prevention, and intervention services to Washington County residents. Affiliations WDAC contracts with 7 outpatient treatment programs, 14 inpatient rehabs, 16 halfway houses, 2 hospitals, and a methadone clinic fot the provision of substance abuse treatment services. There are 2 contracted agencies for the provision of alcohol and other drug prevention services to our community and local schools. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Bureau of Drug and Alcohol Programs Department of Public Welfare Grant oppoortunities Contact Information Key Leader(s) David Blum - Executive Director Melinda Strawn - Chief Fiscal Officer Bobbie Bane - Case Management Supervisor Contact Person(s) Tammy Taylor - Administrative Assistant II Web Addresses www.wdacinc.org Primary Addresses 90 West Chestnut Street Millcraft Building Suite 310T Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County Service Description Intensive case management: Client advocacy and linkage to services in areas of need, such as housing, child care, vocational/educational services, etc. Case management: Screening and assessment for appropriate treatment referral within one week of the first clint contact, determination of appropriate level of care, and referral for treatment. Available Hours Monday - Friday 8:30AM - 4:30PM Fees/Cost for Services Assessments are free of charge. Eligibility Requirements Must be a Washington County resident and be eligible for medical assistance or lack of resources/private insurance to pay for drug and alcohol treatment. Required Documentation Proof of income is required if the client is employed. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Call 724-223-1181 or 800-247-8379 or come to the office to schedule an appointment. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need Yes Volunteer Description Office assistance Washington-Greene Alternative Residential Services, Inc. Washington-Green ARS, Inc. Organizational Information Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization The mission of Washington-Greene ARS, Inc. is to assist each consumer to grow and learn by promoting independence and encouraging relationships to each consumer s satisfaction and also by providing a high quality of care in a healthy environment. History of Organization Washington-Greene ARS, Inc. has been in operation since 1987. ARS provides residential services to mentally challenged adults throughout Washington County. We currently maintain 10 residential facilities, which provide 24-hour supervision for 3-8 residents at each site and an Adult Training Facility which provides services in prevocational development to over 40 individuals. Accreditations and Licenses Licensed by Department of Public Welfare, Department of Health and Area Agency on Aging. Affiliations Pennslyvania Association of Resources for People with Mental Retardation Legal Structure For-profit entity Funding Sources State and Federal Contact Information Key Leader(s) Gregory Pilarski - Director Cynthia M. Peterson - QMRP Supervision Martin L. Ware - President Contact Person(s) Gregory Pilarski - Director Cynthia M. Peterson - QMRP Supervisor Martin L. Ware - President E-mail(s) wgars@yahoo.com- Gregory Pilarski, Director Primary Addresses 621 N. Main Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 357 E. Maiden Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington and Greene Counties Service Description Group homes and Adult Training Facility Available Hours Administration Office 9:00 a.m. - 4:00 pm Eligibility Requirements Must be 18 years of age to reside in the group homes and have mental retardation How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Through the administration office Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Yes Languages Spoken or Available English Speaker Available No Volunteer Use No Volunteer Need No Washington-Greene Counties Weatherization Program Weatherization Program Organizational Information Parent Organization ACTION-Housing, Inc. Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Our Mission To empower people to build more secure and self-sufficient lives through the provision of decent, affordable housing, essential supportive services, asset building programs, and educational and employment opportunities. Our Vision We envision an organization that continues to link its activities with other public, non-profit and private entities in a common effort to address the needs of our clients. We envision an organization that will provide decent, safe and affordable housing for the most vulnerable populations despite their physical, developmental and income limitations. We envision an organization that will be a leader in the design and implementation of innovative technology in the delivery and management of social services. We envision an organization that will develop new programs in the areas of education and workforce development to better serve the needs of the agency's clients. We envision an organization that will maintain a strong, diverse, knowledgeable and involved board of directors that is fully committed to the agency's mission and will be willing to take substantial risks in order to effectively address the problems and needs of our clients. We envision an organization that will maintain and continually build a talented, dedicated, diverse and highly motivated staff that possesses all of the skills required to carry out the agency's mission and is representative of the populations served. We envision an organization that will recognize that the clients we serve are the highest priority in the agency's mission and thus, we will serve them in a comprehensive, holistic and effective manner. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources DOE, LIHEAP Contact Information Key Leader(s) Kenneth M. Provlic Jr. - Administrator Contact Person(s) Kathy L. Schmuck - Assistant Program Administrator Contact Number(s) 724-483-2799 - Fax 724-483-2399 - Telephone 1-800-841-6899 - Telephone E-mail(s) kprovlic@wea.actionhousing.org- Administrator kschmuck@wea.actionhousing.org- Assistant Program Administrator Web Addresses www.actionhousing.org - Corporate Office Primary Addresses 425 6th Ave., Suite 950 Pittsburgh, PA 15219-1819 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses Washington-Greene Counties Weatherization Program 434 Fallowfield Ave. Charleroi, PA 15022 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington and Greene Counties Service Description Weatherization Program Insulation Reglazing of windows Weatherstripping Door sweeps Safety check on heating system. Safety Check on Hot Water Tank Mobile Homes, underbelly insulation Pipe wrap Attic insulation Available Hours 9:00 - 4:00 Weekdays Fees/Cost for Services No Cost to Client Eligibility Requirements Income Eligibility 150% Poverty Level Required Documentation Income Verification and Ownership Verification Application, and latest copies of utility bills. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Please call the office and request application. Wesley Spectrum Services WSS Organizational Information Parent Organization Wesley Spectrum Services Vision, Mission and/or Purpose of Organization Our mission is to provide transformational support for children and families as they strive to become more independent, responsible, and caring members of the community History of Organization Wesley Spectrum Services is the result of a merger between Wesley Institute and Spectrum Family Network. Since 1965, the agecny has been providing a myriad of services that include but are not limited to Mental Health and Addiciton Treatment, Enhanced Behavioral Health including Family Based Mental Health, Family Focused Solution Focused Therapy, Autism Treatment, Education Services incuding Acute Partial Care and Approved Private Schools, In-Home Services, Shelter Services, Foster Care and Adoption Services. Mission Values - Wesley Spectrum Services Believes that The Organization's Purpose is to Serve: Wesley Spectrum Services intentionally balances serving and leading in ways that provide the greatest opportunity to advance mission and impact the community. Children and Families are at the Center of Decision Making: At the foundation of every decision is the question: What is in the best interest of each child and family we serve? Every Person is Valuable: Every individual is valuable and will be treated with dignity and respect in a caring environment for those we serve and those that serve the organization. Every Person has Strengths: Acquiring life long skills leading to real and sustainable change begins with identifying and developing a person's strengths and talents. Knowledge and Timely Access to Resources is Vital: An individual needs to be aware of and have timely access to resources that meet their needs. Children and Families Should be Heard: In partnership with families, Wesley Spectrum Services has a responsibility to be a committed and credible voice to remove those barriers which limit the potential of the children and families. Partnerships are Essential to our Success: Advancing Wesley Spectrum Services mission requires a holistic approach to service that is only made possible through the creation of partnerships and alliances with other community resources. Accreditations and Licenses Accredited by the Council on Accredidation (COA) Lisenced by the State of Pennsylvania for Mental Health and Drug and Alcohol Partial Hospitalization, Intensive Outpatient and Outpatient Services. Legal Structure Non-profit corporation Funding Sources Wesley Spectrum Services welcomes Donations and Grants in addition to Medical Assistance (VBH and CCBH) and some private insurances (please call for information). Wesley Spectrum Services also works with Washington County to provide funding for those who lack insurance. Contact Information Key Leader(s) Doug Muetzel - CEO Contact Person(s) Rachel Nash - Assistant Director - Outpatient Services Contact Number(s) 724-222-7500 - Washington Office - 412-831-9390 - Corporate Office E-mail(s) rnash@wesleyspectrum.org- Rachel Nash, Assistant Director dmuetzel@wesleyspectrum.org- CEO and project director Web Addresses www.wesleyspectrum.org - Wesley Spectrum Services Primary Addresses 241 Johnston Road Pittsburgh, PA 15241 Click here for a Map of this Location. Additional Addresses 26 South Main Street Washington, PA 15301 Click here for a Map of this Location. Service Information Service Area Washington County and surrounding counties including Allegheny, Beaver, Westmoreland and Sommerset Counties. Service Description Drug and Alcohol / Addiction Treatment; Mental Health Therapy; Co-occuring Services; Assessment and Psychiatric Services; Foster Care and Adoption Services; In-Home Counseling. See below for more specific details IN-HOME FAMILY COUNSELING Foster care and family transition services. Partial Hospitalization Mental Health and Substance Abuse Therapy Services as well as Co-occurring Services for Adults Outpatient services for Drug and Alcohol clients Outpatient services for adolescents with co-occurring disorders. Case management services for co-occurring clients. Intensive outpatient Mental Health and Substance Abuse Therapy Services as well as Co-occurring Services for Adults and Adolescents Outpatient Therapy for MENTAL HEALTH, SUBSTANCE ABUSE as well as CO-OCCURING Services for Adults and Adolescents Intensive outpatient services for drug and alcohol clients Available Hours Monday through Thursday 8AM-8PM Friday 8AM -4PM Fees/Cost for Services Insurances typically cover most costs. Psychiatric Evaluation $175 PCPC/ASAM $75 Diagnostic evaluation $130 Individual psychotherapy $90 Family psychotherapy $$70 Group $45 Medication check $50 Partial/Intensive Outpatient group $30 Case Management $25 Eligibility Requirements For outpatient and Partial Hospital Services an asessment will be completed to determine the appropriate level of treatment. Please bring a copy of your insurance. In-Home Services are coordinated through Washington County CYF. Please call 724-222-7500 for details or questions regarding any of our services. Required Documentation Insurance information is needed. When possible, WSS will work with persons who do not have insurance to acquire funding. How to Access Services or Schedule Appointments Please stop in or call us at 724-222-7500. Miscellaneous Information Handicap Accessibility Our office is Handicap Accessible. Languages Spoken or Available English and Spanish Speaker Available Yes Volunteer Use Yes Volunteer Need No Volunteer Description Volunteers are welcome and coordinated through our corporate office. Please call 412-831-9390 for details.

Alex Jones From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Changes must be reviewed before being displayed on this page.show/hide details Jump to: navigation, search Page protected with pending changes level 1 For other people named Alex Jones, see Alex Jones (disambiguation). Alex Jones Alex Jones thumbs up.jpg Jones, circa 2009 Born Alexander Emerick Jones February 11, 1974 (age 40) Dallas, Texas, United States Occupation Radio host, film producer Known for Various conspiracy theories such as 9/11 Truth and New World Order theories; Website InfoWars.com PrisonPlanet.TV Alexander Emerick "Alex" Jones (born February 11, 1974) is an American radio host, author, conspiracy theorist[1][2] and documentary filmmaker.[3] His syndicated news/talk show The Alex Jones Show, based in Austin, Texas, airs via the Genesis Communication Network on more than 90 AM, FM, and shortwave radio stations across the United States and on the Internet.[4] His websites include Infowars.com and PrisonPlanet.com.[5][6] His YouTube channel has been viewed over 360 million times.[7] Jones has been the center of many controversies, including his statements about gun control in the wake of Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting.[8] He has accused the U.S. government of being involved in the Oklahoma City bombing,[9] the September 11 attacks,[10] and the filming of fake Moon landings to hide NASA's secret technology[11] and the killing of "thousands of astronauts".[12] He believes that government and big business have colluded to create a New World Order through "manufactured economic crises, sophisticated surveillance tech and—above all—inside-job terror attacks that fuel exploitable hysteria".[13] Jones describes himself as a libertarian and a conservative. Contents [hide] 1 Biography 2 Reception and impact 3 Media 4 Films 4.1 Author 4.2 Film subject 4.3 Acting 5 See also 6 References 7 External links Biography[edit] Jones was born on February 11, 1974, in Dallas, Texas,[14] and grew up in the suburb of Rockwall and Austin, Texas. His father was a dentist and his mother a homemaker.[9] In one of his video podcasts, he reports that he is of German, Welsh, mostly[15] British, and partially Native American descent.[15] He was a lineman on his high school's football team and graduated from Anderson High School in Austin, Texas in 1993.[9] As a teenager, he read Gary Allen's None Dare Call It Conspiracy, which strongly impacted him, and which he calls "the easiest-to-read primer on The New World Order".[16] After high school, Jones attended Austin Community College.[17] He began his career in Austin with a live, call-in format public-access television cable TV program. In 1996, Jones switched format to KJFK, hosting a show named The Final Edition.[18] During this time, Ron Paul was running for congress and was a guest on Jones' show several times.[19] The two share many beliefs and have been friends since then.[19] In his early shows, he frequently talked about his belief that the U.S. government was behind the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995,[20] using the incident to put down a growing "states rights movement".[21] In 1998, he released his first film, America Destroyed By Design. In 1998, Jones organized a successful effort to build a new Branch Davidian church as a memorial to those who died during the 1993 fire that ended the government's siege of the original Branch Davidian complex near Waco, Texas.[22] He often featured the project on his public-access television program and claimed that David Koresh and his followers were peaceful people who were murdered by Attorney General Janet Reno and the ATF during the siege.[18] In 1999, he tied with Shannon Burke for that year's "Best Austin Talk Radio Host" poll as voted by The Austin Chronicle readers.[23] Later that year, he was fired from KJFK-FM for refusing to broaden his topics, his viewpoints making the show hard to sell to advertisers, according to the station's operations manager.[18] Jones argued: "It was purely political, and it came down from on high," and, "I was told 11 weeks ago to lay off Clinton, to lay off all these politicians, to not talk about rebuilding the church, to stop bashing the Marines, A to Z".[18] He began spreading his show via internet connection from his home.[20] In early 2000, Jones was one of seven Republican candidates for state representative in Texas House District 48, an open seat swing district based in Austin, Texas. Jones stated that he was running "to be a watchdog on the inside",[24] but withdrew from the race after a couple of weeks. In July, a group of Austin Community Access Center (ACAC) programmers claimed that Jones used legal proceedings and ACAC policy to intimidate them or get their shows thrown off the air.[25] In 2001, his show was syndicated on approximately 100 stations.[20] After the 9/11 terrorist attack, Jones began to speak of a conspiracy by the Bush administration as being behind the attack, which caused a number of the stations that had previously carried him to drop his program.[26] On June 8, 2006, while on his way to cover a meeting of the Bilderberg group in Ottawa, Canada, Jones was stopped and detained at the Ottawa airport by Canadian authorities who confiscated his passport, camera equipment, and most of his belongings. He was later allowed to enter Canada lawfully. Jones said regarding the reason for his immigration hold, "I want to say, on the record, it takes two to tango. I could have handled it better."[27] On September 8, 2007, he was arrested while protesting at 6th Avenue and 48th Street in New York City. He was charged with operating a bullhorn without a permit. Two others were also cited for disorderly conduct when his group crashed a live television show featuring Geraldo Rivera. In an article, one of Jones's fellow protesters said, "It was ... guerrilla information warfare."[28] Reception and impact[edit] Jones during a 9/11 Truth Movement event on September 11, 2007, in Manhattan Mainstream sources have described Jones as a conservative,[29][30][31][32] a right-wing conspiracy theorist,[33][34][35][36] and a libertarian.[37] Jones sees himself as a libertarian and rejects being described as a right-winger.[38] He has also called himself a paleoconservative[39] and an "aggressive constitutionalist".[40][41] Jones has been the center of many controversies, such as the one surrounding his actions and statements about gun control after the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting,[8] and has accused the U.S. government of being involved in the Oklahoma City bombing[9] and September 11 attacks.[10] Jones was in a "media crossfire" in 2011, which included criticism by Rush Limbaugh, when the news spread that Jared Loughner had been "a fan" of the 9/11 conspiracy film Loose Change, of which Jones had been an executive producer.[42] In January 2013, Jones was invited to speak on Piers Morgan's show after promoting an online petition to deport Morgan due to his support of gun control laws.[43] The interview turned into "a one-person shoutfest, as Jones riffed about guns, oppressive government, the flag, his ancestors' role in Texan independence, and what flag Morgan would have on his tights if they wrestled".[43] The event drew widespread coverage,[43] and according to The Huffington Post, Morgan and others such as Glenn Beck "agreed that Jones was a terrible spokesman for gun rights".[44] Jones's appearance on the show was a top trending Twitter topic the following morning.[45] On June 9, 2013, Jones appeared as a guest on the BBC's Sunday Politics. After a discussion about conspiracy theories surrounding the Bilderberg Group meetings with presenter Andrew Neil and journalist David Aaronovitch, a critic of such theories, which was dominated by Jones's shouting and regular interruptions, Andrew Neil ended the item, describing Jones as "an idiot"[46] and "the worst person I've ever interviewed".[47][48] Jones was still shouting, according to Neil on Twitter, until he knew he was off-air.[46][47] Media[edit] Main article: The Alex Jones Show The Alex Jones Show syndicated radio program is broadcast nationally by Genesis Communications Network to more than 90 AM and FM radio stations in the United States, and to WWCR Radio shortwave. Live-broadcast times are weekdays 11:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. CST and Sundays from 4:00 to 6:00 p.m. CST. The Sunday broadcast is also broadcast by Emmis Communications' KLBJ Radio. As of 2013, according to Jones, the radio show has over 15 million listeners a week, which would be 2.5 million per day.[49] Also, the show reportedly has a demographic heavier in younger viewers than other conservative pundits.[26] In 2011, he had a larger on-line audience than Glenn Beck and Rush Limbaugh combined.[42] Author Will Bunch says that Jones was in part a model for Glenn Beck who "synthesized" some of the paranoia of Jones's commentaries into his persona.[26] Jones is also the operator of several web sites centered on news and information about civil liberties issues, global government, and a wide variety of current events topics. Several of these sites are www.infowars.com, www.prisonplanet.tv, www.prisonplanet.com, and www.jonesreport.com. As of February 2014, his YouTube channel, TheAlexJonesChannel, has received more than 360 million views and 750,000 subscriptions.[7] He has been able to mobilize his followers to create "Google bomb" actions that bring particular terms to the top of search engine listing, a tactic which has then inspired other online media, such as The Drudge Report, to cover the story.[50] Films[edit] Alex Jones and fans at the Première of A Scanner Darkly, an animated film by Richard Linklater, in which Jones has a voice credit.[20] Year Film Notes 1998 America: Destroyed by Design 1999 Police State 2000 1999 Are You Practicing Communism? Produced by Mike Hanson 2000 America Wake Up or Waco 2000 The Best of Alex Jones 2000 Dark Secrets Inside Bohemian Grove 2000 Police State II: The Takeover 2001 Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports: Exposed 2001 911 The Road to Tyranny: Special Emergency Release 2002 911 The Road to Tyranny 2002 The Masters of Terror: Exposed 2003 Matrix of Evil 2003 Police State 3: Total Enslavement 2004 American Dictators: Documenting the Staged Election of 2004 2005 Martial Law 9-11: Rise of the Police State 2005 The Order of Death 2006 TerrorStorm: A History of Government-Sponsored Terrorism 2007 Endgame: Blueprint for Global Enslavement 2007 Endgame 1.5 2007 TerrorStorm: A History of Government-Sponsored Terrorism - Second Edition 2007 Loose Change: Final Cut by Dylan Avery Executive producer 2008 The 9/11 Chronicles: Part 1, Truth Rising 2008 Fabled Enemies by Jason Bermas Producer 2009 DVD Arsenal: The Alex Jones Show Vols. 1–3 2009 The Obama Deception: The Mask Comes Off 2009 Fall of the Republic: Vol. 1, The Presidency of Barack H. Obama 2009 Reflections and Warnings: An Interview with Aaron Russo 2010 Police State IV: The Rise Of FEMA 2010 Invisible Empire: A New World Order Defined by Jason Bermas Producer 2012 New World Order: Blueprint of Madmen Author[edit] Year Book Publisher 2002 9-11: Descent Into Tyranny Progressive Press 2008 The Answer to 1984 Is 1776 The Disinformation Company Film subject[edit] Year Film Notes 2003 Aftermath: Unanswered Questions from 9/11 by Stephen Marshall 2009 New World Order by Luke Meyer and Andrew Neel 2010 The Fall of America and the Western World by Brian Kraft Acting[edit] Year Film Role 2001 Waking Life Man in Car with P.A. (cameo) 2006 A Scanner Darkly Street Prophet (cameo) See also[edit] Portal icon September 11 attacks portal Portal icon Radio portal 9/11 conspiracy theories References[edit] 1.Jump up ^ Byford, Jovan (2011-10-12). Conspiracy Theories: A Critical Introduction. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 11. ISBN 9780230349216. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 2.Jump up ^ Alex Jones: Boston explosion a government conspiracy 3.Jump up ^ Rolling Stone 4.Jump up ^ List of Alex Jones Radio Show Affiliated Stations. 5.Jump up ^ Fox News 6.Jump up ^ "The Alex Jones Show". Tune In. Retrieved January 13, 2013. 7.^ Jump up to: a b "TheRealAlexJones About". Retrieved February 13, 2014. 8.^ Jump up to: a b "Alex Jones' pro-gun tirade at Piers Morgan on British presenter's own show". The Guardian. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 9.^ Jump up to: a b c d Zaitchik, Alexander (2011-03-02). "Meet Alex Jones, the Talk Radio Host Behind Charlie Sheen's Crazy Rants". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on March 29, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-24. 10.^ Jump up to: a b Stahl, Jeremy (September 6, 2011). "Where Did 9/11 Conspiracies Come From?". Slate. Retrieved September 11, 2011. 11.Jump up ^ "Alex Jones Radio Show: Jones says the US used fake footage in Moon landings". June 29, 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-11. 12.Jump up ^ "Alex Jones Radio Show: Jones says NASA covering up thousands of dead astronauts". July 11, 2011. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 13.Jump up ^ Alexander Zaitchik (March 2, 2011). "Meet Alex Jones". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 24, 2013. 14.Jump up ^ Jones, Alex. Coast to Coast AM. January 27, 2007. 15.^ Jump up to: a b Alex Jones Puts Anti-Semitic Caller in His Place!! (2011-03-04). Alex Jones Channel/Prisonplanet.tv/Genesis Communications Network. Retrieved April 06, 2014. 16.Jump up ^ "Meet Alex Jones". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 17.Jump up ^ Howard Stern Radio Show, February 26, 2013. 18.^ Jump up to: a b c d Nichols, Lee (December 10, 1999). "Psst, It's a Conspiracy: KJFK Gives Alex Jones the Boot Media Clips". The Austin Chronicle. 19.^ Jump up to: a b "How Radio Host Alex Jones Has Cornered the Bipartisan Paranoia Market". New York. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 20.^ Jump up to: a b c d "Meet Alex Jones". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 21.Jump up ^ Kay, Jonathan (2011-05-17). Among the Truthers: A Journey Through America's Growing Conspiracist Underground. HarperCollins. pp. 26–. ISBN 9780062004819. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 22.Jump up ^ Connie Mabin (April 19, 2000). "Branch Davidians hope a new church can close wounds". The Independent (UK). Associated Press. Retrieved January 29, 2011. 23.Jump up ^ "Best of Austin 1999 Readers Poll". 1999. Retrieved 2007-08-14. 24.Jump up ^ Scott S. Greenberger (January 4, 2000). "Nine to seek Greenberg's House seat" (fee required). Austin American-Statesman. p. B1. 25.Jump up ^ Nichols, Lee (2000-07-14). "Alex Jones: Conspiracy Victim or Evil Mastermind?". Austin Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2012-01-02. Retrieved 2008-05-20. "Alex Jones is no stranger to conspiracy theories." 26.^ Jump up to: a b c Bunch, Will (2011-09-13). The Backlash: Right-Wing Radicals, High-Def Hucksters, and Paranoid Politics in the Age of Obama. HarperCollins. pp. 73–. ISBN 9780061991721. Retrieved January 10, 2013. *p 73 "His highly conspiratorial tone and Web-oriented approach brings in a younger demographic than do Beck and other well-known talkers" *p 73 "he's aired on roughly 60 stations (it used to be more before his 9/11 inside-job rants)" *p 74 "Beck, naturally, synthesized the parts of Alex Jones inspired style that worked for him." 27.Jump up ^ Payton, Laura (2006-06-08). "Bilderberg-bound filmmaker held at airport". The Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 2007-08-13. 28.Jump up ^ Grace, Melissa; Xana O'Neill (2007-09-09). "Filmmaker arrested during city protest". Daily News (New York). Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-10. 29.Jump up ^ "BART Officer Threats". cbs5.com. Retrieved 2010-12-13.[dead link] 30.Jump up ^ An article in the San Jose Mercury News describes Alex Jones as a "conservative radio talk show host". 31.Jump up ^ Two articles in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch from March and April 2009 describe Jones as a "conservative radio commentator" 32.Jump up ^ Norman, Tony (2009-08-14). "A nutty way of discussing health care". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 33.Jump up ^ Gosa, Travis L. (2011). "Counterknowledge, racial paranoia, and the cultic milieu: Decoding hip hop conspiracy theory". Poetics 39 (3): 187. doi:10.1016/j.poetic.2011.03.003. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 34.Jump up ^ Black, Louis (2000-07-14). "Unknown Title". Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-05-20. "Jones is an articulate, sometimes hypnotic, often just annoying conspiracy theorist." 35.Jump up ^ Duggan, Paul (2001-10-26). "Austin Hears the Music And Another New Reality; In Texas Cultural Center, People Prepare to Fight Terror" (Fee required). Washington Post. p. A22. Retrieved 2008-05-20. "[His cable show] has made the exuberant, 27-year-old conspiracy theorist a minor celebrity in Austin." 36.Jump up ^ "Conspiracy Files: 9/11 - Q&A: What really happened" (FAQ). BBC News. 2007-02-16. Retrieved 2008-05-19. "Leading conspiracy theorist and broadcaster Alex Jones of infowars.com argues that ..." 37.Jump up ^ ABC News 38.Jump up ^ Roddy, Dennis B. (April 10, 2009). "An Accused Cop Killer's Politics". Slate. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 39.Jump up ^ Rosell, Rich (27 November 2006). "Dark days, the Alex Jones interview". digitallyobsessed.com. Archived from the original on unspecified. 40.Jump up ^ "The Alex Jones Show". Austin, TX: KLBJ. July 21, 2008. Archived from the original on September 26, 2010. 41.Jump up ^ Hammack, Laurence (June 6, 2009). "Roanoke man charged with making online threats". The Roanoke Times. Archived from the original on June 9, 2009. 42.^ Jump up to: a b ALEXANDER ZAITCHIK (March 2, 2011). "Meet Alex Jones". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 43.^ Jump up to: a b c "Piers Morgan vs. Alex Jones feud: helping or hurting gun control? (+video)". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 44.Jump up ^ "Piers Morgan: Alex Jones 'Terrifying', A Perfect 'Advertisement For Gun Control'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 9, 2013. 45.Jump up ^ "Social media abuzz over Piers Morgan vs. Alex Jones". CNN. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 46.^ Jump up to: a b Dixon, Hayley (June 9, 2013). "'Idiot' Bilderberg conspiracy theorist Alex Jones disrupts BBC politics show". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved June 9, 2013. 47.^ Jump up to: a b Topping, Alexandra (June 9, 2013). "Andrew Neil calls Alex Jones an idiot in Sunday Politics clash". guardian.co.uk. Retrieved June 9, 2013. 48.Jump up ^ Taylor, Adam (9 June 2013). "Conspiracy Theorist Alex Jones Goes Berserk During BBC Show". Business Insider. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 49.Jump up ^ "Infowars Viewer Count". January 18, 2013. Event occurs at 4:08. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 50.Jump up ^ "Meet Alex Jones | Politics News | Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 10, 2013. External links[edit] Find more about Alex Jones at Wikipedia's sister projects Media from Commons Alex Jones at the Internet Movie Database Alex Jones's channel on YouTube [show] v· t· e Articles on 9/11 conspiracy theories · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · Authority control WorldCat· VIAF: 161163920· LCCN: no2007072090 Categories: 9/11 conspiracy theorists Alex Jones 1974 births Living people American anti–illegal immigration activists American anti-war activists American film directors American film producers American gun rights advocates American libertarians Conservative talk radio Conservatism in the United States American talk radio hosts American political pundits American pro-life activists American social commentators Anti-globalism activists Anti-vaccination activists Conspiracy theorists Film directors from Texas People from Dallas, Texas Radio personalities from Texas Writers from Austin, Texas Navigation menu Create account Log in Article Talk Read Edit View history Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikimedia Shop Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page Tools Print/export Languages العربية Čeština Deutsch Eesti Español Esperanto فارسی Français 한국어 Hrvatski Bahasa Indonesia Italiano עברית Magyar مصرى Nederlands 日本語 Norsk bokmål Polski Português Română Русский Simple English Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски Suomi Svenska Українська ייִדיש Edit links This page was last modified on 6 April 2014 at 20:41. 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Jesse Ventura From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Jesse Ventura Jesse Ventura.jpg Ventura giving a speech at Rally for the Republic in September 2008 38th Governor of Minnesota In office January 4, 1999 – January 6, 2003 Lieutenant Mae Schunk Preceded by Arne Carlson Succeeded by Tim Pawlenty Mayor of Brooklyn Park, Minnesota In office 1991–1995 Personal details Born James George Janos July 15, 1951 (age 62) Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S. Political party Independent Other political affiliations Reform Party (1998–2000) Independence Party of Minnesota Spouse(s) Terry Ventura Children Tyrel Ventura Jade Ventura Residence Cabo San Lucas, Mexico Dellwood, Minnesota, US Profession U.S. Navy UDT sailor Professional Wrestler Color commentator Actor Talk Show host Politician Author Religion None (atheist)[1] Military service Allegiance United States of America Service/branch United States Navy Years of service 1969–1975 Rank PO3 collar.png Storekeeper Third Class[2] Unit Underwater Demolition Team 12 (Reserve)[3] Battles/wars Vietnam War Awards National Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg National Defense Service Medal Vietnam Service Ribbon.svg Vietnam Service Medal James George Janos[4] (born July 15, 1951), better known by his stage name, Jesse Ventura, is an American politician, actor, author, veteran, and former professional wrestler who served as the 38th Governor of Minnesota from 1999 to 2003. Born James George Janos, Ventura served as a U.S. Navy Underwater Demolition Team member during the Vietnam War.[3] After leaving the military, he embarked on a professional wrestling career from 1975 to 1986, taking the ring name Jesse "The Body" Ventura. He had a long tenure in the World Wrestling Federation as a performer and color commentator, and was inducted into the company's Hall of Fame in 2004.[4] Ventura also pursued a film career, appearing in films such as Predator (1987). Ventura first entered politics as Mayor of Brooklyn Park, Minnesota, from 1991 to 1995. Four years after his mayoral term ended, Ventura was the Reform Party candidate in the Minnesota gubernatorial election of 1998, running a low-budget campaign centered on grassroots events and unusual ads that urged citizens not to "vote for politics as usual". Ventura's campaign was successful, with him narrowly and unexpectedly defeating both the Democratic and Republican candidates. The highest elected official to ever win an election on a Reform Party ticket, Ventura left the Reform Party a year after taking office amid internal fights for control over the party.[5] As governor, Ventura oversaw reforms of Minnesota's property tax as well as the state's first sales tax rebate. Other initiatives taken under Ventura included construction of the METRO Blue Line light rail in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area, and cuts in income taxes.[6][7] Ventura left office in 2003, deciding not to run for reelection. After leaving office, Ventura became a visiting fellow at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government in 2004. He has since also hosted a number of television shows and has written several political books. Ventura remains politically active and currently hosts a show on Ora TV called Off the Grid.[8] He has publicly contemplated a run for President of the United States in 2016. Contents [hide] 1 Early life 1.1 Post Navy 2 Professional wrestling career 2.1 Early career 2.2 Singles and tag team success 2.3 Retirement and commentary 2.4 Litigation 2.5 Return to the World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment 2.6 Finishing moves 2.7 Nicknames 2.8 Championships and accomplishments 3 Acting career 3.1 Actor 3.2 Other media 4 Political career 4.1 Mayor of Brooklyn Park 4.2 Governor of Minnesota 4.2.1 Political positions 4.2.2 Views on political parties 4.2.3 Wellstone memorial 4.2.4 Political criticisms 4.2.5 Consideration of bids for other political offices 4.3 Electoral history 5 Post-gubernatorial life 5.1 Bush/Cheney administration and torture 5.2 Questions regarding 9/11 5.3 Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura 5.4 Books written by Ventura 5.5 Lawsuit against the TSA 6 Controversies 6.1 Navy SEAL background controversies 6.2 Opie and Anthony incident 6.3 Tailgating allegations 6.4 Chris Kyle controversy 6.4.1 Lawsuit against Kyle 7 Personal life 7.1 Family 7.2 Steroid use 7.3 Health problems 7.4 Religion 8 Books 9 Notes 10 References 11 External links Early life[edit] Ventura was born James George Janos, on July 15, 1951,[9] in Minneapolis, Minnesota, a son of George William Janos, and his wife, Bernice Martha (née Lenz). Both of his parents were World War II veterans. Ventura has an older brother who served in the Vietnam War. Ventura has described himself as Slovak, since his father's parents were from what is now Slovakia; his mother was of German descent.[10][11] Ventura was raised as a Lutheran. Ventura attended the Cooper Elementary School and graduated from Roosevelt High School in 1969. Ventura served in the United States Navy from December 1, 1969, to September 10, 1975, during the Vietnam War era. He graduated in BUD/S class 58 in December 1970[12] and was part of Underwater Demolition Team 12[3][13] Ventura has frequently referred to his military career in public statements and debates.[14][15][16] He was criticized by hunters and conservationists for stating in an interview with the Minneapolis Star Tribune in April 2001, "Until you have hunted men, you haven't hunted yet."[16][17] In January 2002, Ventura - though he had never outright claimed combat service in Vietnam, but heavily suggested it - disclosed he had not seen combat. He was stationed at Subic Bay in the Philippines, and for this he received the Vietnam Service Medal, given to all military personnel who supported the war effort even though stationed outside of South Vietnam. Post Navy[edit] Near the end of his service in the Navy, Ventura began to spend time with the "Dago" chapter of the Mongols motorcycle club, in San Diego. He would ride onto Naval Base Coronado on his Harley-Davidson wearing his Mongol colors. According to Ventura, he was a full-patch member of the club and even third in command of his chapter, though he never had any problems with the authorities.[18][19][20] In the fall of 1974, Ventura left the bike club to return to the Twin Cities. Shortly after that, the Mongols entered into open warfare with their biker rivals, the Hells Angels.[18] Ventura attended North Hennepin Community College in suburban Minneapolis in the mid-1970s.[18] At the same time, he began weightlifting and wrestling. He was a bodyguard for The Rolling Stones for a time, before he entered professional wrestling and changed his name to Jesse Ventura.[21] Professional wrestling career[edit] Jesse Ventura Jesse Ventura on a FDA poster.jpg Poster used in a 1987 education campaign aimed at teenagers, featuring then-professional wrestler Jesse Ventura. Ring name(s) Jesse "The Body" Ventura[4][22] Billed height 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)[4][22] Billed weight 245 lb (111 kg)[4] Born July 15, 1951 (age 62)[4][22] Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S. Billed from Brooklyn Park, Minnesota, U.S.[23] San Diego, California, U.S. Trained by Eddie Sharkey[4] Debut October 1975[4] Retired 1986[22] Early career[edit] He created the stage name Jesse "The Body" Ventura to go with the persona of a bully-ish beach bodybuilder, picking the name "Ventura" from a map as part of his "bleach blond from California" gimmick.[4] As a wrestler, Ventura performed as a heel and often used the motto "Win if you can, lose if you must, but always cheat!" Much of his flamboyant persona was adapted from "Superstar" Billy Graham, a charismatic and popular performer during the 1970s and '80s.[4][24] Years later, as a broadcaster, Ventura made a running joke out of it claiming that Graham stole all of his ring attire ideas from him. Singles and tag team success[edit] In 1975, Ventura made his debut in the Central States territory, before moving to the Pacific Northwest, where he wrestled for promoter Don Owen as Jesse "The Great" Ventura.[4][24] During his stay in Portland, Oregon, he had notable feuds with Dutch Savage and Jimmy Snuka and won the Pacific Northwest Wrestling title twice (once from each wrestler), and the tag team title five times (twice each with Bull Ramos and "Playboy" Buddy Rose, and once with Jerry Oates). He later moved to his hometown promotion, the American Wrestling Association in Minnesota, and began teaming with Adrian Adonis as the "East-West Connection" in 1979. In his RF Video shoot in 2012 he revealed that shortly after he arrived in the AWA he was given the nickname "the Body" by Verne.[23][24] The duo won the promotion's World Tag Team Championship on July 20, 1980, on a forfeit when Verne Gagne, one-half of the tag team champions along with Mad Dog Vachon, failed to show up for a title defense in Denver, Colorado.[4] The duo held the belts for nearly a year, losing to "The High Flyers" (Greg Gagne and Jim Brunzell).[4] Retirement and commentary[edit] Shortly after losing the belts, the duo moved on to the World Wrestling Federation, where they were managed by "Classy" Freddie Blassie.[4] Although the duo was unable to capture the World Tag Team Championship, both Adonis and Ventura became singles title contenders, each earning several title shots at World Heavyweight Champion Bob Backlund.[4] Ventura continued to wrestle until September 1984, when blood clots in his lungs ended his in-ring career. Ventura claimed the blood clots were a result of his exposure to Agent Orange during his time in Vietnam.[4][25] Ventura did return to the ring in 1985 forming a tag-team with "Macho Man" Randy Savage & Savage's manager (and real life wife) Miss Elizabeth. Often after their televised matches Ventura would taunt and challenge fellow commentator Bruno Sammartino, but nothing ever came of this. He also participated in a six-man tag team match in December 1985 as he, Roddy Piper, and "Cowboy" Bob Orton defeated Hillbilly Jim, Uncle Elmer, and Cousin Luke in a match which was broadcast on Saturday Night's Main Event. The tag match against the Hillbillies came about after Piper and Orton interrupted Elmer's wedding ceremony and Ventura, who was under instruction from Vince McMahon to "bury them", insulted Elmer and his wife during commentary of what was a real wedding ceremony at the Meadowlands Arena by proclaiming when they kissed "OMG they look like two Carp in the middle of the Mississippi River going after the same piece of corn" (according to Ventura the wedding was real as at the time the New Jersey State Athletic Control Board would not allow the WWF to stage a fake wedding in the state of New Jersey, so Stan Frazier (Uncle Elmer) and his fiance agreed to have a real in-ring wedding).[4] After a failed comeback bid, he began to do color commentary on television for All-Star Wrestling (replacing Angelo Mosca) and later Superstars of Wrestling (initially alongside WWF owner Vince McMahon and the semi-retired Sammartino, and then just with McMahon after Sammartino's departure from the WWF in 1988), hosted his own talk segment on the WWF's Superstars of Wrestling called "The Body Shop" (in much the same heel style as Piper's Pit, though the setting was a mock gym), and did color commentary on radio for a few National Football League teams (among them, the Minnesota Vikings and Tampa Bay Buccaneers).[4] Ventura most notably co-hosted Saturday Night's Main Event with Vince McMahon and the first six WrestleManias (1985–1990) and most of the WWF's pay-per-views at the time with Gorilla Monsoon (the lone exception for Ventura being the first SummerSlam, in which Ventura served as the guest referee during the main event). Following a dispute with Vince McMahon over the use of his image for promoting a Sega product, McMahon—who had a contract with rival company Nintendo at the time—released Ventura from the company in August 1990.[26] In February 1992 at SuperBrawl II, Ventura joined World Championship Wrestling as a commentator. His professional wrestling commentary style was an extension of his wrestling persona (i.e. a "heel"), as he was partial to the villains, which was something new and different at the time (Vince McMahon, who was always looking for ways of jazzing things up, came up with the idea of Ventura doing heel commentary at a time when most commentators, including McMahon himself, openly rooted for the face).[4] However, he would still occasionally give credit where it was due, praising the athleticism of wrestlers such as Ricky "The Dragon" Steamboat and Randy Savage (who was championed by Ventura for years, even when he was a face, a point Ventura regularly made on-air to McMahon and Monsoon). Occasionally he would even acknowledge mistakes made by the heels, including those made by his personal favorites such as Savage or wrestlers managed by heel's Bobby "The Brain" Heenan and "The Mouth of the South" Jimmy Hart. One notable exception to this rule was the WrestleMania VI Ultimate Challenge title for title match between WWF Champion Hulk Hogan and the WWF Intercontinental Champion The Ultimate Warrior. Since they were both fan favorites, Ventura took a neutral position in his commentary; even praising Hogan's display of sportsmanship at the end of the match when he handed over the WWF Championship to the Warrior after he lost the title, stating that Hogan was going out like a true champion (though during the match, which was also the last match at Wrestlemania he called, Ventura did voice his pleasure when both broke the rules, at one point claiming "This is what I like. Let the two goody two-shoes throw the rule book out and get nasty"). The praise of Hogan's action was unusual for Ventura because he regularly rooted against Hogan during his matches, usually telling fellow commentator Gorilla Monsoon after Hogan had won a championship match at a Wrestlemania that he would "come out of retirement and take this dude out". Hogan and Ventura were, at one point, close friends.[27] Ventura, however, abruptly ended the friendship after he discovered, during his lawsuit against Vince McMahon, that Hogan was the one who had told Vince about Ventura's attempt to form a labor union in 1984.[27] Ventura was released by WCW President Eric Bischoff for allegedly falling asleep during a WCW Worldwide TV taping at Disney MGM Studios in July 1994, though it's been speculated the move may have had more to do with Hulk Hogan's arrival shortly before.[4] Ventura generally worked well with most of his fellow commentators, with the exception being Jim Ross during his time with WCW. In a radio interview, Ventura stated that working with Ross was hard as he would often say something controversial in favor of the heel wrestler or manager, only for Ross (who at that time had only worked with those who favored the fan favorites) to ignore the comment and continue with his play-by-play. Litigation[edit] In 1987, while negotiating his contract as a WWF commentator, Ventura waived his rights to royalties on videotape sales when he was falsely told that only feature performers received such royalties. In 1991, having discovered that other non-feature performers received royalties, Ventura brought an action for fraud, misappropriation of publicity rights, and quantum meruit in Minnesota state court against Titan Sports. Titan removed the case to federal court, and Ventura won an $801,333 jury verdict on the last claim. The judgment was affirmed on appeal, and the case,[28] 65 F.3d 725 (8th Cir.1995), is an important result in the law of restitution. Return to the World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment[edit] In mid-1999, Ventura reappeared on WWF television during his term as Governor of Minnesota, acting as the special guest referee for main event of SummerSlam held in Minneapolis.[4] Ventura would continue his relationship with the WWF by performing commentary for Vince McMahon's short-lived XFL.[4] On the March 20, 2003, episode of SmackDown!, Ventura appeared in a taped interview to talk about the match between McMahon and Hulk Hogan at WrestleMania XIX.[4] Less than a year later, he would be inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame on March 13, 2004, and the following night at WrestleMania XX, he approached the ring to interview Donald Trump, who had a front row seat at the event.[4] Trump affirmed that Ventura would receive his moral and financial support were he to ever reenter the world of politics. Alluding to the 2008 election, Ventura boldly announced that "In 2008, maybe we oughta put a wrestler in the White House". On the June 11, 2007, episode of Raw, Ventura appeared to give comments about Vince McMahon.[4] Ventura was guest host on the November 23, 2009, episode of Raw during which he retained his heel persona by siding with the number one contender, Sheamus over WWE Champion John Cena. This happened while he confronted Cena about how it was unfair that Cena always got a title shot in the WWE while Ventura didn't during his WWE career. After that Sheamus attacked Cena and put him through a table. Ventura then made the match a Table match at TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs. During the show, for the first time in nearly 20 years, Vince McMahon joined Ventura at ringside to provide match commentary together. Finishing moves[edit] Body Breaker[4][22][29] (WWF) / Inverted bearhug[29] (AWA) Nicknames[edit] "The Great"[4] "The Body"[4][22] "The Governor"[4] "The Mind"[4] Championships and accomplishments[edit] American Wrestling Association AWA World Tag Team Championship (1 time) – with Adrian Adonis[30] Cauliflower Alley Club Iron Mike Mazurki Award (1999) Central States Wrestling NWA World Tag Team Championship (Central States version) (1 time) – with Tank Patton[31] Continental Wrestling Association AWA Southern Heavyweight Championship (2 times)[32] International Wrestling Institute and Museum Frank Gotch Award (2003) NWA Hawaii NWA Hawaii Tag Team Championship (1 time) – with Steve Strong[33] Pacific Northwest Wrestling NWA Pacific Northwest Heavyweight Championship (2 times)[34] NWA Pacific Northwest Tag Team Championship (5 times) – with Bull Ramos (2), Buddy Rose (2) and Jerry Oates (1)[35] Pro Wrestling Illustrated PWI ranked him #239 of the 500 best singles wrestlers during the "PWI Years" in 2003 PWI ranked him #67 of the 100 best tag teams of the "PWI Years" with Adrian Adonis World Wrestling Entertainment WWE Hall of Fame (Class of 2004)[4] Acting career[edit] Nearing the end of his wrestling career, Ventura began an acting career. He acted in the 1987 movie Predator, whose cast included future California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and future Kentucky Gubernatorial candidate Sonny Landham.[4] Ventura became close friends with Schwarzenegger during the production of Predator. He appeared in two episodes of Zorro filmed in Madrid, Spain, in 1991. He had a starring role in the 1990 sci-fi movie Abraxas, Guardian of the Universe, and supporting roles in The Running Man, Thunderground, Demolition Man, Repossessed, Ricochet, The Master of Disguise (in which he steals the Liberty Bell), and Batman & Robin – the first two and last of these also starring Schwarzenegger. Ventura also made a cameo appearance in Major League II, as "White Lightning". He also appeared as a self help guru (voice only) in The Ringer trying to turn Johnny Knoxville into a more confident worker. Ventura also had a cameo in The X-Files episode "Jose Chung's From Outer Space" as a Man in Black alongside fellow 'MiB' Alex Trebek. In 2008, Ventura was in the independent comedy Woodshop, starring as a high school shop teacher named Mr. Madson. The film was released September 7, 2010.[36] Actor[edit] Year Title Role 1987 Predator Blain The Running Man Captain Freedom 1989 Thunderground The Man 1990 Abraxas, Guardian of the Universe Abraxas Repossessed Commentator 1991 Tagteam Bobby Youngblood Ricochet Chewalski 1993 Living and Working in Space: The Countdown Has Begun DMV Testee Demolition Man CryoCon 1997 Batman & Robin Arkham Asylum Guard 2002 The Master of Disguise Himself 2005 The Ringer Motivational Speaker 2008 Borders Conrad 2010 Woodshop Mr. Madson 2012 The Drunk Governor Littleton Other media[edit] In 1989 Ventura co-hosted the four episodes of the DiC Entertainment children's program Record Breakers along with Gary Apple.[37][38] In 1991, the pilot episode for "Tag Team", a television program about two ex-professional wrestlers turned police officers, starred Ventura and "Rowdy" Roddy Piper.[39] Ventura also co-hosted the short-lived syndicated game show The Grudge Match alongside sportscaster Steve Albert. Between 1995 and his run for governor in 1998, Ventura had radio call-in shows on (KFAN 1130) and (KSTP 1500) in Minneapolis – Saint Paul. Jesse had a brief role on the television soap opera The Young and the Restless in 1999. Ventura has been criticized by the press for privately profiting from his heightened popularity. He was hired as a television analyst for the failed XFL football enterprise, served as a referee at a World Wrestling Federation match, and published several books during his tenure as governor. On his weekly radio show, he often criticized the media for focusing on these deals rather than on his policy proposals.[40] Since 2009, comedian James Adomian has done an impression of Jesse Ventura on the Comedy Bang Bang and Sklarbro Country podcasts, and at live shows. Adomian mocks Ventura's bombastic Minnesota accent, eccentric style and contrarian take on current events. James Adomian has also performed as Jesse "The Mind" Ventura at live comedy shows, often styled "Conspiracy Theory LIVE" in a direct parody of Ventura's TruTV show. In 2013 Ventura announced a new show with Ora TV, "Jesse Ventura: Uncensored" which launched on January 27, 2014 and is now called "Jesse Ventura: Off the Grid" Political career[edit] Mayor of Brooklyn Park[edit] Following his departure from the WWF, Ventura took advice from a former high school teacher and ran for mayor of Brooklyn Park, Minnesota in 1990.[41] Ventura defeated the city's 25-year incumbent mayor and served from 1991 to 1995.[42] Governor of Minnesota[edit] See also: Minnesota gubernatorial election, 1998 Governor of Minnesota Jesse Ventura (center) testifies on China's participation in the WTO in March 2000. Ventura ran for Governor of Minnesota in 1998 as the nominee for the Reform Party of Minnesota (he later joined the Independence Party of Minnesota when the Reform Party broke from its association with the Reform Party of the United States of America). His campaign consisted of a combination of aggressive grassroots events and original television spots, designed by quirky adman Bill Hillsman, using the phrase "Don't vote for politics as usual." He spent considerably less than his opponents (about $300,000) and was a pioneer in his using the Internet as a medium of reaching out to voters in a political campaign.[43] He won the election in November 1998, narrowly (and unexpectedly) defeating the major-party candidates, St. Paul mayor Norm Coleman (Republican) and Minnesota Attorney General Hubert H. "Skip" Humphrey III (Democratic-Farmer-Labor). After his victory, bumper stickers and T-shirts bearing the slogan "My governor can beat up your governor" appeared in Minnesota. The nickname "Jesse 'The Mind'" (from a last-minute Hillsman ad featuring Ventura posing as Rodin's Thinker) began to resurface sarcastically in reference to his frequently controversial remarks. Ventura's old stage name "Jesse 'The Body'" (sometimes adapted to "Jesse 'The Governing Body'") also continued to appear with some regularity. After a trade mission to China in 2002, Ventura announced that he would not run for a second term, stating that he no longer felt dedicated enough to his job to run again as well as what he viewed were constant attacks on his family by the media.[44] Ventura accused the media of hounding him and his family for personal behavior and belief while neglecting coverage of important policy issues. He later told a reporter for The Boston Globe that he would have run for a second term if he had been single, citing the media's effect on his family life.[45] Governor Ventura sparked media criticism when, nearing the end of his term, he suggested that he might resign from office early to allow his lieutenant governor, Mae Schunk, an opportunity to serve as governor. He further stated that he wanted her to be the state's first female governor and have her portrait painted and hung in the Capitol along with the other governors. Ventura quickly retreated from the comments, saying he was just floating an idea.[46] Political positions[edit] In political debates, Ventura often admitted that he had not formed an opinion on certain policy questions. Ventura frequently described himself as "fiscally conservative and socially liberal."[47] He selected teacher Mae Schunk as his running mate. Lacking a party base in the Minnesota House of Representatives and Senate, Ventura's policy ambitions had little chance of being introduced as bills. Initially, the residents of Minnesota feared Ventura's vetoes would be overturned. He vetoed 45 bills in his first year, only three of which were overridden. The reputation for having his vetoes overridden comes from his fourth and final year, where six of his nine vetoes were overturned.[48] He vetoed a bill to require recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance in public schools.[49] Nevertheless, Ventura was still successful in several initiatives. One of the most notable was the rebate on sales tax. In each year of his administration, Minnesotans received a tax-free check in the late summer.[50] The state was running a budget surplus at the time, and Ventura believed that the money should be returned to the public. Later, he came to support a unicameral (one-house) legislature, property tax reform, gay rights, and abortion rights. While funding public school education generously, he opposed the teachers' union, and did not have a high regard for the public funding of higher education institutions. Additionally, Ventura supported the use of medicinal marijuana,[51] advocated a higher role for third parties in national politics, and favored the concept of instant-runoff voting. He also opposed the death penalty. In an interview on The Howard Stern Show, he reaffirmed his support of gay rights, including gay marriage and gays in the military, humorously stating he would've gladly served alongside homosexuals when he was in the Navy as they would've provided less competition for women.[52] (Later, on the subject of a 2012 referendum on amending the Minnesota constitution to limit marriage to male-female couples, Ventura elaborated "I certainly hope that people don't amend our constitution to stop gay marriage because, number one, the constitution is there to protect people – not oppress them", and went on to relate a story from his pro wrestling days of a friend who was denied hospital visitation to his same-sex partner.[53]) Ventura was elected on a Reform party ticket, but he never received support from Ross Perot's Texas faction. When the Reform party was taken over by Pat Buchanan supporters before the presidential elections of 2000, Ventura left the party in February 2000, referring to it as "hopelessly dysfunctional". However, he maintained close ties to the Independence Party of Minnesota, which also broke from the Reform party around the same time. During the first part of his administration, Ventura strongly advocated for land-use reform and substantial mass transit improvements, such as light rail.[54] He made the light rail project a priority, obtaining additional funding from the Minnesota state legislature to keep the project moving. The METRO Blue Line was completed in 2004. During another trade mission to Cuba in the summer of 2002, he denounced the American economic sanctions against Cuba, stating that the sanctions affected the Cuban public more than it did its government.[55] In his book Independent Nation, political analyst John Avlon describes Ventura as a radical centrist thinker and activist.[56] Views on political parties[edit] Ventura, who ran on a Reform Party ticket and advocated for a greater role for third parties in American politics, is highly critical of both Democrats and Republicans. Ventura described both parties as "monsters that are out of control" who are concerned only with "their own agendas and their pork."[57] Despite having been a supporter of third parties as governor and having voted for Ralph Nader in 2008 as a protest vote, although he did vote for John Kerry in the 2004 Presidential election, Ventura has since declared he no longer supports the third party movement and advocates that all political parties, including third parties, be abolished. Feeling that the two-party system has corrupted the government, Ventura has expressed concern that if a third party became as successful as the Republicans and Democrats, it "will likewise have to corrupt itself. If you already have a two-headed monster, why would you need three?"[58] Ventura still remains an independent and has indicated in the event he runs for political office in the future, he would not run with any political party. Wellstone memorial[edit] Ventura greatly disapproved of some of the actions that took place at the 2002 memorial for Senator Paul Wellstone, his family, and others who died in a plane crash on October 25, 2002. Ventura said, "I feel used. I feel violated and duped over the fact that the memorial ceremony turned into a political rally".[59][60] He left halfway through the controversial speech made by Wellstone's best friend, Rick Kahn. Ventura had initially planned to appoint a Democrat to Wellstone's seat,[61] but he instead appointed Dean Barkley to represent Minnesota in the Senate until Wellstone's term expired in January 2003. Barkley was succeeded by Norm Coleman, who won the seat against Walter Mondale, who became the Democratic candidate replacement a few days before the election. Political criticisms[edit] After the legislature refused to increase spending for security, Ventura attracted criticism when he decided not to live in the governor's mansion during his tenure, choosing instead to shut it down and stay at his home in Maple Grove. Critics pointed to the loss of jobs for several working-class people at the mansion and the extra cost of reopening the mansion later.[62] In 1999, a group of disgruntled citizens petitioned to recall Governor Ventura, alleging, among other things, that "the use of state security personnel to protect the governor on a book promotion tour constituted illegal use of state property for personal gain." The petition was denied.[63] During his tenure as Governor, Ventura drew frequent fire from the press in the Twin Cities. He referred to reporters as "media jackals," a term that even appeared on the press passes required to enter the governor's press area.[64] Shortly after Ventura's election as governor, author and humorist Garrison Keillor wrote a satirical book about the event, spoofing Ventura as "Jimmy (Big Boy) Valente," a self-aggrandizing former "Navy W.A.L.R.U.S. (Water Air Land Rising Up Suddenly)" turned professional wrestler turned politician. Initially, Ventura responded angrily to the satire, but later, in a conciliatory vein, said that Keillor "makes Minnesota proud".[65] During his term, Ventura appeared on the Late Show with David Letterman, in which he responded controversially to the following question: "So which is the better city of the Twin Cities, Minneapolis or St. Paul?". Ventura responded, "Minneapolis. Those streets in St. Paul must have been designed by drunken Irishmen". He later apologized for the remark, adding that it was not intended to be taken seriously.[66] Consideration of bids for other political offices[edit] While Ventura has not held public office since the end of his term as governor in 2003, he has remained politically active and has occasionally hinted at intentions of possibly running again for political office. In an interview on CNN's The Situation Room on April 7, 2008, Ventura said that he was considering entering the race for the United States Senate seat then held by Norm Coleman, his Republican opponent in the 1998 Gubernatorial race.[67] A poll commissioned by Twin Cities station Fox 9 put him at 24 percent, behind Democratic candidate Al Franken at 32 percent and Norm Coleman at 39 percent in a hypothetical three-way race. However, Ventura announced on Larry King Live on July 14, 2008, that he would not run; Ventura's decision not to join the race was partly rooted from a fear of a potential lack of privacy for his family, a concern that contributed to his refusal to seek a second term as governor.[68] Al Franken ended up winning the election. In his 1999 autobiography I Ain't Got Time to Bleed, Ventura suggested he did not plan on running for President of the United States but did not rule out such an idea.[69] He spoke at Republican presidential candidate Ron Paul's "Rally for the Republic", organized by the Campaign for Liberty, on September 2, 2008. At the event, Ventura implied a possible future run at the U.S. Presidency. At the end of his speech, Ventura announced before a live audience that if he saw that the public was willing to see a change in the direction of the country, then "in 2012 we'll give them a race they'll never forget!" In 2011, Ventura expressed interest in running with Ron Paul for the 2012 presidential elections if the latter decided to run as an independent.[70] On November 4, 2011, Ventura said at a press conference about the dismissal of his court case against the Transportation Security Administration for what he claims are illegal searches of air travelers, that he is "thinking about" running for President.[71][72] There had been reports that officials from the Libertarian Party have tried to persuade Ventura to run for the presidency on a Libertarian ticket although the party chairman Mark Hinkle said, "Jesse is more interested in 2016 than he is in 2012. But I think he's serious. If Ron Paul ran as a Libertarian, I think he definitely would be interested in running as a vice presidential candidate. He's thinking, ‘If I run as the vice presidential candidate under Ron Paul in 2012, I could run as a presidential candidate in 2016."[73] David Gewirtz of ZDNet wrote in a November 2011 article that he thinks Ventura would have a chance at winning, if he declared his intention to run at that point and ran a serious campaign, but that it would be a long shot.[74] In September 2012, Ventura announced on several shows, including Piers Morgan Tonight,[75] The View,[76] The Alex Jones Show, and The Howard Stern Show that if a grassroots movement gets him national ballot access in all fifty states and Puerto Rico, as well as access to participate in the presidential candidate debates, he will "seriously consider" running for president in 2016, as an Independent.[77] Ventura reiterated in 2013 that he is still considering a run for president and has suggested that Howard Stern may be his running mate should he wage a bid.[78] Electoral history[edit] 1998 election for Governor Jesse Ventura (Ref.), 37% Norm Coleman (R), 34% Hubert H. Humphrey III (DFL), 28% Post-gubernatorial life[edit] Jesse Ventura's America Starring Jesse Ventura Production Location(s) Saint Paul, Minnesota, U.S. Broadcast Original channel MSNBC Original run October 4, 2003 – December 26, 2003 Ventura was succeeded in his office on January 6, 2003, by Republican Tim Pawlenty. He began a cable television show in October 2003, on MSNBC called Jesse Ventura's America. The show was broadcast once a week, on Saturdays, unlike many MSNBC shows which are on five nights a week (this show was originally planned for five nights a week as well, but MSNBC executives changed their minds). At the time of its airing, Jesse Ventura's America was the only national television show filmed in Minnesota. Among his guests were Charles Barkley, Gray Davis, Arianna Huffington, Rob Kampia, and Kathy McKee. However, the show was short-lived and ended on December 26, 2003, only a couple of months after it began. Although MSNBC executives said the show was cancelled because the show was too expensive to make, Ventura argued that the show was shelved because of his opposition to the Iraq War, saying that MSNBC did not want him becoming a prominent opponent to the war.[79] In 2004, Harvard graduate student and fellow Navy veteran Christopher Mora promoted the idea that the academic establishment had failed to reach out to citizens experienced in public service, but who did not fit the traditional idea of a politician. He successfully lobbied for the selection of Ventura, who started teaching a study group at Harvard University for the Spring 2004 semester as a visiting fellow at the Kennedy School of Government's Institute of Politics (IOP). His 90-minute study group focused on third party politics, campaign finance, the war on drugs, and other relevant political issues. Ventura scheduled multiple famous friends to appear for his seminars including Dean Barkley and Richard Marcinko. On October 22, 2004, with Ventura by his side, former Governor of Maine Angus King endorsed John Kerry for President at the Minnesota state capitol building. Ventura did not speak at the press conference. When prodded for a statement, King responded, "He plans to vote for John Kerry, but he doesn't want to make a statement and subject himself to the tender mercies of the Minnesota press".[80] In the 2012 Senate elections, Ventura endorsed King in his campaign for the open Senate seat in Maine, in which King won.[81] In November 2004, an advertisement began airing in California featuring Ventura. In it, Ventura voiced his opposition to then-Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger's policies regarding Native American casinos.[82] Ventura served as an advisory board member for a group called Operation Truth, a non-profit organization set up "to give voice to troops who served in Iraq." “The current use of the National Guard is wrong....These are men who did not sign up to go occupy foreign nations”.[83] In August 2005, Ventura became the spokesperson for BetUS, an online Sportsbook.[84] In 2005, Ventura repeatedly discussed leaving the United States. In September 2005, Ventura announced on The Mike Malloy Show that he was leaving the U.S. and planned to "have an adventure". In late October 2005, he went on The Big Idea with Donny Deutsch and reiterated that he was leaving the U.S. and moving to Mexico due to, among other things, censorship. In September 2006, Ventura endorsed and campaigned with independent Texas gubernatorial candidate Kinky Friedman, and Independence Party of Minnesota's gubernatorial candidate Peter Hutchinson and Team Minnesota. On December 29, 2011, Ventura announced his support for Ron Paul on the Alex Jones Show for the 2012 Presidential Election as "the only anti-war candidate."[85] However, after Mitt Romney became the presumptive nominee for the Republican party presidential candidate in May 2012, Ventura gave his support to Libertarian candidate Gary Johnson on June 12, 2012, whom Ventura argued was the choice for voters who “really want to rebel.”[86] In September 2012, Ventura and his wife appeared in an advertisement calling for voters to reject a referendum to be held in Minnesota during the November elections that would ban same-sex marriages in the state. The referendum was defeated.[87][88] Bush/Cheney administration and torture[edit] In a May 11, 2009, interview with Larry King, Ventura twice stated that George W. Bush was the worst president of his lifetime, adding "President Obama inherited something I wouldn't wish on my worst enemy. You know? Two wars, an economy that's borderline depression."[89] On the issue of waterboarding, Ventura added: I will criticize President Obama on this level: it's a good thing I'm not president because I would prosecute every person that was involved in that torture. I would prosecute the people that did it. I would prosecute the people that ordered it. Because torture is against the law. [King: And you were a Navy Seal] That's right and I was waterboarded...at SERE school, Survival Escape Resistance Evasion [sic]. It was a required school you had to go to prior to going into the combat zone, which in my era was Vietnam. All of us had to go there. We were all in essence, every one of us was waterboarded. It is torture. [King: What was it like?] It's drowning. It gives you the complete sensation that you are drowning. It's no good, because you—I'll put it to you this way, you give me a water board, Dick Cheney and one hour, and I'll have him confess to the Sharon Tate murders. ... If it's done wrong, you certainly could drown. You could swallow your tongue. [It] could do a whole bunch of stuff to you. If it's done wrong or—it's torture, Larry. It's torture.[90][91] Ventura then stated that he had no respect for Dick Cheney because he is "a guy who got five deferments from the Vietnam War. Clearly, he's a coward. He wouldn't go when it was his time to go. And now he is a chickenhawk. Now he is this big tough guy who wants this hardcore policy. And he's the guy that sanctioned all this torture by calling it 'enhanced interrogation'."[90] Ventura also expressed interest in being appointed ambassador to Cuba should U.S. relations with Cuba continue to improve.[92] On a May 18, 2009, appearance on The View, Ventura asked Elisabeth Hasselbeck if waterboarding is acceptable, why were the Oklahoma City bombers, Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, not waterboarded. "We only seem to waterboard Muslims."[93] Comparing the waterboarding of detainees to the North Vietnamese torture of American P.O.W.s, Ventura asserted, "We created our own Hanoi Hilton in Guantánamo. That's our Hanoi Hilton."[93] "'Enhanced interrogation' is Dick Cheney changing a word. Dick Cheney comes up with a new word to cover his ass."[93] On May 20, 2009, Ventura appeared on Fox & Friends. When Brian Kilmeade told Ventura that he would stop supporting waterboarding when "they're dead", Ventura responded, "Really? Have you enlisted? Have you enlisted or are you just talking?... Go walk the walk, don't talk the talk."[94] Questions regarding 9/11[edit] In a brief interview with Alex Jones in September 2006, Ventura began expressing doubts regarding the events behind the September 11 attacks. Ventura expressed concern over NORAD's response to the four commercial airliners that were hijacked and compared it to the response to the plane crash that killed professional golfer Payne Stewart in 1999, in which fighter jets were scrambled to intercept Stewart's jet. However, Ventura did not state that he believed the government orchestrated the attacks, but did argue that the government has contemplated false flag attacks in the past, citing Operation Northwoods as an example.[95] In April and May 2008, Jesse Ventura, in several radio interviews for his new book, Don't Start the Revolution Without Me, reiterated his concerns about what he described as some of the unanswered questions about 9/11.[96] His remarks about the possibility that the World Trade Center was demolished with explosives were also repeated in newspaper and television stories following some of the interviews.[97] On May 18, 2009, when asked by Sean Hannity of Fox News, how George W. Bush could have avoided the attacks of September 11, 2001, Ventura answered, "Well, you pay attention to memos on August 6th that tell you exactly what bin Laden's gonna do."[98] On April 9, 2011, when Piers Morgan from CNN asked Ventura what his official view on the events of 9/11 was, Ventura said, "My theory of 9/11 is that we certainly – at the best we knew it was going to happen. They allowed it to happen to further their agenda in the Middle East and go to these wars."[99] Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura[edit] Main article: Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura In August 2009, it was announced that Ventura would host TruTV's new show Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura.[100] "Ventura will hunt down answers, plunging viewers into a world of secret meetings, midnight surveillance, shifty characters and dark forces," truTV said in a statement. On the program, which debuted on December 2, 2009, Ventura travels the country, investigating cases and getting input from believers and skeptics before passing judgment on a theory's validity.[101] According to TruTV, the first episode drew 1.6 million viewers, a record for a new series on the network.[102] The first season was followed by a second season that aired in 2010, and a third season that aired in 2012.[103] After the third season, the show was discontinued and a fourth season will not be made.[104] Books written by Ventura[edit] Main article: American Conspiracies During his time as governor, Ventura wrote a number of politically themed books. He continued to write several other books after leaving office. In April 2008, a book authored by Ventura, titled Don't Start the Revolution Without Me, was released. In it, Ventura describes a hypothetical campaign in which he is a candidate for President of the United States in 2008, running as an independent. In an interview with the Associated Press at the time of the book's release, however, Ventura denied any plans for a presidential bid, stating that the scenario is only imaginary and not indicative of a "secret plan to run".[105] On MinnPost.com, Ventura's agent, Steve Schwartz, describes the book thus: "[Ventura is revealing] why he left politics and discussing the disastrous war in Iraq, why he sees our two-party system as corrupt, and what Fidel Castro told him about who was really behind the assassination of President Kennedy."[106] American Conspiracies is a book Ventura wrote with Dick Russell, published by Skyhorse Publishing in 2010 which discusses conspiracy theories related to several notable events in United States history. 63 Documents the Government Doesn't Want You to Read was written by Ventura with Dick Russell and published in 2011. The book describes documents that Ventura claims the government does not want the public to be informed of, although he stated the documents were not stolen and were only on the public domain. Ventura also wrote DemoCRIPS and ReBLOODlicans: No More Gangs in Government, which was released in 2012. The book expresses Ventura's opposition to the two-party system and calls for political parties to be abolished.[107] He has finished his latest book They Killed Our President: 63 Reasons to Believe There Was a Conspiracy to Assassinate JFK which was printed and released in October, coinciding with the upcoming 50th anniversary on November 22, of President Kennedy's assassination. Lawsuit against the TSA[edit] In January 2011, Jesse Ventura filed a lawsuit against the Transportation Security Administration for being subject to controversial pat-downs. Ventura, who received a titanium hip replacement in 2008 that sets off metal detectors at airport security checkpoints, has asserted that these pat-downs violate citizens' Fourth Amendment rights. Ventura's attorney has claimed that while he is not seeking any monetary compensation, Ventura wants an acknowledgment from the court that his rights were violated and that the TSA halt future pat-downs on him.[108] Ventura stated that as a former politician and a military veteran and posing no threat, it is inappropriate for him to be subject to pat-downs. The lawsuit was dismissed in November 2011 under the ruling that Ventura should have filed the lawsuit in the Court of Appeals.[109] In related comments to the media following the lawsuit's dismissal, Ventura stated he believed America had become "fascist" for the secret ruling and subsequent mainstream media blackout. The former Governor said he would seek dual citizenship in both the United States and Mexico, having lived in Baja California Sur for a number of years. He also said he no longer felt patriotic and would raise a fist during the playing of the national anthem at public events. Ventura has declared he would no longer fly commercially and has repeatedly stated, "I love my country, not my government" in post-press-release interviews. After his press conference on the issue, upon being asked if he would next go to the Court of Appeals, Ventura responded: "What for? I want a trial by jury. They tell me I can't have a jury decide my fate. They want three government paid judges to decide it. Well it'll never see the light of day then. They claim it's because of security reasons: We can't even know what the rules are at the TSA. How do we know if we're being abused [of our rights] if they won't even tell us what the rules are?"[110] The ultimate outcome of the TSA constitutional matter remains undetermined, and Ventura has not stated whether he would continue his lawsuit.[111] Controversies[edit] Navy SEAL background controversies[edit] Bill Salisbury, an attorney in San Diego and a former Navy SEAL officer, accused Ventura of "pretending" to be a SEAL and wrote that Ventura would be blurring an important distinction by claiming to be a SEAL when he was actually a frogman with the UDT. Compared to SEAL Teams, UDTs saw less combat and took fewer casualties. Although Ventura underwent UDT training, he never attempted the additional 26 week SEAL Qualification Training. In 1983, eight years after Ventura left the Navy, the UDT's were disbanded and those operators were retrained and retasked as SEALs.[14][112][113] Responding to the controversy, Governor Ventura's office confirmed that Ventura was a member of the UDTs. His spokesman stated that Ventura has never tried to convince people otherwise.[14] Ventura stated: "Today we refer to all of us as SEALs; that's all it is," and dismissed the accusations of lying about being a SEAL as "much ado about nothing."[113] Opie and Anthony incident[edit] The Opie and Anthony Show hosted Ventura on December 2, 2009. The theme was Ventura's show, Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura. A debate arose with Ventura opposing the hosts on torture and suspension of due process after the September 11 attacks, as well as the wars in Afghanistan and in Iraq. The debate shifted from terrorist profiling to racial profiling of Mexicans, in which Ventura said when returning to the United States from his home in Mexico, two hours after crossing the border into Arizona, he witnessed Border Patrol agents demanding proof of citizenship on a highway in an effort to combat illegal immigration, actions that Ventura argued were violating the Constitution. When co-host Jim Norton, who defended these actions by the Border Patrol, said he also believed in the Constitution, Ventura said, "No, you don't, 'cause you're saying this is OK." Both Ventura and Norton continued to argue over the government's handling of illegal immigration. During the debate, Ventura told Norton to not "put words in my mouth". Norton defended doing so by saying Ventura was doing the same, to which Ventura said "Bye, guys" and prepared to exit the studio. When Norton asked Ventura why he was leaving, Ventura said, "No, I'm not. There's a fucking guy here telling me I've got a schedule, asshole," Norton replied, "You're using dirty language, asshole." Further tension ensued, with Norton making various insults and accusations of physical intimidation. Norton continued to vent after Ventura left the studio, calling Ventura a "fucking baby" and a "big fucking guy who doesn't like the little guy yelling." The incident was recorded on camera and gained over a million views since the video was posted in December 2009 on YouTube.[114] Ventura, who was hosted on the Opie and Anthony show a few times prior to the incident, has not returned to the show since. Tailgating allegations[edit] In December 2011 TMZ reported that Jesse Ventura was pulled over for tailgating another vehicle in the San Fernando Valley while on his way to the airport and that the police officers who pulled him over let him go with a warning.[115] However, Ventura dismissed the rumors and one of his attorneys stated he had not been in California since July 15, 2011.[116] Ventura himself said that he had not left Minnesota for over a month at the time the story was published and that he has refused to fly commercially since filing an unsuccessful lawsuit against the TSA earlier that year.[117] Ventura warned that he was considering a lawsuit against TMZ over the article, which has since been taken off their website and he also denounced the rumors as part of a smear campaign against him.[118] Chris Kyle controversy[edit] On January 4, 2012, Chris Kyle, a former U.S. Navy SEAL who had served in Iraq who had 160 confirmed kills and was thus the deadliest marksman in American military history,[119] promoted his recently released book American Sniper on the Opie and Anthony Show, the same radio show where Ventura got into a verbal altercation with a host two years prior. When Kyle was on the air, a listener called in and asked about how Kyle allegedly punched Ventura in a bar fight. After receiving the call, show host Gregg 'Opie' Hughes asked Kyle about the rumor. Kyle claimed that he punched Ventura in the face at a bar popular with Navy SEAL personnel in Coronado, California, for loudly expressing criticism of the Iraq War back in 2006 during a wake for Michael A. Monsoor, a Medal of Honor recipient and Navy SEAL who had been killed in action in Iraq the same year. According to Kyle, Ventura, who was present in San Diego to give a speech to a graduating BUD/S class, was "letting it known he did not agree" with the war in Iraq and was "bad-mouthing the war, bad-mouthing (former President) Bush, bad-mouthing America." Although Kyle, who wrote about the alleged incident in his book but did not mention Ventura by name, said he approached Ventura and asked him to tone down his voice because the families of SEAL personnel were present, Ventura allegedly said to Kyle that the SEALs "deserved to lose a few guys." Kyle said he responded by punching Ventura.[120][121] Kyle repeated his claims in a later interview with Bill O'Reilly on his show. Following this interview, radio host Alex Jones interviewed Ventura on January 8 regarding what happened. During the interview, Ventura denied the rumors, saying he never met Kyle nor has he heard of him before. Ventura argued that had the confrontation occurred, Kyle would be admitting to assault and that the incident would have become known across the Navy SEAL community, as Ventura had been a member of the UDT/SEALs community. Ventura also stated that the bar, known as McP's, was owned by a former Navy SEAL who was his cadre instructor when in the military and that he would not misbehave at the bar. Because the rumors emerged as Ventura was travelling down to his second home in Mexico, Ventura felt that the story was released at that point so he would be unable to properly fight the allegations.[122] After the Opie and Anthony hosts learned of Jones' interview with Ventura, they interviewed Kyle, who clarified his view of what happened and urged witnesses who were present at the bar to come forward to back his claims. Alex Jones, who is a friend of Ventura and was highly skeptical of Kyle's claims before his interview with Ventura, was also invited by the Opie and Anthony hosts to discuss the controversy. After Jones called in, an argument erupted over whether the incident happened, with the Opie and Anthony hosts siding with Kyle's version of events, and Jones siding with Ventura's. During the argument, Kyle denied claims by Jones that he was part of a bigger plot of discrediting Ventura and also suggested frustration over the attention on Kyle being focused on the alleged incident rather than on his book in general. Kyle also offered to meet with Ventura privately to end the dispute.[123] While Jones and the Opie and Anthony hosts were receptive to Kyle's proposal, no meeting between him and Ventura occurred. Ventura, reiterating that the incident did not happen, posted a comment on his official Facebook page saying the following: The event this man spoke of never happened. I have been to McP's many times since leaving the Navy. I was never there alone. I was always accompanied by other people. If this happened 6 years ago, someone would have known of it before now. Certainly in the UDT/SEAL community it would have been known. This has to be news to all of us. I have always opposed the war in Iraq but I have never spoken or wished any ill will towards the soldiers. My heart aches that soldiers have died or been wounded because this war should never have taken place. I am perplexed over the agenda this man has and why a fellow Navy Seal [sic] would tell a lie about an event that never happened. Clearly between this story and the previous week's story about supposedly getting pulled over for tailgaiting [sic] in CA that was also a lie, someone is out to destroy my credibility. I find it very interesting that both these stories are being spread by Fox news [sic] and it's [sic] affiliates. As a Navy veteran you realize you can’t believe every sea story you hear. Let me finish by stating both of the recent two national stories about me are completely untrue lies, neither event ever happened. Sincerely, Jesse Ventura.[124] Lawsuit against Kyle[edit] Ventura filed a defamation suit against Kyle in January 2012.[121] Ventura initially considered dropping the lawsuit, but several retired Navy SEALs including the owner of McP's demanded that Ventura continue his lawsuit, which Ventura did after Kyle failed to agree on a settlement in which he would state the incident never happened.[125] In a motion filed by Kyle's attorney in August 2012 to dismiss two of the suit's three counts, declarations by five former SEALs and the mothers of two others supported Kyle's account.[126] However, in a motion filed by Ventura, Bill DeWitt, a close friend of Ventura and former SEAL who was present with him at the bar, suggested that Ventura interacted with a few SEALs but was involved in no confrontation with Kyle, and said that Kyle's claims were false. DeWitt's wife also said she never witnessed any fight between Kyle and Ventura.[127] Although the lawsuit was ongoing as of 2013, Kyle was murdered in an unrelated incident on February 2, 2013.[128] In May 2013, Ventura substituted Kyle's widow, Taya Kyle, as the defendent, with his lawyers arguing that “it would be unjust to permit the estate to continue to profit from Kyle’s wrongful conduct and to leave Governor Ventura without redress for ongoing damage to his reputation.”[129] Personal life[edit] Family[edit] On July 18, 1975, three days after his twenty-fourth birthday, Ventura married his wife Terry.[9] The couple have two children: a son, Tyrel,[130] who is a film and television director and producer,[131] and a daughter, Jade.[130] With the exception of the first two Wrestlemania's, Ventura would always say hello to "Terry, Tyrel and Jade back in Minneapolis" during his commentary of the annual event. Tyrel also had the honor of inducting his father into the WWE Hall of Fame in 2004. Tyrel also worked on Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura and was an investigator in the show's third season. Ventura and his wife split their time living in both Minnesota and Cabo San Lucas, Mexico.[132] Regarding his life in Mexico, Ventura said, "I live one hour from pavement and one hour from electricity,..." "I drive down and back every year and it's truly an adventure to live down there where I do, because I'm off the grid,..." "I have electricity but it's all solar. I'm completely solar-powered down there. And it makes you pay more attention. It makes you turn the lights off when you're not using them."[133] Steroid use[edit] During his wrestling days, Ventura used anabolic steroids. He admitted this after retiring from competition, and went on to make public service announcements and appear in printed ads and on posters warning young people about the potential dangers and potential health risks of abusing steroids.[134] Health problems[edit] In 2002, Ventura was hospitalized for a severe blood clot in his lungs, the same kind of injury that ended his wrestling career.[135] Religion[edit] In 1999, Ventura said in an interview on NBC that he considered himself to be a Christian but did not believe he needs a church to attend.[136] Although a staunch critic of religion, Ventura is a supporter of religious freedom. He endorsed equal rights for religious minorities, as well as people who do not believe in God, by declaring July 4, 2002, "Indivisible Day". Ventura proclaimed October 13–19, 2002 as "Christian Heritage Week" in Minnesota.[137][138] In a Playboy interview, Ventura said, "Organized religion is a sham and a crutch for weak-minded people who need strength in numbers. It tells people to go out and stick their noses in other people's business. I live by the golden rule: Treat others as you'd want them to treat you. The religious right wants to tell people how to live." In his 1999 best-selling memoir I Ain't Got Time to Bleed, Ventura responded to the controversy sparked by these remarks by elaborating on his views concerning religion: I'd like to clarify [my comments published in Playboy] about religious people being weak-minded. I didn't mean all religious people. I don't have any problem with the vast majority of religious folks. I count myself among them, more or less. But I believe because it makes sense to me, not because I think it can be proven. There are lots of people out there who think they know the truth about God and religion, but does anybody really know for sure? That's why the Founding Fathers built freedom of religious belief into the structure of this nation, so that everybody could make up their minds for themselves. But I do have a problem with the people who think they have some right to try to impose their beliefs on others. I hate what the fundamentalist fanatics are doing to our country. It seems as though, if everybody doesn't accept their version of reality, that somehow invalidates it for them. Everybody must believe the same things they do. That's what I find weak and destructive.[139] In April 2011, Ventura said on Piers Morgan Tonight and the The Howard Stern Show, that he is an atheist and believes that his beliefs could disqualify him for office in the future, arguing that, "I don't believe you can be an atheist and admit it and get elected in our country."[1] In an earlier interview with CNN in October 2010, Ventura denounced religion as the "root of all evil. You notice every war is fought over religion."[140] Ventura also said in 2012 that he was baptized a Lutheran.[141] Books[edit] I Ain't Got Time to Bleed: Reworking the Body Politic from the Bottom Up (May 1999) ISBN 978-0-375-50332-0 Do I Stand Alone? Going to the Mat Against Political Pawns and Media Jackals (September 2000) ISBN 978-0-7434-0586-7 Jesse Ventura Tells it Like it Is: America's Most Outspoken Governor Speaks Out About Government (September 2002, co-authored with Heron Marquez) ISBN 978-0-8225-0385-9 Don't Start the Revolution Without Me! (March 2008, co-authored with Dick Russell) ISBN 978-1-60239-273-1 American Conspiracies (March 2010, co-authored with Dick Russell) ISBN 978-1-60239-802-3 63 Documents the Government Doesn't Want You to Read (April 2011, co-authored with Dick Russell) ISBN 978-1-61608-226-0 DemoCRIPS and ReBLOODlicans: No More Gangs in Government (June 2012, co-authored with Dick Russell) ISBN 978-1616084486 They Killed Our President: 63 Reasons to Believe There Was a Conspiracy to Assassinate JFK (October 2013, with Dick Russell & David Wayne) Notes[edit] 1.^ Jump up to: a b "The Howard Stern Show". April 5, 2011. 143 minutes in. Sirius XM Radio. "Actually Howard, I can't even run for office anymore. [...] Like George [Takei] I've come out of the closet. ... I'm an atheist. ... I don't believe you can be an atheist and admit it and get elected in our country." 2.Jump up ^ "James Janos Discharge Document". militaryhub.com. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 3.^ Jump up to: a b c "Military People: Jesse Ventura". militaryhub.com. Retrieved 2011-07-15. 4.^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "OWOW profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved December 29, 2012. 5.Jump up ^ "Ventura Will Quit Reform Party Today, Minn. Official Reports". 6.Jump up ^ McCallum, Laura. "The political legacy of Jesse Ventura". http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org. Retrieved January 12, 2013. 7.Jump up ^ Khoo, Michael. "The days of Jesse". http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org. Retrieved January 12, 2013. 8.Jump up ^ http://www.ora.tv/offthegrid 9.^ Jump up to: a b Cohen, Daniel. Jesse Ventura. 2001. Brookfield, CT: Twenty-first Century Books. p. 26. Retrieved December 21, 2011. ISBN 978-0-7613-1905-4 10.Jump up ^ "Ancestry of Jesse Ventura". Wargs.com. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 11.Jump up ^ April 1, 2008, in Larry King interview with Ventura on NBC 12.Jump up ^ "Jesse "The Great Pretender" Ventura". San Diego Reader. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 13.Jump up ^ "Ventura discloses he didn't see combat in Vietnam War". Star tribune (Minneapolis). Associated Press. January 29, 2002. Archived from the original on February 3, 2002. 14.^ Jump up to: a b c "MPR: Battling Seals". News.minnesota.publicradio.org. December 14, 1999. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 15.Jump up ^ Belluck, Pam (October 31, 1998). "THE 1998 CAMPAIGN: MINNESOTA; Candidates Are Neck, Neck and Neck in Governor's Race". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 16.^ Jump up to: a b "Ventura-Anderson transcript". Star Tribune (Minneapolis). April 5, 2001. Archived from the original on February 10, 2002. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 17.Jump up ^ "Jesse Ventura Hunting Remarks Draw Fire". ABC News. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 18.^ Jump up to: a b c Cohen, Daniel (2001). Jesse Ventura. Lerner Publishing Group. pp. 30–32. ISBN 978-0-7613-1905-4. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 19.Jump up ^ "Outlaw Gangs: Northern Nevada eyes biker enmity". Reviewjournal.com. May 12, 2002. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 20.Jump up ^ Labar, Justin (May 14, 2010). "Complete Interview Transcript With Jesse Ventura". Wrestlezone.com. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 21.Jump up ^ Jesse Ventura PBS 22.^ Jump up to: a b c d e f "Cagematch profile". 23.^ Jump up to: a b "WWE profile". 24.^ Jump up to: a b c John Molinaro, The Top 100 Pro Wrestlers of All Time, (Winding Stair Press: 2002), page 199 25.Jump up ^ Milner, John M. (January 21, 2006). "Jesse Ventura's bio". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2009-06-26. 26.Jump up ^ Jake Tapper, "Body Slam: The Jesse Ventura Story," pg. 104–105 27.^ Jump up to: a b Jesse Ventura, "I Ain't Got Time To Bleed pg. 108 28.Jump up ^ "Ventura v. Titan Sports, Inc". Jollylager.com. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 29.^ Jump up to: a b "Finishing Moves List". Other Arena. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 30.Jump up ^ "AWA World Tag Team Championship history". 31.Jump up ^ "NWA World Tag Team Championship ''(Central States version)'' history". Solie.org. Retrieved 2012-12-15. 32.Jump up ^ "AWA Southern Heavyweight Championship history". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved 2012-12-15. 33.Jump up ^ "NWA Hawaii Tag Team Championship history". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved 2012-12-15. 34.Jump up ^ "NWA Pacific Northwest Heavyweight Championship history". Solie.org. Retrieved 2012-12-15. 35.Jump up ^ "NWA Pacific Northwest Tag Team Championship history". 36.Jump up ^ Woodshop (2010) – Release dates 37.Jump up ^ "DiC Shows". Web.archive.org. April 1, 2004. Archived from the original on April 1, 2004. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 38.Jump up ^ The WrestleCrap Book of Lists! By R. D. Reynolds, Blade Braxton, page 310 39.Jump up ^ "Tag Team – the lost pilot episode starring Roddy Piper and Jesse Ventura!". I-Mockery.com. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 40.Jump up ^ "MPR: Ventura – the year in review". News.minnesota.publicradio.org. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 41.Jump up ^ Jake Tapper, "Body Slam: The Jesse Ventura Story," pg. 105–108 42.Jump up ^ Carly Skorczewski (October 29, 1998 – Volume 11, Issue 5). "Mayor of Brooklyn Park, Jesse Ventura: Reform endorsed candidate". Morris.umn.edu. Archived from the original on January 7, 2009. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 43.Jump up ^ Howey, Brian (June 18, 2009). "Time to Take Over the Indiana Libertarian Party". Retrieved 2009-06-26. Retrieved from Internet Archive January 17 2014. 44.Jump up ^ "Jesse Ventura announces he will not seek second term in November". http://seattletimes.nwsource.com. June 18, 2002. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 45.Jump up ^ Joseph P. Kahn (February 25, 2004). "The Body politic – The Boston Globe". Boston.com. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 46.Jump up ^ "Ventura May Leave Office Early – Political Wire". Politicalwire.com. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 47.Jump up ^ Ventura, Jesse (2000). Ain't Got Time to Bleed. Signet. pp. 13–14. ISBN 0-451-20086-1. 48.Jump up ^ "Minnesota Legislative Reference Library: Bills Vetoed by Governors and Override Attempts, 1939–present". Minnesota Legislative Reference Library www.leg.state.mn.us/LRL. Retrieved 2009-05-09.[dead link] 49.Jump up ^ "freedomforum.org: Minnesota governor vetoes Pledge of Allegiance requirement". Freedomforum.org. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 50.Jump up ^ "National Governors Association". http://www.nga.org. 01-nov-08. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved 2010-09-03. 51.Jump up ^ Jesse Ventura: Legalize Marijuana Fox Business News. Retrieved January 17 2014. 52.Jump up ^ "The body on the hulk – The Howard Stern Show". Howardstern.com. May 19, 2009. Archived from the original on January 31, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 53.Jump up ^ Carlson, Heather J. (June 18, 2012). "Political Notebook: Ventura offers to campaign against marriage amendment". Post-Bulletin. 54.Jump up ^ Ventura, Jesse (2008). Don't start the revolution without me!. Skyhorse Publishing Inc. pp. 143–160. ISBN 1-60239-273-0. 55.Jump up ^ "MPR: Ventura begins final foreign journey as governor". News.minnesota.publicradio.org. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 56.Jump up ^ Avlon, John (2004). Independent Nation: How the Vital Center Is Changing American Politics. Harmony Books / Random House, pp. 177–93 ("Radical Centrists"). ISBN 978-1-4000-5023-9. 57.Jump up ^ "Jesse Ventura on Principles & Values". http://www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved May 19, 2012. 58.Jump up ^ "Jesse Ventura: US should abolish inherently corrupt political parties". rawstory.com. Retrieved 2011-07-27. 59.Jump up ^ "Ventura May Tap Independent to Wellstone's Seat; Mondale Officially in for Dems". Foxnews.com. October 31, 2002. Archived from the original on February 5, 2011. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 60.Jump up ^ "Honor & Civility, RIP". Weeklystandard.com. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 61.Jump up ^ "VENTURA: I WON'T APPOINT DEMOCRAT – United Press International | HighBeam Research – FREE trial". Highbeam.com. November 1, 2002. Retrieved 2010-06-13.[dead link] 62.Jump up ^ "National Briefing | Midwest: Minnesota: Governor Shuts Mansion – New York Times". Query.nytimes.com. May 1, 2002. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 63.Jump up ^ In Re Proposed Petition to Recall Governor Jesse Ventura http://wrestlingperspective.com/legal/ventura.html 64.Jump up ^ Lynda McConnell, Special to Stateline.org. "Provocative Press Pass Miffs Minnesota Media". Stateline.org. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 65.Jump up ^ "Current.org | Keillor v. Ventura". Current.org. Archived from the original on July 15, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 66.Jump up ^ "Gov. Ventura Stumbles – New York Times". Query.nytimes.com. Published: February 26, 1999. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 67.Jump up ^ Jesse Ventura Running For The Senate?![dead link], YouTube 68.Jump up ^ Falcone, Michael (July 14, 2008). "Ventura Decides Against Senate Run". The Caucus (New York Times). Retrieved 2008-07-14. 69.Jump up ^ "Jesse Ventura on Principles & Values". http://www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved February 23, 2012. 70.Jump up ^ Barr, Andy. "Jesse Ventura wants to be Ron Paul's 2012 running mate". Politico. Retrieved October 2, 2011. 71.Jump up ^ Emily Gurnon (November 4, 2011). "Angry Jesse Ventura thinking about presidential run". TwinCities.com. 72.Jump up ^ "Former Minn. Gov. Ventura, miffed by court setback, says he’ll seek Mexican citizenship". The Washington Post. November 5, 2011.[dead link] 73.Jump up ^ Epstein, Reid J. "Gary Johnson eyes Libertarians, who eye Ventura". http://www.politico.com. Retrieved February 26, 2012. 74.Jump up ^ David Gewirtz (November 8, 2011). "Is there any possible way Jesse Ventura could win the Presidency?". ZDNet. 75.Jump up ^ "Piers Live with Jesse Ventura". September 17, 2012. 76.Jump up ^ "The View". September 17, 2012. 77.Jump up ^ "Jesse Ventura Looking to Run in 2016!!". http://www.infowars.com. Retrieved September 22, 2012. 78.Jump up ^ "Game Over: Jesse Ventura wants Howard Stern as running mate for 2016 presidential run". http://dailycaller.com/. 79.Jump up ^ Sheppard, Noel. "Jesse Ventura: MSNBC Canceled My Show For Opposing Iraq War". http://newsbusters.org. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 80.Jump up ^ "MPR: Speechless no more, Ventura stumps for Kerry at colleges". News.minnesota.publicradio.org. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 81.Jump up ^ Gavin, Patrick. "Jesse Ventura goes gangsta in political tome". Politico. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 82.Jump up ^ Jesse Ventura (May 15, 2009). Don't Start the Revolution Without Me!. p. 137. ISBN 1-60239-716-3. 83.Jump up ^ "Army News, benefits, careers, entertainment, photos, promotions – Army Times HOME". Armytimes.com. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 84.Jump up ^ "BetUs Events". Web.archive.org. October 15, 2007. Archived from the original on October 15, 2007. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 85.Jump up ^ "Jesse Ventura Endorsement of Ron Paul". Infowars.com. Retrieved 2012-12-15. 86.Jump up ^ Martel, Frances. "Jesse Ventura Tells CNN Morning Crew Why Politicians Should Wear NASCAR Outfits". http://www.mediaite.com. Retrieved June 13, 2012. 87.Jump up ^ "Jesse Ventura campaigns against anti-gay marriage amendment". http://www.wisconsingazette.com. Retrieved January 12, 2013. 88.Jump up ^ "Minnesota Amendment 1 Same-Sex Marriage Ballot Measure Fails". Retrieved January 12, 2013. 89.Jump up ^ Jesse Ventura: You Give Me a Water Board, Dick Cheney and One Hour, and I'll Have Him Confess to the Sharon Tate Murders, CrooksAndLiars.com 90.^ Jump up to: a b Jesse Ventura: You Give Me a Water Board, Dick Cheney and One Hour, and I'll Have Him Confess to the Sharon Tate Murders, CrooksAndLiars.com 91.Jump up ^ heathr456. "Jesse Ventura: You Give Me a Water Board, Dick Cheney and One Hour". YouTube. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 92.Jump up ^ "Jesse Ventura on Larry King 5–11–09, Part 1". YouTube. Retrieved 2010-06-13.[dead link] 93.^ Jump up to: a b c Stein, Sam (May 18, 2009). "Ventura And Hasselbeck Rumble Over Waterboarding on the View". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 94.Jump up ^ Linkins, Jason (May 20, 2009). "Jesse Ventura Lays Waste To Fox And Friends". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 95.Jump up ^ Watson, Paul Joseph. "Former Governor Jesse Ventura Questions Official 9/11 Story". http://www.prisonplanet.com. Retrieved September 8, 2012. 96.Jump up ^ "Jesse The Body Sounds Off". howardstern.com. May 21, 2008. Archived from the original on January 31, 2010. 97.Jump up ^ Ventura says he regrets initial acceptance of 9/11 explanations[dead link], Associated Press, April 3, 2008 98.Jump up ^ Linkins, Jason (May 19, 2009). "Jesse Ventura, Hannity Go Head-To-Head". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 99.Jump up ^ "PIERS MORGAN TONIGHT Interview With Jesse Ventura". http://www.cnn.com. Retrieved October 20, 2012. 100.Jump up ^ "Jesse Ventura Working on Conspiracy Theory Series For truTV". Huffingtonpost.com. September 30, 2008. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 101.Jump up ^ "TruTv:Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura". News.turner.com. Retrieved 2012-12-15. 102.Jump up ^ "Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura Delivers 1.6 Million Viewers, truTV's Biggest Audience Ever for a New Series Launch". TVbytheNumbers.com. December 3, 2009. Retrieved 2011-04-01. 103.Jump up ^ Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura Second Season episode list, TruTv.com 104.Jump up ^ Ragsdale, Jim. "Jesse Ventura says 2016 offers best shot for independent presidential candidate". StarTribune. Retrieved 31 August 2013. 105.Jump up ^ Freed, Joshua."Ventura:No Plans to Run Again, but...", Associated Press. Retrieved April 1, 2008. 106.Jump up ^ Jesse's back! New Ventura book 'Revolution' will cover political waterfront, MinnPost.com 107.Jump up ^ Harper, Jennifer. "Inside the Beltway: Bipartisan gangland". http://www.washingtontimes.com. Retrieved May 24, 2012. 108.Jump up ^ Hunter, Marnie (September 27, 2000). "Jesse Ventura slams TSA with lawsuit". CNN. Retrieved September 17, 2011. 109.Jump up ^ "'I've had enough of the Fascist States of America': Former Governor's fury at TSA as he says he's leaving for Mexico... but may still run for President". http://www.dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved February 21, 2012. 110.Jump up ^ Video of Press Conference Response starts at 3:03 minutes 111.Jump up ^ "Former Minn. Gov. Ventura, miffed by court setback, says he’ll seek Mexican citizenship". http://www.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved November 6, 2011.[dead link] 112.Jump up ^ "Jesse "The Great Pretender" Ventura". San Diego Reader. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 113.^ Jump up to: a b "Ventura brushes off criticism of SEAL training". Retrieved 2011-12-02. 114.Jump up ^ Huff, Richard. "Jesse Ventura walks off 'Opie & Anthony' show after verbal mud fest with Jim Norton". Daily News (New York). Retrieved September 16, 2011. 115.Jump up ^ Gerweck, Steve. "Jesse Ventura pulled over for tailgating". http://www.gerweck.net. Retrieved February 25, 2012. 116.Jump up ^ "Ventura Says Story About Being Pulled Over in California is Not True". http://kstp.com. Retrieved February 25, 2012. 117.Jump up ^ Giri, Raj. "Correction on Jesse Ventura Tailgating Story". http://www.wrestlinginc.com. Retrieved February 25, 2012. 118.Jump up ^ Webb, Chad. "Jesse Ventura Has Lawyers Threatening Lawsuit Against TMZ Over Recent News Article". http://www.411mania.com. Retrieved February 25, 2012. 119.Jump up ^ Buiso, Gary (January 3, 2012). "Meet the big shot SEAL is America's deadliest sniper". http://www.nypost.com. Retrieved January 13, 2012. 120.Jump up ^ Zennie, Michael (January 6, 2012). "America's deadliest sniper killed 255 Iraqi 'savages' to protect his friends... but he punched out Jesse Ventura because he 'bad-mouthed the troops'". London: http://www.dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved January 13, 2012. 121.^ Jump up to: a b Associated Press, "Ex-SEAL’s attorney: Ventura’s claims deficient", Military Times, August 29, 2012 122.Jump up ^ Watson, Paul Joseph. "Ventura: Navy SEAL ‘Punch’ Hoax May be Retribution For Supporting Ron Paul". www.infowars.com. Retrieved February 25, 2012. 123.Jump up ^ Mike, Opelka. "RADIO HOST CONFRONTS SEAL SNIPER OVER VENTURA BAR BRAWL STORY...AND REVEALS ‘PSY-OPS’ THEORY". http://www.theblaze.com. Retrieved January 13, 2012. 124.Jump up ^ Opelka, Mike. "Navy SEAL Smackdown? Jesse Ventura Denies Sniper's Story". Retrieved February 25, 2012. 125.Jump up ^ Watson, Paul Joseph. "Jesse Ventura Gets Backing of Former SEALs in Lawsuit Over "Punch" Hoax". http://www.infowars.com. Retrieved September 6, 2012. 126.Jump up ^ Browing, Dan, Star Tribune, "Ex-SEAL: Jesse Ventura got popped after popping off", Stars and Stripes, August 29, 2012 127.Jump up ^ Hanners, David. "Ventura says fellow author just after notoriety". http://www.twincities.com. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 128.Jump up ^ Stanton, Jessica. "Renowned Navy SEAL sniper shot dead at Texas gun range". http://dailycaller.com. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 129.Jump up ^ Hopfensperger, Jean. "Former MN Gov. Ventura wants to add widow to suit against Navy SEAL Chris Kyle". http://www.startribune.com/. Retrieved 1 June 2013. 130.^ Jump up to: a b "Last CallFor Gov. Jesse Ventura—and His Fun-Loving Son Tyrel—the Party Is Over". People. Vol. 58 No. 2 July 8, 2002 131.Jump up ^ Justin, Neal. "Jesse Ventura hires a familiar face". Star Tribune. September 19, 2011 132.Jump up ^ "Meet the Team". Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura. TruTV. Retrieved December 21, 2011. 133.Jump up ^ "Jesse Ventura Calls for Revolution of Political Parties". Transcript of Larry King Live. April 1, 2008. CNN. Retrieved December 21, 2011. 134.Jump up ^ "This Week in FDA History". Fda.gov. Retrieved 2009-07-06. 135.Jump up ^ "Ventura hospitalized with blood clot in lung". CNN. July 9, 2002. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 136.Jump up ^ "The Religious Affiliation of Jesse Ventura Professional Wrestler and Governor of Minnesota". Retrieved March 22, 2012. 137.Jump up ^ "Religion News". Pewforum.org. Retrieved 2008-10-20.[dead link] 138.Jump up ^ Jo Napolitano (Nyt) (Published: August 2, 2002). "National Briefing | Midwest: Minnesota: Christians One Up On Ventura – New York Times". Query.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 139.Jump up ^ "Jesse Ventura on Principles & Values". Ontheissues.org. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 140.Jump up ^ "Transcripts". CNN. Retrieved 2012-12-15. 141.Jump up ^ Karr, Christopher. "Jesse Ventura on Politics, Keith Richards, and Why He's an Atheist". http://www.highbrowmagazine.com. Retrieved December 13, 2012. References[edit] deFiebre, Conrad. "Record-high job approval for Ventura; Many Minnesotans like his style, don't mind moonlighting." Star Tribune July 22, 1999: 1A+. deFiebre, Conrad. "Using body language, Ventura backs Kerry." Star Tribune October 23, 2004: 1A+. Kahn, Joseph P. "The Body Politic." The Boston Globe February 25, 2004. Accessed April 28, 2004. Olson, Rochelle and Bob von Sternberg. "GOP demands equal time; Wellstone aide apologizes; Ventura upset." Minneapolis Star-Tribune October 31, 2002: 1A+. External links[edit] Portal icon Biography portal Portal icon Minnesota portal Portal icon Professional wrestling portal Portal icon United States Navy portal Portal icon Politics portal Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Jesse Ventura WWE Hall of Fame Profile Jesse Ventura at the Internet Movie Database Jesse Ventura's America at the Internet Movie Database Ventura "on the issues" Analysis of Jesse Ventura's Playboy interview by Aubrey Immelman Jesse Ventura – Media Man Australia profile Radiotapes.com Recordings of Jesse Ventura for Governor commercials from 1998 (scroll down to Misc Recordings). Jesse Ventura on Wrestling-Radio.com Jesse Ventura's Official Facebook Account [show] v· t· e Jesse Ventura · · Political offices Preceded by Arne Carlson Governor of Minnesota 1999–2003 Succeeded by Tim Pawlenty Party political offices Preceded by First nominee Reform Party nominee for Governor of Minnesota 1998 Succeeded by Tim Penny (Independence Party) [show] Links to related articles · · · · Seal of Minnesota-alt.png · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · [show] v· t· e Articles on 9/11 conspiracy theories · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · Authority control WorldCat· VIAF: 38362693· LCCN: n85247381· ISNI: 0000 0003 6860 302X· GND: 1014103657· BNF: cb142361085 (data)· NDL: 00848550 Categories: 9/11 conspiracy theorists 1951 births Living people Male actors from Minneapolis, Minnesota American actor–politicians American atheists American expatriates in Mexico American anti–Iraq War activists American athlete–politicians American color commentators American anti-war activists American male film actors American game show hosts American libertarians American memoirists American military personnel of the Vietnam War American people of German descent American people of Slovak descent American political writers American male professional wrestlers American talk radio hosts American television sports announcers American writers Anti-globalism activists Conspiracy theorists Critics of religions Former Lutherans Free speech activists Governors of Minnesota Independence Party of Minnesota politicians Independent state governors of the United States Mayors of places in Minnesota Minnesota Vikings broadcasters Mongols Motorcycle Club National Football League announcers Professional wrestlers from Minnesota Professional wrestling announcers Radio personalities from Minneapolis, Minnesota Reform Party of the United States of America politicians Tampa Bay Buccaneers broadcasters United States Navy sailors WWE Hall of Fame Navigation menu Create account Log in Article Talk Read Edit View history Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikimedia Shop Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page Tools Print/export Languages Български Čeština Deutsch Ελληνικά Español فارسی Français 한국어 Italiano עברית Nederlands 日本語 Norsk bokmål Polski Português Русский Simple English Suomi Svenska Türkçe Українська اردو Tiếng Việt 中文 Edit links This page was last modified on 3 April 2014 at 19:06. 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